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1864 June 25: The Battle of Trevilian Station

June 25, 2014

News of the Battle of Trevilian Station, and a few other items, from the June 25, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press.  The Battle of Trevilian Station took place on June 11-12, 1864, and was the bloodiest and largest all-cavalry battle of the Civil War.

Telegraphic Dispatches.

WAR DEPARTMENT, }
WASHINGTON, June 19, 9:40 P. M. }

To General Dix [John A. Dix] :

This evening a dispatch from City Point, dated 9 o’clock this morning, reached the Dapartment [sic].  It reports that our force advanced yesterday, to within a mile in front of Petersburg, when they found the enemy occupying a new line of entrenchments which, after successive assults [sic], we failed to carry, but hold, and have entrenched our advance position.

From the forces of the enemy within the enemy’s new lines, it is evident that Beauregard [P.G.T. Beauregard] has been reinforced from Lee’s army [Robert E. Lee].

General Sherman [William T. Sherman] reports to-day that the enemy gave way last night in the midst of darkness and storm, and at daylight he entered his lines.  From right to left the whole army is in pursuit as far as the Chatahotchie [sic].  General Sherman adds :

“I start at once for Marietta.”

No military intelligence from any other quarter has been received to-day.

(Signed)       E. M. STANTON [Edwin M. Stanton],
.                          .Secretary of War.

WAR DEPARTMENT, }
WASHINGTON, June 18—11 P. M. }

To Major General Dix :

Dispatches from Gen. Sheridan [Phillip Sheridan] have just been received.  He represents a victory over the enemy at Treselain’s [sic] station, on the Virginia Central Railroad, a few miles south of Gordonsville, where Gen. Lee, a few days since reported a rebel victory.  The official report is as follows :

I have the honor to report to you the arrival of my command at this point, and also to report its operations since leaving New Castle ferry.

I crossed the Pamunky River on the 7th inst., marching via Atelly’s and encamped on Heridon’s Creek.  On the morning of the 8th  I resumed the march via Polecat Station, and on the 9th I marched through Childsburg and New Market, encamping on Erie Creek, near Young’s Bridge.

On the 10th I marched via Andrew’s Cavern and Levinan’s structure, crossing both branches of the North Anna, and encamped at Buckchilds, about three miles northeast of Trevelain’s [sic] Station.  My intention was to break the railroad at this station.

I marched through Mechanicsville, cut the Gordonsville and Charlottesville railroad near Lindsry’s house, and then marched on Charlottesville, but on our arrival at Buckchilds, I found the enemy’s cavalry in our immediate front.

On the morning of the 11th Gen. Tarbell [sic: Alfred T. A. Torbert], with his division, and Col. Gregg,¹ of General Gregg’s [David M. Gregg] division, attacked the enemy.

After an obstinate contest they drove him from successive lines of breastworks, through an almost impassable forest, back on Treveline [sic] Station.

In the meantime Gen. Custar [sic: George A. Custer] was ordered to proceed by a country road so as to reach the station in rear of the enemy’s cavalry.  On his arrival at this point the enemy broke into complet [sic] route [sic], leaving his dead and nearly all his wounded in our hands, also twenty officers and 300 horses.

(Signed)       E. M. STANTON,
.                          .Secretary of War.

The Richmond Enquirer of the 13th, has official intelligene [sic] that Gen. Crook [George R. Crook], with 8,000 men, was at Amherst Court House, only twelve miles from Lynchburg.  They had destroyed the bridge over the Tye River.—Lynchburg is defended, the Enquirer says, by a much larger force than it had expected, aided dy [sic] militia.

Gen. Grant writes to his wife, at St. Louis, that he is satisfied that his campaign against Richmond will be successful.

On the 26th ult. Gen. A. J. Smith met Marmaduke’s [John S. Marmaduke] rebel forces numbering 6,000 mounted infantry and cavalry besides three batteries of artillery, near Bayou Fish, Mississippi.  The rebels were completely whipped and routed, and our forces returned to Mimphis [sic] on the 7th inst.

Dispatches received from Denver City, dated June 14th states that much excitement existed there in consequence of Indian depredations.  One man and woman and two children has [sic] been found murdered and scalped twenty miles from the city.  The militia are organizing and drilling and soldiers are parsuing [sic] the Indians.

BERMUDA HUNDRED, June 18.—In all twenty-on pieces of artillery have been captured from the enemy in our assaults upon his works at Petersburg, besides a large number of prisoners.

When the enemy withdrew his forces in front of Gen. Butler [Benjamin F. Butler] to reinforce Petersburg, Gen. Butler immediately sent out a force under Generals Terry [Alfred H. Terry] and Turner [John W. Turner], which succeeded in destroying an important bridge and four miles of Railroad track near Waltham Junction.

Early’s [Jubal Early] late Longstreet’s [James Longstreet] corps crossed the James River near Drury’s Bluff in strong force, and was seen coming down the Petersburg Turnpike as Gen. Butler’s forces entered their works last night.

The despatch steamer Anna Winans, while passing Wilcox’s wharf, was fired into from the north side of James river by a rebel battery.  Ten shots were fired at her, one of which passed through her hull near the water’s edge.  The James river is blockaded a mile below Drury’s Bluff to prevent a surprise from the rebel rams.

CINCINNATI, June 16.–The Times correspondent at Flemingsburg, Kentucky, 12th says :  The remnant of Morgan’s command [John Hunt Morgan], numbering 700 passed through there the mo[r]ning of the 12th, en route, probably, for Pound Gap.  They admit a loss of nearly 1,000 at Cynthianna.

A feberal [sic] force of 1,000 in pursuit, arrived at Flemingsburgh [sic] about 6 hours after Morgan left.

NEW YORK, June 17th.–The Washington Star of yesterday says Secretary Stanton had received a telegram from Sherman confirming the reported death of Bishop Polk [Confederate General Leonidas Polk].

The total number of prisoners captured by Grant since the commencement of the present campaign (as officially reported) is about 12,000.

1.  J. (John) Irvin Gregg (1826-1892) was a cousin of General David M. Gregg and was a career military officer but did not graduate from West Point. He was  of the 16th Pennsylvania Cavalry, then lieutenant colonel and full colonel in the regular army. He was brevetted brigadier general of Volunteers, partly for his service at the Battle of Trevilian Station.

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