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1864 August 13: Twenty-Seventh Wisconsin Infantry — “Our regiment is in Gen. Salomon’s division and the 7th army corps of Major Gen. Steele”

August 16, 2014

Reports from various Wisconsin regiments appeared in the August 13, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.  We made each report its own post because of their length.  This post is a letter from the 27th Wisconsin Infantry, stationed in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Further from Sherman’s Army.

The  Battle  of  Peach  Tree [sic Creek.

Honor Won by Wisconsin.

A Letter from a Kentucky Hospital.

 DOINGS OF A WISCONSIN BATTERY WITH SHERMAN.

 AFFAIRS BEFORE PETERSBURG.

From the Capital of Arkansas.

Slanders on the 35th Refuted.

divider
From the Twenty-Seventh Regiment.

Affairs in Arkansas—Little Rock and its
People—Condition of the 27th.

HEADQUARTERS 27TH WIS. REG., }
LITTLE ROCK, July 25th, 1864..}

Editors State Journal :—Thinking perhaps you might suppose I had forgotten my promise to write you from this department, I take up pencil this morning that you may know how the 27th are, and what doing.

Our regiment is in Gen. Salomon’s division [Frederick Salomon] and the 7th army corps of Major Gen. Steele [Frederick Steele].  We are located on a fine elevation, about half a mile from the city.  Our men are in pretty good health, the command numbering 600 in all, have only 100 on the sick list.  In our camp is a good spring of water, and that is a luxury here.  We are doing guard duty, picket duty, fatigue duty, and sleeping duty—rather more of the latter.

My impression of this country is any thing but favorable ;  perhaps few states are found where the blighting curse of slavery has made its impress more than here.  The soil, so far as I have seen, is poor, from being poorly managed.  Every thing, including the inhabitants, wears a haggard look.  I see no fresh, blooming checked girls, but sunken eyes, sallow complexions are everywhere met with.  All the Union feeling here you could put in the cavity of your tooth.  Our pickets extend out some five miles, outside of which it is quite unsafe to venture.  Some few days since two of the men went a short distance from the line to pick berries and as the boys here would say, “were gobbled up,” and nothing but the presence of our troops hold the rebel sentiment in check.  A large proportion of the effective men of Little Rock are in the rebel army, and their better-halves at home hate and fear the blue coats.

The city of Little Rock is quite pretty, some 4,000 inhabitants, and some fine, stately mansions, gardens and parks, indicating once a place of wealth and pride, but, by the ravages of war, her glory has departed.  The native timber, oak and pine, with many choice varieties of other climes, surround the dwellings and ornament the streets.  The capitol building is quite inferior.  The best building in the State is the St. John’s College, now occupied as a hospital by our sick.  That, with the additions put on, is a large institution.  There are some 700 sick soldiers in it now.

The weather has been very hot until within a few days past.  It is now cool and pleasant, though quite dry.  Newspapers fro two to three weeks old bring two shillings, and are scarce at that.

The day after reporting here, I was relieved from duty in the Twenty-seventh regiment, and ordered to take charge of the Twenty-fifth Ohio Battery, at Fort Steele, some half a mile from the camp of the Twenty-seventh.  Fort Steele is a strong earthwork, and is situated on a hill commanding the city and its surroundings.

Our mail communication is rather uncertain.  White River being quite low and infested with guerrillas, boats have to come up in fleets guarded by gunboats, and arrive semi-occasionally.  This may reach you during the summer.  More anon.    J. B. C.

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