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1864 March 19: The 37th Wisconsin Infantry and Other News

March 25, 2014

Following are the smaller items from the March 19, 1864, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.

From The Polk County Press:

— An exchange of prisoners is being made.

— New Hampshire has gone largely Union.

— The rebels advertise the Harriet Lane for sale.¹

— A woman named Haycroft has been arrested in St. Louis as a rebel spy.

— The clothes which Colonel Ellsworth [Elmer E. Ellsworth] wore when he was shot at Alexandria, are on exhibition at the Albany Sanitary fair.

— The Senate has adopted a resolution of inquiry into the cause of the late disaster in Florida, and under whose direction it was made.

— Captains Sawyer and Flynn,² who were sentenced to death in Richmond in retaliation for the hanging by Gen. Burnside [Ambrose E. Burnside] of two rebel spies, have been exchanged.

— Vermont has credit of 2,025 men over all calls to the present time. —The credit will probably be increased by 509 men re-enlisted from the State in the Department of the Gulf, and the total will, it is expected, be sufficient to meet any probably call hereafter.

— The number of rebel prisoners of war now in our hands is upwards of forty-six thousand—about three thousand commissioned officers, and between forty and forty-five thousand non-commissioned officers and enlisted men.

Idaho and the Draft.

The Milwaukee Wisconsin of the 4th contains the following :

“It should be borne in mind by those going to Idaho, that it will be necessary for them to secure passports from the Provost Marshal before going.  The passports must show that that [sic] they have fulfilled all the conditions of the draft, and are not leaving to avoid it.  Otherwise their course will be checked, either at St. Louis or at Fort Benton.  Instructions to this effect have been made public by the Governor of Iowa, and also by Gen. Rosecrans [William S. Rosecrans], at St. Louis.  We presume the Governor of Minnesota has also issued similar instructions.”

FROM MEMPHIS.—We learn from Mr. LEEMAN [sic] CLARK,³ that Mr. E. C. Treadwell, of this place, who enlisted a short time ago in the 2d Cavalry, is sick, in Hospital in Memphis, with small-pox.  We sincerely trust that he will soon recover.

All of the Polk Co. boys that enlisted for the 2d Cavalry are now at Memphis, and went with the celebrated Smith and Grierson raid, recently made.  All but Treadwell are in good health, and like the service.  “Hick” Clark³ writes that he has gained 16 pounds since he left.  “Hardtack” must agree with “Hick.”

JUST NOW.—The following is at present Deputy Provost Marshal Vincent[’]s toast :  Enlist or be drafted.  [William J. Vincent]

GOING.—DR. GARLICK leaves for his regiment the first of next week.  May success attend him wherever he may march.  [Carmine “Carmi” P. Garlick]

OUT OF THE DRAFT.—We see by the Adjutant General’s Report, of Minnesota, that Taylor’s Falls has furnished one man in excess of all calls, and is therefore out of the draft.

EXTENSION.—The Military District of Minnesota, by command of Maj. Gen. POPE [John Pope], has been extended so as to include all the territory east of a line drawn from the head of Pembina River to the western extremity of Devil’s Lake, thence to the head of James River ;  thence following the course of James River southerly, to the forty-fourth (44th) parallel of latitude ;  thence east along that parallel to the Big Sioux River ;  thence along the line of that River to the northern boundary of the State of Iowa.

THIRTY-SEVENTH REGIMENT.—Adj. Gen. GAYLORD [Augustus Gaylord] has issued an order organizing a 37th Wis. Regiment.—Capt. SAM. HARRIMAN [Samuel Harriman], Co. A. 30th Regiment,—well known to all our citizens, and a very popular officer throughout the State,—has been appointed Colonel, by Gov. LEWIS [James T. Lewis].

Colonel HARRIMAN will make the 37th a noble regiment.  We are glad to see the North-West District thus honored.

From The Prescott Journal:

Col. Sam. Harriman.

We are pleased to notice the appointment of SAM. HARRIMAN as Colonel of the 37th regiment, now being organized.

Col. Harriman as Capt. of Co. A, 30th, has shown that he possesses the qualifications for a successful officer, and the people of the St. Croix Valley feel a just pride in his promotion.  Success to the Thirty-Seventh.

Large Bounty Still Extended.

Sergeant ELLSWORTH BURNETT has been detailed to this county to recruit for the 37th regiment.

There are several towns in this county whose quota is not full, and now, if ever, is the time to avoid the draft, which will be made the first of April.

It is generally known that the Government Bounty of $300 is extended till that time, and local bounties can be obtained.  The town of Oak Grove will pay $100 cash to each recruit credited there.

Recruits going into this new regiment stand much better chance of promotion than in the old ones, and we hope Serg’t BURNETT will obtain enough here to clear the county from the draft.

NO MORE WOMEN ALLOWED TO VISIT THE FRONT.—The Nashville Union is requested “by the highest authority,” to announce that no more passes will be granted to the wives and families of officers, to the front of any of the armies in this theatre of operation.  Northern papers will save much useless expense and trouble by giving publicity to this statement.

Finger002  Gov. Lewis has received  orders from the War Department to organize still another regiment to be designated as the 38th.  James Bentliff [sic: Bintliff],4 of Green county, formerly captain in the 22d regiment, is appointed to its command.

200,000 More.

The President has issued a call for 200,000 more troops.

The St. Paul Press [March 11, 1864], speaking of the call says :

“Our armies in the field already probably number twice those of the enemy, sufficient to carry victory before them wherever the order to advance is given.  Why then this call for 200,000 more ?  They are needed, we suppose, as a grand army of reserve ;  perhaps, to release 200,000 veterans from guard duty along lines of communication, as the army in front moves onward ;  needed to make ossurance [sic: assurance] doubly sure ;  to take a bond of fate against all the possible mischances of war ;  needed to give the weary nation and the world a guarantee that the Rebellion will be crushed beyond a peradventure during the coming summer and fall.”

1.  The Harriet Lane had been captured by the Confederates in 1863 and converted to a trade ship after failing to sell it. She was promptly recaptured by the Union forces, declared unfit for service, sold, and rechristened the Elliot Ritchie.
2.  Henry Washington Sawyer (1829-1893), captain of Company K of the 1st New Jersey Cavalry, and John M. Flinn (1833 or 34-1872), captain of Company F of the 51st Indiana Infantry, were chosen by lot for the execution.
3.  Leman G. Clark was the older brother of Andrew J. Clark and George S. Clark, both of whom enlisted in Company D of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry. Which of the Clark brothers was known as “Hick” is unknown to us.
4.  James Bintliff (1824-1901) was a newspaper editor from Monroe, Wisconsin, who rose from company captain to brigadier general during the Civil War. For a full biography, see the Col. James Bintliff entry in the Dictionary of Wisconsin History.

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