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1865 June 17: Post-War News from All Over the Country

June 18, 2015

These summaries of the week’s news comes from the June 17, 1865, issues of The Prescott Journal and The Polk County Press.  The printing in this issue of the Journal was very poor and often impossible to read; such portions are indicted by [__].

From The Prescott Journal:

General News.

— Brig. Gen. Hugh Ewing,¹ brother-in-law of Gen. Sherman [William T. Sherman], has just been breveted Major General.

— Mrs. General Roger A. Pryor comes regularly to our commissary at Petersburg to draw the rations designated for the poor of the city.

— Gen. Sherman drew his pay at Washington last week.  He is said to be quite poor, having devoted his time to fighting rather than speculating.

— Where soldiers have lost legs, feet or arms in the war, the Government helps them to this extent in getting artificial ones :  $75 for legs, $50 for arms, $50 for feet.

— Mr. Ritter of New Haven has recently erected monuments of Rhode Island granite to two Connecticut heroes, Rear Admiral Foote [Andrew Hull Foote] and Major General Sedgwick [John Sedgwick], the former in New Haven and the latter in Cornwall Hollow.

— The reason of Jeff’s [Jefferson Davis] assuming woman’s attire is attributed to the fact that he had lost track of his species,—and he evidently came to the conclusion that he was of the feminine gender.

— Gen. Wilson [James H. Wilson] has ordered the prison stockade at Andersonville to be enclosed and fenced and a book containing the names and description of deceased privates to be kept for reference.  Over fourteen thousand Union soldiers are known to be buried there.

— Gen. Grant’s saddle [Ulysses S. Grant], which he rode from the commencement of his services [___] in 1861, until after the surrender of Gen. Lee [Robert E. Lee], and which he has presented to Col. Markland, special military mail agent of the postoffice department, is to be exhibited at the Northwestern Sanitary Fair, at Chicago, with his old war horse Jack.

— The Richmond Republican of Monday says : “The quantity of leaf tobacco in the State is a matter of guess, but it can be nearly approximated.  Our commission merchants estimate it at thirty thousand hogshead.  Of this, about ten thousand hogsheads are in Lynchburg; the balance at Farmville, Danville and in possession of the planters in the country.  There are a few hundred hogsheads in Richmond.

From The Polk County Press:

The News.

— Telegraphic communication has been re-established between New York, Charleston, New Orleand [sic] and other points at the South.

— Passenger train have commenced running on the Atlanta & Nashville Railroad from Atlanta to Chattanooga.

— Fred. Douglas will deliver an oration before the colored citizens of Louisville on the Fourth of July.  [Frederick Douglass]

— Philadelphia dispatches of the 12th inst. report the subscriptions received that day by Jay Cooke for the 7-30 loan to be $ 2,527,000.

— Capt. Todd² of the rebel army—Mrs. Lincoln’s brother—his wife and three children have arrived in New Orleans from Mobile.

— One of the features of the curiosity department of the Chicago fair, is Abraham Lincoln’s log cabin which he helped to build with his own hands and which has been brought from its original location.

— Dispatches from Washington say it is certain that Gen. Lee has been indicted, with others, for treason, at Norfolk.  The announcement causes much excitement in Washington.  [Robert E. Lee]

— The Herald’s Savannah correspondent says :  Sedden [sic: James Seddon], the rebel Secretary of War, Judge Campbell [John A. Campbell] and R. M. T. Hunter have been taken to Fort Pulaski for confinement.

— The Government recently dispatched five hundred soldiers with intrenchment tools and and coffins to the battle-field of the Wilderness for the purpose of decently interring the remains of all soldiers exposed to view of which there is quite a number.

— The conspiracy trial still drags its slow length along.  Nothing new of importance has recently transpired.  Paine [aka Lewis Powell], who attacked Secretary Seward [William H. Seward], pleads insanity and his counsel is trying hard to clear him by that dodge.  The mystery as to who the assassin really is, still excites considerable speculation.

— It is said that the only Gen. Sherman ever perpetuated was upon entering the capital of North Carolina.  Turning to a regiment of vets who were marching by the State House he called out :  “Don’t you think this is a good place to sing R-a-l-e-i-g-h round the flag, boys?”

— The World’s Washington special says: General Canby [Edward Canby], acting under orders from Washington, has succeed in arresting a man who offered to de [sic: be] one of 100 to pay one million dollars, in the Alabama papers, two years ago, for the assassination of President Lincoln.  It is possible he may be brought before the military commission now trying conspirators.

1.  Hugh Boyle Ewing (1826-1905) was educated at West Point, but failed to graduate. During the California gold rush in 1849, Ewing joined an expedition ordered by his father, then Secretary of the Interior, to rescue immigrants who were imprisoned in the Sierra by heavy snows. He then completed his law degree and settled in St. Louis. In April 1861, Ohio Governor William Dennison appointed Ewing as the brigade-inspector of Ohio volunteers and he served under Generals Rosecrans and McClellan in western Virginia. Ewing became colonel of the 30th Ohio Volunteer Infantry in August of 1861. In November of that year, when his brother-in-law William T. Sherman was relieved of his command in disgrace, Ewing aided his younger sister Ellen Ewing Sherman in making the rounds of Washington D.C., denying sensationalist media claims that Sherman was insane, and personally lobbying the President for Sherman’s reinstatement. Eventually the political influence of the Ewing family persevered, and with the assistance of Henry Halleck, Sherman was returned to command. Hugh Ewing commanded a regiment and then a brigade under McCellan, participating in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam. In November 1862 he was promoted to brigadier general. Ewing served throughout the Vicksburg Campaign. At Chattanooga, he was given command of the 4th Division of the XV Corps, which formed the advance of Sherman’s army and carried Missionary Ridge. In October 1863, Ewing was placed in command of the occupation forces in Louisville, Kentucky. In 1864, Ewing suffered an attack of rheumatism, and experienced painful attacks for the rest of his life, often being confined to his chair of bed. In March of 1865 he was brevetted a major general. President Andrew Johnson appointed Ewing as U.S. Minister to Holland, where he served from 1866 to 1870.
2.  Probably David Humphreys Todd (1832-1871). In the 1870 federal census, he is listed with a wife, Susan (35), and three daughters, Susie (15), Jennie (12), and Elise (4).

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