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1865 July 29: Wisconsin to Vote on “Colored Suffrage;” More Local Returning Soldiers; Confederates Forrest, Marmaduke, John Bell, Henry Jackson

August 3, 2015

Following are the smaller items of local and national news from the July 29, 1865, issue of The Polk County Press.

— We invite attention to the law submitting the question of Colored Suffrage in this State, to a vote of the people of the next election.  It will be found in another column.

PERSONAL.—Adjt. Gen. GAYLORD [Augustus Gaylord] paid this village a flying visit this week.  We are glad to see him looking so well, after the arduous duties incumbent upon him during the past four years, which he has performed with marked ability and to the honor of our state.

OMISSION—In our notice of returned soldiers, we unintentionally omitted the names of Melvin McAdams, Co. C. 7th Wis and Joseph Peak, 10th Battery.  Since then A. J. Clark and John Baker have returned on a short furlough.

P.S.  Since the above was in type, our old friend Moses Catlin has returned on furlough. He intends to move his family to Madison to spend the coming winter.

— Among the recent promotions by Gov. Lewis [James T. Lewis], we notice that of Sergeant Geo. W. Davis, Color Sergeant 9th Wis. Vet. In. to be 2d Lieut.  Lieut. Davis has been mustered out and paid this village a short visit a few days ago.  He has gone to New Hampshire where he intends to make his future home.

— At the assassination trials, 463 witnesses were examined. The testimony covered 4,500 pages of legal cap, and the arguments of the counsels 700 pages more.

— The Government of Spain has delivered the rebel ram Stonewall to the United States authorities.

— Old John Bell¹, who so foolishly sacrificed all his fair fame, as a statesman and a patriot by turning secessionist, reached Nashville on last Wednesday, accompanied by his family.  Like all the rebel leaders, he is a broken down man, pecuularily [sic]and otherwise.

THE STATE SEAL OF VIRGINIA.—The State seal of Virginia has been materially altered by the new State government.  The device is the same, but the motto, “Sie Semper Tyrannis,”² has been expunged, and the words “Liberty and Union,” now appear above the goddess of Liberty, trampling upon the postrate [sic] form of Tyranny.


— The Army of the Potomac and the Army of the Tennessee, have ceased to exist.

— The proceeds from the sale of confiscated cotton paid into the treasury at New York, amounts to over $1,000,000.

— Gen. D. B. Pitchard [sic: Benjamin D. Pritchard], made famous by the capture Jeff. Davis [Jefferson Davis], has returned to Allegan, Mich., and will resume the practice of law.

— Some chicken livered people are always whining for mercy to be shown to Jeff. Davis.  Let the bleaching bones of more than ten thousand Union soldiers murdered by him at Andersonville, be their answer.

— The Boston Traveller learns that a number of rebel generals have recently been released from Fort Warren.  Among them was Maj. General Jackson,³ of Savannah, and it is understood that Generals Marmaduke [John S. Marmaduke] and Pottle [?] were also of the party.

— The President [Andrew Johnson] will recommend at the next session of Congress the adoption of a policy which will increase the emigration to this country and there by secure a further settlement of the public lands in the Western Territories.

— Gen. N. B. Forrest [Nathan B. Forrest] had both his shoulders broken last week by a railroad accident, near Senatobia, Miss.  The car in which he was riding was thrown from the track, down an embankment.  The victims of his cruelty would not be sorry to hear that it was his neck rather than his shoulders that were broken.

The following appeared in the advertising columns:

Something New !


A member of Co. E, 6th Minn. Infantry has lately returned from the army and found a home in Osceola Polk Co. Wis. where he has opened a Boot & Shoe Shop. Having a good stock of leather on hand and having had considerable experience in his business, he flatters himself that he can give entire satisfaction to all who see fit to patronize him.  He respectfully asks the patronage of his brother soldiers and fellow citizens.

Osceola, July 14,      .                                                                                                           .5-31-tf

1.  John Bell (1796-1869) was one of Tennessee’s most prominent antebellum politicians, an attorney, and plantation owner. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1827-41), as the Speaker of the House for the 23rd Congress (1834–5), and in the U.S. Senate (1847-59). He  and briefly served as Secretary of War (March-September 1841) during the administration of William Henry Harrison. Although a slaveowner, Bell was one of the few southern politicians to oppose the expansion of slavery in the 1850s, and campaigned vigorously against secession in the years leading up to the Civil War. In 1860, he ran for president as the candidate for the Constitutional Union Party, arguing that secession was unnecessary since the Constitution protected slavery—an argument which resonated with voters in border states, helping him capture the electoral votes of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. After the Battle of Fort Sumter in April 1861, however, Bell abandoned the Union cause and supported the Confederacy. He believed that he had been lied to by Abraham Lincoln, whom supposedly promised not to use force against the Confederacy.
2.  The Latin phrase Sic semper tyrannis is precisely translated “thus always with tyrants,” but “death to all tyrants” is what was commonly meant by the phrase. Today, Virginia’s state seal uses Sic semper tyrannis.
3.  Henry Rootes Jackson (1820-1898) was a major general in the Georgia state militia, and a brigadier general in the Confederate service. He led a brigade during the Atlanta Campaign and in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign. Jackson was captured at the Battle of Nashville and was paroled from Fort Warren, Massachusetts, on July 8, 1865. After the Civil War, he resumed his law practice and political career, and was named U.S. minister to Mexico (1885-6). He also was a railroad executive, banker, and president of the Georgia Historical Society (1875-98).

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