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1861 April 15: States Respond to Lincoln’s Call for Troops

April 15, 2011

Responses to President Lincoln’s Call for Troops

Boston, April 15.
Political differences have been dropped, the universal sentiment of cities and [unreadable] defend to the last the flag of the Union. Volunteers to the number of 20,000 have tendered their services at the adjutant general’s office, Gen. B.F. Butler supporter of Breckinridge during election has tendered his services with his entire Brigade. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Boston, April 15.
A requisition was received by the Government this morning for 2,000 troops to report in Washington for duty forthwith. In accordance with this, a council was held, and the third, fourth, sixth and eighth regiments of infrantry were ordered to assemble on the common tomorrow for the purpose of drafting the number required. The most intense excitement exists among military men, and many who have served as officers in the Mexican war are anxious to get power to raise companies or enlist in the ranks of these companies who are ordered for service. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Buffalo, April 15.
A meeting of citizens to-night was largely attended, and some hundreds have enlisted for immediate service. Enlistment actively progressing. To-morrow night a meeting of citizens to sustain the government is called. Millard Fillmore will preside. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Detroit, April 15.
An immense citizens’ meeting was convened to-day to consider the present State of public affairs. Party issues are buried and our people unite for the maintenance of the Government. Volunteer companies are enrolling throughout the State in readiness for any emergency. Gov. Blair expected to call an extra session of the Legislature immediately. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

La Crosse, April 15.
Intense excitement at the news from Charleston and Washington. Hundreds of citizens respective of party, offer to volunteer in defense of the stars and stripes and are ready to march at a moment’s notice. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Louisville, April 15.
The recent news has considerably paralyzed the people, and they have not yet recovered from its effects. Companies are enlisting for the Southern Confederacy. It is rumored that several start to-morrow. The citizens generally deplore the positions of Lincoln’s proclamation. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

New York, April 15.
The Times’ Washington correspondent says the W. Department is engaged in calculating the quota of Troops in each state. New York will be entitled to ten regiments. No detailed policy relative to closing Southern ports is yet determined on, but arrangements are making to cut off all communication by the sea. Gen. Scott is actively at work calculating the disposition of the forces.

The administration has reliable information that the Confederate States propose, after reducing Sumter, to march upon and take Washington with 20,000 men. Several additional companies of regulars are ordered to Washington.

The Express’ Washington dispatch gives a rumor that Gen. Scott has resigned, because his advice against reinforcing Sumter was disregarded.

The Worlds’ Washington dispatch says detachments of Calvary are stationed on all roads outside the City, and two volunteer companies are in the Capital, one in the Post Office Department and one at the Patent Office.

Two officers of New York regiments have offered their commands. The present indications are that Sumter will be retaken at all hazards. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

New York, April 15.
The steamer Philadelphia is rapidly loading with guns and munitions, and may carry troops South. She is partly ready for sea. A meeting of citizens was held to-day and arrangements made for a public meeting to sustain the government.

A company of federal troops left for Fort Washington on the Potomac to-day. Some Maryland troops will probably soon be called to assist in the defence of the capital. More of the local military are offering their services to the government to-day. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Philadelphia, April 15.
There is still much excitement about the Palmetto flag office. The whole square is blocked with people. The mayor and police have possession of the building. A large American flag is suspended across the street.  Some damage has been done to the interior of the office by the mob.  It would have been entirely torn out but for interference of the Mayor. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Pittsburgh, April 15.
The war news has created intense excitement here and business has been almost suspended since Saturday. The President’s proclamation has thoroughly aroused the Military spirit, and several companies volunteered to sustain the integrity of the Union. To night there is an immense gathering at the City Hall opened by the Mayor. Resolutions appointing a committee of public safety were adopted unanimously. Also a resolution approving the action of the Philadelphia banks for the prompt offer of money to the Government. The meetings was addressed by Judge Wilkins, Thomas M. Marshall, Hon. P.C. Shannon, Dr. M.C. ___, Ex Gov. Johnston, A.W. Loomis and other prominent citizens of all parties which elicited immense applause. The meeting adjourned with three cheers for the Union, Constitution and enforceing [sic] the laws. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Springfield, Ill., April 15.
Gov. Yates today issued a proclamation to convene the legislature of Illinois at Springfield, on the 23rd of April, for the purpose of enacting such laws and adopting such measures as may be necessary upon the following subject, to wit: A more perfect organization and equipment of the militia of the State, and placing the same upon the best footing to render effective service to the General Government in preserving the Union, enforcing the laws, protecting the prperty and rights of the people; also the raising of such money and other means as may be necessary to carry out the forgoing objects. (This article appears in the April 20, 1861, Prescott Transcript, with the date of April 14.  The North Star also prints it in its issue of the 17th, but dates it April 15. If the report of the 14th from Chicago that Gov. Yates would “issue a proclamation to-morrow” is accurate, then the North Star‘s date for this article is the better date.)

St. Johnsbury, Vt, April 15.
It is understood that Governor Fairbanks will convene the legislature of Vermont in extra session on Tuesday week.  He will respond promptly to the call of the Secretary of War for troops. (The Prescott Transcript, April 20, 1861)

Washington, April 15.
Ten District of Columbia Companies have been mustered into service. Sixteen in all is required. The number of federal troops now here amount to about 500. An offer has been made to the Treasury Department at Montgomery to take the whole loan of the Confederate States, $15,000 at par to parties in New Orleans. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Washington, April 15.
Hon. John Covode has offered Gov. Curtin 50,000 dollars of the loan authorized by Pennsylvania to arm and equip the troops ordered by that State. A delegation of Pittsburgh merchants have made a similar tender. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

News Regarding Fort Sumter and Charleston

Montgomery, April 15.
“Haul down the American flag and surrender; or fight is the word,” said the miserable Wigfall to Maj. Anderson.

Is there any man at the North, can read such expressions and remain unmoved?  We appeal to the Democrats who have held bitter antagonism against the present Administration; does not such assumption on the part of the traitors come home to your sense of loyalty and patriotism?  Had Maj. Anderson blown the cursed traitor’s brains out, he would not have exceeded his duty, and if the government stops short of completely crushing the traitorous spirit out, it deserves to no longer exist. (The Prescott Transcript, April 20, 1861)

New York, April 15.
The New York Herald’s special correspondence from Charleston says Major Anderson saluted his flag formed his command on parade ground, marched out on the wharf, the drum and fife played Yankee Doodle. During the salute, a foot of cartridges burst in one of the casements, killed two and wounded four soldiers. The wounded will be taken to Charleston. The fort was burnt to a mere shell. The guns on one side of the parapet are entirely dismounted and others split. The gun carriages knocked to splinters.  Major Anderson is reported to have ordered his men not to sight at the men but to silence the batteries. Fort Sumter has been garrisoned by the Palmetto guards, under command of Col. Ripley. The tire has broken out in the ruins of the fort, and the engines have been shut down. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Washington, April 15.
When Major Anderson’s quarters were burning, Gen. Beauregard sent offers of assistance before the white flag was ran up. Senator Wigfall received the sword of Major Anderson and returned it to him. The fleet is still off Charleston. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Confederate News

Montgomery, April 15.
Jeff. Davis’ answer to President Lincoln’s proclamation is rough and curt. It is a follows:

“Fort Sumpter is ours, and nobody is [unreadable]. With mortar y Paixhan and petard, We tender to Old Abe our Beauregard.”1
(The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Montgomery, April 15.
Prominent gentlemen in Virginia telegraphed to Montgomery that Virginia will probably secede to-morrow.2  Gen. Pillow just arrived to offer Jefferson Davis a division of Tennessee Troops. Everybody is delighted with the encouraging news from Virginia.  Vice President Stephens has arrived.  It is said that if Virginia will unite with the Confederate States, President Davis will vacate his seat at Montgomery. The Vice President assuming his duties and will make his head quarters at Richmond in ten days, with Gen. Beauregard as second in command.  Gen. Bragg can take care of Pensacola.  The foregoing is by authority.  The Cabinet will await President Lincoln’s official proclamation before taking action. (The Prescott Transcript, April 20, 1861)

Montgomery, April 15.
The public press are delighted that the Union is at an end, and that we are now entirely justified in driving the invaders from our shores.  No one feels a particle of doubt as to the result and the only regret is that President Lincoln does not head the expedition. (The Prescott Transcript, April 20, 1861)

Washington, April 15.
Gov. Letcher, in a private letter to friends in Washington says, he adheres to the opinion formerly expressed in favor of the central Confederacy.  If however there be further disruption, the vote of Virginia shall be the rule of his conduct.  Any sacrifice she may require will be made by him and if troubles come he will take his share.

A report was in circulation this afternoon that Gen. Scott has resigned; but meanwhile he has been engaged with the Secretary of War and Adjutant Gen. Thomas. (The Prescott Transcript, April 20, 1861)

News About Fort Pickens in Pensacola

New York, April 15.
A special Washington despatch to the Post intimates that such orders have been sent to Lieut. Slemmer, that he would probably open fire without waiting for an attack, if attempts were made to strengthen the position of the Cofederate States. (The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

Pensecola, April 15.
Shots have been landed at Fort Pickens by the Federal Fleet. (The Prescott Transcript, April 20, 1861)

Washington, April 15.
Geo. N. Sanders has telegraphed the following dispatch to Dean Richmond, August Belmont, Mayor Wood and others.

One-hundred thousand mercenary soldiers cannot occupy and hold Pensacola. There entire South is under arms and the negroes are strengthening the military.  The place will be quickly conquered. Northern Democrats standing by the Southern people will not be held responsible for Lincoln’s acts. State Sovereignty is fully recognized. Protect your social and commercial interests by resisting the Black Republican federal aggression. Pennsylvania by her legislature should repudiate the war action. The commerce of Rhode Island and New Jersey is safe. When distinguishable hoist your flag.

Signed, Geo. N. Sanders
(The Hudson North Star, April 17, 1861)

1.  Union soldiers will eventually come up with this retort: “With rebels all routed and flying in fear, We tender Jeff. Davis our Foote in his rear.”
2.  The Virginia Convention votes to secede on April 17 and it is ratified by the voters of the state on May 23, 1861.

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