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1864 December 24: The Battles of Nashville, Fort McAllister, and Marion, Plus Other News

December 24, 2014

The following news columns are from the December 24, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.

The War News.

— Again the skies are lit by the glare of battle, and the smile of victory lifts up the Nation’s hope.

— THOMAS [George H. Thomas] has nearly annihilated HOOD [John Bell Hood] and the rebel army of the West has but a small and shattered remnant left.  Four Major Generals, 9,000 prisoners, and 53 cannon are the fruits of this overwhelming victory.   [Battle of Nashville, December 15-16]

— SHERMAN [William T. Sherman] has reached Savannah—the goal of his magnificent march—having swept a country 60 miles in width, and gather 7,000 negroes and immense supplies. He has taken Fort McAlister, is in communication with our fleet, and has Savannah closely iuvested.  It will soon fall, and then—something new.  [Second Battle of Fort McAllister, December 13]

— STONEMAN [George Stoneman] has whipped Breckinridge [John C. Breckinridge] in East Tennessee, capturing most of his artillery.  [Battle of Marion, December 17-18]

News Paragraphs.

Senator Sherman, of Ohio, is a brother of the General.

The New York milkmen are going up to fifteen cents a quart after New Year’s.  The people protest, and threaten to let their babies go without.

The circulation of the banks in the loyal States in January, 1863, was $180,637,000 ;  in July, 1863, $73,039,000.  The circulation of the State banks January, 1864, was $169,726,129, and in July, 1864, it had been reduced to $126, 196,606.

The Des Moines State Register says there were three counties in Iowa that polled no Democratic vote, viz. :  Emmett, Ida and Plymouth.  One county, Palo Alto, cast no Republican ballot.  Henry county gave the heaviest Union majority, Scott next, Linn next, Black Hawk next.

THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.—It is considered certain that if the present Congress fails to pass the constitutional amendment prohibiting slavery, the President will, immediately on its expiration, call an extra session of the next Congress to accomplish the work.

Chief Justice Chase is the author of the phrase, “Congress has no more power to make a slave than to make a King.”  The sentence is contained in one of the resolutions adopted by the National Liberty (Free Soil) Convention held  at Buffalo, in 1863. Mr. Chase wrote most of the resolutions of this Convention.  [Salmon P. Chase]

Eight of the Copperhead ruffians who attempted to murder a Provost Marshal and his assistants, in Auglaize county, Ohio,a few weeks since, were taken to Johnson’s Island on Saturday.

The action of the rebel Senate on the 6th on the resolution of Mr. Henry [Gustavus A. Henry] to do away with the exemption of State officials, was quite significant of the jealousy which exists in regard to Jeff. Davis’ attempt to extend his power.  The resolution was defeated by a vote of 7 to 6, after Mr. Barnwell¹ had expressed his opinion that “the States had better be left alone,” and Mr. Graham [William A. Graham] had said the matter was one which the States themselves had better consider.  Governor Smith of Virginia [William Smith], goes in for a conscription of the most sweeping character, while Governor Brown of Georgia [Joseph E. Brown], holds to exempting the clergy and numerous State officials.

1.  Robert Woodward Barnwell (1801-1882) served as a U.S. representative from South Carolina (1829-1833), head of the South Carolina College—now known as the University of South Carolina, in Columbia (1833-1841), a U.S. senator from South Carolina (1850), a delegate to the Confederate States Provisional Congress (1861), and a Confederate senator from South Carolina (1862-1865). In February 1861, he cast the vote that ensured the election of Jefferson Davis as Confederate President, and signed the Confederate Constitution.


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