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1865 July 15: 5th and 47th Wisconsin Infantries Are Home, Confederate Indian Tribes Want Peace Treaties, News from Various Governors, and Other News

July 21, 2015

Following are the smaller items from the July 15, 1865, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.bu

From The Polk County Press:

— The gallant 5th Wis. Vet. In. arrived and had a brilliant reception at Milwaukee on the 26th ult.

— The 47th regiment had a grand reception at Madison on the 22d brought back 720 men.

— The Home Fair in Milwaukee, has been very largely attended, and will prove a great success.

— J. S. Elwell, well known in the valley, through his connection with the Hudson Star, has become a partner in the La Crosse Daily Republican.  Mr. Elwell is an excellent editor.  He wields a racy and vigorous pen, and has good tact and judgement in the management of a paper.  La Crosse has secured the service of a live man, and we trust he will find the enterprise remunerative, and he and Seymour “wax fat” together.

— Delegates from fourteen Indian tribes who fought on the side of the rebels, are on their way to Washington to secure treaties of peace and a return to the privileges and benefits they formerly enjoyed.

— There are 100,000 widows, mothers and orphans of soldiers, who are now receiving pensions.

— The President is greatly improved in health, but his physician advises him to refrain from business for several days yet.  [Andrew Johnson]

— The whiskey ration in the army has been abolished.

— Gov. Andrew of Massachusetts, emphatically announces that he will not be a candidate for re-election.  [John A. Andrew]

— The nine Northwestern States drained by the Ohio and Mississippi have a population of 10,500,000 and possess 36½ per cen, [sic] of the the total wealth of the nation.

— Gen. Hunt,¹ Chief of Artillery, goes to Kansas.  Gen. Halleck soon leaves for California.  Gen. Ord is expected to take command of the Department of the Ohio.  [Henry W. Halleck, Edward O. C. Ord]

— A project is on hold in Leavenworth, Kansas, under the auspices of the American Union Cattle Association, for the capture on the Plains of from 5,000 to 10,000 buffaloes, with the view of ultimately driving them to the States.

— Gov. Fletcher² has issued a proclamation announcing the adoption of the new Missouri Constitution.  It went into effect on the Fourth.  The total vote was 85,478, and the majority for the Constitution 1,812.  On the home vote the majority against it was 955, but the soldiers saved it from defeat.

— President Johnson has issued a proclamation relative to South Carolina, similar to the ones appointing Governors in the other rebellion States.  Benjamin F. Perry³ is appointed Provisional Governor.  All the States are now supplied with Governors excepting Florida.

— Two hundred and six million, three hundred and eleven thousand, one hundred and eighty dollars, and ninety-eighty cents is the exact amount received from Internal revenue for the last fiscal year, exclusive of the tax on national bank circulation, which will swell the amount to about two hundred and six and one half millions.

A GOOD PLAN.—The Burlington (Iowa) Hawkeye, says that many returned soldiers have their discharges recorded at the office of the county Recorder.  This is a good plan and soldiers who consult their own interest will follow suit.  A discharge paper carried in a pocket, as most men carry them, or left lying around loose, first been recorded, an attested copy can be obtained, which may be valuable hereafter in collecting a bounty or a pension.

— General Granger has gone to Houston, Texas, with a force sufficient properly to hold the city and vicinity.  [Gordon Granger]

From The Prescott Journal:

Finger002  COMING HOME—the boys are coming home.  Every day we see new faces, and welcome back those who have been “off to the wars.”  From the perilous picket line—from the weary march from the deadly assault—from the gory field—from camp and hospital, they are coming home.  No more for them the pomp of the magnificent review, the awful majesty of war—the murderous roar of the deep throated cannon—the beckoning wave of the battle-torn flags and the triumph of the victory won.—The country’s brave defenders.  Give them warm welcome home.

— The Louisville Journal, while opposed to negro suffrage at present, said :

“The question is not whether the negro can ever be entrusted with the ballot under any given set of circumstances.  That has been done even in the South, and without harm ; and it may and very probably will be done again.”

— The late Rear Admiral Dupont [sic] did a noble deed before he died in bequeathing the amount of his prize money during the year ($176,000) for a home for the orphans of sailors and soldiers.  The Home is to be located at Washington.  [Samuel F. Du Pont had died June 23, 1865]

Finger002  Libby Prison is now used as a Soldier’s Rest for our boys.

— The Cincinnati colored people are raising subscriptions to present Chief Justice Chase with silver pitcher.  [Salmon P. Chase]

— Capt. D. H. Bingham and J. H. Lacombe have sent to the President a protest against the appointment of Judge Parsons as provisional Governor of Alabama.

— The Nashville Union says the captured archives of the State tell many a tale of rebel villainy.  Governor Harris’ papers are full of secret history of the rebellion.  Among other papers on file, and endorsed by Harris, is a proposition to assassinate Governor Johnson in Nashville.  [Isham G. Harris]

— In the interval from 1850 to 1860, the total free colored population of the United States increased from 434,440 to 487,070, or at the rate of 12.33 per cent in ten years, showing an annual increase of above one per cent.  This result includes the number of slaves liberated and those who have escaped from their owners together with the natural increase.

— General Grant recently received a letter from an enterprising attache of a leading New York journal, calling his attention to the fact that he had written up very fully and flatteringly his journey to Chicago and the ovations received in the trip, and stating that as he (the writer) was in straitened circumstances, and found living very expensive &c., any donation that the General might see fit to make as a compensation would be very gratefully received, and he might rely upon its being considered strictly confidential.  The perusal of the letter highly amused the General.  [Ulysses S. Grant]

— An association is forming at Leavenworth, Kansas, to go out on the plains and catch 10,000 buffaloes to drive to Eastern markets.  Lots of fun for those who join.

1.  Henry Jackson Hunt (1819-1889) graduated from West Point in 1839 and was a career military officer, serving in the Mexican War and the Utah War (1857). During the Civil War, he was Chief of Artillery in the Army of the Potomac. His fellow officers considered him the greatest artillery tactician and strategist of the War. His courage and tactics affected the outcome of some of the most significant battles in the war, including Malvern Hill, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and most notably at Gettysburg. In 1856 Hunt was a member of a three-man board that revised field artillery drill and tactics for the army. The Instructions for Field Artillery manual written by Hunt, William H. French, and William F. Barry, was published by the War Department in 1861 and was the “bible” for Northern field artillery units during the War.
2.  John Clement Fletcher (1827-1899) was the 18th governor of Missouri, serving from 1864 to 1869. He issued the proclamation abolishing slavery in the state. His administration was confronted with many problems, including amnesty for former Confederate soldiers, the disposition of the railroad property the state had acquired through default by the railroad companies failure to pay interest on bonds guaranteed by the state, and the reorganization of public education.
3.  Benjamin Franklin Perry (1805-1886) was the 72nd governor of South Carolina, serving from June 30 to November 29, 1865. On June 30, 1865, President Andrew Johnson appointed Perry as the provisional Governor of South Carolina, because of his strong unionist views prior to the war. Perry was directed by Johnson to enroll voters and to lead the state creating a new state constitution, however the constitutional convention delegates adopted black codes to prevent black suffrage.

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