1863 July 25: Colonel Starkweather Promoted to Brigadier General
Following are the smaller news items from the July 25, 1863, issues of The Polk County Press and from The Prescott Journal, covering both local and national news.
From The Polk County Press:
— PROVOST MARSHAL.—Capt. COOPER [Benjamin F. Cooper], Provost Marshal of this Congressional District, is appointing Deputies in different parts of his District. A Deputy has the rank of a Lieutenant in the army and receives fifty dollars per month. For this part of the District, Capt. COOPER appointed Judge BARRON [Henry D. Barron] of St. Croix Falls, who has declined the same.
— Pemberton [John C. Pemberton] in his letter to Gen. Grant [Ulysses S. Grant], said that his supplies would enable him to hold out indefinitely. But as soon as he had capitulated he drew upon our stores for thirty thousand rations. That General can lie if he can’t fight.
— Those who burned and murdered in New York, during the riot, did so on the plea that the draft was oppressive upon the poor. And yet these very wretches burned and sacked an Orphan Asylum !
— One of the surest indications that the rebellion is rapidly in the decline is the rapid fall of Gold in New York. Wheat and other grain is also unsettled and falling. United States stocks are coming up rapidly. Gold sold in New York on the 22d at 25¢ premium.
— The 4th of July, 1863, was almost as eventful a day as the 4th of July, 1776. The rebels were defeated in Pensylvania [sic], Vicksburg surrendered, and 18,000 rebels whipped by 5,000 Unionists at Helena, Ark. All in one day—and that day the 4th of July.
— John Tommy,¹ the only Chinaman in the United States Army, was slain at Gettysburg. The brave little fellow belonged to the 1st Excelsior Regiment, which he joined at its organization. He was a kind, unpretending, clever fellow, much beloved by his comrades, and noted for his attention to the sick and wounded.
— Thirty-one Rebel battle flags, captured at Gettysburg, have been received at the War Department. Many of them are torn by bullets and stained with blood.
WASHINGTON, July 21. –The Herald’s special dispatch says all the effort to induce the Government to suspend or avoid the draft in New York, are unavailing. The conduct of the rioters there has rendered it in the estimation of the authorities imperatively necessary that the draft should be enforced. If however, the quota should be filled by Volunteers there would be no occasion to proceed with the draft. Under no other circumstances can or will the draft be dispensed with.
From The Prescott Journal:
J. L. DALE, Esq., Dep. Provost Marshall [sic], has returned from his trip to the upper counties. John’s tireless energy ensures a faithful discharge of the duties of his office.
GOOD FOR THE 6TH DISTRICT.—The total excess in this State over all calls for troops is 1,864. Of this excess, 1,150 belongs to this Congressional District.—Good for the loyal Sixth!
The Oconto Pioneer suggests the name of Judge BARRON [Henry D. Barron] of Polk, as a candidate for Lt. Governor. The Judge would fill the bill.
— The Cincinnati Gazette’s Vicksburg correspondent says :—During the campaign of sixty-four days, ending with the capture of Vicksburg, the rebels lost in killed, wounded and prisoners 43,700 men, about 71,000 thousand stand of arms taken, including nearly 50,000 Enfield rifles in their original packages, which were intended for the rebel army across the Mississippi, and 230 pieces of artillery.
— The discontent with Jeff. Davis’s rule in North Carolina is becoming formidable indeed. The Hon. Wm. A. Graham² prints, in “The Raleigh Standard,” a strong article, denying the right of secession from the Federal Union, affirming the right of coercion by the Federal Government, disclaiming the propriety and just cause of the pending assaults against the Union, and strongly asserting the right of any State of withdraw at will from the Confederate compact.
AN INTELLIGENT REBEL’S IDEA OF THE REBELLION. —The Wheeling Intelligencer relates a conversation held with an intelligent rebel officer, recently made prisoner by our troops. We asked him, it says, what his idea of the rebellion was, what it comprehended in its purposes, what, in other words, was its philosophy? He said that, in a word, it was slavery; that they wanted a homogeneous slave-holding confederation, where the people would all be united by one central interest and have one common bond of loyalty.
The following articles appeared in both papers:
A Deserved Honor.
Col. STARKWEATHER [John C. Starkweather], of the 1st Reg., has been promoted to a Brigadier General. This is a deserved honor to one of Wisconsin’s most gallant soldiers. Col. Starkweather led the First Regiment under the three months call, and saw severe service. At the expiration of the time of enlistment he filled the regiment again, and went in for the war. Much of the time since he has been in command of a brigade, and has fairly won his promotion. He is one of the right sort of Democrats.
RECENT REBEL LOSSES.—The losses to the Rebellion in men since the 1st of July may be briefly summed up as follows :
|Losses of Gen. Lee [Robert E. Lee] in killed, wounded, prisoners and straglers [sic],||35,000|
|Captured at Vicksburg,||31,000|
|Killed, wounded and prisoners at Helena,||2,500|
|Prisoners from Bragg’s army [Braxton Bragg],||6,500|
|Captured by Gen. Sherman [William T. Sherman] on the Big Black,||2,000|
|Capture of John Morgan’s entire command,||4,000|
|Surrendered at Port Hudson,||7,000|
|Captured at Morris’ Island,||300|
|Captured on James River,||200|
|Grand Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .||88,500|
Add to this prisoners taken by Gen. Grant in his victories previous to the surrender of Vicksburg now confined at Memphis, 4,000. Prisoners captured in skirmishes and battles on the Rappahannock, now at Ft. Delaware, 5,000, and we have the number in round figures, 97,500 prisoners in the hands of the Government. Thus crumbles the great Rebellion.
1. John Tommy was from Canton, China. It is not known how he ended up in the United States. Corporal Tommy, of Company D, 70th New York Infantry, fought with the III Corps at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. He lost both arms and legs during the fighting around the Peach Orchard. He died from his wounds on October 19, 1863. He was not the only Chinese soldier in the Army.
2. William Alexander Graham (1804-1875) was a U.S. Senator from North Carolina (1840-1843), the 30th governor of North Carolina (1845-1849), U.S. Secretary of the Navy (1850-1852), a candidate for the vice-presidency in 1852, and a Confederate States Senator from North Carolina (1864-1865). In 1866 Graham was once again elected to the United States Senate, but because North Carolina had not yet been readmitted to the Union, he did not present his credentials.