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1864 August 20: Recruiting, Volunteers, Bounties, Quotas, and the Draft

August 22, 2014

Following are all articles concerning new recruits, quotas, and the draft, from the August 20, 1864, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.

From The Prescott Journal:

— Prescott has filled her quota—20 men—which is doing exceedingly well for so short a time.  Great credit is due to E. S. Falkinburg and C. P Barnard, recruiting officers, for their untiring exertions in raising the requisite number of men.  Prescott is once more “in out of the wet.”  Diamond Bluff filled her quota on Tuesday last.  They paid a bounty of $300 per man.

Finger002  Clifton’s quota is thirteen men.  A bounty of $200 is paid in Greenbacks to each volunteer, cash down and no grumbling.  This is a good opportunity to secure a large bounty and steady employment for one year.

Finger002  There has been a report in circulation that Father Abraham [Abraham Lincoln] had called for 300,000 more men.  This is untrue.  He will probably dispose of the one on hand before ordering another draft.—Many were considerably exercised over the news, and probably would have enlisted had a “good” opportunity offered itself.

From The Polk County Press:

GONE TO WASHINGTON.—The Madison “Journal” says Adjutant General Gaylord [Augustus Gaylord] has gone to Washington.  His business is to induce the War Department to order a correction of the enrollment lists in the States where justice seems to require it.

ENLISTED FOR OSCEOLA.—John Brawn, David Orne, Wm. Moody, and Benj. Bergen,¹ have enlisted to the credit of Osceola.  They are all good men, and will make splendid soldiers.  Osceola wants one more man, and offers superior inducements.  Who is the lucky individual ?  Apply soon.

— Volunteering is brisk in this Co. [Pierce] as most of the towns are making efforts to fill their quotas.— Prescott

— The people of Chippewa Falls, we are told, are moving to engage the Chippewa Indians to relieve them of the coming draft.  In this valley we have sent nearly every man that can well be spared ;  and if this proposition is satisfactory to our red brethren, let us and them go ahead.  This Indian proposition reminds us of what parson Brownlow [William G. Brownlow] says ;  a matter we endorse fully :

“And if I had the power, sir, I would uniform in the Federal hibillments² [sic] every wolf and panther and catamount and tiger and bear in the mountains of America ;  every crocodile and every negro in the Southern Confederacy, and every devil in hell and pendemonium [sic].”—Eau Claire Free Press.

A FEW WORDS ABOUT IT.—It is rumored that the Draft Commissioners of the Sixth District contemplate holding a session at Hudson after the draft, at which place drafted men of the northern portion of the district will be allowed to report.  Such an arrangement ought, without fail to be made and carried out.  There is no good reason why the convenience and interest of the people—of individuals—should not be consulted, when the public interests will not thereby suffer.  At least one half of the drafted it is understood will not be held to service.  It is certainly much easier and would seem to be more economical on the part of the Government, for the three men comprising the board of draft commissioners to come to some central place in this region for all the purposes of their business with the people of the region, than for multitudes to repair to La Crosse from the upper counties, in this season of difficult and expensive travel.  It is easier to Mahomet³ to come to the mountain, than for the mountain to come to Mahomet.

RECRUITING.—We learn that several citizens of Polk county contemplate enlisting in Minnesota.  We would call their attention to an order from the Secretary of War forbiding [sic] such doings, whereby it would seem, that any officer recruiting men from this State for Minnesota, is liable to arrest.  The order will be found on first page.

divider
The Secretary of War forbids
the Recruiting of Men in one
State to be Credited TO ANOTHER.

The following telegram from Pro. Marshal Gen. Fry [James B. Fry] to Col. Averill, at St. Paul, fully explains itself :

WAR DEPARTMENT, }
PRO. MAR. GEN’S DEPARTMENT, }
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12, 1864. }

Col. J. T. Averill, A. A. Pro. Marshal, St. Paul, Minnesota :

The Secretary of War has forbidden the recruiting of men in one State to be credited to another, except as provided by act of July 4th, 1864, foo [sic] recruiting in States in rebellion.  He directions that you see to the execution of this order in your State, and if necessary arrest recruiting officers or agents who may be found violating it.

Make this known to the Governor.
.                     .JAMES B. FRY,
.                 .Provost Marshal Gen.

divider
Josh. Billings on the Draft.

Josh. Billings is out with an official on the draft question.  Says he :

Widder wimmen and their only son, is exempt, provided the widder’s husband has already served 2 years in the war, and is willing to go in agin ;  bleve the Supreme Corte has decided this thing forever.

Once more ;  if a man should run away with his draft, he probably wouldn’t ever be allow to stand the draft agin ;  this luks severe at first site, but the moar yu ink at it the more yu can see the wisdom into it.

Once moarly ;  Xmpts are those who have been drafted into the Stait prizzen for trying to get an honnist livin by supportin 2 wives tu onct ;  also, all of them peepil who are erazee, and unsound on the goose ;  also, all nuspaper correspondents and fools in general.

Once morely agin ;  No substitue will be ackceptid who is less than 3 or moar than ten feet high ;  he know how to chaw tobacker and drink poor whiskee, and musn’t be afeerd of the itch or the rebels.  Moral character ain’t required, as the government furnishes that and rashuns.

Conclusively ;  a person cannot be drafted more than twice in two places without his consent ;  but all men has a right to be drafted at least onct.  I don’t think even a writ of habeas corpus can deprive a man this last blessid privilege.

1.  Jonathan H. Brawn, David Orne, William Moody, and Benjamin Bergeron all ended up in Company D of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry. All four are listed in the roster as being from La Crosse and enlisting on September 2, 1864.
2.  Hibillement, a French word meaning an “outfit.”
3.  Muhammad, in Medieval Latin, Polish, or French.

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