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1863 August 22: News from Southern Newspapers

August 24, 2013

The following news from Southern newspapers comes from The Prescott Journal of August 22, 1863.

Southern News.

By way of Cairo, Aug. 8, we have the following items of Southern news :

The Memphis Bulletin has Montgomery and Mobile advices to Wednesday.  On that day, Yancey [William L. Yancey] really departed this life.  In the early days of secession he was one of the Head leaders in that church and, though not in front in the battles, his course has nevertheless been active in the spheres in which he moved.  He was among the most prominent that death has removed from the paths of wickedness.

Mobile News of the 25th contained little of interest and already in print.

The News takes down Jeff. Davis’ organ [Jefferson Davis], the Richmond Sentinel, for attacking Johnston [Joseph E. Johnston] and charging on him the loss of Vicksburg.  The News contends that Davis appointed Pemberton [John C. Pemberton], and as the latter is a failure, Davis should be responsible.

DeBow,¹ agent for the purchase of cotton for the so called Confederate States in Mississippi, announces the policy of the Government to be to apply the torch where cotton is in imminent danger of falling into the hands of the enemy, but in only such cases; for a mere raid, he says, cotton should not be destroyed.

The price of substitutes in Richmond is very high.  One man advertises to go for $5,000 ; another offers $1,500 for a subistute [sic] in an artillery company.  Great cleamor [sic] is raised over this subject.  Over 60,000 substitutes have already been received instead of regular conscripts able to bear arms.  The next confederate Congress will put in the ranks all men able to do military duty, for the avowed reason that the necessities of the country require every man to give not only his property but his person to the cause.

One photographic establishment in Macon, Georgia, was caught in attempting to smuggle in from Europe two hundred thousand dollars of counterfeit Confederate money.

The Atlanta Appeal again argues the necessity for guerrilla operations upon the MIssissippi, and says a systematic plan of operations on its backs, will accomplish more than can otherwise be devised to cripple Grant [Ulysses S. Grant].

It says, we want to see travelers upon the father of waters,² bushwhacked from every canebrake and bluff below Memphis.

The Bulletin advises the editor of the Appeal to come out and try it.  A letter received from Richmond confesses that the Yankee raid into North Carlina [sic] has been of more importance than was at first supposed.  It penetrated into the interior of the States, destroyed towns and plantations, and carried of[f] stock and negroes.  Tarboro was destroyed, also a gunboat in course of construction was consumed in the conflagration.

Mrs. Jeff. Davis had a sham battle fought at Richmond, by a South Carlina [sic] brigade, in order that the lady might see how they did it in the army.

The Chttanooga [sic] Rebel of the 25th ult., states that to young men, indentified [sic] as the parties who robbed a citizen, were tride [sic] as spies, and hung on the 23d.  They were from the 70th Ohio regiment, and were arrested near Columbia, Tenn.

Joe Johnston reviewed his troops at Mobile on the afternoon of the 27th.  The News says much cheering greeted the battle scarred veterans, the sight of whom was a good tonic to the citizen soldiery.

1.  James Dunwoody Brownson DeBow (1820-1867) is best known for his influential magazine DeBow’s Review, which he used to advocate the expansion of southern agriculture and commerce so that the southern economy could become independent of the North.

2.  Generally capitalized, the Father of Waters refers to the Mississippi River.

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