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1863 December 26: The Union’s Military Resources

January 5, 2014

Two separate, but related, articles from the December 26, 1863, issue of The Prescott Journal.  The second is a handy list of what generals are currently in charge of which Corps.

Our Military Resources.

The following extract from the Report of the Secretary of War, will give an idea of the magnitude of our military resources:


The specific duty of the Ordinance Department is to supply arms and munitions of war for sea coast and frontier fortifications, and for the forces in the field.

The expenditures for these purposes during the last fiscal year amount to $42,313,630.21.

The canon, small arms, and accoutrements, for men and horses, and ammunition obtained during the late fiscal year by purchase and by manufacture, were as follows: 1,557 field, siege and seacoast cannon, with carriages, caissons and other implements; 1,082,841 muskets and rifles for foot soldiers; 282,389 carbines and pistols for mounted troops; 1,295,000 cannon balls and shells; 1,295,000 cannon balls and shells; 48,719,862 pounds of lead and lead bullets; 435,000 cartridges for artillery; 259,022,216 cartridges for small arms; 347,276,400 percussion caps; 3,925,369 friction printers; 5,764,768 pounds of gunpowder; 919,676 sets of accoutrements for men; 94,679 sets of accoutrements for cavalry horses; 2,281 sets of artillery harness, each set for two horses.

An immense amount of material has been prepared for the different arsenals, and work in wood and leather large quantities is advanced toward completion for the manufacture and repairs of all the various machines and implements of war in use in the service.  The quantities of the principal articles of ordnance materials in the control of the department at the beginning of the war, the quantities of these articles on hand on June 30, 1863, are shown in the following tables, viz :

Articles. On hand at beginning of the war. Procured since the war began. Issued since the war began. On hand for issue June 30, 1863.
Siege and sea-coast artillery 1,052 1,064 2,088 927
Field Artillery 231 2,784 2,481 487
Firearms for infantry 487,884 1,950,144 1,550,576 886,001
Firearms for cavalry 81,268 338,128 827,170 42,226
Sabres 16,933 387,555 271,817 82,671
Cannon Balls and shells 363,591 2,562,744 1,745,586 1,180,749
Lead and lead bullets in lbs 1,801,776 71,776,774 50,045,515 23,024,025
Cartridges for artillery 28,248 2,238,446 2,274,490 492,504
Cartridges for small arms 8,292,800 522,204,816 878,534,104 151,913,012
Percussion caps 19,808,000 749,475,000 715,036,479 74,246,530
Friction primers 84,425 7,064,709 6,082,505 1,005,629
Gunpowder in lbs 1,110,584 13,424,363 13,071,078 1,463,874
Saltpeter in lbs 2,923,348 6,231,731 8,155,079
Accoutrements for infantry 10,930 1,831,800 1,680,220 162,010
Accoutrements for cavalry 4,320 194,466 196,298 2,498
Equipments for cavalry horses 574 216,658 211,673 5,562
Artillery harnesses, double 587 18,666 17,485 1,767

The resources of the country for the production of arms and munitions of war have only commenced their development, yet their extent may be inferred from the enormous quantity of supplies shown by the foregoing tabular abstract to have been furnished during the last two years.  At the beginning of the war we were compelled to rely upon foreign arms and munitions.  Now all these things are manufactured at home, and we are independent of foreign countries not only for the manufacture. but also for the materials of which they are composed.  The excellency of the arms and munitions of war of American manufacture which have been supplied by the Ordnance Department to the Army has been so obvious that our soldiers are no longer willing to use those  which have been imported from other countries.  The efforts made during the war to extend and improve the manufacture of arms and munitions, have resulted in discoveries of great importance to the country, in peace as well as war.  Among the arts thus improved is the manufacture of wrought iron, now rivaling the qualities of iron of Sweden, Norway and England.  This country until the present year, has relied upon those countries for material to make gun barrels, bridle-bits, car wheel tires and other articles requiring iron of fine quality.  Iron of our own production is now superior to that obtained abroad.

The law of 1808 made a provision for the annual expenditure of $200,000 for arming the militia of the States.—That sum is insufficient for the wants of the increasing population of the country.  Two millions should be annual appropriated for that purpose, until all States are supplied in proportion to the population with the same number of arms that have been distributed in some of the States to meet the exigencies of war.—From the report of the Chief of Engineers, it appears that the grants made by Congress for fortifications at the last session amounted to $5,350,000 for permanent works, and $700,000 for temporary works.  These liberal provisions allowed very material progress being made upon important fortifications now under construction, and of essential modifications, being effected in old works and existing batteries to obtain largely increased efficiency by preparing them to receive ordnance of greatly increased calibre, and to store great bulks of ammunition, with additional safety therefor.  These important objects have been very generally realized.  Difficulties existing last year in the procurement and transportation of materials, and in obtaining the requisite amount of skilled and ordinary labor, have increased, but these difficulties have been surmounted to such a degree that the general result is very favorable, and our seaboard and border fortifications are now in condition to afford a formidable defense, decidedly stronger than last year.

THE ARMY CORPS.—The several army corps, with their commanders, now stand as follows:

1st Army Corps—Maj. Gen. Newton.  [John Newton]
2d Army Corps—Brig. Gen. G. K. Warren.  [Gouverneur K. Warren]
3d Army Corps—Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles.
4th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger.
5th Army Corps—Maj. Gen Geo. Sykes.
6th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick.
7th Army Corps—Consolidated with others.
8th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. R. C. Schenck.  [Robert C. Schenck]
9th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. John G. Parke.
10th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. Q. A. Gilmore [sic].  [Quincy A. Gillmore]
11th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. O. O. Howard.  [Oliver O. Howard]
12th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum.  [Henry W. Slocum]
13th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. E. O. C. Ord.  [Edward O. C. Ord]
14th Army Corps—Brig. Gen. J. M. Palmer.  [John M. Palmer]
15h Army Corps—Maj. Gen. John A. Logan.
16th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. S. A. Hurlbut.  [Stephen A. Hurlbut]
17th Army Corps—Maj. Gen J. B. McPherson.  [James B. McPherson]
18th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. B. F. Butler.  [Benjamin F. Butler]
19th Army Corps—Maj. Gen. N. P. Banks.  [Nathaniel P. Banks]
20th Army Corps—Consolidated with others.
21th Army Corps—Consolidated with others.
22d Army Corps—Maj. Gen. Augur.  [Christopher Columbus Augur]

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