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1865 July 8: The South’s Economic Losses, Grant Weighs in on Black Suffrage Question, Howes and Hoyt Home from the War

July 14, 2015

Following are the smaller items from the July 8, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.  There is not a July 8th issue of The Polk County Press on the microfilm.


— The new Constitution of Missouri has been adopted by a majority of 1,662.

— Gen. Grant has issued an order for the mustering out of every soldier who can be spared.  [Ulysses S. Grant]

VERY UNPROFITABLE.—The New York Times makes estimates of the losses of the South in consequence of the rebellion at the fearful sum of five thousand eight hundred millions of dollars, made up as follows :

Twenty five hundred millions by loss of what was called slave property, nine hundred millions by ravages of war, nine hundred millions by loss of staple crops, (cotton, tobaco [sic], rice, sugar, &c.) five hundred millions of property sunk in Confederate debt, and one thousand millions by what must hereafter be paid by the South to liquidate principal and interest of the national debt.

Finger002  J. S. ELWELL, well known here, through his connection with the Hudson Star, has become a partner in the La Crosse Daily Republican.  Mr. ELWELL is an excellent editor.  He wields a racy and vigorous pen, and has good tact and judgment in the management of a paper.  La Crosse has secured the services of a live man, and we trust JOE will find the enterprise remunerative, and he and SEYMOUR “wax fat” together.

Finger002  Adj’t WM. HOWES, of the 4sd, is home, his Reg. having been mustered out.  He leaves a good record in the war.  He left here in the spring of ’61, in Co. B, 6th, was promoted to a Lieutenancy in the 30th, and afterwards made Adj’t of the 42d.  He has now returned unhurt, but of his companions who left here with him, how many “sleep the sleep that knows no earthly waking.”¹

Finger002  The Home Fair in Milwaukee, is being very largely attended, and will prove a complete success.

Finger002  Capt. FRANCIS HOYT, Co. A, 12th, is home on furlough.  The Capt. was with Sherman, in his grand marches, and his health is considerable impaired.  [William T. Sherman]

— Nine rebel Brigadier Generals have applied to the President for pardon.

— General Grant, in conversation with his friends, says that it is too soon to declare that the loyal blacks in the South shall not be allowed to vote.  Aside from the abstract right and the legal problem of what authority can confer or withhold the franchise—whether it be Congress or the States—the question may assume the shape of a political necessity.  The government and people may have to choose between keeping a standing army of 100,000 men, at an expense of $1000,000,000 a year to tax-payers, to support the white minority in the South against the white rebel majority, or of enfranchising the blacks and thereby enabling them to support the white loyalists.  Gen. Grant foresees that the suffrage question may take this form.

1.  From a poem entitled “Days That Are Gone Forever,” by George Wesley Atkinson (1845-1925), who became the 10th governor of West Virginia, serving from 1897 to 1901. Before that he served a term in the U.S. House of Representatives (1890-91).

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