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1864 November 5: Return of the 10th Regiment to Wisconsin

November 9, 2014

The following account from the Milwaukee Sentinel was reprinted in the November 5, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.

Return of the 10th Regiment to Wisconsin.

The Sentinel has an account of the arrival of the 10th regiment, under command of Capt. J. W. ROBY, of Co. B., at Milwaukee on the 24th.  No notice of the coming of the regiment had been received, and so there was no public reception.  The ladies of the Soldier’s Home, however, gave them a substantial supper.  It is proposed to give the gallant heroes a public dinner and such a welcome as they deserve.  The regiment went to quarters at Camp Washburn, preparatory to being mustered out and receiving the ten months pay due.

The returning veterans number about 225, officers and men, and 14 officers and 100 men are prisoners in rebeldom, mainly captured at Chickamauga.

The 10th was organized early in October 1861, and was made up of as fine a lot of men as have gone into any regiment in the State.  They left Wisconsin for Louisville on the 9th of November, and were engaged during the fall and winter in picket and railroad guard duty between Louisville and Nashville.  They participated in the general advance of our armies in February, reaching Nashville the 26th, remaining near there till the 18th of March, when they moved to Murfreesboro, acting as provost guard of that place for some time.  On the 5th of April the regiment broke camp and performed a noble part in the rapid and brilliant series of operations under Gen. MITCHELL [sic: Ormsby Mitchel], culminating in the capture of Huntsville, Ala., and the railroad from Tuscumbia to Stevenson.

Passing the summer in various guard duty, the regiment rendered efficient service as rear guard to BUELL’S [Don Carlos Buell] army in its retrogade movement in September, and then marching with is army South again, there fought nobly in the battle of Chaplin Hills.

Returning again to the vicinity of Nashville they remained during December until ROSECRANS [William S. Rosecrans] began his forward movement.—They were engaged in the battle of Stone River [sic] on the 31st and remained near Murfreesboro till the middle of the summer when they took the advance of the movement to Chattanooga.

On the 18th, 19th and 20th of September the 10th was engaged with the rebels in the battle of Chickamauga.  On the latter day, after heavy fighting all day, repulsing rebel attacks with great gallantry, the line on the right and rear of the 10th gave way, leaving men exposed to a terrible fire from three directions, and they were forced to retire.  The Tenth, being on the left, and not being aware of the enemy’s position on that side, retired to the left and rear, and ran directly into the lines of the enemy, who captured a large number of officers and men.  The few remaining were brought off with the balance of the brigade.  During this terrible two days’ conflict, when the heroism of General THOMAS’ [George H. Thomas] troops saved our army, the Tenth lost eighteen killed, fifty-six wounded and one hundred and thirty-two missing, of whom the greater number were prisoners.  On the morning of the 21st, they numbered three officers and twenty-six men.

After the battle of Chickamauga the regiment went to Chattanooga and remained thereabouts till after the commencement of SHERMAN’S [William T. Sherman] campaign this summer, in which it bore an honorable part.  It was in the battles of Dallas, Kenesaw [sic] Mountain and Peach Tree Creek, besides numerous skirmishes.—Shortly after the capture of  Atlanta, the 10th, which then numbered 42 muskets, was detached from the brigade and stationed at Marietta, where they have been doing guard duty until the 3rd inst., when they were ordered out to Kenesaw [sic] Mountain, two miles from Marietta, to take position in the old rifle-pits and guard the road at that point.

On the 4th inst. they received orders from Gen. THOMAS to come home, but the exigencies of the service demanded that they should remain in the trenches until the danger passed.  When that time came the railroad was cut so effectually between them and Chattanooga that it was not until the 16th instant that they started northward.  On their way home, near Bowling Green, Ky., they found a freight train burned by guerrillas.  This hindered a day, so that the regiment was nine days and nights on the road.

The following is the original roster of the regiment :

FIELD AND STAFF OFFICERS.

Colonel.—ALFRED R. CHAPIN.
Lieutenant Colonel.—JOSHUA J. GUPPEY.
Major.—JOHN G. McMYNN.
Adjutant.—WILLIAM A. COLLINS.
Quartermaster—BENTON McCONNELL.
Surgeon—SOLON MARKS.
First Assistant Surgeon—HUBERT MITCHELL.
Second Assistant Surgeon—JAMES T. REEVE.
ChaplainJAMES L. COFFIN.

COMPANY OFFICERS.

Co. A—Captain, Henry O. Johnson; 1st Lieut., Flavius J. Harrington; 2d Lieut., Robert Harkness.

Co. B—Captain, Jacob W. Roby; 1st Lieut., James C. Adams; 2d Lieut., Samuel W. Herrick.

Co. C—Captain, A.J. Richardson; 1st Lieut., Frank W. Perry; 2d Lieut., S.L. Hart.

Co. D—Captain, Orestes B. Twogood; 1st Lieut., T.L. Kennan; 2d Lieut., George W. Marsh.

Co. E—Captain, John H. Ely; 1st Lieut., Robert Kohlsdorf; 2d Lieut., George M. West.

Co. F—Captain, William H. Palmer; 1st Lieut., Edward D. Lowry; 2d Lieut., Armstead C. Brown.

Co. G—Captain, Williams Moore; 1st Lieut.,Loren B. Brewer; 2d Lieut., Ellas A. Wilcox.

Co. H—Captain, Duncan McKercher; 1st Lieut., O.E. Foote; 2d Lieut., Ingersoll George.

Co. I—Captain, C.T. Overton; 1st Lieut., Harry H. Fairchild; 2d Lieut., John Small.

Co. K—Captain,Edwin Hillyer; 1st Lieut.,L.B. Hill; 2d Lieut., Charles H. Ford.

Col. CHAPIN resigned early in 1863; Lieut. Col. GUPPEY was promoted to Coloneley of the 23rd in the summer of 1862, and Major McMYNN, after being promoted to the Coloneley, resigned in June, 1863.

The following is the present roster :

FIELD AND STAFF.

Major—DUNCAN McKERCHER.
Surgeon—JOHN MARKS.
Ass’t Surgeon—ROB’Y G. JAMES.
Chaplain—HOMER H. BENSON.
Quartermaster—ELLIOT H. BENTON

NON-COMMISIONED STAFF.

Serg’t Major—Wm. S. Derrow.
Q. M. Sergeant—Thos. C. Tremble.
Com. Sergeant—Milo M. Whorton.
Hospital Steward—Albert D. Ballort

LINE OFFICERS.

Co. A—Capt. Rob’t Harkness,* 2d Lieut. H. B. Ellenwood.*

Co. B—Capt. Jacob W. Roby 1st Lieut. Amos L. Gates.

Co. C—2d Lieut. Smith M. Noxon.

Co. D—Capt. Wm. A. Collins,* 1st Lieut. Aug. E. Patchin.*

Co. E—No officers.

Co. F—1st Lieut. Armstlead C. Brown, Jr.

Co. G—Capt. Norman Thatcher, 1st Lieut. Joseph C. Hussey, 2d Lieut. T. C. O’Nell.

Co. H—Capt. Robert H. Spencer,* 2d Lieut. Aug. H. Makimson.

Co. I—Capt. Frank W. Perry,* 1st Lieut. Harvey Fairchild,* 2d Lieut. W. O. Butler.*

Co. K—Capt. Charles H. Ford, 1st Lieut. Dwight Hinkley,* 2d Lieut. John Rifenburgh.

Honorary commissions have been issued for Major. D. McKERCHER as Colonel, Capt. J. W. ROBY as Lt. Col., vice ELY, deceased ; Capt. ROBERT HARKNESS as Major, vice McKERCHER, promoted.

The officers whose names are marked above with a * have been prisoners in Libby and elsewhere, since the disastrous battle of Chickumauga, more than thirteen months ago.  Lieut. CHESTER A. BURDICK recently died in prison.  None of the officers and privates have been exchanged, except a few sick who were exchanged last summer.

These sorely tired veterans are unanimously for LINCOLN’s re-election [Abraham Lincoln].  They will be warmly welcomed home.

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