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1864 September 3: The Battles of Globe Tavern, Second Ream’s Station, Killdeer Mountain, and the End of the Siege of Fort Morgan

September 3, 2014

Following are the “News” columns from The Prescott Journal and The Polk County Press of September 3, 1864.

Battle of Globe Tavern, also known as the Second Battle of Weldon Railroad, was fought August 18-21, 1864.  It was the second attempt of the Union Army to sever the Weldon Railroad during the Siege of Petersburg, and was the first Union victory in the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign.

The Second Battle of Ream’s Station was fought August 25, 1864.  A Union force under General Winfield S. Hancock began destroying part of the Weldon Railroad, which was a vital supply line for the Confederate army in Petersburg.  General A. P. Hill was sent to challenge Hancock and the Confederates were able to rout the Union troops from their fortifications at Reams Station. They lost a key portion of the railroad, however, which caused logistical problems for the rest of the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign.

The Siege of Fort Morgan, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, began on August 9 and was broken on August 23, 1864.

In the Battle of Killdeer Mountain on July 28, 1864, General Alfred Sully defeated about 1,600 Dakota warriors.  After the battle the Sioux, along with their women and children, scattered into the Badlands west of Killdeer Mountain, near where the present-day South Unit of Theodore Roosevelt National Park in North Dakota.  Sully had around 2,200 troops and lost only 5 dead and 10 wounded.  The Dakota, led by Sitting Bul and Galll, had around 1,600 warriors and the estimated casualties were 31-100 dead.

From The Prescott Journal:


GEO. B. McCLELLAN and GEO. H. PENDELTON¹ of Ohio, are the Democratic nominees for President and Vice Pres’t.

— There has been a series of terrible battles near Petersburg for the possession of the Weldon Railroad, in which our forces won signal advantages.

— Fort Morgan, in Mobile Bay, has been taken by our forces.  It was the most important of the rebel defenses.

The war news generally is very favorable, and, Gold has declined 14 cents.

News Paragraphs

Gen. Stoneman [George Stoneman, Jr.], captured during a recent raid in Georgia, has been sent to Charleston S. C., where it is said the exchange of prisoners is being regularly carried on.

Gen. Sherman [William T. Sherman], commanding the Federal forces before Atlanta, has been appointed a Major General in the regular army, to fill the vacancy caused by the promotion of General Grant [Ulysses S. Grant].

James G. Blewitt, editor of the Gallatin County Democrat, published at Shawneetown, Ill., has been arrested by military authority, on charge of disloyalty, and placed in the guard-house at Paducah.

The steamer Courier, with a cargo of naval stores, was burned at Mound City on Monday evening.  The steamer was owned in Memphis and St. Louis, valued at $50,000 and insured for $23,000.

Lieut. Col. Johnson, 2nd Ky., overtook the rebel Adam Johnson’s [“Stovepipe” Johnson] forces at Canton, Ky., on the 22nd, while attempting to cross the river, killed 15, wounded a large number, and captured 100.  Adam Johnson is severely wounded and a prisoner.

Marshal Murray of New York, on Tuesday seized 32 cases containing from 50 to 80 revolvers each of the Savage Arms Company.  The revolvers were part of  a lot purchased in New York for the Sons of Liberty in Indiana, and were awaiting shipment.

The Natchez Courier of the 16th notices the shipments of the first bale of cotton sent from that market this season.  It was raised on an abandoned plantation opposite Natchez and is of excellent quality.  Cotton picking has already commenced at the plantations along the river.  The present favorable appearance promises an abundant crop.

The New Orleans True Delta is informed by officers of Farragut’s [David G. Farragut] fleet that the action had hardly closed before boats loaded with vegetables and fruits, which the owners were anxious to sell, came off to the vessels.  They would not receive Confederate money, but clutched greenbacks and postage currency eagerly.  An officer offered one of them a silver quarter for a large melon.  The poor fellow fell overboard in his frantic efforts to grasp the coin.

From The Polk County Press:

The News.

From GRANT’S Army, we have several engagements reported.  The struggle has been for the Weldon Road.  The battle commenced in earnest on Thursday the 25th ult.,—when the rebels attacked Hancock north of Reams Station, but his brave troops held their ground, repulsing the enemy disastriously [sic] in several charges.  At this date Gen. GRANT in his dispatches to the government states :  “The loss of this road seems to be a blow which the enemy can’t stand.  I think I don’t overstate the enemy’s loss in the last two weeks at 10,000 killed and wounded.”

Later dated dates bring the news of an attack on Wednesday in which the rebels made four desperate attacks on GRANT’S forces on the Weldon railroad, but were repulsed each time with great loss.  The fifth assault, however, was partially successful, our forces being compelled to abandon a portion of the road.

Our army, however, had totally destroyed the road—which, if we may judge by his struggles, is indeed the throat of the rebellion’s best General.

From SHERMAN’S army there is not much news.  The rebel Wheeler [Joseph Wheeler] has been on a raid on his communications but as yet, has done no material damage.  SHERMAN is slow but sure.

From the Gulf Department we have good news.  Fort Morgan which commands the entrance of Mobile harbor, has fallen into our hands.  The particulars have not yet been received.

From the Indian War we have the pleasure of recording a brilliant victory over the red-skins by Gen. SULLY.  He came upon a camp of 1,600 lodges, drove them from a strong position, killing large numbers, destroying large quantities of provisions, and with but slight loss to his command.

There is several skirmishes reported in the Shenandoah valley between SHERIDAN [Philip H. Sheridan] and the “rebs.”  The rebels are reported as falling back towards Richmond.

Gold has taken a downward flight.  It stood 265 all last week.  It commenced falling on the 18th ult., and continued to drop until it reached 235 on the 31st.  On the 2nd inst., however, it again advanced to 239.

The greatest sensation of the day, however, has been the Chicago Convention.  It has not run as harmoniously as some anticipated, but has finally completed its work, having nominated Geo. B. McCLELLAN, of New York, for President, and Geo. H. PENDLETON, of Ohio, for Vice President.  We have not time nor space for further mention—but shall have hereafter.

1.  George Hunt Pendleton (1825-1889), nicknamed “Gentleman George,” was a U.S. Representative (1857-1865) and U. S. Senator (1879-1885) from Ohio who ran for Vice President alongside George McClellan on the Democratic ticket against Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson in 1864.

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