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2014 September 2: Atlanta Falls to Union Forces 150 Years Ago

September 2, 2014

Normally we wait until events appear in a letter or one of our local newspapers, but some events are too important not to take notice when they happen.  The fall of Atlanta is one of them.  Following is a re-posting of “The Fall of Atlanta” post from the U.S. National Archives’ “Today’s Document” blog on Tumblr.

The Fall of Atlanta:

The city of Atlanta, Georgia fell to Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman on September 2, 1864, following a six week siege after the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864.

Photos from the series: Selected Views from “Photographic Views of Sherman’s Campaign” by George N. Barnard, Photographer, 1862 – 1865

The impact of the fall of Atlanta was instrumental in the eventual victory for the Federal forces.  It boosted morale in the North and insured the reelection of President Abraham Lincoln which meant that the war would continue to the South’s capitulation.  Until then, with no major Confederate Army left to contest Sherman and his men, he would order them to move east, towards Savannah, and from there, north into the Carolinas.  Unopposed, Sherman’s Army brought the war to the heart of the South and to its civilian population.

These photos are from a series by George Barnard.  Once an employee of Matthew Brady Studios, Barnard worked for the Topographical Branch of the Army Engineers after December 1863.  Assigned to Sherman’s Army, he captured many of the images of the Atlanta Campaign on early photographic equipment.

via The Atlanta Campaign of 1864: The Camera at War

(Be sure to follow atlantahistorycenter‘s series of Civil War Letters for more!)

Source: research.archives.gov

Top to bottom:

 Destruction of General Hood’s Ordnance Train, National Archives Identifier: 533417

Confederate Works in Front of Atlanta, Georgia, National Archives Identifier: 533412

The Potter House, Atlanta, Georgia, National Archives Identifier: 533411

Atlanta, Georgia, National Archives Identifier: 533419

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