The following report appeared in the November 12, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal. Thick, heavy ink from the other side of the newspaper page has obliterated some of the type, indicated here by [__]. There are more reports in this issue of the Journal than we are reprinting.
DOINGS IN MOBILE HARBOR.
Vegetables needed in the Army.
AFFAIRS ON THE SHENANDOAH.
An Expedition in Arkansas,
FROM THE TENNESSEE BORDER.
AFFAIRS AT ATLANTA.
The Chase after Hood’s Army.
Wisconsin Soldiers on Duty in Illinois.
The Movement against Richmond.
Affairs in Mobile Bay—S[__]g the Captured Forts—How the Soldiers Spit on the Chicago Platform—Its Insults Repelled—Scurvy Doing much Harm—Vegetables Wanted—Recruiting.
HEADQUARTERS U. S. FORCES, }
MOBILE BAY, Oct. 9th, 1864. }
MESSRS EDITORS : The forces under Gen. Bailey are just now hard at work. Heavy details are repairing Fort Morgan, and it will soon be much stronger in its armament than when the rebels held it. At Fort Gaines a steam saw mill—a Yankee institution of course—is turning out pine lumber and our carpenters are putting up store houses and doing the other necessary work in their line of business. A railroad is building from here to Navy Cove, three miles distant, where boats are obliged to land during the winter months. The 20th is at the Cove doing picket duty and unloading boats, besides a heavy detail under Lt. Rice, who are at work on that end of the railroad.
Every boat as it arrives from New Orleans is promptly unloaded and immediately returns for another cargo. There is great activity throughout the District of West Florida and South Alabama, and you can guess what it all signifies as well as I can.
Interested as we are in military operations here, we still find time to study the political campaign now waxing warm in the North ; and I assure you there are very few soldiers who do not fully understand the strategy of the great Democratic Generallissimo—Jeff. Davis [Jefferson Davis]—and the tactics of the Democratic leaders of [__] caliber—the Seymours [Thomas H. Seymour and Horatio Seymour], the Woods [Fernando Wood], Vallandighams [Clement L. Vallandigham], and the rest. The framers of the Chicago platform certainly mistook the temper of the Union army ; nor is it strange. Those men know nothing of the feeling that prompts a man to take up arms in his country’s defense ; they did not consider that the reason that sent us to the field two and three years ago exists the same to-day, greatly strengthened by the knowledge that our honor as soldiers is at stake ; they did not think when they declared the war a failure, and demanded “an immediate cessation of hostilities,” that every soldier, from general to drummer boy, would construe it as a personal insult. I say they did not know the feeling in the army, or they would not have dared to insert that rottenest of planks in their rotten platform ; for, as after ter [sic] war, the men composing the army are sure to hold the balance of political power, so sure is it that every man who has anything to do with supporting the Chicago Copperhead platform will be henceforth and forever politically dead.
I find a few soldiers who are admirers of McClellan [George B. McClellan], and who will support him notwithstanding the bad company they acknowledge he keeps ; they say he will prosecute the war vigorously, but it puzzles them to find men in the party who, as his constitutional advisers, will support him in any such vigorous policy.
If there is any body who has reason to desire peace, it is the soldier ; but I will assume to speak for Wisconsin’s soldiers down here in Alabama, and say that no one entertains the thought of peace until the rebels shall lay down their arms and ask for it.
The health of our regiment is not very good ; the scurvy contracted on the Rio Grande, threatens to render the regiment unfit for active service ; there is only one thing that can save us, and that is a good supply of vegetables. Last week Surgeon Peak brought the boys thirty barrels of onions and potatoes purchases with company funds and his own handsome contribution.
Speaking of vegetables reminds me of a remark of Admiral Farragut [David G. Farragut]. The Admiral was ashore the other evening, and after inspecting the fort he called at headquarters. The General was out, but he stopped and conversed a while with some of the staff. Happening to remark that our regiment had suffered for the want of vegetables, the Admiral replied that it was the fault of our commanding officers ; that the articles were to be had and the Government was able to furnish them, and would do so if proper steps of potatoes and onions, but he “kicked up thunder about it” and he gets what he wanted. The old Admiral is looking first rate and is doubtless to “kick up thunder” for a good many years more.
Some time since Lt. Col. Starr sent in an application to send home a recruiting party ; the application has been granted, and Capt. Whitman and Lieut. Jackson will go with the party. But I am glad to see that the Provost Marshals are doing the recruiting for us ; they seem to have an enticing way with them that men can’t resist. It causes us greatly to rejoice to see the names of some of our Copperhead friends in the lists of “the elect.” Send them along ; we’ll make as good loyal soldiers of them as ever drew bead on a reb.
Very truly, E. G. M.
From the November 12, 1864, issues of The Prescott Journal and The Polk County Press come some of the local results from the presidential and local elections of 1864.
PIERCE COUNTY RESULTS
(From The Prescott Journal)
We give only the vote on President and shall publish the official vote next week.
POLK COUNTY RESULTS
(From The Polk County Press)
Election Returns—Polk County,
TOWN OF OSCEOLA.
Lincoln & Johnson 55, McClellan & Pendleton 34; maj. for Lincoln and Johnson 21. [Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, George B. McClellan,
For Member of Congress, 6th District, W. D. McIndoe, Union 55, Henry Reed, Dem., 34; maj. for McIndoe 21.
For State Superintendent of Schools, John G. McMynn. Union, 55, Parkinson, Dem., 30; maj. for McMynn 25.
For Member of Assembly, Albert C. Stuntz Union, 54, Amos Gray, Dem., 34; maj. for Stuntz 20.
For Clerk of the Board of Supervisors, J. F. Nason, Union, 62, E. E. Blanding, Dem., 26; maj. for Fisk, 21.
TOWN OF FARMINGTON.
Lincoln 32, McClellan 36; maj. for McClellan, 4.
Congressman, McIndoe 33, Reed 36; maj. for Reed 3.
Assemblyman Gray, dem., 46, Stuntz, Un., 22; maj. for Gray 24.
Clerk of the Board, Nason 55, Balding 13, maj. for Nason 42.
Coroner, Fisk 32, Kreiner 36; majority for Kreiner 4.
TOWN OF ST. CROIX.
Lincoln 40, McClellan, 25; maj. for Lincoln 15.
Congressman, McIndoe 41; Reed 24; maj. for McIndoe 17.
Superintendent, McMynn 40, Parkinson 1; maj. for McMynn 39.
Assembly Stuntz 41, Gray 24; majority for Stuntz 17.
Clerk of Board, Nason 40, Blanding 24; majority for Nason 16.
Coroner, Fisk 40, Kreiner 24; maj. for Fisk 16.
TOWN OF STERLING.
Lincoln 24, McClellan 2; maj. for Lincoln, Twenty-Two.
Congressman, McIndoe, 24, Reed 2; majority for McIndoe 22.
Superintendent, McMynn 24 majority.
Clerk of Board, Nason 25, Blanding 1; maj. for Nason 24.
Coroner, Fisk 24, Kreiner 3; maj. for Fisk 22.
TOWN OF ALDEN.
Lincoln 13, McClellan 10, maj. for Lincoln THREE.
Congressman, McIndoe 13, Reed 10: maj. fo rMcIndoe 3.
Superinttendent, McMynn 4 majority.
Assembly, Stuntz 13, Gray 10; maj. for Stuntz 3.
Clerk of Board, Nason 13, Blanding 10. mj for Nason 3.
Coroner, Fisk 3 majority.
TOWN OF LINCOLN.
Lincoln 11, McClellan nix, maj. for Honoest Old Abe ELEVEN.
McIndoe 11, maj. McMynn 11 maj. Stuntz probably 11 majority; Nason 11 maj., Fisk 11 majority.
Lincoln 175, McClellan 107; majority for Abe & Andy SIXTY-EIGHT.
Member of Congress, McIndoe. Union, 177; Reed. Democrat, 106; majority for the Champion of the Sixth district, Walter D. McIndoe. SEVENTY-ONE.
State Superintendent, McMynn, 175. Parkinson 69; majority for McMynn 106.
For Member of Assembly, Stuntz 165, Gray 116: majority for Stuntz 49.
For Clerk of the Board, Nason 206, Blanding 74; majority for Nason 132.
Coroner, Fisk 176, Kreiner 106; Majority for Fisk 70.
(From The Prescott Journal)
Hon. H. D. Barron estimates the Union majority in Polk County at 75 on the home vote. The whole county ticket is elected. St. Croix Falls gave 15 union majority ; Osceola 21 ; Sterling 21 ; Farmington 4 democratic.
SAINT CROIX COUNTY RESULTS
(From The Prescott Journal)
St. Croix County.
St. Croix County has gone Union on the home vote by about 75 majority.—The following are the majorities in a portion of the towns.
(From The Prescott Journal)
The returns received from this State indicate a Union majority of about 15,000. Probably we have elected five out of six Congressmen. We give a portion of the returns received :
La Crosse City gave 49 Republican majority—a Republican gain of about 60.
Sparta gives 204 majority for Lincoln.
Oshkosh—88 majority for Lincoln.
Menasha—22 majority for McClellan.
Neenah—97 majority for Lincoln.
Ripon—258 majority for Lincoln.
Burnett—Lincoln 81 majority ; the county ticket about the same.
Green Bay City—22 majority for Lincoln. Town of Howard 6 majority for Lincoln.
Whitewater—320 majority for Lincoln and 340 for Paine.
Delevan.—Lincoln’s majority 330 ; Paine’s majority 327.
Kenosha City—Union majority 61 on President and Congress.
Racine City—Lincoln and Paine’s majority 200.
Waukesha City—Lincoln’s majority 93.
City and town of Ripon, Fond du Lac county, gives Lincoln 258 majority.
Watertown, Jefferson county, gives a Democratic majority on the whole ticket of 450.
Boscobel, Grant county, 115 Union majority.
Prairie du Chien—McClellan 109 majority ; Rodolph for Congress, 105 majority, which is a large Union gain.
City of Madison—McClellan 113 majority.
City of Fond du Lac—80 majority for Lincoln ; Sloan about the same.
Milwaukee gives McClellan 2,400 majority.
1864 November 12: Capture of Two Confederate Ships, Slaves Freed in Baltimore, Samuel Medary Dead, Election Results, and Other News
The following summary of the week’s news appeared in The Polk County Press of November 12, 1864.
On the 1st inst., all the slaves in Baltimore were set free in pursuance of the order of the new constitution of Maryland.
— The U.S. Steamer Eolus¹ captured a blockade runner, off Wilmington, on the 28th ult., called the Lady Sterling. She had 980 bales of cotton which with the prize is valued at $800,000.
— From the 9th of May to the middle of October, 13,000 men were received for the naval service.
— The rebel Gen. Marmaduke and Brig. Gen. Cabal [sic], and several rebel colonels, captured by Pleasanton [sic] at the battle of the Osage have been sent to Johnson’s Island prison.²
— A serious accident happened on the Eric R. Road on the 7th inst.—Ten killed, forty wounded.
— Col. Sam. Medary³ died at Columbus, Ohio, on the 7th inst.
— Plymouth, N.C., at the head of Albermarle sound was captured on the 3d inst., by our fleet. Two forts and a number of guns are the trophies.
— The pirate Florida was captured by the U. S. Sloop-of-war, Wachusett,4 in Bohia [sic] Bay, San Salvador, on the 7th ult. Twelve officers and fifty eight of her crew were taken.
— Stillwater [Minn.] gave the Union Ticket 40 majority vote. The first Union victory in the place.
— Marine [Minn.] gave Lincoln 84 majority. Bully !
— “Beast” Butler had immediate command of New York during the election. He was the right man in the right place. [Benjamin F. Butler]
— Gen. Sherman is making another advance in Georgia. [William T. Sherman]
— No late army movements are reported, owing to the wires be prostrated by a heavy snow East.
— Franconia [Minn.], gave Lincoln and Johnson 50 majority. Well done, neighbor.
1. During October 1864, the USS Eolus captured the blockade runner Hope and assisted in the capture of the Lady Sterling [misspelled in the title of the image as Stirling]. Later in 1864 and in mid-January 1865, the Eolus will take part in the attacks that will capture Fort Fisher.
2. The Battle of Mine Creek, also known as the Battle of the Osage, where Confederate generals John S. Marmaduke and William L. Cabell were captured by Union General Alfred Pleasonton, took place on Octotober 25, 1864.
3. Samuel Medary (1801-1864), from Ohio, was a lifelong Democrat, a newspaperman, and politician, serving as both a territorial governor of Minnesota (1857-1858) and of Kansas (1859-1860). In the 1830s he established and edited The Ohio Statesman newspaper (1838-1857) and soon became Ohio’s most powerful Democratic voice. After leaving Kansas in 1860, he returned to Ohio to found the Crisis, a Peace/Copperhead paper in which he was very critical of the Civil War and President Lincoln’s policies. A staunch Peace Democrat he consistently called for an immediate end to the war. His views were unpopular in the North and in 1863 a mob burned down his printing office. The next year, he was charged with conspiracy against the United States government. He died before the case went to trial.
4. In February 1864, the USS Wachusett sailed for the coast of Brazil to protect American commerce from the Confederacy’s “pirate” cruisers, particularly the Alabama and the Florida. Many months passed tracking down fruitless leads as to the whereabouts of the two vessels. Finally, on October 4, the crew of the Wachusett spotted the Florida entering Bahia Harbor. In the early morning of October 7th, the Wachusett steamed past the Brazilian gunboat anchored between his ship and the Florida, rammed the raider, and after a brief exchange of cannon fire the Florida surrendered. The Wachusett, towing the Florida, arrived in Hampton Roads, Virginia, on November 11.
The following election reporting comes from The Polk County Press of Saturday, November 12, 1864.
A GLORIOUS VICTORY !
≈ ◊ ≈
HONEST OLD ABE RE-ELECTED
BY THE ELECTORAL VOTE
OF NEARLY EVERY LOYAL STATE ! ! ! ! !
≈ ◊ ≈
THE COUNTRY IS SAFE !
FROM MINNESOTA TO MAINE THERE IS
NOT A GAP IN THE COLUMN OF UNION STATES.
Minnesota has gone Union by from six to eight thousand majority.
Massachusetts is good for at least 80,000 majority.
Every New England State has gone for Lincoln by increased majorities over the last elections.
RHODE ISLAND.—Returns from nearly the whole state show a majority for Lincoln of about 5,000.
OHIO.—Thirty-five thousand majority for Lincoln on the home vote.
KENTUCKY.—The returns are meagre,¹ but indicate a Democratic majority. Lexington gives 22 Union maj. ; Covington, 601 Union majority.
DELAWARE.—Wilmington 800 Un. maj.—Union gain of 500. The state has undoubtedly gone for Lincoln.
INDIANA.—Indiana has gone Union by no less than from 27,000 to 30,000.
NEW JERSEY.—Essex county has gone Union by 160 majority, making a Union gain of 1000 over last year. The Legislative delegation is six Union to three Democrats.
ILLINOIS.—Springfield, Nov. 9.—It is now believed the Unionists have a majority in both branches of the Legislature and gain a Congressman.
NEW YORK.— Total vote of the city, Lincoln, 36,442 ; McClellan, 73,929 ; one Ward, the 15th, gave Lincoln a majority of 274. Total majority for McClellan in the city is 36,613. [George B. McClellan]
It is reported Fernando Wood is defeated for Congress by Darling, Union. Conkling, and Humphries, Union, both elected in the Brooklyn and 6th District. Returns from 105 towns and two counties gives Lincoln 20,704 majority.
NEW YORK, Nov. 9.—Indications are that Maryland, Indiana, and Pennsylvania have undoubtedly gone for Lincoln.
Missouri gives Lincoln about 5,000 majority.
Michigan it is claimed by the Union men has gone for Lincoln by a majority of 15,000.
The returns of the Presidential election, as far as received at the time of our going to press, indicate the election of Lincoln and Johnson—a result which will be hailed throughout christendom [sic] with joy and thanksgiving, by philanthropists, and all who are struggling for the rights of the masses against the priviledges [sic] of the few ;—a result which will be mourned by aristocrats and apologists for human slavery throughout the world, and which will dissatisfy and disgust to the last degree Jeff. Davis [Jefferson Davis] and his rebel sattelites [sic] and all the “sympathisers” of the North. At this result it is the priviledge [sic] of the loyal citizens of the United States to rejoice in the full assurance that the expression of their grateful emotions, is not in accord with the jubilations, which, had the other candidates prevailed, would have went up from the armed hosts of those, who hate with a perfect hatred the dear old flag of freedom, of equality, and of human rights.
Vallandigham [Clement L. Vallandigham], Fernando Wood, Jeff. Davis, and all that sort of people will gnash their teeth in impotent wrath, while the poor martyred loyalists of the South, the slave in chains, the freedman, and all intelligent sympathisers with the oppressed, will devoutly thank God, and take fresh courage for the contest, ever to be waged in some form or other while time lasts, against the powers of evil.
We know not whether as a consequence of the election, gold will rise or fall. We do not accept the perturbations of Wall Street as an unerring guage [sic] of human progress ; and in whatever way mammon may stand immediately affected, we have confidence that the triumph of the Union party will under God promote the highest welfare moral, and material, of the whole country, North and South.
The Election in Polk County.
Again the battle with ballots has been fought and the victory gained by the Union Party. Polk County sends greetings to her neighbors, that she still stands by the Administration in its efforts to crush out the “Slave-holder’s Rebellion.”
After four years of war, made holy by the sacrifices of thousands of brave men, and millions of treasure, her people at the ballot box announced their determination to stand by the Government, and be in at the death of the “Southern Confederacy.”
By the votes they announced that they do not believe that the four years of war have been “a failure,” or an “experiment,” which cannot restore the Union, but on the contrary, they demand that it shall go on, until rebels in arms surrender to the Government, and renounce their evil ways—and return their allegiance to the Union of our fathers. Men of the Union party you have done your duty nobly. May the result gained, recompense you for your labors.
1. Old-fashioned spelling of “meager.”
This item reports on the death of David C. Burr and conditions in Southern prisons. It appeared in the November 5, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.
Prison Life in the South.
DEATH OF DAVID C. BURR.
Many of our readers were acquainted with David Burr, who was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Chickamagua [sic], and whose fate was unknown for a long time. The following letter to Mr. Buss, from Sergt. C. S. Chapman,¹ Co. C, 1st Reg., is interesting as furnishing additional proof of the cruel treatment of our soldiers who are prisoners :
DEAR SIR :—Yours, enquiring after David C. Burr, a prisoner of war at Danville, Va.,² is received. I knew him well, but he is dead. He died with a fever Feb. last. He was not well from the time of the battle. He was brought into the prison where I was, but was left on the lower floor, and lay there sick, and we boys, his acquaintances, went down and got him up into our room, and covered him up with our blankets, and made him as comfortable as we could.—While he was below he was on the floor, with nothing over him, no care, and was cold. The surgeons do very little for the sick except to help them into eternity as fast as possible. While he lay sick in our room, the prisoners were
moved to another prison, and they made him get up and walk half a mile to the other prison. We had to help him along. When we arrived there he sat down by the side of the building, out in the cold, for a full half hour before the rebs made up their minds what to do with him. Finally they took him to the hospital, but he died a few days after. If he had had any kind of care he wo’d have been alive and well today. But I tell you that the rebels mean to kill us off in their miserable prisons. If a man gets sick, he is left to lay on the naked floor, without any care or medical aid, until his case is about hopeless, and then merely go through the form of removing him to a hospital to finish him up. I have not time to give you an account of our treatment, neither can language describe it ; one must endure it to appreciate our sufferings. The newspaper accounts of the treatment of prisoners convey but a faint idea of the sufferings of our men.
1. Chauncey S. Chapman was from Waterford (Racine County). He enlisted September 10, 1861, in Company C of the 1st Wisconsin Infantry (3 years). Like Burr, Chapman was taken prisoner at Chickamauga. He eventually returned to his regiment and mustered out October 13, 1864, when his term expired.
2. During the Civil War, six tobacco warehouses in Danville, Virginia, were converted for use as prisons. At one time they held more than 5,000 captured Union soldiers. Starvation, dysentery, and a smallpox epidemic in 1864, caused the death of 1,314 of these prisoners. Most of the bodies of the dead soldiers were initially buried in poorly-marked, mass graves, but were later exhumed and buried with individual markers in the Danville National Cemetery, which was established in December 1866.
3. David C. Burr’s marker in the Danville National Cemetery says simply “311, D. Burr, Wis.” The photograph (cropped) of his marker is by Janice Hollandsworth and appears on one of his Find-a-Grave entries. His date of death is listed variously as December 23 or 29, 1863.
A marker was placed by the family in Greenwood Cemetery in River Falls, Wisconsin. His marker there states “David C., Son of S. H. & E. C. BURR, of Co. F 1st Wis. Reg., DIED in Danville, Va. in a Conf’d Prison Feb. 1864, Aged 22 Years.” This date of death matches with the newspaper account, but no doubt they took that date from Sergeant Chapman’s letter as they no other information at the time. The photograph close-up of his marker in Greenwood Cemetery is by Jayne Hoffman and appears on his other Find-a-Grave entry.
Following are the smaller items from the November 5, 1864, issues of The Prescott Journal and The Polk County Press. A reminder — Company B of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry was the Prescott Guards; Company A of the 12th Wisconsin Infantry was the Prescott Lyon Light Guards.
From The Prescott Journal:
MILITARY APPOINTMENTS.—Lt. HENRY B. SMYSER has been commissioned Capt. of Co. B, 6th Reg. A deserved promotion.
In Co. A, 12th Reg. the following promotions have been made : Charles Reynolds, Captain ; Wallace Kelsey, 1st Lt. ; Alva McKee, 2d Lieut.
The Hudson Times thus speaks of the Union mass meeting here :
The Union mass meeting held at Prescott, was a magnificent success—a demonstration worthy of the cause and its supporters in the North-west. The attendance was immense for this section, and the “Pomp and circumstance” incident to such demonstrations, all that could be desired. Every Union man who attended the meeting at Prescott, most have went away with a strengthened purpose, to do all in his power to increase the Union majority at the coming election.
Capt. FRANK H. PRATT, formerly connected with the Transcript, has been in town a few days. His health, which was much impaired, has been greatly benefitted [sic], and he leaves to join his regiment in a few days.
The President has appointed Thursday, the 24th day of November, as a day of thanksgiving, supplication and prayer. Gov. Lewis [James T. Lewis] has also appointed the same day as the annual day of thanksgiving. See proclamation published in today’s paper.
It is reported that Clark Mills, the celebrated sculptor, is to make a bust of McClellan [George B. McClellan]. There is to be another bust of McClellan, and greater, on the 8th of November, in which the people generally will have a hand.
We hope none of our readers will neglect to vote for the continuance of the County bounty to the families of our soldiers. Let us keep faith with the brave boys who uphold the Government at the peril of life.
PERSONAL.—W. H. YORK, Capt. and Post Q. M., is home on a short furlough.
— Mr. EPH. MINER,¹ who lost his arms some time since by explosion of a cannon at St. Paul, has so far recovered that he has returned to his home in Oak Grove.
— John McMILLEN, of River Falls—as good a soldier as ever left the county—has returned home, his term of service having expired.
From The Polk County Press:
ENLISTED.—GEO. LAWTON enlisted for the town of Osceola on Wednesday. He goes into company “G,” 7th Regiment. Success to him in his patriotic course.
SURGEON GARLICK.—The friends of Dr. GARLICK [Carmine “Carmi” P. Garlick] will be pained to learn that he is sick in the Officers Hospital, at Memphis, Tenn. He writes us under the date of the 24th ult., and at that time he was improving.
UNION MEETING.—There will be a political meeting at the School House on Monday evening next.—Hon. SOLON H. CLOUGH and S. T. CATLIN will address the meeting.—The citizens of Osceola and vicinity are respectfully invited to attend.
— Vote for JOHN G. McMYNN if you want your educational interests looked after.
DEMOCRATIC SPEECHES.—The Democrats of this country held quite a spirited meeting at the Court House in this village, on Thursday. Judge WETHERBY addressed the meeting in the afternoon, and in the evening speeches were made by ALLAN DAWSON and Judge WETHERBY. Owing to our having our paper made up for this issue, we have no room for remarks. There was a delegation of 24 persons from St. Croix Falls, and seven from Alden. Of the speeches, it is proper for us to say that they were intensely Democratic.
— Vote for JOEL F. NASON. He has stood by you—stand by him.
— “We seceeded [sic] to rid ourselves of the rule of the majority.”—Jefferson Davis, the TRAITOR.
— Gen. Hovey, in a recent speech at Indianapolis, said “Gen. Grant is a physiological curiosity—all backbone from the crown of his head to the sole of his feet, and whenever you see him back down, you may bid farewell to this Government. Grant cannot be whipped.” [Ulysses S. Grant]
HOW IS IT.—Do you wish ardently, from the bottom of your heart, to see the Union restored, the “Old Flag” vindicated, its honor left unimpared [sic], the integrity of the nation sustained, its credit made good and a lasting PEACE brought about ? If so, go to the ballot box on Tuesday next, and vote the Union Ticket. Its candidates are pledged to all this—and nothing more. “The slavery question is a mere pretext.”
Death of Gen. Birney.
We have the sad intelligence that Major Gen. Birney [David B. Birney], commander of the Tenth Army Corps, died on the 19th at his residence in Philadelphia, of fever. General Birney has been through the fire of a hundred battles, and at last he dies, calmly and peacefully, not by sword or bullet, but by the deadly ‘virus’ of fever. Gen. B. was a first-class officer. He had no superior in the army of the Potomac. He was beloved and respected as a man and officer. He was a Kentuckian by birth, and a son of the late James E. Birney, the Abolition candidate for President in the canvass of 1844. He has two more brothers in the service.
1. The Ephraim Miner living in the Town of Oak Grove, Pierce County, Wisconsin in 1860 and 1870 was born in Kentucky about 1822. He was married to Leah Miner and had two children, Lucy and Emma. He was a farmer and there is no mention of a severe disability in the 1870 census.
An Ephrin/Ephran/Ephraim Minor, also born in Kentucky, also in 1822, also married to a Leah, also with daughters named Lucy and Emma, appears in the 1880 Federal census living in Centralia (Boone County), Missouri, with his wife Leah. In the 1890 Veterans census, his widow Leah is still living in Centralia, Eph. having died in 1887. But this Eph. Minor served in a Missouri cavalry regiment for 10 months from July 1864 to May 1865. His headstone reads “Ephriam Minor, born Mar. 7, 1822; died Mar. 28, 1887.”
Can this be the same man? More research is needed to say for sure, despite the similarities. How did he serve in a cavalry regiment with no arms, or at least partial arms? How could he be serving in a Missouri regiment at the same time he was in St. Paul, Minn., enlisting in a local regiment and getting his arms blown off?
The following account from the Milwaukee Sentinel was reprinted in the November 5, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.
Return of the 10th Regiment to Wisconsin.
The Sentinel has an account of the arrival of the 10th regiment, under command of Capt. J. W. ROBY, of Co. B., at Milwaukee on the 24th. No notice of the coming of the regiment had been received, and so there was no public reception. The ladies of the Soldier’s Home, however, gave them a substantial supper. It is proposed to give the gallant heroes a public dinner and such a welcome as they deserve. The regiment went to quarters at Camp Washburn, preparatory to being mustered out and receiving the ten months pay due.
The returning veterans number about 225, officers and men, and 14 officers and 100 men are prisoners in rebeldom, mainly captured at Chickamauga.
The 10th was organized early in October 1861, and was made up of as fine a lot of men as have gone into any regiment in the State. They left Wisconsin for Louisville on the 9th of November, and were engaged during the fall and winter in picket and railroad guard duty between Louisville and Nashville. They participated in the general advance of our armies in February, reaching Nashville the 26th, remaining near there till the 18th of March, when they moved to Murfreesboro, acting as provost guard of that place for some time. On the 5th of April the regiment broke camp and performed a noble part in the rapid and brilliant series of operations under Gen. MITCHELL [sic: Ormsby Mitchel], culminating in the capture of Huntsville, Ala., and the railroad from Tuscumbia to Stevenson.
Passing the summer in various guard duty, the regiment rendered efficient service as rear guard to BUELL’S [Don Carlos Buell] army in its retrogade movement in September, and then marching with is army South again, there fought nobly in the battle of Chaplin Hills.
Returning again to the vicinity of Nashville they remained during December until ROSECRANS [William S. Rosecrans] began his forward movement.—They were engaged in the battle of Stone River [sic] on the 31st and remained near Murfreesboro till the middle of the summer when they took the advance of the movement to Chattanooga.
On the 18th, 19th and 20th of September the 10th was engaged with the rebels in the battle of Chickamauga. On the latter day, after heavy fighting all day, repulsing rebel attacks with great gallantry, the line on the right and rear of the 10th gave way, leaving men exposed to a terrible fire from three directions, and they were forced to retire. The Tenth, being on the left, and not being aware of the enemy’s position on that side, retired to the left and rear, and ran directly into the lines of the enemy, who captured a large number of officers and men. The few remaining were brought off with the balance of the brigade. During this terrible two days’ conflict, when the heroism of General THOMAS’ [George H. Thomas] troops saved our army, the Tenth lost eighteen killed, fifty-six wounded and one hundred and thirty-two missing, of whom the greater number were prisoners. On the morning of the 21st, they numbered three officers and twenty-six men.
After the battle of Chickamauga the regiment went to Chattanooga and remained thereabouts till after the commencement of SHERMAN’S [William T. Sherman] campaign this summer, in which it bore an honorable part. It was in the battles of Dallas, Kenesaw [sic] Mountain and Peach Tree Creek, besides numerous skirmishes.—Shortly after the capture of Atlanta, the 10th, which then numbered 42 muskets, was detached from the brigade and stationed at Marietta, where they have been doing guard duty until the 3rd inst., when they were ordered out to Kenesaw [sic] Mountain, two miles from Marietta, to take position in the old rifle-pits and guard the road at that point.
On the 4th inst. they received orders from Gen. THOMAS to come home, but the exigencies of the service demanded that they should remain in the trenches until the danger passed. When that time came the railroad was cut so effectually between them and Chattanooga that it was not until the 16th instant that they started northward. On their way home, near Bowling Green, Ky., they found a freight train burned by guerrillas. This hindered a day, so that the regiment was nine days and nights on the road.
The following is the original roster of the regiment :
FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS.
Colonel.—ALFRED R. CHAPIN.
Lieutenant Colonel.—JOSHUA J. GUPPEY.
Major.—JOHN G. McMYNN.
Adjutant.—WILLIAM A. COLLINS.
First Assistant Surgeon—HUBERT MITCHELL.
Second Assistant Surgeon—JAMES T. REEVE.
Chaplain—JAMES L. COFFIN.
Co. A—Captain, Henry O. Johnson; 1st Lieut., Flavius J. Harrington; 2d Lieut., Robert Harkness.
Co. B—Captain, Jacob W. Roby; 1st Lieut., James C. Adams; 2d Lieut., Samuel W. Herrick.
Co. C—Captain, A.J. Richardson; 1st Lieut., Frank W. Perry; 2d Lieut., S.L. Hart.
Co. D—Captain, Orestes B. Twogood; 1st Lieut., T.L. Kennan; 2d Lieut., George W. Marsh.
Co. E—Captain, John H. Ely; 1st Lieut., Robert Kohlsdorf; 2d Lieut., George M. West.
Co. F—Captain, William H. Palmer; 1st Lieut., Edward D. Lowry; 2d Lieut., Armstead C. Brown.
Co. G—Captain, Williams Moore; 1st Lieut.,Loren B. Brewer; 2d Lieut., Ellas A. Wilcox.
Co. H—Captain, Duncan McKercher; 1st Lieut., O.E. Foote; 2d Lieut., Ingersoll George.
Co. I—Captain, C.T. Overton; 1st Lieut., Harry H. Fairchild; 2d Lieut., John Small.
Co. K—Captain,Edwin Hillyer; 1st Lieut.,L.B. Hill; 2d Lieut., Charles H. Ford.
Col. CHAPIN resigned early in 1863; Lieut. Col. GUPPEY was promoted to Coloneley of the 23rd in the summer of 1862, and Major McMYNN, after being promoted to the Coloneley, resigned in June, 1863.
The following is the present roster :
FIELD AND STAFF.
Ass’t Surgeon—ROB’Y G. JAMES.
Chaplain—HOMER H. BENSON.
Quartermaster—ELLIOT H. BENTON
Serg’t Major—Wm. S. Derrow.
Q. M. Sergeant—Thos. C. Tremble.
Com. Sergeant—Milo M. Whorton.
Hospital Steward—Albert D. Ballort
Co. A—Capt. Rob’t Harkness,* 2d Lieut. H. B. Ellenwood.*
Co. B—Capt. Jacob W. Roby 1st Lieut. Amos L. Gates.
Co. C—2d Lieut. Smith M. Noxon.
Co. D—Capt. Wm. A. Collins,* 1st Lieut. Aug. E. Patchin.*
Co. E—No officers.
Co. F—1st Lieut. Armstlead C. Brown, Jr.
Co. G—Capt. Norman Thatcher, 1st Lieut. Joseph C. Hussey, 2d Lieut. T. C. O’Nell.
Co. H—Capt. Robert H. Spencer,* 2d Lieut. Aug. H. Makimson.
Co. I—Capt. Frank W. Perry,* 1st Lieut. Harvey Fairchild,* 2d Lieut. W. O. Butler.*
Co. K—Capt. Charles H. Ford, 1st Lieut. Dwight Hinkley,* 2d Lieut. John Rifenburgh.
Honorary commissions have been issued for Major. D. McKERCHER as Colonel, Capt. J. W. ROBY as Lt. Col., vice ELY, deceased ; Capt. ROBERT HARKNESS as Major, vice McKERCHER, promoted.
The officers whose names are marked above with a * have been prisoners in Libby and elsewhere, since the disastrous battle of Chickumauga, more than thirteen months ago. Lieut. CHESTER A. BURDICK recently died in prison. None of the officers and privates have been exchanged, except a few sick who were exchanged last summer.
These sorely tired veterans are unanimously for LINCOLN’s re-election [Abraham Lincoln]. They will be warmly welcomed home.