1864 November 5: The End of Price’s Missouri Raid, the Battle of Morristown, the Sinking of the Albermarle, and Other War News
Following are the summaries of the war and election news from both of our local papers—The Prescott Journal and The Polk County Press—for November 5, 1864.
The news items about Missouri refer to one or all of three battles that took place on October 25, 1864: the Battle of Marais des Cygnes, the Battle of Mine Creek (where Marmaduke and Cabell were captured), and the Battle of Marmiton River. Two days after the Battle of Westport, Confederate General Sterling Price and his troops were moving south with Union troops in close pursuit. During the day of October 25, Union troops caught the Confederates three times and forced them to make a stand. By the end of the day, Price’s army was utterly broken and it then became a question of whether he could escape and how many men he could successfully evacuate to friendly territory.
On the morning of October 28, 1864, Morristown, Tennessee, was the site of a battle between Union and Confederate forces.
From The Prescott Journal:
The news continues encouraging from all quarters.
— Price has been completely defeated in Missouri ; his army is retreating from the State in fragments. We took 2,000 prisoners and nearly all his supplies. This will probably be the last raid into Missouri.
— Grant is active before Richmond, in feeling the strength of the enemy’s works and extending the lines around the city. [Ulysses S. Grant]
— A plot has been discovered to carry New York for McClellan, by changing the votes of the soldiers. The scheme has been frustrated by the authorities, and the villains promptly punished. [George B. McClellan]
From The Polk County Press:
— The Governors of the rebellions States have held a convention at Augusta, Georgia, to take into consideration what action should be taken to fill up the Southern armies. The proceedings of the convention are not of course made public.
— A plot has been discovered, implicating New York Democratic soldier vote commissioners in the act of changing votes. The government has arrested the offending parties, two of whom have been tried and sentenced to imprisonment for five years. The ballance [sic] of the commissioners are being tried.
— From Missouri we have the further particulars of Price’s retreat.—A battle took place near Fort Scott in which our forces were victorious, capturing 1,500 prisoners, including the notorious Gens. Marmaduke [John S. Marmaduke], and Cabell¹. Our army is still closely persuing [sic].
— From Gen. Grant, we learn that he has made a reconnaissance in force south of Petersburg. Some severe fighting took place. Our forces took several hundred prisoners. Gen. Buttler [sic: Benjamin F. Butler] also made an advance and although successful in one attack, he lost ground in another, losing some 400 prisoners. The whole movement is pronounced by Gen. Grant to be a reconnaoisance [sic] to learn the position of the rebel army. He says that he accomplished his object to his satisfaction. No other movement is reported from his army.
— Gen. Gillen [sic]² has won a splendid victory in East Tennessee. He attacked the rebels at Norristown [sic], completely routing them, capturing five 12-pounders and one mountain howitzer, and 167 prisoners. Our loss given officially is 16 killed and 20 wounded.
— West Virginia held her State election on the 27th ult. The vote cast is full. The State has elected the entire Union ticket. Gov. A. J. Boreman is reelected by a heavy vote. The Legislature will be largely Union.
— An official dispatch from St. Louis says the guerrilla fiend Bill Anderson was killed on Thursday in Ray [rest of sentence is missing on the microfilm].
— The Herald’s Washington special says: The report that the enrollment law is a failure, that the substitute clause is to be repealed, and drafted men will be obliged to go into the service, and that there will be a draft for 300,000 men on the 1st of January, is pronounced by Provost Marshal Gen. Fry utterly unfounded. [Fry]
— The official announcment [sic] is made of the capture of two Blockade runners of Charleston. Both valuable prizes.
— Buffalo is again alarmed by Canada rebel plots to burn the city.
— Yellow fever has been raging in Morth [sic] Carolina, over 2,000 persons have fallen victims to its ravages.
— We have no battles to announce in Sherman’s Department. Everything is favorable to his army in that quarter. [William T. Sherman]
— Gold has been reported as high as 238. By Thursday’s paper it is reported as having gone down again to 220, and falling.
— H. H. Dodd, the escaped Indiana “Son of Liberty,” has been heard from. He is in Canada. [Harrison H. Dodd]
— Gov. Seymour, of New York, has issued a proclamation assuring the people that they shall have a free ballot, without military interferance [sic]. All right. No one will find fault with that, as New York as a loyal State. [Horatio Seymour]
— A Canada rebel plot has been discovered, its object being to burn Northern cities on election day.³
— A party of St. John’s rebels, undertook a few nights since, to Capture Fort Castine, on the Penobscot. They did not succeed.
— The rebel ram Albemarl [sic] has been blown up and utterly destroyed by our fleet on the 29th ult., in Albermarle Sound.
— The official returns of the Pennsylvania election are announced. The result is 14,039 Union majority. This settles the matter.
1. William Lewis Cabell (1827-1911) and six of his brothers held prominent positions in the Confederate Army, William being a brigadier general. He graduated from West Point in 1850. When the Civil War started he joined the Confederate side. He was the Quartermaster for the Confederate Army of the Potomac under General P.G.T. Beauregard and then served on the staff of General Joseph E. Johnston until early 1862. Cabell was promoted to brigadier general and placed in command of all Confederate troops on the White River in Arkansas. Soon after the Battle of Pea Ridge, Confederate forces were withdrawn from Arkansas and moved across the Mississippi River where Cabell was given command of a Texas brigade with an Arkansas regiment attached, which he led in several engagements around Corinth. Cabell was transferred to an Arkansas brigade, which he led in the Battle of Iuka and the Battle of Corinth, where he was wounded leading a charge and was wounded again at the Battle of Hatchie’s Bridge. In February 1863, he was placed in command of northwestern Arkansas and successfully recruited and outfitted one of the largest cavalry brigades west of the Mississippi. Cabell led this brigade in over 20 engagements in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Cabell was captured during Price’s Raid on October 25, 1864, and was held as a prisoner of war. After the war, Cabell returned to Fort Smith, Arkansas, where he worked as a civil engineer and studied law. In 1872, Cabell moved to Dallas, Texas, and in 1874 was elected mayor of Dallas and served four terms at various times. He remained active in Confederate veterans affairs, overseeing several large veterans reunions, and assisting in establishing pensions, veterans homes, and Confederate cemeteries in Texas. He also served as commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department of the United Confederate Veterans.
2. Alvan Cullem Gillem (1830-1875) graduated from West Point and although Southern-born, remained loyal to the Union when the Civil War started. When the War started, he was chief quartermaster of the Army of the Ohio in the several Tennessee campaigns and was brevetted as a major for gallantry in the Battle of Mill Springs. He was appointed colonel of the 10th Tennessee Infantry in May 1862 and served for a time as the provost marshal of Nashville during the Federal occupation of the city. From June 1, 1863, until the close of the War, with rank of brigadier general of volunteers, he was active in Tennessee. In a campaign to protect the loyal mountaineers in eastern Tennessee, his troops surprised and killed Confederate General John H. Morgan in Greeneville, on September 4, 1864. In January 1866, Gillem was assigned command of the 4th Military District, headquartered in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and composed of the Federal occupation forces in Mississippi and Arkansas; he supervised the district until 1868. Gillem was mustered out of the volunteer army and commissioned a colonel in the Regular Army in July 1866. In 1869 he was reassigned to duty in Texas, and later to California, where he was prominent in the military operations against the Modoc Indians in 1873.
3. “Lieut. Commander W. B. Cushing, who blew up the rebel ram ‘Albermarle,'” from Taylor & Huntington (Hartford, Conn.). This is one half of a stereograph showing Lieutenant Commander William Barker Cushing, U.S. Navy, ca. 1864, from the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.