1865 June 24: General Grant’s Speechmaking, St. Croix Baptist Association’s Resolutions on the War, the Latest from Texas
Several shorter articles on a variety of topics from The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal of June 24, 1865.
From The Polk County Press:
Gen. Grant’s Speeches.
One of these days somebody or or [sic] other will be giving us “The Life and Speeches of Ulysses S. Grant. And some of the orations of the little man of Granite will read as follows:
SPEECH AT THE COOPER INSTITUTE.
My friends I thank you for this reception.
SPEECH AT THE ASTOR HOUSE DINNER.
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen :—I rise only to say that I do not intend to say anything. [Laughter.] I thank you for your kind words and hearty welcome. [Applause.]
SPEECH AT THE SERENADE OF THE N. Y. SEVENTH REGIMENT.
Gentlemen of the Seventh Regiment, I thank you for this compliment. Good night.
SPEECH AT THE CHICAGO FAIR.
I never make speeches, and will, therefore, call on Senator Yates to express the thanks which I feel but cannot express. [Richard Yates]
Thus it will be seen that the man of great deeds is a man of very few words.
THERE are various speculations concerning the effect of the disbandment of the army upon the country. The precedents in other countries will scarcely apply to this. Ours is a citizen army, impelled by a patriotic interest in the preservation of the country, to take up arms in its defense. Many of its members left farms, workshops, and professions, to which they can return. The action of our armies, both under Gen. Meade [George G. Meade] and Sherman [William T. Sherman], which do not bear a stain fo [sic] rapine or violence, shows that the vicious element in the army is small.—The great majority of those who on disbandment will not be able to resume at once former regular pursuits, will, we think, be desirous to obtain work, and we hope will be cordially assisted to consumate [sic] that desire. We can already judge something of the disposition of the soldiers, on retirement from the army, by the fact that 100,000 men, who have served in the ranks for a greater or less time, are now absorbed in the community, and we imperceptible as a class.—We believe that a similar result will follow the complete disbandment of the army. The returned soldiers will, of course have no inconsiderable effect upon the competition of labor and upon the general tone of thought of the community, but will soon melt into the general mass, and become absorbed in the duties of labor and the interests of citizenship. The theory that a great era of crime is to succeed the disbandment of the army, is insulting to the brave men who have fought our battles.—What the soldier was as a citizen before he went to the war, he will soon be after his return from it. He never looked upon his life in the army as anything more than an episode, and never surrendered his plan of business and pleasure which before enlistment he had devised for the future.
“President Davis [Jefferson Davis], we are happy to say, has not yet fallen into the hands of the sleuth hounds who have been set up on his track. If the worse should be all him, and his escape be found impossible, it is supposed he will die fighting rather than fall into their hands. Such a death of such a man would enlist the sympathy of Europe in the cause of a suffering people ; but his life and leadership would be preferred by that people to his martyrdom. The spectacle of the heroic leader at bay, with his two thousand followers, among the myriads of the North, disdaining while living to surrender the cause for which he has struggled during these terrible four years, is of such absorbing interest to the civilized world that all political topics pile into insignificance beside it, and the attention of the civilized world is facinated [sic] by it in a longdrawn agony of mingled hopes and fears.”
Realization : Jeff Davis taken in a woman’s dress about the time the predictor was predicting.
RECEIPT for making trowsers last.—Make the coat and vest first.
From The Prescott Journal:
Passed by the St. Croix Baptist Asso-
ciation, June 14th and 15th, 1865.
RESOLVED, That we owe humble heart felt and profound gratitude to Almighty God, who has brought our country victoriously through the terrible struggle of four years of such civil war as the earth has seldom or never witnessed, leaving us still a proud and honored name and peace among the nations of the earth.
2d. That in this war the hand of God is plainly visible, visiting and scourging us for all our national sins, and especially for the accursed system of American Slavery, of which both North and South have been guilty ; and that we accept the favorable termination of the war as an unmistakable providential indication that God means to preserve us a nation, obliterating all traces of Slavery from the land, and fitting us to be more largely instrumental in evangelizing the nations of the earth.
3d. That in the emancipation of 4,000,000 of bondmen by the fiery or deal through which we have passed, we see some compensation for the untold miseries and sacrifices of the war, culminating as they did in the sudden and violent death of our beloved leader, who stood higher in the hearts of the people than any other since the days of Washington.
4th. That we execrate the foul crime by which the life of a great and good man was violently taken and the nation deprived of its honored and chosen President, and that we regard with unutterable detestation the vile miscreant, who, in the hands of the slaveholder’s rebellion, was the instrument of its accomplishment.
5th. That as the ministers and churches of the South were largely guilty in inciting the crimes of Secession, they ought to show a penitent spirit for these heinous offences before we can cordially fellowship and fraternize with them.
6th. That it is the christian duty of the hour to labor earnestly for the intellectual, moral and religious elevation of the Freedmen, so that they may be fitted for the enjoyment of all their rights, responsibilities and privileges as citizens of these United States, that of suffrage included, and also for the enlightenment and evangelization of the poor whites.
The Battle Flags.
FARNHAM, of the Sparta Eagle, has been visiting the Chicago Fair. We extract the following eloquent passage from his description of Trophy Hall :
Suspended from the galleries above and floating over the marvelous array of objects that cover the floor of that hall can be seen the tattered banners carried upon almost every battle field of the rebellion. As we stand within the circle of five hundred battle flags that sweep the hall of trophies, we are led to contemplate what terrible scenes that strange horizon of bloody tattered banners have witnessed; what thunder and clamor of war has rolled around them. How have they shivered as passing souls went up; how they flared like torches in the face of the foe! How did the wild aurgea [sic] drift them out to glory !—Amid what clouds and dyings [sic], what bursts of sun and gusts of ringing cheers have they shaken like the wings of an eagle ! And where are the hands that held them, and where are the hearts that loved and vindicated them before God and mankind ! The apostrophe of Morton to the bones of Warren comes to us like a fresh utterance, as we look at them : “Illustrious relics ! What tidings from the grave !”¹ Uncover the brow and be still, for the dead are here !
NEW YORK, June 17.—The Herald’s correspondent, in the Gulf Department, furnishes interesting accounts of the incidents preceding, attending and following the occupation of Brownsville, Texas, on the 31st ult., by the National troops under Gen. Brown. The rebel troops, previous to evacuating the place, mutinied, pillaged the town, and made prisoners of some of their officers, until their demands for the payment of their back dues were complied with.
The rebels left the day previous to Gen. Brown’s arrival, not waiting to be paroled, or to comply, in any manner, with the terms of Gen. Kirby Smith’s surrender. Large numbers of them moved across the Rio Grande, into Mexico, taking with them their arms.—Their artillery they sold to the Mexican Imperialists at Matamoras.
It is said that the last of the rebels were driven from Brownsville by Mexican residents, who organized a home guard for the preservation of order.
Soon after the evacuation commenced, after taking possession of Brownsville, General Brown wrote a letter to General Mejia, the Imperialist commander at Matamoras, assuring him that neutrality would be observed by the American forces in regard to the contest in Mexico between the republicans and imperialists.
It is said that the rebel General Magruder [John B. Magruder], as well as Kirby Smith, has gone to Mexico. The latter carried with him a considerable amount of money.
On the 2d inst., the rebel Generals Kirby Smith and Magruder were received on board the U. S. steamer Fort Jackson, Capt. Sands, off Galveston, when the articles of surrender of all the rebel trans-Mississippi forces were signed by Gen. Smith. The next morning the rebel officers were conveyed back to Galveston, and on the 5th inst. Capt. Sands, and other officers, proceeded up to the town, landed, and received its surrender from the hands of the Mayor, and once more unfurled the National flag over the public building, in the presence of a large but undemonstrative and orderly assemblage of people.
1. From Perez Morton’s (1751-1837) funeral oration for Revolutionary War General Joseph Warren (1741-1775), who had spent the night in the Morton home just before the Battle of Bunker Hill, where he died.