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1865 April 8: A Warning Against Aiding Rebels, Inducements for Rebel Desertion, Plus, Mobile Will Soon Fall with Wisconsin Men Doing Their Share

April 13, 2015

The following smaller articles come from the April 8, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.

A Warning against Aiding Rebels.

WASHINGTON, March 14. }

The President directs that all persons who are now, or hereafter shall be, found within the United States, who have been engaged in holding intercourse or trade with the insurgents by sea, if they are citizens of the United States or domiciled aliens, be arrested and held as prisoners of war, until the war shall close, subject nevertheless, to prosecution, trial and conviction, for every offence [sic] committed by them as spies, or otherwise against the laws of war.

The President further directs, that all non-residents, foreigners who now are, or hereafter shall be, found in the United States who have been engaged in violating the blockade of the insurgent ports, shall leave the United States within twelve days from the publication of this order, for from their subsequent trial in the United States, if on the Atlantic side, and forty days if on the Pacific side of the country ;  and such persons shall not return to the United States during the continuance of the war.

Provost Marshals and Marshals of the United States will arrest and commit to military custody all such offenders as shall disregard this order, whether they have passports or not ;  and they will  be detained in such custody until the end of the war, or until discharged by subsequent order of the President.

.Secretary of State.

GEN. WASHBURNE [sic] AT MEMPHIS.—Dispatches state that a grand banquet was given Gen. WASHBURNE [sic] at Memphis, on the night of the 8th, at which he made a speech deprecating military law ;  hoping for the speedy restoration of civil government in Tennessee ;  expressing much charity for the Southern people and promising to receive them kindly when they come in a proper spirit.  He told the Memphis merchants that the interests of the government, but he would be liberal in regard to legitimate, honest trade, but in anything else they would find him their inexorable foe.  Gen. WASHBURNE [sic] has issued an order permitting steamboats to navigate the Hatchie river to bring out the products of the country, but will not allow them to take up supplies.  [Cadwallader C. Washburn]

THE TENNESSEE ELECTION.—The Nashville Times of the 11th learns that “the vote for ratification received up to that time reaches over 35,000.  But a small portion of East Tennessee has been heard from.  The vote on the Gubernatorial and Legislative tickets is smaller than the vote for ratification, though but very few counties have been heard from in regard to the election of the 4th inst. As there was no opposition to the ticket, the people felt but little interest in the election, knowing that it could terminate only the one way.  The Legislature will convene on the first Monday of April next, which falls on the 3d of the month.”

INDUCEMENTS FOR REBEL DESERTION.—By the direction of Lieut. Gen. GRANT, new provisions have recently been added to the order relating to rebel deserters, which set forth that deserters who bring arms, horses, mules or other property into our lines with them, will, on delivering the same to the Quartermaster’s department, receive in money the highest price that such arms, horses, mules and other property are worth.  Railroad employees, telegraph operators, mechanics, and other civilians employed by the Confederate authorities, who desert from their present employment and come into the Federal lines, will be entitled to all benefits and immunities granted to rebel deserters.  [Ulysses S. Grant]

SHERIDAN’S PRISONERS.— A Washington dispatch says, 60 officers and 1,400 privates captured by Sheridan in the valley passed over the Baltimore and Ohio railroad Saturday, and will be forwarded to fort Delaware.  The officer in charge of them reports that there are about 700 more prisoners on their way down.  The guard with the prisoners were several times attacked by guerrillas in passing through the valley of Va.  The guerrilla parties consisted f from 100 to 150 men, and were in all cases driven back without doing any damage.  [Philip H. Sheridan]

FROM MOBILE.—An “Old Soldier” in the 20th Wisconsin Regiment writes us, under date of Navy Cove, Alabama, the 19th ult., that there were about 12,000 men in Mobile Bay, about as many more at Barancas, and more coming from New Orleans.  The troops had been ordered to put themselves in “light marching order,” that is, with a blanket and what ammunition and rations they could carry, and it was expected Mobile would soon fall, and Wisconsin men would do their share towards effecting it.

THE OPPOSITION TO SHERMAN.—The N. Y. Times Charleston correspondence says :—”The army which BEAUREGARD took from Columbia upon SHERMAN’s entrance into that place, numbered 8,000 men, which is the nucleus of the force JOE JOHNSTON has in SHERMAN’s front.  Besides this, part of HARDEE’s army from Charleston may have gotten up with JOHNSTON.”  The Times thinks that JOHNSTON’s force cannot be large enough to make any serious opposition to SHERMAN.  [William T. Sherman, P.G.T. Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnston, William J. Hardee]

REBEL BARBARITIES.—A Wilmington correspondent says :

They had over 5,000 of our prisoners here, and when retreating from the place they drove them before them like a flock of sheep.  Those who fell out from weakness and exhaustion, were kicked upon the side of the road and left.  One such who was found by our had nothing on but a pair of drawers, and was in the most wretched condition the human mind can conceive.

I have been informed upon the most credible testimony, coming through a rebel prisoner who witnessed what he relates, or was afterwards made acquainted with the facts, that a number of our sick who were lying in a house, and unable to move with the retreating army, were burned to death in the house by the roadside.  The house was set on fire, probably with the intention of driving them out, but being unable to save themselves, they fell victims to the flames.  Their charred remains have been seen lying where they perished.  The fact was given to me by the chaplain of a Connecticut regiment, and attested by an escaped prisoner.


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