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1863 November 28: Grant Wins a “Glorious Victory” Over Bragg

November 30, 2013

Following is a short article on the Union victories at the battles of Lookout Mountain (November 24, 1863) and Missionary Ridge (November 25), also part of the Chattanooga Campaign.  This article is from the November 28, 1863 issue of The Prescott Journal.

After their disastrous defeat at the Battle of Chickamauga, the 40,000 men of the Union Army of the Cumberland under General William S. Rosecrans retreated to Chattanooga, Tennessee.  Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tennessee besieged the city, threatening to starve the Union forces into surrender. Bragg’s troops established themselves on Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, both of which had excellent views of the city, the Tennessee River flowing through the city, and the Union’s supply lines.  Union forces under General Joseph Hooker assaulted Lookout Mountain, near Chattanooga, Tennessee, and defeated Confederate forces commanded by General Carter L. Stevenson.  Lookout Mountain was one engagement in the Chattanooga battles between General Ulysses S. Grant’s Military Division of the Mississippi and the Bragg’s Confederate Army of Tennessee.  It drove in the Confederate left flank and allowed Hooker’s men to assist in the Battle of Missionary Ridge the following day, which routed Bragg’s army, ending the Siege of Chattanooga.

The Great Battle.

GRANT has won a glorious victory over Bragg, near the Chickamauga, taking 6,000 prisoners, and driving him from his strong position.  We have not room for the particulars.  The St. Paul Press says:

Grant has added another to his long list of unvarying successes.  His fourteen victories have culminated in a fifteenth, which rounds off and consumates all the rest.  The disaster at Chickamauga has been more than retrieved, by the splendid triumphs of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge.  The rebel forces under Bragg have been hurled from the summits and [s]lopes of those commanding hights [sic] by the heroic bravery of our troops–bravery transcending even the skill or hopes of their commanders–and from the top of Lookout Mountain, Grant, with his invincible legions behind him, now looks down upon the plains of Georgia, as Napolean looked upon the fair champaigns of Italy, lying helpless at his feet, from the summit of Mount St. Bernard.  If at Vicksburg the gate and outer wall of the Confederacy was broken down, at Chattanooga and its mountain invirons [sic] we have won its citadel, its last stragetic [sic] stronghold.

The importance of the victory can scarcely be estimated.  It gathers up the fruits of half a dozen previous campaigns.  It gives the union armies undisputed possession of the whole Valley of the Mississippi, and drives the rebels from their mountain fastnesses into the plain country between the Alleganey [sic] range and the sea, and easy prey to our advancing columns.

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