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1865 March 11: New Volunteers and Draftees on Both Sides of the St. Croix River, Plus Other News Items

March 17, 2015

Following are the smaller news items from the March 11, 1865, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.

From The Polk County Press:

ST. CROIX.—St. Croix Falls raised eight men, which is expected to be enough to fill the quota required of her.

POLK COUNTY VOLUNTEERS.— The following is a list of the Volunteers under the last call for 300,000 men :

ALDEN.— C. C. Fisk, Geo. Emory, __ Tamset.¹
ST. CROIX FALLS.—Micheal Kreiner, Henry Demling, Adam Beaver, Howard Scott, D. E. Tewksbury, __ Tyler, Joseph Churchill, Gus. La Grue, __ Newman.
LINCOLN.—John Metheney.
OSCEOLA.—Abraham Gillispie, Wm. A. Kent, Joseph Corey, Worthy Prentice, Andrew Fee, John H. Baker.²

PERSONAL.—Captain S. S. STARR, A. Q. M., 2d Division, 19th Army Corps, has been appointed Post Quartermaster at Savannah.  Captain S. was formerly editor of the Hudson North Star in this State, and entered the service as Quartermaster of the 30th Wisconsin.  He is a competent and faithful officer.  [Sidney S. Starr]

— The people of Hastings, Minn. have raised the sum of $14,000 in cash to pay volunteers to fill the quota of that city.

— The Draft commenced in Minnesota on Wednesday last.

THE DRAFT IN MINNESOTA.—The following men were drafted in Chisago county on Wednesday last :

CHISAGO LAKE.—Gustave Nelson, A. T. Walner, John Okerson, And’w Holtman, Peter Sweinson, 2d, Nels Iverson, Carl Helston, Johannas Magmerson, Elias B. Fost, Charles Gustave Kellburg, Andrew Maline, Lars Swenson, Gustave Melander, Nichola Johnson, Peter Johnson, Chas. Dahlgren, Carl Isuagleson, A. J. Anderson, Daniel Lindston, Mathias Bengston, A. P. Nelson, Carl Dock, Nels Pierson, C. J. Johnson.
RUSHSKBA.³—Morton Norris, John Emans, Pat. Flynn, Robt Nessic.
TAYLOR’S FALLS.—Anthony Scharles, Aaron M. Mathews, A. N. Welmarth, Sam’l Hames, William Cox, Jos R. Blackburn, John Johnson, J. H. Smith, John Mazenson, George De Attly, Francis B. Jones, Frank Johnson, John Taney, John Paine, Jacob Berthley, James Rogers, Silas Humphrey, John Nelson, Lucas K. Stannard, Chas. W. Jellerson, John A. Hammone, John Byland, Oscar Roos, Chas. P. Johsnon, Silas Rolf, Gustave Helquist, E. Perget, Enos Jones, Sam’l Holt, Wm. Dobney, J. O’Brien, Jas. J. Mathews, Moses Marshall, Jeremiah D. Ballard, Philip Lipeet, Richard Rovertson, Jas. W. Wooley, Geo. Snow, Stephen J. Merrill, Wm. McKinely, L. F. Ballard, Eric Peterson, Joseph Schottmuller, S. S. Hamilton, Ambrose C. Seavey, Adam W. Thaxter.

THE DANCE.—The Volunteer’s party on Tuesday evening was a most agreeable affair.  The company was large, and our “young folks” were much gratified to be able to welcome the ladies and gentlemen from Taylor’s Falls, who came to enjoy the festive occasion.  From the reports that have reached us, all seem to unite in pronouncing it one of the most pleasant parties of the season.  Mrs. HAYS furnished an excellent supper, and ministered to the wants of all in her motherly way, which is duly appreciated by the participants.

PAPERS FOR THE SOLDIERS.—Nearly every day we receive letters from the soldiers asking us to send them papers, but it is utterly impossible for us to comply with all the requests.—We send packages to all the regiments nearly every week when we can ascertain their whereabouts.—The immediate friends of the soldier should supply him with books and papers.  In no way can you more contribute to the pleasure of the soldier than by furnishing him reading.  Particularly should home papers be sent.  They are nearly as welcome as letters.  When you have read your local paper send it to some friend in the army, and thus help to enliven the weary hours of camp or hospital life.

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Constitutional Amendment in Wisconsin.

The Legislature has ratified the Constitutional amendment by a vote of twenty seven to six in the Senate, and seventy-two to sixteen in the Assembly, or by a majority of four and a half to one.  In the Senate two democrats voted for the amendment and in the Assembly six.  The vote in the legislature does not more than express the sentiment of the people.

—  ABOUT TO RESIGN.— Col. W. A. Barstow, Third Wisconsin cavalry, who has been acting President of the courts martial and military commissions in session in St. Louis for nearly two years, is about to retire from the service.— Milwaukee Sentinel.

About time, we should think, for the old bag of wind to stand aside, and let brave officers who have been with their regiment at the front, fill his place.  BILL BARSTOW has disgraced the service long enough.

NEW REGIMENTS.—Gov. Lewis has organized two more new regiments, the 51st and 52d.  [James T. Lewis]

TO THE FRONT.—The 44th, 45th, 46th and 47th Wis. Vol’s., have been ordered South.

TENNESSEE.—The election in Tennessee has resulted in a glorious Union triumph.  Parson Brownlow is elected Governor.  The amendment to the State Constitution which does away with slavery has been adopted by a large majority, and so Tennessee stands to-day a FREE STATE.  [William G. Brownlow]

— Union meetings have been already held in Charleston and Wilmington.

— The States of Maine and Missouri, which were admitted into the Union together, ratified the amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery on the same day.

— By order of the War Department, a ration of fish, viz: fountain ounces of dried fish, or eighteen ounces of pickled fish, will be issued hereafter to troops in lieu of the fresh beef ration.

— The negroes who followed General Sherman on his march through Georgia and South Carolina, are being organized into regiments at Hilton Head.  It is estimated that one of the effects of Sherman’s movement will be to add from 25,000 to 30,000 loyal banks to our army.  [William T. Sherman]

— The Legislature of West Virginia has adopted an amendment to the Constitution of that State, disfranchising all those who have voluntarily participated in the rebellion.—The loyal men of the new Commonwealth, who have suffered in their homes and properties the evils of rebellion and civil war, believe in punishment for crime so rank and bloody as treason

Sound to the Core.

“My opinion is that no negotiations are necessary, nor commissioners, nor conventions, nor anything of the kind.  Whenever the people of Georgia quit rebelling against their Government, and elect member of Congress and Senators, and these go and take their seats, then the State of Georgia will have resumed her function to the Union.”

W. T. SHERMAN

From The Prescott Journal:

OUR QUOTAS.

We have not yet received the quotas of the different towns.  From all that we can learn, we see but little prospect of the quota of this District being reduced.  The quota, as assigned, calls for over a quarter of the enrolled men.

— Quite a good story is told by Charmy Dunbar, at the expense of Mr. G. W. Cairns, Deputy Treasurer of this County.  All of the men in Perry who were liable to draft, except Mr. Cairns, have volunteered, and Dunbar says the town owes seven men for one year, or one man for seven years, and they concluded to send Mr. Cairns for seven years.  We congratulate friend Cairns on his brilliant prospect.  Seven years of service will nearly make him as venerable a revolutionary veteran.

— JOHN DALE starts for Madison to-day with the volunteers from this section.

“NEGRO SOLDIERS SUPERIOR TO WHITE.”—So the rebels begin to think.  The war had wrought some strange transformations in opinion.  The Southern rebels began it under the impression that military glory was the highest of all, and that the “master race” of the South surpassed in prowess all other peoples.  When the North began organizing negro regiments, the rebels scouted the idea that a negro could fight.  Their newspapers said that a single Southerner could disarm a whole black regiment by simply ordering them, with a voice of command, to lay down their weapons.  Now mark what a mighty change has come over the spirit of their dreams!  Read the following respecting the martial qualities of the negro race, which we clip from from an article in the Richmond Whig of February 20th :

“It is by no means certain that the negro is so deficient in courage as in generally believed if we are to credit the statements of travelers in Africa, the native negro is the most sanguinary warrior in the world.  In their battles hand to hand, they fight till either party is almost annihilated; and our very slaves are in great part the descendants of prisoners captured by war.  We see the negro altogether in his servile condition.  He naturally shrinks, without regard to appearances.  He, however, makes a fearless sailor and fireman.  The English have long used him as a soldier, and he has done good service.  But the experiences of this war are abundantly sufficient to show his adaptability as a soldier.  The enemy has taught us a lesson to which we ought not to shut our eyes.  He has caused him to fight as well, if not better than have his white troops of the same length of service.  Our prisoners from Ship Island and elsewhere declare that they are far the best sentinels and most thoroughly drilled of the Union troops.  I have myself seen them, in the hands of a single engineer officer, entirely without organization, work under fire, where certainly he could not have held white men.  Now, if the enemy has succeeded in the making any kind of troops of these people, with all their non-commissioned officers and a great part of their officers black, how much better could we make with all those white!”

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WHAT GRANT SAYS.—The Post’s Washington special says Gen. GRANT writes that, “If Gen. SHERMAN’s success continues a few days longer, the country can safely indulge in exultation.”  [Ulysses S. Grant]

— GEN. GRANT’S PRIVATE VIEWS.—The Quincey (Ill.) Herald publishes an extract from a private letter written by Lieut. Gen. Grant to his old friend and school-fellow, the Hon. Isaac N. Morris.  The letter is dated “Head-Quarters Armies of the United States, City Point, Virginia, Feb. 15th 1865,” and was written, not dictated, by General Grant himself.  The following is the extract, which will be read with interest:—

“Everything looks to me to be very favorable for a speedy termination of the war.—The people of the South are ready for it if they can get clear of their leaders.  It is hard to predict what will become of them, the leaders, whether they will flee the country or whether the people will forcibly depose them and take the matter in their own hands.  One or the other will likely occur if our Spring Campaign is as successful as I have every hope it will be.”

Yours truly,
.                   .U. S. GRANT.

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It seems by the Herald’s Charleston correspondence that even in the hot-bed of secession love for the old Union survived all the vicissitudes.  The remaining inhabitants of the city manifested the wildcat delight at the unfurling over them once more the old flag, and when a small body of colored troops, the first to land in town, started up the principal streets, their officers were scarcely able to proceed with them, being met with a perfect ovation.  Men and women thronged the avenues, shouting, waving handkerchiefs, and cheering for the Stars and Stripes, President Lincoln [Abraham Lincoln], and the Yankee army.  The rebels destroyed much property by burning and explosions, before they left, but large amounts were found remaining in the city, after the Union forces took possession.  Over 200 pieces of artillery and immense supplies of ammunition were found in the forts.

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GEN. LEE OF NEGRO SOLDIERS.—The Richmond papers of the 22d, contain an extract from a letter addressed by Gen. Lee [Robert E. Lee] to Mr. Miles, of South Carolina :

“We must  use the negroes, as the enemy will use them against us.  They have been used now a long time, and with great help to our adversaries and to our disadvantage, and as the number of soldiers diminish in our ranks and are increased in those of the enemy, he will overrun more territory and accumulate from the black material still more  overbearing superiority.”

Our dispatches mention another letter by Gen. Lee, declaring that the arming of the negroes has become an absolute necessity.  Won’t copperheads begin to have some respect for the negro now?

STILL THREATENING.—The Richmond Whig says that when SHERMAN reaches Charlotte, “dangers will begin to thicken round him.”  Ever since SHERMAN left Chattanooga, in May last year, the rebel newspapers have been throwing out mysterious hints of this nature.  If they were to be believed, he has constantly just about to fall into some terrible trap laid for him, and to which the rebel generals have been adroitly “drawing him on.”  And still he moves triumphantly forward.

Finger002  The Richmond Enquirer thinks it would “be a glorious thing for history to tell that the North was whipped and conquered by the assistance of negroes for whose benefit they falsely pretend this war was waged.”

On the other hand how will it sound when history will show that the rebels were compelled to call on the poor, despised, “inferior race” for aid.  And suppose after calling the negro to come to their rescue, they are whipped?

GEN. SCHURZ.—Gen. CARL SCHURZ has been assigned to duty on Gen. HANCOCK’s staff to assist in the organization of the 1st Army Corps, and to command a division when raised.  He is expected to start in a few days on a tour through the West to investigate the system at various recruiting stations there.  [Winfield S. Hancock]

EXCHANGING NEGROES.—A number of negro soldiers, who have been held as prisoners by the rebels, arrived within the Union lines on the 22d inst., having been exchanged under the recent arrangement.

ILLINOIS.—The last of the ten new Illinois regiments has left for the front.  They have all been sent to join THOMAS.  [George H. Thomas]

1.  Francis M. Tamsett, from Alden, enlisted March 18, 1865, and served in Company B of the 53rd Wisconsin Infantry. In June this company was consolidated with the 51st Wisconsin Infantry as Company H, the original Company H having mustered out May 6, 1865. Tamsett mustered out July 11, 1865. This particular Fisk and George Emory do not seem to have served.
2.  William Kent, Worthy Prentice, and “Abram” L. Gillespie served in Company D of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry. Joseph Corey and Andrew Fee served in Company K of the 4th Wisconsin Cavalry.
3.  The township in Chisago County, Minnesota, that Rush City is located in; now spelled Rushseba.

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