1864 December 3: Enrollment to be Revised; More Election Results; Wisconsin Troops with Sherman; Marmaduke Captured
Following are the smaller items from the December 3, 1864, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.
From The Polk County Press:
SANITARY FAIR.—St. Paul has taken the initiatory towards a great Sanitary Fair to be held soon.
TAYLOR’S FALLS ITEMS.—The “Reporter” contains the following :
— Erastus Guard, Principal Musician of the Seventh [Minn.] Regiment, has received his discharge from the service, and made his appearance in Taylor’s Falls again. His health has been very much impaired.
ENROLLMENT TO BE REVISED.—New orders have just been issued from the Provost Marshal General’s office relating to the revision and correction of the enrollment lists, with the view to have them ready for the future emergencies. Gen. Fry [James B. Fry] says that the names of all persons liable to military duty taking up their residence in sub-districts, as well as those who from time to time become liable, shall be added to the enrollment lists ; and all persons who enlist or remove permanently from any district or whose liability terminates while in it, will be stricken off ; and in case of removal, whenever practicable, the Board of Enrollment of the district to which the person removes will be notified, and he will be enrolled by that board.—Hudson Star and Times.
POSTPONED.—At the request of Gov. Miller [Stephen Miller], of Minnesota, the President has postponed indefinitely, the execution of the five men sentenced to be shot for desertion. A great deal of sympathy is naturally felt for the condemned men, and we should not be surprised to see them punished by imprisionment [sic], instead of being shot.—Hudson Star and Times.
THE VOTE OF WISCONSIN.—The Madison “Journal” estimates the total home vote of the State at the recent Presidential election at 130,000. The vote of the State in 1860 was 152,000. Since 1860 Wisconsin has put into the field over 60,000 men, 50,000 of whom were without the borders of the State eclection [sic] day.—These men would, if at home, have swelled the popular vote several thousands beyond that of 1860. Another element of depletion in our voting population has been the registry law, and the hegira for Canada and parts unknown. The same rules of voting as 1860, and the soldiers, and the runaways, at home, would have given us nearly 200,000 votes.
The Result of Missouri
The Radical triump [sic] in Missouri is overwhelming. Lincoln’s majority will exceed 20,000 [Abraham Lincoln]. Think of that for a State claimed as certin [sic] for M’Clellan [George B. McClellan]. The proposition for a new State Convention is accepted by an overwhelming majority : three-fourths of the members elect of the Convention are Radical ; eight ourt [sic: out] of the nine Congressmen are Radical ; the two U. S. Senators are Radical ; eighty out of the one hundred and fourteen counties elect Radical tickets. Radicalism thus controls the State and will thus make a clean sweep of slavery, this time. Bill Anderson¹ and Daddy Price [Sterling Price] are, it is said, entitled to the credit of this overwhelming Union victory. They sickened Missouri of secession, and in vomiting them from her bosom she spewed out slavery with them.
— The Central and Northwestern States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Missouri and Kansas, have given an aggregate Union majority of about 250,000. This is rather discouraging to the scheme for a Northwestern Confederacy.
— President Lincoln said in one of his speeches that there were more men in the country now than when the war broke out. This seems to be proved by the election returns.—The three States of Main, New Hampshire and Massachusetts polled 358,000 votes at the late election against 333,000 in 1860, an increase of 25,000.
From The Prescott Journal:
WISCONSIN TROOPS WITH SHERMAN.—The following troops are with SHERMAN’S expedition [William T. Sherman] : the 3d infantry, Col. HAWLEY ; 12th, Col. PROUDFIT ; 15th (Scandinavian) ; 16th, Maj. DAWES ; 17th, commanded by Maj. McCAULEY ; 21st, lieut. Col. FITCH ; 22d, Col. BLOODGOOD ; 25th, Lieut. Col. RUSK ; 26th, Col. WINKLER ; the 31st, and the 32d, Col. DeGROAT. Col. HOBART [Harrison C. Hobart], of the 21st, accompanies the expedition as commander of a brigade in the first division of the 14th corps.
DESERTERS.—The Chicago papers say a large number of draft skedaddlers from Wisconsin are reported in that city. It seems that a revival of the passport system in some shape is necessary to prevent those who are lawfully drafted for service from escaping and throwing the burthen [archaic, burden] upon those who are honorable enough to remain where they can be found.
WELL DONE.—In forwarding the returns of Co. H, 37th Regiment, Capt. HOBBS² writes : “It is composed of conscripts who have been in active service six months, engaged in action nine times, have braved death like men, and have now crowned themselves with glory by discarding party and voting unanimously as they have fought, for God and their country. God bless them is my prayer.
The Provost Marshal General has issued orders for revising the enrollment lists by putting in the names of those persons who have become liable to military duty since the enrollment, and taking off the names of those whose liability to duty, by reason of over age or enlistment in the service, has terminated, &c., &c. Removal from one sub-district to another is required to be noted.
VOTES AND MAJORITIES.—Official returns of the vote in New York State show a majority for Lincoln of 6,566, and for Fenton for Governor of 8,197. The number of votes cast was a little over 730,000—about 50,000 more than in 1860. The complete majority of Lincoln in New Hampshire, on the home vote is 2,084. The soldiers’ vote will increase this to about 3,200. McClellan’s majority in New Jersey is 7,402, a loss of over 7,000 since 1862, when the Democratic majority was 14,597. McClellan’s official majority in Delaware is 610. Returns from every county in Illinois, except one, about ninety of which are official, given Lincoln’s majority at 31,595. Lincoln’s official majority in Maryland is 7,450.
THE COST OF GUERRILLAS.—The rebel committee estimates the value of the property in the Shenandoah Valley destroyed by SHERIDAN [Philip H. Sheridan], to drive our guerrillas and render the region untenable by the rebels at $25,000,000, and they make the following enumeration :
Thirty dwelling-houses, four hundred and fifty barns, thirty-one mills, three factories, and one furnace burned ; a hundred miles of fencing, a hundred thousand bushels of corn, six thousand tons tons [sic] of hay destroyed ; one thousand seven hundred cattle, the same number of horses, and four thousand hogs carried off.
KENTUCKY SOLDIERS FOR LINCOLN.—A majority of the Kentucky soldiers voted the Union ticket. Among others, WOLFORD’S Kentucky Cavalry gave a majority for LINCOLN. This is among the most significant features of the election in Kentucky. Col. WOLFORD [Frank L. Wolford] was arrested for treasonable conduct about a year ago, and Gov. BRAMLETTE [Thomas E. Bramlette] threatened to get up fight with the President over the arrest, but finally though better of it. The Copperheads made a great blow about the matter. His soldiers, it seems, knew the man, and approve his treatment by the Government.
finger Negotiations are said to be in progress for the exchange of western prisoners of war, to be delivered on the Mississippi.
MARMADUKE CAPTURED BY A BOY.—It is stated that the rebel General Marmaduke [John S. Marmaduke] was captured by a little boy belonging to one of the Kansas regiments. He at first refused to surrender to an “inferior officer,” but was immediately persuaded to do so. The lad brought him to Gen. Curtis [Samuel R. Curtis] headquarters, where he introduced himself, much to the surprise of all, but especially of the boy hero. General Curtis asked the boy how long he had to serve before his term of enlistment would expire. The reply was “eight months.” The General immediately wrote a furlough for that time, and presented him with the horse, revolvers, belt and sabre of the rebel General.
The Chattanooga Gazette learns that Maj. Gen. Meagher [Thomas Francis Meagher] has been order[ed] to report to Maj. Gen. Steadman for duty with instructions that he be assigned to command all the troops belonging to the 25th and 17th corps now in that district.
1. William T. “Bloody Bill” Anderson (1840-1864) became skilled at guerrilla warfare fighting with Quantrill’s Raiders. He took a leading role in the Lawrence Massacre, and later participated in the Battle of Baxter Springs. He became a leader of a group of raiders of his own and became the most feared guerrilla in the Missouri, killing and robbing dozens of Union soldiers and civilian sympathizers. On September 27, 1864, in what became known as the Centralia Massacre—possibly the war’s deadliest and most brutal guerrilla action—Anderson’s men killed 24 Union soldiers and later that day killed more than 100 Union militiamen. He was killed in battle on October 26, 1864.
2. Company F of the 37th Wisconsin Infantry had many men from Pierce and Saint Croix counties, but Company H had none. Capt. Hobbs was Frank T. Hobbs, from Milwaukee.