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1865 April 9: Lee Surrenders at Appomattox Court House

April 9, 2015

Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.  This was only the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, and many Confederate soldiers in other areas continued to fight on.

We usually do not post news until it appeared in one or both of our local newspapers, but for really important events we like to take notice on the day it happened.  Unfortunately, both of our newspapers had just published an issue the day before this important event happened, so nothing appeared until April 15.  Here is a preview, from The Polk County Press of April 15, 1865.  More news will follow next week.

April 15, 1865


 Official Announcement.

WASHINGTON, April 9. }

The Department has just received official reports of the surrender this day of General Lee and his army, to Lieutenant General Grant, on the terms proposed by Lieut. General Grant.  Details will be given as speedily as possible.

E. M. Stanton,
..Secretary of War.

4:30 P. M. April 9, 1865. }

To Hon. E. M. Stanton,

General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia this P. M., upon terms proposed by myself.  The accompanying additional correspondence will show the conditions fully.

.    .Lieut. Gen.

Thanks to the Army.

WASHINGTON, April 9. }

To Lieut. Gen. Grant:

Thanks be to Almighty God for the great victory with which he has this day crowned you and the great army under your command.  The thanks of this Department and of the Government and of the people of the United States, their reverence and honor have been deserved and will be rendered to you and the brave and gallant officers and soldiers of your command for all time.

..Secretary of War.

The Terms of the Surrender.

APPOMATOX [sic] C. H. April 9, 1865.

To Gen. R. E. Lee, Commanding C. S. A.:

In accordance with the substance of my letter to you, of the 8th inst., I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, on the following terms to wit:

Rolls to all the officers and men, to be made in duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer designated by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate.  The officers to give their individual parole not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly exchanged, and each company or regimental commander to sign a like parole for the men of their commands

The arms, artillery and public property to be parked and stacked and turned over to officers appointed by me to receive them.  This will not embrace the side arms of the officers nor their private horses or baggage.

This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes not to be molested by United States authority so long as they observe their parole and the laws in force where they may reside.

Very Respectfully,
.          .U. S. GRANT,
.               .Lt. General.

Gen. Lee’s Acceptance.

HEAD’QTRS Army Northern Va., }
April 9th, 1865. }

To Lieut. Gen. U. S. Grant, Com. U. S. A.

GEN:—I have read your letter of this date containing the terms of surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia as proposed by you.  As they are substantially the same as those expressed in your letter of the 8th, THEY ARE ACCEPTED.  I will proceed to designate the proper officers to carry the stipulations into effect.

Very Respectfully,
.         .R. E. LEE,
.                  .General.

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