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1864 March 12: Northwest Wisconsin Recruitment, Carmi Garlick Commissioned Again, Amendment to the Enrollment Act, and Other News Items

March 18, 2014

Following are the small items from the March 12, 1864, issues of The Prescott Journal and The Polk County Press.  Note of warning: the “N” word is used in the second item under From The Polk County Press, referring to Frederick Douglass.

From The Prescott Journal:

Finger002  About one fourth of the town of Superior, in this State, has been confiscated as belonging to disloyalists.  Among others, the names of Commissioner Ould [Robert Ould], John C. Breckenridge [sic] and R. N. [sic] T. Hunter¹ appear as owners.  There were 18 rebel owners in all.

Finger002  The town of River Falls has voted a $100 bounty to each of the re-enlisted veterans who are credited to her.

Finger002  Capt. MAXSON [Orrin T. Maxson] left for Madison on Tuesday.  The Capt. has had excellent success recruiting, having enlisted over sixty men.  We doubt if any recruiting officer in the State has done better.

Finger002  Gen. Grant [Ulysses S. Grant] says that Sherman [William T. Sherman] has inflicted the severest blow on the rebellion since the fall of Vicksburg.

From The Polk County Press:

Frederick Douglass, from the Library of Congress

Frederick Douglass, from the Library of Congress²

— Out of the 130,000 men now in the 100 batteries and regimental organizations, whose terms expired on or before the first day of January, 100,000 have re-enlisted.

— The “nigger” Fred. Douglas [sic: Frederick Douglass] lectures in Milwaukee this week.

NEW RECRUITS.—Recruiting officer, Geo. W. Davis, returned from Burnett county on Wednesday last, having enlisted three more men to apply on Polk County’s quota. This makes eight men which this energetic officer has secured since his return from Madison. The following is the list complete :

Joseph Cadotte, John R. Day,
Alexander Cadotte, George Samuel,
Thomas Hart, James Rice,
Charles Hart, John Buck.

We cannot too highly commend the energy of Mr. Davis.  He has worked hard and has secured a tough, hardy set of men, who will all make excellent soldiers.  Mr. Davis expects to get eight or ten more during the next week.

Next to the “New Recruits” item was the following small item, which may explain why George W. Davis was having such good luck recruiting men—the winter work in the pineries was finished and those workers were coming into the towns looking for new work.  A soldier’s bonus probably looked pretty good to them.

RETURNED.—Quite a large number of our citizens have returned from the pineries during the week, which makes things look little a more [sic] lively.  Our town has been almost deserted of men this winter, but now they are coming back one by one, which soon makes a change come over our village.

DETACHED.—The Secretary of War has ordered the three companies of Minnesota Cavalry which have been included in the 5th Iowa Regiment, to be detached and formed into a new Battalion, for home service on the frontier.  The companies have re-enlisted and are now home on furlough.

ELECTION.—The State election in New Hampshire took place on Tuesday last.  The campaign has been a hot one, and we look to see a good rousing Union victory.  The soldiers do not vote in New Hampshire.

TOWN CAUCUSES.—The Union men of the several towns in Polk county, are requested to hold their town caucuses, for the purpose of choosing their delegates to the Union County Convention, on Monday next, March 14th.  Let the Union men in every town turn out that the delegation may be full.  Remember that prompt action gains the victory !

THE ENROLLMENT BILL.—This bill will be found on the 1st and 4th pages of the paper.  Although not an official copy, it may be relied upon as being correct.³

APPOINTED ASS’T SURGEON.—Dr. C. P GARLICK, of this village [Osceola], has received and accepted the appointment of Assistant Surgeon of the 35th Regiment, Col. ORFF,4 now at Milwaukee.  The appointment is an excellent one, and although we much regret to part with our resident physician, still we take pleasure in congratulating the soldiers of the 35th, upon having so humane and whole-souled a Surgeon to attend to their physical wants.  As the Doctor is obliged to report for duty immediately, he wishes us to state that he wants to settle up all outstanding accounts as soon as possible, and request all those who are indebted to him to call at his office and settle forthwith.

That explains this ad in the classifieds section of previous issues of the Press:


One Hundred Volunteers,

To call at the office of the undersigned, on or before the 1st day of March next, and settle up their little accounts with him.  All delinquents after that date will be made subject to an immediate draft.
Recruiting Officer.

1.  Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809-1887) was the Confederate States Secretary of State (1861-1862), a Confederate States Senator from Virginia (1862-1865), and President pro tempore of the Confederate Senate (1862-1865). Before the Civil War he had been a U.S. Senator from Virginia (1847-1861), and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1837 to 1843, and 1845 to 1847). He served as Speaker of the House from 1839 to 1841, and is the youngest person ever to hold that position.
2.  This image of Frederick Douglass, probably taken in the 1860s, is from the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division.
3.  The 1864 amendment of the Enrollment Act is very long, and since it is easily available on the Internet we are not posting it on this blog. One place to find it is the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, & Abolition at Yale University. The original 1863 Enrollment Act is followed by the February 24, 1864, amendment.
4.  Henry Orff, from Milwaukee, was the colonel of the 35th Wisconsin Infantry. He was commissioned on September 15, 1863, and resigned on July 21, 1865, because of a disability. The rest of the regiment mustered out on March 15, 1866. Garlick was discharged on February 11, 1865, for a disability.

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