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1863 August 29: The Latest War News

September 1, 2013

Below is the news that followed yesterday’s news on the Second Battle of Charleston Harbor in The Polk County Press of August 29, 1863.

The News.

A gang of thieves, who said they belonged to Colt’s Rebel cavalry, recently robbed the Southern Bank of Kentucky, at Carrollton, of $100,000 in gold and $30,000 in bills.

Cairo dispatches reported that Gen. Pemberton [John C. Pemberton]¹ died last week at Selma.

Grant [Ulysses S. Grant] and staff and Adjutant General Thomas [Lorenzo Thomas] left Cairo Monday night for Memphis.

Over one hundred thousand bales of Confederate State cotton have been recently captured at Natchez.

Gen. Horton is on an expedition up Red River.  There are 8,000 rebel troops up that river, Walker² and Heber³ in command.

Kirby Smith is in Texas.

Johnston’s forces are scattered in the Chunky River country.  [Joseph E. Johnston]

All seems to go well in Arkansas, Gen. Schofield4received dispatches on Thursday stating that our gunboats captured three or four Rebel boats, crews, and all the Rebels had in the river.  Gen. Davidson [John W. Davidson] had crossed the White River at Clarendon, and moved in the direction of Little Rock.  His advance were [sic] in sight of the pickets of Gen. Price [Sterling Price].

 Gen. Boyle5 has issued an order for the impressment of six thousand negro laborers from fourteen counties in Kentucky, for the purpose of building the great military road through that State toward East Tennessee.

Advices from New Orleans to the 11th inst. are received at Memphis.  They state that the health of the city is only fair.  There were numerous cases of yellow fever at the quarantine.  The steamer Wood from Vicksburg had arrived, bringing down 500 sick soldiers.  Disease is said to be on the increase at that point, most of the cases being of the most malignant type of fever, seven out of ten of which prove fatal.

Jeff. [Jefferson Davis] is locking the stable door, now that the mule is gone.  A court of inquiry has been called to meet at Montgomery, to investigate the Rebel campaigns in Mississippi and Louisiana in May, June, and July, and especially to inquire into the surrender of Vicksburg and Port Hudson.

1.  Pemberton will not die until 1881. In August 1863 he was a prisoner of war and was exchanged on October 13, 1863, and he returned to Richmond.
2.  Lucius Marshall Walker (1829-1863) was a nephew of U.S. President James K. Polk. He graduated from West Point and served on the western frontier until 1852 when he resigned. Walker was living in Arkansas when he enlisted and was commissioned colonel of the 40th Tennessee Infantry (Confederate). In March 1862 Walker was promoted to brigadier general. One year later he was assigned to the Trans-Mississippi Department and commanded a brigade at the Battle of Helena. After the Battle of Reed’s Bridge (August 26, 1863) General John S. Marmaduke accused Walker of cowardice and Walker challenged Marmaduke to a formal duel. On September 6, 1863, Walker and Marmaduke squared off on the north bank of the Arkansas River near Little Rock, and Marmaduke eventually mortally wounded Walker.
3.  Probably refers to Paul Octave Hébert (1818-1880) graduated from West Point, served in the Mexican War, and was the 14th governor of Louisiana (1853-1856). When Louisiana seceded in April 1861, Hébert was appointed a brigadier general in the Louisiana Militia and in August, 1861, was promoted to brigadier general in the Confederate Army. In 1862, Hébert was sent to the Department of Texas and later to help defend Vicksburg. He saw battle in June, 1863, at the Battle of Milliken’s Bend in Louisiana.  Hébert was sent back to Texas, where he was when the War ended.
4.  John McAllister Schofield (1831-1906) graduated from West Point, served in the artillery, and was a professor at West Point and at Washington University in St. Louis. When the Civil War began, Schofield became a major in a Missouri regiment and served as chief of staff to General Nathaniel Lyon. Schofield received the Medal of Honor (in 1892) for “conspicuous gallantry” during the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, where Lyon was killed in action. In November 1861 Schofield was promoted to brigadier general and to major general in November 1862. From 1861 to 1863 he held various commands in the Trans-Mississippi Theater. In 1863 he returned to Missouri as commander of the Department of Missouri.
5.  Jeremiah Tilford Boyle (1818-1871) was a successful lawyer and an abolitionist in Kentucky before the Civil War. When the War broke out, Boyle raised a brigade of infantry for the Union Army. He was commissioned a brigadier general in November 1861, and participated in the Battle of Shiloh. In May of 1862, President Abraham Lincoln appointed him Military Governor of Kentucky and several times he sent troops to combat raids by John Hunt Morgan. Boyle resigned in 1864 after his son was killed in action.

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