1865 September 23: Telegraphic Summary
The following summary of the week’s news comes from the September 23, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.
A large Southern delegation, representing nine States waited upon the President Monday. Their spokesman assured Mr. Johnson [Andrew Johnson] of their belief that his policy would be earnestly resisted by the South. The President, in reply, made a speech of half an hour’s length, in which he stated that he did not credit the newspaper reports of disaffection of the South, and declared that he had confidence in the loyal professions of the people of that section.
It is announced that General Slocum [Henry W. Slocum], commanding in Mississippi, has tendered his resignation, in consequence of the endorsement of Gov. Sharkey [William L. Sharkey] by the president.
In the selection of delegates to the constitutional convention of South Carolina, on Tuesday last, the Unionists choose about only one-fourth of the number. Wade Hampton and several other rebel officers were elected by large majorities.
Missouri furnished 104,758 troops during the war—over one-third of whom were supplied by St. Louis.
General McCook took command at Willmington, North Carolina, on the 7th instant, in place of General Ames.¹
Secretary Howard made a visit to Richmond on Sunday, returning to Washington Monday.
The Minnesota democratic state convention met at St. Paul on the 7th instant, on adjournment from the 16th ultimo. The following nominations were made : For governor, Henry M. Rice ; for lieutenant governor, Captain C. W. Nash ; for secretary of state, Major John R. Jones ; for treasurer of state, Frank Hyderstadt ; for attorney general, William Lohren. Resolutions were adopted, “recognizing the civil and military acts of President Johnson, the fearless patriot, the able statesman, the honest man; and pleading to his wise and patriotic measures of the restoration of the Union, our cordial support ;” also favoring the equalization of bounties, so that soldiers raised in 1861 and ’62 shall receive the same amount of those raised in 1863 and ’64.
At a meeting in Detroit Monday, General Cass [Lewis Cass] subscribed $1,000 to the fund for a Michigan soldiers monument.
Orders have been issued to muster out all of the northern negro troops in the departments of North Carolina, Virginia, Florida, Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas; for the muster out of 8,000 more white troops in the department of Arkansas ; and for the reduction to 6,000 men of the volunteer force in Gen. Augur’s command [Christopher C. Augur].
A Richmond paper states that Gen. Grant, in response to a letter from Gen. Lee, enclosed a copy of a letter he had written to the federal authorities, declaring that, under the terms of the rebel general’s surrender, the indictment found against him at Norfolk was an inadmissible proceeding. [Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee]
A Washington dispatch to the New York Herald says: “It is thought that the military force will soon be withdrawn from Virginia, and the power to maintain order placed in the hands of the militia, the same as the case of Mississippi.”
Three ex-rebels, two generals, and a clergyman waited upon General Howard on Tuesday, and expressed great satisfaction at the workings of the freedman’s bureau. [O. O. Howard]
An interview between Generals Meade [George C. Meade] and Gillmore [Quincy A. Gillmore] and Governor Perry [Benjamin F. Perry] has resulted in a partial restoration of civil authority in South Carolina,—civil courts being established for the trial of all cases except those of freedmen.
Returns of the election of delegates to the South Carolina Conventions are as yet limited ; but, so far as received, they indicate a general defeat of the Union tickets. The secession citizens are, naturally, much pleased at the result.
In the Kentucky annual conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, Wednesday, question of reunion with the church north was decided in the negative.
The train from Louisville to Nashville on Sunday last, was fired upon by a party of guerrillas. No injury was sustained by anyone on board.
The bushwhacker Wilson, whose death sentence was commuted by Governor Oglesby [Richard J. Oglesby] to twenty-five years imprisonment, has made a confession, which implicates in his misdeeds several leading copperheads of Quincy and vicinity.
A letter published from General Slocum, dated at Vicksburg, on the 31st ultimo, expressing a willingness to accept the democratic nomination for secretary of state of New York, providing the convention should endorse his views. He is, it seems, in favor of allowing the southern states “to decide who shall, and who shall not be entitled to the right of suffrage ;” of a reduction of the national debt ; of “the substitution of civil for military courts ;” and of “a more careful observance of the constitutional rights of states and individuals.”
General Strong, inspector of the freedmen’s bureau, in a report which will soon be published, giving the results of the recent observation upon the condition of the negroes along the Mississippi and Red Rivers, states that they are making very rapid advancement, industrially and educationally.
During General Meade’s recent tour through Virginia and the Carolinas, he made arrangements, under the authority of the government, for the gradual withdraw of the federal troops, and the resumption of civil law.
The specie captured from Davis, and recently brought to Washington, is detained by the Richmond banks.
Vessels arrived at San Francisco report the capture by the pirate Shenandoah, in the Arctic seas, of thirty whalers (including those previously mentioned),—twenty-six of which were burned and four bouded [sic].
Herechel V. Johnson, of Georgia, has paid a visit to Alexander H. Stephens, at Fort Warren, and reports that he is comfortably situated. Mr. Stephens’ brother, Linton, is with him.
It was reported that Captain Wirz had died ; but the fact is, that there has been an improvement in his health.
“Extra Billy” Smith, the late rebel governor of Virginia, has been given permission to visit Washington. [William Smith]
The fellow who sold the Andersonville prison records to the government, and afterwards, purloined them, has been tried by court martial, and his sentence is awaiting the approval of the proper authorities.
The statement is contradicted that all the federal troops are soon to be withdrawn from the South.
1. Adelbert Ames (1835-1933) was an American sailor, soldier, and politician. Born in Maine, he grew p to be a sailor on a clipper ship until 1856 when he entered West Point, graduating on May 6, 1861, just after the Civil War started. He served with distinction at First Battle of Bull Run, was badly wounded, but received the Medal of Honor in 1893 for his performance at the battle. He then fought in the Peninsula Campaign, the Battle of Yorktown, the Battle of Gaines’ Mill, and the Battle of Malvern Hill, the last being commended for his conduct. In August 1862 Ames took command of the 20th Maine Volunteer Infantry and served in the Maryland Campaign and the Chancellorsville Campaign. Ames was promoted to brigadier general in May 1863, two weeks after the Battle of Chancellorsville. Ames assumed brigade command in the XI Corps of the Army of the Potomac. After the Battle of Gettysburg, his division was sent to South Carolina and Florida and in 1864 was part of Butler’s Bermuda Hundred Campaign and the Siege of Petersburg. (Ames became Butler’s son-in-law in 1870.) In 1865 he received a brevet promotion to major general for his role in the Second Battle of Fort Fisher.
A Radical Republican, Ames served as the 27th governor of Mississippi (military/provisional governor), appointed by Congress in 1868; U.S. senator from Mississippi (1870-74); and 30th governor (civilian) serving from 1874-76.
After leaving office, Ames settled briefly in Northfield, Minnesota, where he joined his father and brother in their flour-milling business. He was living there in 1876 when Jesse James and his gang of former Confederate guerrillas raided the town’s bank.
In 1898 he served as a United States Army general during the Spanish-American War, fighting in Cuba. Ames was the last surviving full-rank general from the Civil War to die, dying at age 97 in 1933.