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1864 August 20: Organizing the 43rd Wisconsin, Letter from John F. Newton, the Situation of Atlanta

August 23, 2014

Following are a few unrelated articles—except they are all too large for our usual “small items” post.  All are from The Prescott Journal of August 20, 1864.

Another New Regiment—Organization of the Forty-Third.

The Governor has organized the 43d Wisconsin infantry.  The following officers have been appointed :

Colonel—AMASA COBB, of Mineral Point.
Lieut. Colonel—BYRON PAINE, of Madison.
Major—SAMUEL B. BRIGHTMAN, of Milwaukee.
Adjutant—JOHN J. BUCK, of Waupan.
Quartermaster—JNO. B. EUGENE, of Green Bay.
1st Assistant Surgeon—CHARLES C. HAYES, of Madison.

The following 2d Lieutenants are appointed
Co. A—Chas. M. Day, of D, 24th Reg.
..”   B—L. V. Nanscawen, of I, 29th Reg.
..”   C—John Brandon.  [from the 5th Iowa Cavalry]
..”   D—Francis A. Smith, of E, 29th Reg.
..”   E—George Witter.
..”   F—Henry Harris, of H, 12th Reg.
..”   G—Henry A. Reed.
..”   H—Thos. O. Russell, Q. M. Serg’t, 13th Reg.
..”   I—Orrin L. Turgman [sic: Ingman], of D, 23d Reg.
..”   K—Chas. Lemke, of 2d Battery.

Col. COBB is the present Member of Congress from the 3d District.  He was formerly Colonel of the 5th Wisconsin, and had command of the regiment when it distinguished itself by its brilliant conduct at the battle of Williamsburgh [sic].  The Lt. Colonel, BYRON PAINE, at present one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the State, while he has seen no service, possesses qualifications which will render him, we have no doubt, one of the most efficient as well as most popular officers.  He resigns one of the most important and honorable offices in the State to take a subordinate position in the army.  His example will inspire others, and his name attract many to the ranks of the 43d.

Letter from Louisville.

We have received an interesting letter from JOHN F. NEWTON, now at Louisville, but can only find room for the following extracts :

Politics you hear but little of here, but there is no doubt but there will be some hot work here in November, at the Presidential election.  All parties are waiting anxiously to see the result of the Chicago Convention, and I presume when we hear from it we shall hear more politics.

People, especially those who are interested in copper-mines, are very careful how and what sentiments they utter, for they know not but what the next minute may bring them where the[y] can study the style of architecture of certain rooms with iron doors, bars at the windows, and a man to wait on them.

The police courts seem to have their share of business, for hardly a day or night passes but that some one is ventilated with either knife or ball.

The military authorities have been very busy for the past few days in “gobbling up” quite a number of the citizens of Louisville, being members of a society known as the “Sons of Freedom,” and the said arrests have caused no little excitement here.

Large numbers of rebel prisoners pass through the city almost daily, on their way to Northern prisons.  I have seen as many as twelve hundred within three days.  They are generally a villainously dirty looking set, but a gentleman informed me that it was the color of their clothes that made them appear so, but I guess I know dirt from colored cloth.—There are many fine looking men among them, and they go through the city quietly, and looking well pleased with the prospect of good quarters and plenty to eat, when they arrive at their destination.  It is to be hoped that many more of the “butternut gentry” will soon partake of the hospitality of our government.

The Situation of Atlanta.

A correspondent of the New York Times, writing from Sherman’s front [William T. Sherman], on August 1st, thus describes the “situations” there:

To tell the truth, we are somewhat puzzled at the stubborn front presented by the enemy.  Hood [John Bell Hood] has been dreadfully worried since our encroachments, and has experienced three disastrous defeats.  To which, according to the rebel newspapers, he has sustained a loss of at least 26,000 men.  Yet he keeps up a bold front and audaciously stands his ground, to the great dissatisfaction of  of our skirmish line, which made three unsuccessful attempts to advance yesterday.

We cannot, with the least chance of success, attempt to carry the enemy’s fortifications by assault.  There are yet two ways to effect this dislodgment.  If our right swings round on the Macon road, he must, it is believed, come out of his works and fight as on an open field, or make his escape to the north and east as best he can.  If, however, in that case, the enemy persists in declining to fight or evacuate, then Gen. Sherman must provide his army with twenty days rations and go clean around as he did at Buzzard Road and Allatoona.  The “pot-hook” is bound to win.

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