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1864 July 9: Increase in the Pay for Soldiers, Plus Terms of Service for Old Recruits

July 13, 2014

The following articles are from The Prescott Journal of July 9, 1864.

Increase of Soldier’s Pay.

Congress has passed and the President has signed the bill increasing the pay of soldiers.  It provides that from the 1st of May last, during the present rebellion, the pay of non-commissioned officers and privates in the army shall be as follows :  sergeant majors, $26 ;  quartermaster and commissary sergeants of cavalry, artillery and infantry, $20 ;  sergeants of ordnance, sappers and miners and pontooniers, $34 ;  corporals of ordnance, sappers and miners and pontooniers, $20 ;  privates of engineers and ordnance of the first class, $18 ;  and of the second class, $16 ;  corporals of cavalry, artillery and infantry, $18 ;  chief buglers of cavalry, $23 ;  buglers, $15 ;  farriers and blacksmiths of cavalry and artillery, $18 ; privates of cavalry, artillery and infantry, $16 ; principal musicians of artillery and infantry, $22 ;  leaders of brigade and regimental bands, $75 ;  musicians, $16 ;  hospital stewards of the first class, $32 ; hospital stewards of the second class, $25 ;  hospital stewards of the third class, $23.

All non-commissioned officers and privates in the regular army, serving under enlistments made prior to July 22, 1861, shall have the privilege of re-enlisting for a term of three years in their respective organizations until the 1st of August next, and all such non-commissioned officers and privates so re-enlisting shall be entitled to the bounties entitled in the joint resolution of Congress, approved January 18, 1864.

In all cases where the government shall furnish transportation and subsistence to discharged officers and soldiers from the place of their discharge to the place of their enrollment or original muster into the service, they shall not be entitled to travel, pay or commutation of subsistence.

RECRUITS IN OLD REGIMENTS AND BATTERIES.—GOV. MORTON [Oliver P. Morton], of Indiana, has addressed a memorial to Congress in relation to recruits enlisted into old regiments and batteries prior to 1863, with the understanding that they were only to serve for the unexpired terms of those organizations to which they were attached, and who are now held for the full term of three years.  The question has heretofore been submitted to the War Department, but relief could not be granted, owing to the form of enlistment.  The memorial sets forth the facts fully and prays Congress, as a matter of justice and good faith towards the soldiers, to take such action as will secure their discharge according to the original understanding.

We have recently received enquiries from persons who have enlisted in the service with the understanding that their time would expire with that of the organizations to which they belong, on this point.  We earnestly hope that the Government will act wisely and justly in this matter, and provide that the pledges made by enlisting officers to such volunteers shall be faithfully observed.

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