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1865 June 3: Surrender of Kirby Smith and His Army in Texas, Annual Report of the Wisconsin Adjutant General, Local Party to Support Soldiers Home, and More News

June 9, 2015

Following are the smaller items from the June 3, 1865, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.

From The Polk County Press:

— The rebel ram Stonewall, that lately created such a scare among our shipping, has surrendered at Havana.  The crew escaped.

— The project to pay the National debt by individual subscription, is being favorably responded to.  Over $2,375,000 have been subscribed in New York.

— The rebel ex-Secretary of War, MALLORY [Stephen R. Mallory], and HOWELL COBB have arrived at Nashville, en-route for Washington, under close guard.

— Dispatches to the St. Paul Press state that 3,000 Sioux Indians are marchin on Fort Abercrombie, D. T.

— Gen. CANBY [Edward Canby] has notified the Government of the entire surrender of  KIRBY SMITH and his army in Texas.

WELCOME HOME BRAVE BOYS !—An official order from Washington announces that all the volunteers, in all the various departments, are to be immediately returned to their respective States, and mustered out of service.  KIRBY SMITH’S surrender is the last nail, driven into the cofin [sic] of the “Southern Confederacy.”

Adj. Gen. Gaylord’s Report.

The annual report of Gen. Gaylord [Augustus Gaylord] contains a statement of the trasactions [sic] in his Department, together with a historical record of the volunteer organizations in the service of the general government from this State.  The following are the most important statistics contained therein :

Orignal [sic] strength of the various regt’s 45,941
Gain by recruits in 1863, 2,750
Gain by recruits in 1864, 11,252
Gain by substitutes before draft, 742
Gain by substitutes after draft, 479
Gain by draft in 1863, 5,807
Gain by draft in 1864, 2,380
Veteran re enlistments, 5,782
One hundred day troops.    2,134
…..Grand Total, 77,267
Loss by deaths, discharges and deser’s,  35,104
Present numerical strength 42,163

The date of this report is for the year ending Dec. 31st, 1864.

The historical record contains interesting mention of nearly all the regiments with an account of their engagements, also particular, and we are proud to say, honorable mention of their brilliant achievements and heroic deeds.


Jeff. Davis Manacled for fear he will Hurt Somebody—
Mrs. Davis and Family gone to Savannah.


A steamer sailed from here this forenoon for Savannah, under sealed orders.  Mrs. Davis, her four children, brother and sister, and Mrs. Clay, go to Savanah [sic] in the Clyde, as permission for them to proceed North had been refused by the War Department.

Yesterday afternoon a guard was sent out to the Clyde and searched the steamer and all the baggage and effects of the rebel party remaining on the boat.  A large amount of gold and valuable jewelry, &c., was found in the baggage of the ladies, but, with the exception of several important documents which were found by the guard, everything was left unmolested.

From The Prescott Journal:

 The Capture of Davis. 

The Herald’s correspondent says it was fully a week before Gen. Wilson [James H. Wilson] received the proclamation of President Johnson [Andrew Johnson] offering a reward for the capture of Davis [Jefferson Davis] and others.  He had sent scouts in all directions, and took every precaution to preclude the possibility of any fugitives escaping who were within the range of his cavalry division.  He gained information that Davis and escort had been at Washington, Ga., and immediately sent forces in all directions to picket the ferries on Ocmulgee and Flint Rivers ;  also the cross roads leading thereto.  Col. Pritchard [Benjamin D. Pritchard] left Macom at 8 o’clock, resting on the seventh, with orders for pushing on by forced marches, until 100 miles down the Ogmulgee, from 25 to 30 miles beyond our outposts, take possession of all ferries, and throw scouts on the opposite side of the river, to ascertain the approach or passage of parties from Richmond.  They had special directions to look out for Jeff Davis and cortege.  Colonel Pritchard marched all night of the 7th, and went into camp at 6 o’clock A. M., on the 8th, thirty-six miles form the place.  Starting at 10 o’clock he again set out in pursuit.  He arrived at Hawkinsville at 6 o’clock.  Here he found a detail of officers and twenty-five men guarding the ferry, and the citizens had gathered in a body threatening to mob the soldiers.—Col. Pritchard rode up to the mob, told them if they harmed the soldiers in any way, after he left, he would return and burn the town to ashes.  This had a salutary effect, and the mob disbanded.

— The War Department has received from Richmond two large trunks filled with private correspondence of George N. Sanders.¹

— Jeff. Davis made an old woman of himself.  Women have their trials, and we suppose Jeff. will soon have one.

— A $1,000 dressing case has been sent from London to the Chicago Fair, and it is to be voted to the prettiest girl in Chicago at $1 a vote.  What an excitement such a vote would create in Philadelphia.

— The Louisville Democrat learns that the Secretary of War [Edwin M. Stanton] will, in the course of ten or twelve days, appoint commissioners to fix the value of slaves who have enlisted or been drafted into the United States armies from the State of Kentucky.

— A large number of officers and soldiers retiring from the American army, are about to establish a new settlement at the headquarters of the Yellow Stone River, not far from the north-western boundary.  So says the Toronto Globe.

— Brigadier General B. J. Hill, who has been in command of a rebel force in Alabama, arrived at Chattanooga on Tuesday morning last, with an escort of one hundred Fifty of his men, to surrender himself and them to our forces.  He reported to General Judah.

—  It is understood that all the rebel officers concerned in the atrocious starvation of our prisoners will be excluded from the benefits of the amnesty proclamation ;  also, the Fort Pillow murderers.  It will also break up the great landed estates, by requiring all possessing such to take the oath of allegiance.

— The Evening Post suggests that the Government permit the returning regiments to bring their muskets home with them, and not send them home without arms, as though they had not shown themselves worthy to bear them.  The suggestion is a good one, and we hope it will be adopted.  The arms can be collected as easily at the different State capitals as at Washington, and every Governor, with his military staff, will readily undertake the required trouble and responsibility.

Prescott Journal, 6-3-1865, Soldiers Home Party

1.  George Nicholas Sanders (1812-1873) was a financier, lobbyist, and Confederate agent in Europe. Inspired by European revolutionaries of the 1840s, in the early 1850s Sanders was one of the leaders of the “Young America” movement. He became involved in what, at the time, were regarded as revolutionary and anarchist causes. He had supposedly been involved in plans to assassinate heads of state or foment causes to bring about democratic reform. Sanders is perhaps better known as a Confederate operative during the Civil War, although the details of some of his activities can be difficult to document. He did negotiate with the Confederate government for the construction in England of several vessels that could
run the Union blockade, he was a member of the failed peace conference in Niagara, New York, attended in the summer of 1864 by Horace Greeley and John Hay, and later in 1864 was in Canada to represent the Confederate raiders of St. Albans, Vermont. Sanders initially was suspected of having been part of the conspiracy to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln, and a $25,000 bounty was put on his head in May 1865. His papers were purchased by the Library of Congress in 1914.

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