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1864 September 15: “Madame Rumor says Sherman is ordered to push out after Hood as soon as possible”

September 15, 2014

The original letter is in the Edwin D. Papers (River Falls Mss BO), in the University Archives and Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls.

Camp of the 12th Wis Vols.
Near Atlanta Ga  Sept 15th / ’64

My Dear Parents ;

                                  Yours of the 1st inst. was rec’d day before yesterday ;  also, that of Cousin Lottie.  As I have not yet mail’d my last letter to you I will write another to send off with it, so here it is — as follows.

We are all enjoying ourselves firstrate.  Our camp, which is beautifully located on the East side of the R. R. and equidistant from Atlanta and Eastport, is in the shade of small pine, hickory, and oak trees and near a little creek, along which are numerous springs of most excellent water.  Everything about camp has the air of neatness and order.  The breastworks in front are finished, and we have more rations than we know what to do with ; and we are quietly awaiting the issue of new clothes and the arrival of some of Uncle Sam’s pay agents.  A large bakery is building and soon we shall have soft bread.

It may interest you to know the difference between campaign rations and camp rations.  The former consists of hard bread, beef, bacon, beans, dessicated potatoes, sugar, coffee, salt, pepper, with occasional tastes of vinegar, whiskey & so on.  The latter of the same, with rice, Irish potatoes occasionally, and fish, krout [sic: sauerkraut], soft bread or flour, or both, and molassess [sic].

Madame Rumor says Sherman [William T. Sherman] is ordered to push out after Hood [John Bell Hood] as soon as possible, and that our stay here is likely to be shortend [sic].  It may be so.  Possibly it is feared the general may take advantage of our resting spell and send off troops to Richmond or Mobile.  He dare not risk an open engagement with this army, for he well knows what would be the result ; and he is equally aware that that [sic] he can do nothing with it even when stronly [sic] entrenched.  Despairing of assistance and of successful operations, it seems more probable he will disperse his army to be of use where it can be given.  You do not know, I guess, how nice a trap Sherman had set for him on the first inst.  Had the 23rd Corps been up to time, Hood and his army would have all been gobbled.  The position of the contending armies on that day I will sketch for you.  Our head generals were feeling finely over their prospective success and I think old Hood’s hair stood up straight when he saw the danger.

Map from page 4 of Edwin Levings' September 15, 1864, letter, from the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO) in the University Archives & Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls

Map from page 4 of Edwin Levings’ September 15, 1864, letter, from the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO) in the University Archives & Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls

This was the plan.  While the 4th and 23rd corps were swinging around in the rear of the rebels, and the 17th corps was moving to a position on the right of the 16th, represented by the dotted line A. B., the 14th Corps was to move forward its right & make a connection with the 15th Corps.  When the 23rd had occupied the line represented by C. D. it was to announce the fact by opening the ball and immediately the 14th Corps was to charge down the R. R. and then a general pressing in was to follow.  It was 3 o’clock P. M. and the 23rd Corps being 2 hours behind time & observing the rebels getting away did not get the position intended & attempted to head them off on the line E. D.  The 17th Corps was on hand.  You know the result of the movement.  The 14th charged & did good work, as it was.

Politics are discussed by us with great interest.  At present all eyes are directed to the doings of the Chicago Convention.  Many fear McClellan [George B. McClellan] will be elected, some think he will run about as Douglas [Stephen A. Douglas] did.  They await the election in great suspense, believing everything hinges on this issue.  It makes us feel bad to see so many Union men faltering just at the time when energies are most needed, at a time when they can be most valuable.  Their sacrifices are not equal to ours and, if I may use the expression, “Can they not watch with us one hour” ?  I have hope that the country will be saved.  If God has not given us over to our own ways we shall come out as redeemed people.  The are a most perverse people and unwilling to do God’s will, and the evils and calamities of war are meant to bring us to our alligiance [sic] to Him.  We can not tell what is ahead, but I apprehend there are to may be privations and sufferings more sever than we have yet had ere we come out of the struggle.

The Capt. and some other officers, I understand, have sent in their resignations.  The boys will not mourn his departure at all.  1st Lt. Charles Reynolds is a much better officer and far better liked.  Lt. Kelsey is also well liked.¹

You ask, Mother, if we lost our medicine, and if you shall send us some.  We lost the homeopathy medicine during the battle of the 22nd July.  We both think it best you do not send any at present, at least, if at all.  Not that it has grown into disfavor with us.  I have my doubts about wanting to use it any more in Dixie.

Col. Bryant [George E. Bryant] who commands the Brigade will soon leave us.  It will be difficult to find a Col. in whom there is a firmer confidence — all think highly of him & hate to have him go home.

We both have good health, I am more fleshy than at the opening of the campaign.  Homer says you may send him by letter a little pulverized alum² which he wishes to have on hand in case he would have the ague [fever].

Yours &c,          Edwin D. Levings

1.  The captain at this time was Orrin T. Maxson, from Prescott; he resigned as of September 18, 1864. Charles Reynolds, from Madison, currently the 1st lieutenant, became the captain as of October 7, 1864. Wallace Kelsey, officially listed as being from Owatonna (Minn.) was currently the 2nd lieutenant and would become the 1st lieutenant as of October 7, 1864, and be replaced as 2nd lieutenant by Alva McKee, officially from Rockford (Minn.).
2.  Pulverized alum was used to stop bleeding, for diphtheria, for croup, and for offensive foot sweat!
.

Edwin Levings letter of September 15, 1864, from the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO) in the University Archives & Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls

Edwin Levings letter of September 15, 1864, from the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO) in the University Archives & Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls

1864 September 10: Editorial Against the St. Paul Pioneer as Copperheadish

September 14, 2014

The following articles are from the September 10, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.

Finger002  The St. Paul Pioneer for about two years past has seemed to have two political editors.  One, a loyal man, generally kept the paper true to the support of the Government, but occasionally he would be away a day or two, and the other, a copperhead, would get in some copperhead editorial.  Now the loyal editor seems to have gone away altogether, and the other fellow has it all his own way.

Finger002  The Pioneer of Sept. 7th, calls this war “four years of unmitigated calamity and disaster.”

We wonder what terms it would apply to the rebels’ experience.  It was a disaster to wrest the Mississippi and the Crescent City from rebel hands !  It was a disaster when Pemberton [John C. Pemberton] passed his sword to Grant [Ulysses S. Grant], and Vicksburg ceased to rest like an incubus on the Nation’s hope !  It was a disaster when at Gettysburg, the rebel legions, dreaming of the sack of cities and the ravage of the North, were rolled back in a tide of their own blood, rent, broken, and reeling under the terrible blow !  It was an “unmitigated disaster” when Sherman [William T. Sherman] replied to the deliberate lie of the Chicago Convention that the war was a failure, with the announcement, echoed in thunders of rejoicing all over the North, “Atlanta is ours—fairly won !”  It is, in the view of this copperhead politician, an “unmitigated calamity and disaster” but we have retaken nearly three-fourths of our stolen territory, and that the war, with its attendant waste and suffering, has been carried on in the rebellious territory, and not in our own.

Shame on the miserable liars who seek to belittle the grandeur of the Nation’s achievments [sic], and dim the glory of the national arms.  This war has brought to the loyal North unmeasured sorrow and uncounted loss, but it has been successful beyond anything writ in history, and loyal men, and loving, true-hearted women feel compensated for their loss by the proud conciousness [sic] of unshrinking fealty to Country, Liberty, and God.

1864 September 10: John Hunt Morgan Killed

September 14, 2014

The following is from The Polk County Press of September 10, 1864.

JOHN MORGAN [John H. Morgan] SURPRISED, DEFEATED AND KILLED.

CINCINNATI, Sept. 6—During the storms of Saturday night and Sunday morning about five inches of rain fell.  Nearly all the railroads centering here were damaged by the washing away of tracks and bridges.  The damages have been repaired and the trains will run on time to-day.

The “Commercial” publishes the following dispatch :

Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 5—The following official telegram from Gen. Gillen [sic]¹ was received early this evening :

BULL’S GAP, Tenn. Sept. 4.

To Gen. Tilliston [sic]² :

I surpprised [sic], defeated and killed Morgan at Greenville [sic] this morning.  The killed are scattered four miles, and have not yet been counted, but will probably number from fifty to one hundred.  About seventy-prisoners were captured.  Among the captured were Morgan’s staff.  We captured one piece of artillery and a cassion [sic].  The rebel force outnumbered mine but the surprise was complete.

1.  Alvan Cullem Gillem (1830-1875) graduated from West Point in 1851 and served in the 2nd Seminole War and on the Texas frontier.  Although Southern-born, he remained loyal to the Federal government and fought in several battles in the Western Theater. From June 1, 1863, until the close of the war, with rank of brigadier general of volunteers, he was active in Tennessee, where he was adjutant general. He commanded the troops guarding the Nashville and Northwestern railroad from June 1863, until August 1864. In a campaign to protect the loyal mountaineers in eastern Tennessee, his troops surprised and killed Morgan in Greeneville. Following the War, he commanded occupation troops in Mississippi and Arkansas during Reconstruction. In 1873 he was prominent in the military operations against the Modoc Indians in California.
2.  Davis Tillson (1830-1895) attended West Point, but did not graduate due to an injury which eventually led to the foot being amputated. He was elected to the Maine legislature in 1857 and in 1858 was named adjutant-general of the state. He entered the Civil War in November 1861 as captain of the 2nd Battery, 1st Maine Mounted Artillery, and fought with distinction at the Battles of Cedar Mountain and Second Bull Run. Tillson was promoted to major, then lieutenant colonel, and finally to brigadier general of  Volunteers on March 21, 1863. He served as Chief of Artillery for the Department of the Ohio, and commanded defensive fortifications in the siege of Knoxville; commanded a brigade of infantry in the Army of the Ohio’s XXIII Corps; appointed to command the Department of East Tennessee in January 1865; and eventually ended the war as commander of the 4th Division of the XXIII Corps. While in Knoxville, he raised the 1st regiment  heavy artillery US Colored Troops was mustered into service in February 1864 and assigned to Tillson’s 2nd brigade. The 3rd North Carolina mounted infantry, also made up of colored troops, was organized in Knoxville in June 1864 with Tillson’s urging and, attached to Tillson’s 2nd brigade. After the War, Tillson remained in the Union army until January 1867, directing the Freedman’s Bureau in Tennessee and then in Georgia. He eventually returned to Maine, establishing a granite quarry in 1870; granite from Tillson’s quarry is one of the major components of the Washington Monument.

1864 September 10: Vallandigham’s Copperhead Speech in Dayton and a Republican Reply

September 13, 2014

The following speech by nationally-known “Copperhead” Clement L. Vallandigham appeared in the September 10, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press.  It is not a full transcription of the speech, but was excerpted by the Press.

From the Chicago Tribune.

Mr. Valandigham’s [sic] Dayton Speech—Who Dissolved the Union.

A disunion peace meeting was held in Dayton O. [Dayton, Ohio], on Saturday the 6th ult.¹  The object of the meeting was to oppose the draft and to prevent the sending of reinforcements to Grant [Ulysses S. Grant] or Sherman [William T. Sherman], and to force upon the country the recognition of the independence of the rebels.  Vallandigham made a studied speech on the occasion, from which we take the following extracts :

Clement L. Vallandigham (cropped), from the Library of Congress

Clement L. Vallandigham, from the Library of Congress²

You do well to demand a redress of your grievances and insist on a cessation of hostilities.  It is vain, as the attempt to destroy one of those trees by tapping its branches, to think of continuing the war and avoid increased taxation and greatly multiplied calamities.

If you want more taxation, a larger public debt, vote for Lincoln.  If you want renewed drafts for men to carry on the war, vote for Lincoln [Abraham Lincoln].— If you want him to take your first, second and third-born sons to carry on the war, vote for Lincoln.  If you want to find your currency in a ruined condition, your greenbacks worth thirty cents on the dollar ; if you want the price of everything you buy to go up, and everything you sell to go down—for the day is not far distant when your merchants will be obliged to demand gold and silver for what you buy, and they will pay you for your produce in “legal tenders”—if this is what you want, vote for the Republican part.

I see men of the Republican proclivities here, and I would ask them what was the condition of things four years ago to-day?  How was it when you were shouting for Lincoln, when your “Wide-awakes” were tossing high their oil-cloth caps?  We had a nation of thirty-four States, all peaceful and happy ;  no public debt, except what might have been wiped out by the expenditures of two weeks now.

Great God !  We could have preserved the Union with ink and paper, without either guns or swords.  I saw the day when a single sheet of paper, written upon with fitting words words of wisdom and conciliation toward the South, would have averted this war, with all its wrongs and devastation.  But those words were not spoken.  The men put in power four years ago were resolved not to speak those words.  They were resolved to try the issue of war.  Everyman in the Democratic party, every man of sense in the old Whig party, every man in the American party, voted for compromise.  They insisted that instead of armies we should have Peace Conferences, instead of gunpowder we should use ink.  Animated by common patriotic impulses, they said—We will settle these questions peaceably.  You shall have your rights in the South, and we will have our rights, and we will set down and dwell together in peace and unity.

Is it not better for one and all to stop this war, and begin where we should never have left off?  Where is that, and how can it be done?  And try to get back the Union, if it is possible ;  with no more armies, no more drafts, no more bloody battles, no mourning in the land,  no more bringing back your sons maimed or sick from the camp or the hospital?  I tell you the Democratic party will, as far as possible, bring back the ancient prosperity.  It will first have to remove the great mass of wrong which has been tumbling down on your heads for three years past.  It took our fathers many long years to rear up our national temple, and how long it will take to restore its beautiful proportions the wisest of us cannot tell. But the work must be begun. This war must come to an end.—Whereas a little while ago clamor was all for war, the cry now is let us stop fighting and see what we can do to settle this question as reasonable men.  If we cannot do it in four years without spending and money, without calling for further drafts on the able bodied men of your households, then it will be time enough to try war again, and you can elect some other man to renew the conflict.  But for God’s sake, give us four years for a breathing spell.

To which the “Tribune” replies thus :—

Those extracts contain all the ideas in the speech.  The residue is merely a repetition of them dished up in a variety of shapes.  It will be observed that he holds out no where the promise that the rebels will come back into the Union on any terms.—Stop fighting, he says, and try to coax back the rebels.  That is the whole programme.  But suppose the rebels refuse to be coaxed back, what then?  Why, acknowledge their independence and dissolve the Union!  There is nothing else that remains to be done.  That is the end of the string, and that is Vallandighamism.  Val. says that “four years ago we could have preserved the Union with ink and paper, without either guns or swords.”  Very well, four years ago his party was in power, and had possession of all the departments of Government ; why was it not done?  Does Vallandigham remember that a “National Democratic” Convention was held in Charleston, in April 1860, and does he recollect what took place?  There were no “wide-awakes shouting for Lincoln” at Charleston.  At that “National Democratic” Convention the Southern brethren wanted a “compromise.”  They asked the Northern Democrats to abandon squatter sovereignty and throw overboard Stephen A. Douglas and nominate Breckenridge, and incorporate slavery protection into the platform.

The Southern “Democrats” served a solemn notice upon their Northern brethren that unless these little concessions were made they would bolt from the Convention, break up the party and secede from the Union. Will Vallandigham or any other peace-sneak answer the question why those small demands of the Southern “Democracy” were not complied with?  What right have Copperheads to ask Republicans to surrender the Union to the rebels, when they themselves refused to make any concessions to the fire-eaters at the Charleston Convention as the price of peace and Union?  Charleston was the place, and April 1860 the time, to have preserved the Union with “ink and paper.”  When that Convention adjourned the Union was broken, and the Democratic party was rent in twain by the refusal of the Northern Democrats to”compromise” with their Southern brethren.

The Southern “Democrats” immediately proceeded to prepare for secession.  With the connivance of a “Democratic” President, and by the aid of his “Democratic” cabinet, they proceeded to steal muskets, cannon and gunpowder from the arsenals of the United States, and to rob Federal mints.  And before Mr. Lincoln’s inauguration, and while every branch of the Government was yet in full “democratic” posession [sic], eight States had completed their articles of secession ;   the Montgomery constitution was adopted ;  Jeff Davis [Jefferson Davis] had been elected President of the Confederacy ;  the Federal ports had been seized, and the Federal troops in the South made prisoners of war.  When Mr. Lincoln came into office he found the Union broken and one half of its territory in the hands of the “democratic” insurgents, with three commissioners in Washington demanding from the Federal Government a recognition of Confederate independence !  For weeks Mr. Lincoln tried to coax back the seceders ;   but they laughed him to scorn.  The Peace Conference, presided over by John Tyler, passes the resolutions demanded by the Border States.  Congress adopted the Crittenden [John J. Crittenden] compromise resolutions, and passed the Corwin amendment to the Constitution by more than a two-thirds vote, guaranteeing non-interference with slavery forever.  How did the Southern “Democrats” receive those compromises and overtures of peace and re-union ?  With shouts of derision and by the bombardment of Fort Sumter.  They “sprinkled blood in the faces of the people,” “fired the Southern heart,” and rushed into war.  And yet in the face of these notorious facts of history, Vallandigham with treason in his heart and lies on his lips, makes the false declaration that the Republicans might have preserved the Union with ink and paper!

1.  This is a good place to remind our readers of the two Latin abbreviations that are used frequently in 19th century newspapers, ult. and inst.; ult. (ultimo mense) means “last month” and inst. (instante mense) means “this month.”  We see them both with and without periods in our newspapers and letters.
2.  “[Clement L. Vallandigham, Representative from Ohio, Thirty-fifth Congress, half-lenth portrait],” Julian Vannerson, photographer, an illustration from McClees’ Gallery of Photographic portraits of the Senators, Representatives & Delegates of the Thirty-fifth Congress … (Washington: McClees & Beck, [1859]):195. A digital copy is available from the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

1864 September 10: Pierce County Volunteers Leave for Madison

September 12, 2014

The following list of volunteers is from the September 10, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal

OUR VOLUNTEERS.

Last Wednesday, the volunteers who have been recruited in this county since the last call, left for Madison.  The following are their names, with their place of credit.

PRESCOTT.
Joseph A. Young Andrew C. Roxter
C. B. Chamberlain Sim R. Bolton
L. Bush H. C. Walker
Wm Tomlinson Handley Mc Wain
Hirnm J. Bennett Albert Martin
Wm M. Shepard K. E. Kingsland
Ernest Desjardins John Owens
L. Seivert J Crawford
Lewis Washington C. P. Morgan
OAK GROVE.
Fred Eadress Levi Santmire
Merrill Hare Chas B. Fergerson
Mathias Slatton Geo W. Britton
Eugene LaPointe C. E. Barnum
Wm Smith
CLIFTON.
W. S. Albar D. Huddleston
John S. Beach J. B. Brooks
Buel Goodell Cyrus Emery
Win B. Scott Chas. H. Churchill
H. H. Worth Eugene McIntosh
O. B. Robbins
DIAMOND BLUFF.
A. Blaisdell J. T. Otis
B. F. Leach F. T. Williams
C. N. Hayerdahl
EL PASO.
Arne Arneson Barre Olson
Martin Simonson
SALEM.
M. Abbott Peter Peterson
John Jones
HARTLAND.
Abram Gray T. H. Metcalf
ISABEL.
Joseph Terpenning Chas O. Bonghton

In addition to these, we believe the quota of River Falls has been filled, and two men have been enlisted here for the city of Hudson.

Volunteers will continue to be accepted until the drafted men are mustered in.

1864 September 10: “Atlanta is ours fairly won”: Sherman’s Official Report

September 11, 2014

The following article is from the September 10, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press.

 

OFFICIAL REPORT OF GEN. SHERMAN.

WAR DEPARTMENT, }
Washington, Sept. 5. }

To Major Gen. Dix [John A. Dix].

Gen. Sherman’s [William T. Sherman] official report of the capture of Atlanta has just been received, dated twenty-six miles south of Atlanta, at six o’clock yesterday morning.  They had been detained by the breaking of the telegraph lines already reported :

Our army withdrew from about Atlanta, and on the 30th made a break on the East Point road, and reached a good position from which to strike the Macon road.

Slocum [Henry W. Slocum] was on the right, near Jonesboro’ ; Scofield on the left.—Howard found the enemy near Jonesboro’, and entrenched his troops within half a mile of the railroad.

The enemy attacked him at 3 P. M. and was easily repulsed, leaving his dead and wounded.  Making a strong opposition on the road, I advanced the left and centre rapidly to the railroad and made a good lodgment and broke it all the way from Rough-and-Ready down to Howard, near Jonesboro’.

I threw my whole army between Atlanta and that part of the enemy entrenched in and around Jonesboro.

We made a general attack on the enemy at Jonesboro’, the 14th Corps (Gen. Jeff C. Davis [Jefferson C. Davis]) carrying the works with 10 guns and about 1,000 prisoners.

The enemy retreated south, and we followed him to his hastily constructed lines near Lovejoys’s Station.

Hood [John B. Hood] finding we were on the only road he could retreat by and between a considerable part of his army blew up the magazine in Atlanta and left in the night.

The 20th Crops (Gen. Slocum,) took possession of the city.

So Atlanta is ours fairly won.

Since the 5th of May we have been in one constant battle or skirmish and we need rest.

Our losses will not exceed 1,200, and we have 300 dead, 250 wounded and over 1,500 prisoners.

(Signed)                    .W. T. Sherman.

A later dispatch from Gen. Slocum dated night of the 3d Sept., Atlanta, says the enemy destroyed seven locomotives and eighty-one cares [sic] loaded with ammunition, small arms and stores, and left fourteen artillery, mostly uninjured, and a large number of small arms.

Deserters are constantly coming in our lines.

FROM SHERMAN’S ARMY.

NASHVILLE, Sept., 5.—Gen. Rosseau [sic] [Lovell H. Rousseau) telegraphs from Spring Hall late on Saturday that Wheeler’s [Joseph Wheeler] force was across Duck River, and had joined Roddy [sic],¹ and was retreating towards Florence.  Rosseau [sic] pronounces the raid a compete failure.

Wheeler is reported mortally wounded, and died at Florence yesterday morning.

Gen. Haskell,² was reported killed in a skirmish.  Considerable damage has been done to the railroad.  A large force is employed there who will soon have it running again.

The damage done by the rebels to the Chattanooga railroad, had been repaired, one bridge only was destroyed and, that was by Stewart.

Col. Spaulding was not captured as reported.  He is safe with his command.  Capt. Prior of the 10th Tennessee, was killed on Friday.

News from Sherman’s army was received today.  Enemy’s loss is reported to be 3,000 killed and wounded.  We have captured 2,000 prisoners, among them are Brig. General — name not given.  A large amount of property was captured.  The army is in full posession [sic] of Atlanta river.

1.  Phillip Dale Roddey (ca. 1826-1897) received little formal education before becoming a tailor in Moulton, Alabama, and then sheriff of Lawrence County, Alabama. He then purchased a steamboat, which he ran on the Tennessee River. Roddey had not supported secession and attempted to stay out of the Civil War, but after the fall of Fort Henry, Tennessee, in February 1862, rather than allow his steamboat to be seized and used by the enemy, Roddey burned the boat and raised a Confederate cavalry company. He led the company at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862. Impressing General Braxton Bragg, by October 1862 Roddey became colonel of the 4th Alabama Cavalry, serving primarily in Tennessee and Alabama. By April 1864 he was appointed a brigadier general and Roddey was called the “Defender of North Alabama.”
2.  Milo Smith Hascall (1829-1904) was not killed during the Civil War, but lived to 1904. He graduated from West Point in 1852 and served several years in the U.S. Army before resigning his commission. He then returned to Indiana where he became a lawyer and politician, including district attorney and clerk of the county court. When the Civil War started, he enlisted as a private, but was soon promoted to captain and served as aide-de-camp to General Thomas A. Morris, assisting in organizing six volunteer regiments. In June 1861, he was made colonel of the 17th Indiana Infantry. His troops served in General McClellan’s West Virginia campaign, arrived a day late for the Battle of Shiloh, and took part in the Siege of Corinth. In April 1862 he was promoted to brigadier general of Volunteers, serving in Kentucky and Tennessee. In late 1863 Hascall took part in the defense of Knoxville, and in 1864 in the Atlanta Campaign. He resigned on October 27, 1864, and returned to Ohio where he engaged in banking. Later he moved to  Chicago and entered the real-estate business.

1864 September 10: “The fall of Atlanta, the death of Morgan, and the renewed feeling of confidence everywhere experienced, is encouraging to all loyal citizens”

September 10, 2014

The following articles are from the September 10, 1864, issues of The Prescott Journal and The Polk County Press.

From The Prescott Journal:

Prescott Journal, 1864-09-10Sherman [William T. Sherman], and his magnificent army have reaped the rich harvest of their labor, and the Nation joyfully accords them its thanks and praise.  The enemy destroyed a large amount of supplies and ammunition and an immense quantity fell into our hands.  So falls another of the boasted stronghold of the Rebellion and the few remaining are tottering to their fall.

— The renowned rebel guerrilla chief, John Morgan [John Hunt Morgan],¹ has at last met his deserts.  His band was surprised in East Tennessee, thoroughly whipped, his staff captured, and himself killed.

— In the recent battles the rebels have lost Gens. Hardee [William J. Hardee], Palmer [Joseph B. Palmer], and Wheeler [Joseph Wheeler].  McPherson [Union General James B. McPherson] is avenged.

— The President has issued congratulatory orders, tending the National thanks to Gen. Sherman, Admiral Farragut [David. G. Farragut], and Gens. Canby [Edward Canby] and Granger [Gordon Granger], and the forces under them, for the splendid victories they have achieved.

— Gen. H. E. Paine [Halbert E. Paine] is the Union nominee for Congress in the 1st District of this State ;  Hon. I. C. Sloan in the second ;  and Col. Amassa [sic] Cobb in the third.

From The Polk County Press:

PCP, 1864-09-10

John Morgan the Horse Thief Killed !

General Summary.

— The news this week is glorious.  The fall of Atlanta, the death of Morgan, and the renewed feeling of confidence everywhere experienced, is encouraging to all loyal citizens.

— Gen. Grant [Ulysses S. Grant] says that 100,000 men is all he wants to finish up the rebellion.

— The New York “Herald” condemns the Chicago platform, and advises McClellan [George B. McClellen] to kick it overboard.

—An official dispatch says John Morgan,¹ the great horse-stealer, was supprised [sic], defeated and killed at Greenville [sic], Tenn., on the 4th inst.—This will be good news to the people of Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, and Indiana, which have suffered severely from his depredations.  He was a rough, illiterate fellow, and gained a great reputation on a very small basis.

— A dispatch from Richmond, speaks of the loss of Lieutenant Generals Hardee and Palmer.  From Sherman’s army there comes a report of the death of the rebel Gen. Wheeler.  If none of these generals come to life again, the rebels have suffered severely, and the gallant McPherson will have been well avenged.

— The New York “Commercial’s” Washington special says it will require several days to arrange the credits and quotas of the several States, and therefore the draft cannot take place immediately.

— The rebel ram Nashville was blown up by the Metacomet on the night of the 25th, just below Mobile.  She was 360 feet long and was to mount twelve guns.

— The Indian hostilities on the plains, still continue.  It is estimated that upwards of 2,000 emigrants have been murdered since the commencement of hostilities.

NEW YORK, Sept. 2.—The following is the concluding portion of Admiral Farragut’s official dispatch to the Navy Department :

The whole conduct of the officers of Fort Gaines and Morgan presents such a striking contrast in moral principles that I cannot fail to remark upon it.

Col. Anderson,² who commanded the former, finding himself in a  perfectly untenable position and encumbered with a superfluous number of conscripts, many of whom were boys, determined to surrender a fort which he could not defend, and in this determination was supported by all his officers save one, but from the moment he hoisted the white flag, scrupulously kept everything intact and in that condition delivered it over, whilst Paige [sic]³ and his officers with a childish spite destroyed the guns which they said they would defend, and threw away or broke those weapons which they had not the manliness to use against their enemies.

Fort Morgan never fired a gun after the commencement of the bombardment, and the advance pickets of our army were actually on its walls.

As before stated, the whole ceremony of surrender took place at 2 P. M., and that afternoon all the garrison were sent to New Orleans in the United States steamer Benville [sic: Bienville] where they arrived safely.

Respectfully your obedient servant,
.                                                                 .D. G. FARRAGUT

1.  Morgan was shot by Union cavalrymen while attempting to escape during a September 4, 1864, raid on Greeneville, Tennessee.
2.  Charles DeWitt Anderson (1827 or 29-1901) is noted for his controversial surrender of Fort Gaines. He was the first Texan appointed to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, but he struggled with the studies and resigned (1848) before graduating. Despite that, Anderson was directly commissioned into the U.S. Army as a 2nd lieutenant in 1856 and promoted to 1st lieutenant in 1859. He was serving in the Army in Utah Territory when the Civil War started and he decided to resign effective April 1, 1861. On March 16, 1861, he was appointed a 1st lieutenant in the regular Confederate Army in Artillery. His first assignment was at Fort Morgan, guarding the entrance to Mobile Bay, Alabama. On November 9 Anderson entered the volunteer service and was appointed a major in the 20th Alabama Infantry, which was stationed in Knoxville. In March 1862 he became the colonel of the 21st Alabama Infantry and the regiment became part of the defenses of Mobile, with Anderson commanding. By May 1864 Anderson was an acting brigadier general in the Confederate Army and Anderson was given command of Fort Gaines. When the Union began shelling Fort Gaines, despite receiving only moderate damage, Anderson’s men panicked and demanded he surrender. At first Anderson rejected the idea, but after three days of shelling and the realization that his command was about to mutiny he conceded defeat on August 8. His superior, Brig. Gen. Richard L. Page, criticized the surrender as a “deed of dishonor and disgrace.” Union Admiral Farragut, however, Farragut stated in his official report of the battle “that Anderson had put up a better fight than Page.”
3.  Richard Lucian Page (1807-1901) was a cousin of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. He joined the U.S. Navy in 1824 as a midshipman, was promoted to lieutenant in 1834, and to commander in 1855. During the Mexican War he served as the executive officer and commanding officer of Independence. He also served three tours of duty ashore as an ordnance officer and one tour as executive officer at the Norfolk Navy Yard. With the secession of Virginia, Page resigned from the U.S. Navy and joined the staff of Governor Letcher of Virginia. Commissioned Commander in the Confederate Navy in 1861, he served as ordnance officer at the Norfolk Navy Yard and at Charlotte, N.C. In 1864 he was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate Army and placed in charge of the outer defenses of Mobile Bay. Page was in command of the garrison that controlled Fort Morgan during the Union’s attack on Mobile Bay. On August 23, 1864, Page unconditionally surrendered the fort, because his troops had little usable gunpowder left. Indignant over having to surrender, he broke his sword over his knee instead of surrendering it. He was suspected of destroying munitions and works within the fort after he had agreed to surrender and once in Union hands he was arrested and imprisoned for the rest of the War.

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