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1864 July 30: Welcome Home to Four Prescott Guards, More on Quotas, General Washburn’s Railroad Order, Vallandigham, and More

August 5, 2014

Following are the smaller news items from the July 23, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.

Finger002  We find the following in a list of military appointments :

SIXTH REGIMENT.—Lt. Col. Rufus R. Dawes, as Colonel, vice Bragg, promoted Brigadier General ;  Sergt. Wm. W. Hutchins, as Captain Co. B, vice Con-Converse [sic: Rollin P. Converse], killed in action.

Capt. HUTCHINS has won his position by faithful service, and is worthy to lead the noble remnant of brave old Co. B.

HOME AGAIN.—Sergeants James A. Smith, Geo. R. Clements, John McLaughlin and Edgar Armstrong, Co. B, 6th, returned here on Wednesday morning last, having been discharged from service.  The boys have seen three years service, and participated in many hard fought battles for the Union cause.  Welcome home.

Finger002  There seems to be no positive confirmation of the prevalent rumors that we occupied a part of Atlanta.—Sherman says nothing of the kind.—Everybody feels confident however, that Atlanta by this time has fallen into our hands, and everybody also, considers the campaign as virtually ended.  We trust “everybody” may prove not to be mistaken, and the chances are that they are not on this occasion.  Still, there is yet no news of the occupation of the whole or any portion of it by our forces.

Finger002  Governor Lewis [James T. Lewis] has received information from Provost Marshal General Fry [James B. Fry] that the quota of Wisconsin under the call for 500,000 men is 19,032.—The quota of each sub district will be reduced by any excess it may now have over all calls heretofore made, and increased by deficiencies on such calls.

The Governor has authorized the present Sanitary State Agents to recruit for Wisconsin in the rebel States so far as possible without interference with other duties, and agents at the expense of the localities desiring them will also be commissioned.

A SLIGHT MISTAKE.—The peace men evidently believe that the North is in Rebellion against the South, and of course, like pure patriots, they side with the South.  They will discover their mistake before long.—N. Y. Herald.

Finger002  It is scarcely necessary to enlarge on the importance of the capture of Atlanta.  Being in the heart of the Gulf States, it was supposed to be peculiarly safe, and therefore well adapted for armories, arsenels [sic] and supply depots.  It was moreover the centre of the railway system of that section, whence men and material could be advantageously distributed to all points.  Three main railways diverged from it :  the road to Cattanooga [sic] from the north ;  he Georgia road, running east to Charleston ;  and the road on the south, which forks into that leading to Montgomery and Pennsacola [sic] on the southwest, and into that running through Macon to Savannah, on the southeast.  The city is laid out in a circle, two miles in diameter.  It forms, says a recent refugee one vast Government storehouse.  Here are located the machine shops of the principal railroads ;  the most extensive rolling mill in the South, foundries, pistol and tent factories, &c., &c,  In addition, the Government has works for casting shot and shell, making gun carriages, cartridges, caps, shoes, clothing, &c.  Although the rebels have probably removed much of their stores and machinery, yet their loss in those must be considerable.

Finger002  The whole country will mourn the loss of Major General James B. McPherson, who fell in the battle.  He was a graduate of West Point, from Ohio, was appointed Second Lieutenant of the Engineer corps July 1, 1853.—He received the appointment of Major General of Volunteers Oct. 8, 1862.—He was one of the ablest and bravest Generals in the service.

GEN. WASBURN’S RAILROAD ORDER [C. C. Washburn].—A Memphis dispatch says :  The report published in the Northern papers that Forrest [Nathan B. Forrest] had communicated his intention of retaliating upon our officers for any citizens who might be injured under Gen. WASHBURN’S railroad order is false.  The result proves conclusively the wisdom of Gen. WASHBURN’S order.  Nearly every train on the railroad, for ten days previous to the issue of this order, was fired upon by bushwhackers, and citizens and soldiers killed and wounded, while not a gun has been fired since the publication of the order.

Finger002  Another commission is coming into the field—the American Union Commission, its object being to aid the people of those sections of the country that have been desolated and impoverished by war ;  to restore their civil and social state upon the bases of industry, education, freedom and Christian morality.

INTERESTING TO ARMY PAYMASTERS.—Congress passed, on the last day of the session, a provision of law as follows :  That when a soldier, sick in hospital, shall have been discharged, or shall be discharged from the military service, but shall be unable to leave, or to avail himself of his discharge, in consequence of sickness or wounds, and shall subsequently die in such hospital, he shall be deemed to have died in the military service, so far as relates to bounties.

Finger002  The Secretary of War informs General SANFORD that the New York regiments are not to go to the front, but serve for 100 days in the Washington fortifications.

VALLANDIGHAM.—The President’s policy in regard to the return of Vallandigham [Clement L. Vallandigham] is said to have been recently given during a conference with the Kentucky Congressional delegation, relative to the case of Colonel Wolford [Frank L. Wolford].  This officer, it will be remembered, was arrest by General Burbridge [Stephen G. Burbridge], upon some charge connected with the late Morgan raid into Kentucky.  The Kentucky delegation requested the President to reinstate Col. Woford in command, to which the President replied that he should not depart from the policy before pursued concerning Vallandigham.  Mr. Mallory, of the delegation, remarked that the Vallandigham order was inoperative in consequence of the exile having returned to his home, to which Mr. Lincoln replied that he had no official knowledge of Mr. Vallandigham’s return, but when the latter made his presence known by objectional acts, the Executive would be prepared to act.  The application in the case of Colonel Wolford war [sic: was] not granted.

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