1865 October 7: Telegraphic Summary
Once again The Prescott Journal of October 7, 1865, is using for its inside pages news printed by a Milwaukee newspaper. It is unknown if The Polk County Press also used those printed pages because the October 7, 1865, issue is not on the microfilm roll.
The election of delegates to the North Carolina convention, took place on Tuesday last. Governor Holden in a dispatch under date of Saturday, says that half of the State has been heard from, and that the result was very gratifying. [W. W. Holden]
In the Alabama State Convention, on Monday, the act of secession was declared null and void,—the vote on the question being unanimous. The subject of the State debt has been referred to a committee, who will report in a few days. The South Carolina State Convention refused to allow negroes to form a part of the basis of representation.
The amount of the 10-40 loan authorized by Congress was $200,000,000. Of this $174,000,000 was issued when operations in connection with the loan were discontinued. It is now thought probably that Secretary McCulloch will soon place the remaining 27,000,000 on the market. [Hugh McCulloch]
The South Carolina convention, in its ordinance abolishing slavery, places the ground of abolition upon the fact that the slaves have been de facto emancipated by the act of the United States.
No request has been made of the government to allow Jeff. Davis to testify in the case of boat burners at St. Louis, though it is probably that such a request may yet be preferred. [Jefferson Davis]
The belief is entertained at Washington that Howell Cobb has been arrested on charge of complicity in the Andersonville barbarities.
A train with General Grant on board and another with General Sherman, met with accidents on Tuesday ; but neither of the distinguished officers experienced any injury. [Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman]
In Roberts Co., Tennessee, recently, a gang of guerrillas perpetrated indiscriminate robbery and murder. Harper is supposed to be the leader of the gang.
A grand jury in Kentucky has indicted Gens. Palmer and Brisbin,¹ “for abducting slaves, and otherwise interfering with the slave law” of that State. [John M. Palmer]
By order of Governor Wells, a State and Congressional election will be held in Louisiana on the 6th of November. [James M. Wells]
A life of Mrs. Surratt [Mary Surratt] is being written by Mr. Aiken,² one of her counsel.
The South Carolina state Convention has adjourned, after a session of fifteen days. During its session, it repealed the ordinance of secession ; abolished slavery ; established epuality [sic] of taxation and representation in the senate ; gaye [sic] the election of governor and presidential electors to the people ; directed that legislative votes should be given viva voce³ ; indorsed President Johnson [Andrew Johnson] ; made provision for a code for the protection of colored people ; appointed a committee to visit the president in behalf of Jeff. Davis, Governor Magrath [Andrew G. Magrath] and Mr. Trenholm4 ; nominated James L. Orr5 for governor ; fixed the election for governor and legislature on the 18th of October, and the congressional election in November ; and provided for an extra session of the legislature on the 25th proximo. Governor Perry [Benjamin F. Perry], it is understood, will be sent to the United States senate.
The Alabama state convention has ordered a State election to take place on the first Monday of November. An ordinance has been adopted repudiating the Confederate States debt, all State debts contracted in aid of the rebellion, and forbidden the passage by the general assembly of any measure providing for the payment of such debts. The constitutional amendments adopted by the convention are to be submitted to a vote of the people.
It is said that the President has promised Gov. Bramlette [Thomas E. Bramlette] to relieve Kentucky at once from martial law, that the removal of General Palmer [John M. Palmer] has been determined upon, and that General Gordon Granger will be his successor.
Colonel John Orr,6 late of the 124th Indianan regiment, committed suicide at Connorsville, in that state on Wednesday, by shooting himself through the head. Colonel Orr was wounded at Arkansas Post by the concision of a shell, and is said to have been subject to periodical fits of partial derangement ever since, in one of which, it is believed, he did the fatal deed.
The regular army, it is state “on good authority,” will hereafter consist of 50,000 men. This number is expected to be reached within a few months, the average enlistments now being 300 per day, the men being mostly discharged soldier of the volunteer army.
General Lee has written a letter to a friend at Petersburg, in which he urges an avoidance of controversy as to the past, and a cultivation of friendly feeling. [Robert E. Lee]
1. James Sanks Brisbin (1837-1892) was a teacher, newspaper editor, lawyer, and prominent anti-slavery speaker before the Civil War. When the War broke out, he enlisted as a private in a Pennsylvania regiment but was quickly appointed a 2nd lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Dragoons and participated in the First Battle of Bull Run, where he was wounded. He was appointed a captain in the 6th U.S. Cavalry and was wounded again in action near Beverly Ford, Virginia. In 1863 he was brevetted major and was wounded again in combat near Greenbrier, Virginia. In the 1864 he was promoted to colonel and organized the 5th U.S. Colored Cavalry. He served as the acting head of cavalry on the staff of Brig. Gen. Albert L. Lee during the Red River Campaign and was again wounded during the Battle of Mansfield. In December 1864 Brisbin received several more brevet ranks, including brigadier general in the Union Army and lieutenant colonel in the regular army. In 1865 he was on recruiting duty in Kentucky, and in May was promoted to brigadier general. After the War, Brisbin remained in the regular army, aiding in the establishment of other colored regiments. He was in command of the 2nd Cavalry of General John Gibbon’s Montana Column at the time of the Little Big Horn campaign. Of local interest, he is buried in Oakwood Cemetery in Red Wing, Minnesota.
2. Frederick Aiken (1832-1878) was one of Mary Surrat’s defense attorneys when she was tried for conspiracy in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Aiken was admitted to the Vermont bar in 1859 and served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Little is known of his war service other than he was a captain in 1862 and a colonel by the end of the War, participated in the Battle of Williamsburg, and was an aide-de-camp for General Winfield S. Hancock. After the War, Aiken and John Clampitt set up a law practice in Washington, D.C. Surratt’s official defense counsel was Reverdy Johnson, a former Attorney General and then-Senator from Maryland, but he did not participate much in the trial, leaving much of the defense to Aiken and Clampitt, who were both relatively new lawyers. Aiken and Clampitt were woefully unprepared for this big of a task. Their defense relied on trying to debunk the testimony of the prosecution’s two chief witnesses, but instead ended up strengthening the prosecution’s case. The defense was unsuccessful and Mary Surratt was hanged on July 7, 1865.
3. Latin phrase meaning the votes were given orally, rather than in writing.
4. George Alfred Trenholm (1807-1876) was a prominent politician in the Confederate States of America and served as their Secretary of the Treasury during the final year of the Civil War. At the beginning of the Civil War broke out, his business company had become the Confederate government’s overseas banker. With an office in London, it arranged for Confederate cotton to be sold, and financed its own fleet of blockade runners. Christopher Memminger used Trenholm as an unofficial adviser throughout his own term as Secretary of the Treasury. Trenholm was appointed to that post on July 18, 1864. He was a more charismatic figure than his predecessor, and this helped him with the press and with the Confederate Congress.
5. James Lawrence Orr (1822-1873) was the 73rd governor of South Carolina, serving from 1865 to 1868. Before the Civil War, Orr served in the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina (1849-59) and was speaker of the House (1857-58). After the outbreak of the Civil War, Orr organized and commanded Orr’s Regiment of South Carolina Rifles, which saw little action before he resigned in 1862. He then became a senator from South Carolina in the Confederate Senate (1862-65), where he was a strong proponent of states’ rights. In 1872 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Orr as Minister to Russia in a gesture of post-Civil War reconciliation. Orr died in St. Petersburg, Russia, shortly after arriving to begin his service as Minister.
6. John M. Orr (1829-1865) committed suicide on September 27, 1865.