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1864 July 23: New Call for Volunteers, Sherman’s Success at Atlanta, and Summary of Other War-Related News

July 23, 2014

Following is the weekly war news summary from both of our newspapers of July 23, 1864, The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.

From The Polk County Press:

The News.

The command of Gen. SMITH [A. J. Smith] which left Memphis sometime ago in Search of FORREST [Nathan B. Forrest], has fought, whipped, and routed him.  His defeat is reported to be very disastrous, and our army is glorying over its victory.

SHERMAN [William T. Sherman] is reported to have met with great success at Atlanta.

Our forces are making rapid marches up the Shenandoah Valley after the rebel raiders, but it appears the rebels in considerable numbers are now within a few miles of Washington.—Their losses in the late raid are estimated at 2,000.

The late rumors of another raid contemplated by the rebels into Kentucky are discredited.

Unfavorable rumors in England regarding GRANT’S [Ulysses S. Grant] operations caused an advance of three per cent in the Confederate loan.

Missouri is in a deplorable condition.  Guerilla [sic] outrages are more numerous than ever before, owing to the return of large numbers of rebel soldiers from PRICE’S [Sterling Price] army.  On the other hand, the Radicals are jealous of the Conservatives, and regard them as worse than the Rebels, and will not unite with them, even to exterminate the guerillas [sic].

The Confederates are removing our prisoners as fast as captured to Georgia.

The Maryland raiders have been overtaken by our forces in Virginia, and scattered in every direction.—Large numbers of prisoners have been taken and his immense amount of plunder re-captured—including 300 wagons loaded with wheat, a large number of horses, cattle, &c.  On the whole the news is very good.

From The Prescott Journal:

The News.

— The main item of news this week is the call for 500,000 men.  It is for one, two or three years’ volunteers until the 5th of September next, after which a draft will be ordered for one year’s service, in districts that have not made up their respective quotas.  Under the amended conscription act, the volunteers for one year will receive a bounty of $100 ;  for two years $200 ;  and for three years $300—one-third of each of the above sums to be paid on enlistment, one-third at the expiration of half his term of service, and one-third at the expiration of his term of service.  Drafted men, substitutes or volunteers, can be assigned to such regiments of their own State as they may choose, when the same is practicable.  When the draft is made, no commutation is allowed.  Such, in brief, are the main provisions of the new act.  The present call is virtually for only one year’s service, although volunteers will be received for one, tow and three years.

This call carries anxiety to many homes.  The men who wish to fight have gone into the service, and this call will not, as the St. Paul Press foolishly says, be “almost as welcome as the intelligence of a decided victory in the field.”  The people wish the Government to have all the men it needs, and the call will be accepted as a necessity, and responded to as a patriotic duty, but it is not welcomed with much glee.  It is serious work in which we are engaged, and if war has to be made the absorbing business of the North, as for two years it has been of the South, so be it ;  the end is worthy of the means.

— St. Paul has issued $30,000 city bond for bounties to volunteers.

— The Richmond papers announce the capture of Baltimore, Washington and New Orleans.  If they had the Northern papers during the raid they might easily have inferred something of the kind.

— A dispatch says Secretary Fessenden [William P. Fessenden] will soon go to the people for a six per cent loan.

— The Confederates are removing our prisoners as fast as captured to Georgia.

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