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1864 September 10: “Atlanta is ours fairly won”: Sherman’s Official Report

September 11, 2014

The following article is from the September 10, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press.



Washington, Sept. 5. }

To Major Gen. Dix [John A. Dix].

Gen. Sherman’s [William T. Sherman] official report of the capture of Atlanta has just been received, dated twenty-six miles south of Atlanta, at six o’clock yesterday morning.  They had been detained by the breaking of the telegraph lines already reported :

Our army withdrew from about Atlanta, and on the 30th made a break on the East Point road, and reached a good position from which to strike the Macon road.

Slocum [Henry W. Slocum] was on the right, near Jonesboro’ ; Scofield on the left.—Howard found the enemy near Jonesboro’, and entrenched his troops within half a mile of the railroad.

The enemy attacked him at 3 P. M. and was easily repulsed, leaving his dead and wounded.  Making a strong opposition on the road, I advanced the left and centre rapidly to the railroad and made a good lodgment and broke it all the way from Rough-and-Ready down to Howard, near Jonesboro’.

I threw my whole army between Atlanta and that part of the enemy entrenched in and around Jonesboro.

We made a general attack on the enemy at Jonesboro’, the 14th Corps (Gen. Jeff C. Davis [Jefferson C. Davis]) carrying the works with 10 guns and about 1,000 prisoners.

The enemy retreated south, and we followed him to his hastily constructed lines near Lovejoys’s Station.

Hood [John B. Hood] finding we were on the only road he could retreat by and between a considerable part of his army blew up the magazine in Atlanta and left in the night.

The 20th Crops (Gen. Slocum,) took possession of the city.

So Atlanta is ours fairly won.

Since the 5th of May we have been in one constant battle or skirmish and we need rest.

Our losses will not exceed 1,200, and we have 300 dead, 250 wounded and over 1,500 prisoners.

(Signed)                    .W. T. Sherman.

A later dispatch from Gen. Slocum dated night of the 3d Sept., Atlanta, says the enemy destroyed seven locomotives and eighty-one cares [sic] loaded with ammunition, small arms and stores, and left fourteen artillery, mostly uninjured, and a large number of small arms.

Deserters are constantly coming in our lines.


NASHVILLE, Sept., 5.—Gen. Rosseau [sic] [Lovell H. Rousseau) telegraphs from Spring Hall late on Saturday that Wheeler’s [Joseph Wheeler] force was across Duck River, and had joined Roddy [sic],¹ and was retreating towards Florence.  Rosseau [sic] pronounces the raid a compete failure.

Wheeler is reported mortally wounded, and died at Florence yesterday morning.

Gen. Haskell,² was reported killed in a skirmish.  Considerable damage has been done to the railroad.  A large force is employed there who will soon have it running again.

The damage done by the rebels to the Chattanooga railroad, had been repaired, one bridge only was destroyed and, that was by Stewart.

Col. Spaulding was not captured as reported.  He is safe with his command.  Capt. Prior of the 10th Tennessee, was killed on Friday.

News from Sherman’s army was received today.  Enemy’s loss is reported to be 3,000 killed and wounded.  We have captured 2,000 prisoners, among them are Brig. General — name not given.  A large amount of property was captured.  The army is in full posession [sic] of Atlanta river.

1.  Phillip Dale Roddey (ca. 1826-1897) received little formal education before becoming a tailor in Moulton, Alabama, and then sheriff of Lawrence County, Alabama. He then purchased a steamboat, which he ran on the Tennessee River. Roddey had not supported secession and attempted to stay out of the Civil War, but after the fall of Fort Henry, Tennessee, in February 1862, rather than allow his steamboat to be seized and used by the enemy, Roddey burned the boat and raised a Confederate cavalry company. He led the company at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862. Impressing General Braxton Bragg, by October 1862 Roddey became colonel of the 4th Alabama Cavalry, serving primarily in Tennessee and Alabama. By April 1864 he was appointed a brigadier general and Roddey was called the “Defender of North Alabama.”
2.  Milo Smith Hascall (1829-1904) was not killed during the Civil War, but lived to 1904. He graduated from West Point in 1852 and served several years in the U.S. Army before resigning his commission. He then returned to Indiana where he became a lawyer and politician, including district attorney and clerk of the county court. When the Civil War started, he enlisted as a private, but was soon promoted to captain and served as aide-de-camp to General Thomas A. Morris, assisting in organizing six volunteer regiments. In June 1861, he was made colonel of the 17th Indiana Infantry. His troops served in General McClellan’s West Virginia campaign, arrived a day late for the Battle of Shiloh, and took part in the Siege of Corinth. In April 1862 he was promoted to brigadier general of Volunteers, serving in Kentucky and Tennessee. In late 1863 Hascall took part in the defense of Knoxville, and in 1864 in the Atlanta Campaign. He resigned on October 27, 1864, and returned to Ohio where he engaged in banking. Later he moved to  Chicago and entered the real-estate business.

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