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1865 July 16: 12th Wisconsin Infantry Gets Mustered Out

July 16, 2015

Edwin and Homer Levings finally get discharged, along with the rest of the 12th Wisconsin Infantry, between at least July 16 and July 20, 1865, in Louisville, Kentucky.  They then return to Madison, Wisconsin, to be paid, which apparently happened on August 10, 1865.  The original document is in the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO), in the University Archives and Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls.

To all whom it may Concern:

Know ye, That Edwin D Levings a Private of Captain Charles Reynolds Company, (“A”), 12th Regiment of Wisconsin Veteran VOLUNTEERS, who was enrolled on the Fifth day of January one thousand eight hundred and sixty four to serve Three years or during the war, is hereby Discharged from the service of the United States this Sixteenth day of July, 1865, at Louisville Kentucky by reason of Instructions War Dept. A.G.O. July 1st 1865
(No objection to his being enlisted is known to exist.*)

Said Edwin D Levings was born in __________in the State of New York, is Twenty three years of age, Five feet Four inches high, Fair complexion, Blue eyes, Brown hair, and by occupation, when enrolled, a Painter

Given at Louisville Ky this Sixteenth day of July 1865.

Finger002 *This sentence will be erased should there be anything } Aug. P. Noyes
                   in the conduct or physical condition of the soldier } 1st Lt. 16th Wis Vet Infty &
                   rendering him unfit for the Army.} A. C. M. 2d Div 17th A. C.
[A. G. O., No. 99]
Wallace Kelsey, 1st Lt.
A Co 12th Wis V V Infty
Comdg Co
.

[In red ink written across the document:]

Madison
Paid in full to Aug 10/65
Bounty [Inspection?]
[Maj?] Harris, Pay

1.  Augustus P. Noyes, 1st lieutenant of Company B, 16th Wisconsin Infantry.
2.  Joseph Harris is listed as an “Additional Paymaster, U. S. Volunteers.” He served from February 23, 1864, to December 1, 1865. Including Harris, there were 24 Wisconsin men commissioned by the President as Additional Paymasters in the U. S. Volunteer Service.
.

Document, July 16, 1865, from the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO) in the University Archives & Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls

Document, July 16, 1865, from the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO) in the University Archives & Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls

1865 July 15: Execution of the Lincoln Assassination Conspirators

July 15, 2015

This article was published in both The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal on July 15, 1865.

The two photographs come from the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.  They have many photographs of the conspirators—individual portraits of each conspirator, group photographs of the Military Commission, and images for each stage leading up to the execution.

Execution of the Assassins–
Four of the Conspirators Hung—
Particulars of the Final and Parting Scene.

WASHINGTON, July 7th, 1865.

All condemned conspirators sentenced to be hanged today were executed.

Upon petition of Mary F. Surratt [sic] [Mary E. Surratt], through her counsel, Messrs. Aiken & Clarnpett, Judge Wylie¹, of the Supreme Court of this District, directed an issue of habeas corpeas to Gen. Hancock [Winfield S. Hancock], commanding him to produce in court at 10 o’clock this morning the body of Mary E. Surratt, with cause and day of detention.

The wait was served on Gen. Hancock at the Metropolitan Hotel, at 8 o’clock this morning, by U. S. Marshal Gooding.  He immediately consulted with the Attorney General and the Secretary of War.  At 10:30 the General had not obeyed the writ.  This fact was brought to the notice of the Court by her counsel and the Judge said he had not power to serve the writ.

Early to-day guards were placed all round the arsenal grounds to prevent the intrusion of persons to the scene of execution, none being admitted except those previously supplied with tickets by Gen. Hancock.

The relatives of Mrs. Surratt and Harrold [sic] [David E. Herold] spent several hours with them during the forenoon, and they were also attended by their spiritual advisers, as were also Payne [aka Lewis Powell] and Atzerot [sic] [George A. Atzerodt].

A few minutes after 1 o’clock the outer prison door was opened and Mrs. Surratt was supported on her way to the gallows by military officers; next followed Atzerot [sic], Harold [sic] and Payne accompanied by a guard and their respective ministers of the Gospel.  Front seats were provided for them on the platform in the following order:  Mrs. Surratt, Payne, Harrold [sic] and Atzerot [sic]; the officers entrusted with the execution and the ministers occupying intermediate positions.  Major Gen. Hartraff [sic: John F. Hartranft], who has been from the commencement, in charge of proceedings, came forward and read the orders of the War Department, already published, approving the sentence, and ordering the penalty of death to be inflicted.

A heavy guard was stationed on while below the soldiers were formed on two sides of a square.  Perhaps seveal [sic] hundred civilians were present anxious spectators of the scene.

One of the priests attendant on Mrs. Suraatt [sic] repeated a short prayer, to which Payne expressed in the name of the latter his sincere thanks to Gen. Hartruff [sic] and the officers and soldiers who had charge of him for their personal kindness.

They had not uttered an unkind word nor an unpleasant look or gesture but seemed to compassionate his misfortune.  The minister then uttered a short prayer, asking for Payne the forgiveness of all his sins and a passage out of this world into the joys of heaven.

The minister who attended Harrold [sic] also returned thanks for the kind treatment of the prisoners, and offered a prayer that God would receive his soul.  Harrold [sic] was affected to tears.

The minister who attended Atzerht [sic] returned thanks for him to Gen. Hartruff [sic] and other officials for kind attention, and then invoked the mercy of God upon the prisoners.  The condemned were then required to rise from their seats when the chairs were removed.

They were now all on the drops; their hands were fastened behind them, their legs bandaged above and below the knees, and white caps placed on their heads.  Atzerot [sic] while being prepared for the execution, exclaimed, “gentlemen, farewell; take care, and good-bye, gentleman now before me.”  One of the clergymen standing near exclaimed, “May we all meet in the other world.”

Adjusting the ropes for hanging the conspirators, from the Library of Congress

“Adjusting the ropes for hanging the conspirators,” from the Library of Congress²

As soon as the ropes were put around their necks Mrs. Surratt’s being the last one adjusted, the section of the platform on which they had been standing fell and the culprits were hanging several feet from the ground.

Mrs. Turratt [sic: Surratt] and Payne scarcely moved a muscle.  Atzerot [sic] exhibited some twitching, but Harrold [sic] showed more nervous sensibility than any of the others.

The bodies hung until life was extinct and were afterwards given over for burial; the rough coffins being ready at hand for that purpose.

"Hanging Hooded bodies of the four conspirators; crowd departing," from the Library of Congress

“Hanging Hooded bodies of the four conspirators; crowd departing,” from the Library of Congress³

[These last two paragraphs only appeared in The Prescott Journal.]

The arrangements for the execution were perfect.  Maj. Gen. Hancock was present throughout the proceedings.

It is said Payne made a statement last night in behalf of Mrs. Surratt, exonerating her from complicity, and that another person subscribed to an affidavit impeaching the testimony of an important witness against her.

1.  Andrew Wylie (1814-1905) was appointed as Associate Justice on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia by President Abraham Lincoln on March 18, 1863.
2.  “Washington, D.C. Adjusting the ropes for hanging the conspirators,” Alexander Gardner, photographer, from the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
3.  “Washington, D.C. Hanging hooded bodies of the four conspirators; crowd departing,” Alexander Gardner, photographer, from the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.

1865 July 8: The South’s Economic Losses, Grant Weighs in on Black Suffrage Question, Howes and Hoyt Home from the War

July 14, 2015

Following are the smaller items from the July 8, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.  There is not a July 8th issue of The Polk County Press on the microfilm.

Items.

— The new Constitution of Missouri has been adopted by a majority of 1,662.

— Gen. Grant has issued an order for the mustering out of every soldier who can be spared.  [Ulysses S. Grant]

VERY UNPROFITABLE.—The New York Times makes estimates of the losses of the South in consequence of the rebellion at the fearful sum of five thousand eight hundred millions of dollars, made up as follows :

Twenty five hundred millions by loss of what was called slave property, nine hundred millions by ravages of war, nine hundred millions by loss of staple crops, (cotton, tobaco [sic], rice, sugar, &c.) five hundred millions of property sunk in Confederate debt, and one thousand millions by what must hereafter be paid by the South to liquidate principal and interest of the national debt.

Finger002  J. S. ELWELL, well known here, through his connection with the Hudson Star, has become a partner in the La Crosse Daily Republican.  Mr. ELWELL is an excellent editor.  He wields a racy and vigorous pen, and has good tact and judgment in the management of a paper.  La Crosse has secured the services of a live man, and we trust JOE will find the enterprise remunerative, and he and SEYMOUR “wax fat” together.

Finger002  Adj’t WM. HOWES, of the 4sd, is home, his Reg. having been mustered out.  He leaves a good record in the war.  He left here in the spring of ’61, in Co. B, 6th, was promoted to a Lieutenancy in the 30th, and afterwards made Adj’t of the 42d.  He has now returned unhurt, but of his companions who left here with him, how many “sleep the sleep that knows no earthly waking.”¹

Finger002  The Home Fair in Milwaukee, is being very largely attended, and will prove a complete success.

Finger002  Capt. FRANCIS HOYT, Co. A, 12th, is home on furlough.  The Capt. was with Sherman, in his grand marches, and his health is considerable impaired.  [William T. Sherman]

— Nine rebel Brigadier Generals have applied to the President for pardon.

— General Grant, in conversation with his friends, says that it is too soon to declare that the loyal blacks in the South shall not be allowed to vote.  Aside from the abstract right and the legal problem of what authority can confer or withhold the franchise—whether it be Congress or the States—the question may assume the shape of a political necessity.  The government and people may have to choose between keeping a standing army of 100,000 men, at an expense of $1000,000,000 a year to tax-payers, to support the white minority in the South against the white rebel majority, or of enfranchising the blacks and thereby enabling them to support the white loyalists.  Gen. Grant foresees that the suffrage question may take this form.

1.  From a poem entitled “Days That Are Gone Forever,” by George Wesley Atkinson (1845-1925), who became the 10th governor of West Virginia, serving from 1897 to 1901. Before that he served a term in the U.S. House of Representatives (1890-91).

1865 July 8: Missing Wisconsin Soldiers

July 13, 2015

This list of missing soldiers from Wisconsin comes from the July 8, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.  The list of soldiers’ names was printed in the newspaper in paragraphs, but we have listed each name on its own line to make it easier to read; we also fixed the occasional alphabetizing mistake.  After each entry we added what happened to them, if known.

Missing Wisconsin Soldiers.— Miss Clara Barton,¹ who has established in Washington an agency for obtaining information about missing soldiers, has published a list of men of whom she wishes to find some trace.  Returned soldiers may obtain this list by addressing a letter to Miss Barton.

The following is a list of missing Wisconsin soldiers :

          INFANTRY.
Brown, Edward [F.], A, 13th; [13th U.S. Infantry]
Coburn, Wm. A. [H.], A, 10th; [died October 16, 1864, in Andersonville Prison]
Card, Warren D., H, 33d; [missing in action Canton, Miss., February 24, 1864]
Dubois, Jacob V., B, 36th; [died February 28, 1865, Salisbury, N.C.]
Estey, Amos E., B, 21st; [prisoner at Chickamauga, absent at muster out]
Green, L. Abner, I, 19th; [transferred to Co. B, May 1, 1865]
Griggs, John A., — [E], 36th; [died January 18, 1865, Salisbury, N.C.]
Hall, Hiram R., G, 13th; [mustered out June 13, 1865]
Hitchcock, Joseph, K, 10th; [died November 22, 1864, Florence, S.C.]
McDonald, Isaac H., C, 2d; [transferred June 10, 1864]
Menzies, Frederick, — [D], 5th; [missing in action May 10, 1864, Spottsylvania]
Northcott, Richard [Jr.], H, 10th; [prisoner at Chickamauga, absent at muster out]
Perry, Leslie [J.], — [Field & Staff], 6th; [Com. Sergeant, mustered out July 6, 1865]
Pyle, Amos M., K, 36th; [died December 1864, Salisbury, N.C.]
Sleeper, Hiram H., C, 38th; [died December 28, 1864, Florence, S.C.]
Smith, Albert M., G, 21st; [died October 10, 1864, Andersonville Prison]
Smith, Sanford, E, 19th; [mustered out July 28, 1865]
Van Vickle, Walter M., C, 36th; [died February 2, 1865, Salisbury, S.C.]
Webster, Sergt Alexander C., E, 7th; [died May 7, 1864, in Andersonville Prison]
Wood, Corp. Walter, A, 10th. [mustered out May 30, 1865]
          CAVALRY.
Brown, Ellis, C, 1st; [killed in action July 30, 1864, at Campbellton, Ga.]
Cole, Ezra H., H, 1st; [died May 20, 1865, Benton Barracks, Mo.]
Dent, Wm., E, 1st; [died in Andersonville Prison in August 1864]
Pillsbury, Adoniram Judson, H, 1st; [died September 11, 1864, in Andersonville Prison]
Somerville, Wm. [J.], H, 1st. [died in Andersonville Prison]

1.  Clarissa “Clara” Harlowe Barton (1821-1912) was a pioneering nurse during the Civil War.  She worked to distribute stores, clean field hospitals, apply dressings, and serve food to wounded soldiers near the front, including at the battles of Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. After the War, she ran the Office of Missing Soldiers to find or identify soldiers killed or missing in action. Barton and her assistants wrote 41,855 replies to inquiries and helped locate more than 22,000 missing men. She traveled to the Andersonville prison camp in Georgia to help identify the dead and missing and install grave markers for 13,000 graves. After the War, she traveled in Europe where she was introduced to the Red Cross, and she was invited to be the representative for the American branch of the Red Cross.

1865 July 8: Report on the Confederate Prisoners in Fort Monroe

July 11, 2015

The following report comes from the July 8, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.

GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.

 The State Prisoners.

The Fortress Monroe correspondent of the Philadelphia Enquirer, of the 23d inst., gives the following sketch of Mitchell [sic: John Mitchel], Clay [Clement C. Clay] and Jeff. Davis [Jefferson Davis]:

JOHN MITCHELL [sic]

Is treated very much in the style of the more important rebels.  He subsists on Government army rations, is closely guarded, and is not allowed the wherewithal to manufacture treasonable newspaper articles; nor is he furnished with papers or any reading matter, save the Bible, or any prayer book that he may desire.  John wiles away the weary hours of his prison life with smoking.  He brought a pipe with him, and is allowed tobacco.  No conversation is permitted with him, nor does he court any.  Thus far he has shown himself rather taciturn than otherwise.

CLEM CLAY

Smokes with philosophic indifference.  He occasionally addresses a pleasant remark to his guards.  As a prisoner he has given very little trouble. From the beginning, he has subsisted on the army ration.  He eats but little, smokes a great deal, and has evidently made up his mind that neither fretting nor grumbling will help his case, and the best course to be pursued is to take things easily and quietly.

JEFF. DAVIS

The chief of all offenders, has fully recovered his health.  He has not yet been returned to his first diet, the army ration.  His food is prescribed by Dr. Craven,¹ and is such as will conduce most to his health.  Since the tone of his physical health has been restored, he, too, has taken to puffing the Indian weed.  He uses an elegant meerschaum pipe, which he brought with him into the Fortress. The bowl is wrought in the semblance of a turbaned head a la zouave.  The stem and mouth-piece are of the pure amber.  This pipe is doubtless a relic of the pseudo royalty that Jeff maintained while presiding over the fortunes of the ignis fatuus² Confederacy.³

Not a word is allowed to be said to Davis, he speaks very little.  No one is allowed to see him.  Occasionally a highly imaginative or positively mendacious individual, passing through here, gives out that he has seen Jeff Davis.  These statements are utterly false; no one, whatever, excepting only the guards, and Gen. Mills [sic: Nelson Miles], have looked upon the “fallen Lucifer” since his incarceration.  Cabinet officers have visited the Fortress since Jeff’s imprisonment there, but not even to them was accorded the privilege of looking upon him.  Passes to enter the Fort can only be obtained by persons well known here, and these must have most urgent business.  Then, when within the coveted inclosure, they are obliged to transact their business and then leave, not even seeing the row of casements where Jeff’s cell is situated.  The Jeff Davis see-ers had better not be taken at their word.

1.  John Joseph Craven (1822-1893) was Jefferson Davis’ first, of two, doctors while he was at Fort Monroe. Craven was a carpenter, an inventor, a gold miner, a physician-soldier, a respected community physician and a tinkerer. When the Civil War started, he received a commission in the 1st New Jersey Militia, a three-month regiment. When his time was up, he was commissioned in the U.S. Volunteers Medical Staff and promoted to full surgeon on September 4, 1861. He was appointed Brigade Surgeon in General Sherman’s Expeditionary Corps, and in February, 1862, Chief Medical Officer (CMO) of General Wrights Brigade and served in Florida and Tybee Island, Georgia. In September he became Medical Purveyor of the Department of the South, CMO to General Gillmore at Fort Pulaski, CMO to field operations against Forts Wagner , Gregg and Sumter. In January, 1865 he moved to the position of Medical Purveyor, and CMO of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina. This included duties at Fortress Monroe. During this period, he attended lectures at Baltimore Academy of Medicine and was awarded an M.D. degree. Following his dismissal from Fort Monroe, he was honorably discharged a month later and returned home to New Jersey with a final rank of brevet lieutenant colonel.
2.  A Latin phrase meaning something deceptive or deluding.

Jefferson Davis' pipe

Jefferson Davis’ pipe

3.  Davis was suffering from tobacco withdrawal, among other things, when Dr. Craven first saw him, so Craven gave him tobacco to use. When Craven was dismissed in December 1865, for getting too friendly with the prisoner, Davis gave him the pipe. The pipe today can be seen in the Casemate Museum at Fort Monroe National Monument.

1865 July 8: Consideration of the Emancipation Proclamation by Lincoln’s Cabinet

July 10, 2015

The following comes from the July 8, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.

GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.

The Emancipation Proclamation—The Debate in the Cabinet.

F. B. Carpenter,¹ the well-known artist, contributes to the last number of the N.Y. Independent a sketch of the Emancipation Proclamation, as given to him by Mr. Lincoln himself while the picture illustrative of its consideration by the Cabinet was being painted.

"First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln" by Francis B. Carpenter, U.S. Senate

“First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln” by Francis B. Carpenter, U.S. Senate¹

Up to September of 1862, the war had been conducted without interference with slavery, in accordance with the views of Mr. Lincoln’s letter to Colonel Hodges, of Kentucky, in which he said that, although constitutionally anti-slavery, he had never felt at liberty to act officially upon his judgement.  What brought about a change of policy is told below :

“It had got to be,” said Mr. Lincoln “mid-summer, 1862.  Things had gone on from bad to worse, until I felt that we had reached the end of our rope on the plan of operations we had been pursuing; that we had about played our last card, and must change our tactics or lose the game.  I now determined upon the adoption of the emancipation policy, and, without consultation with, or the knowledge of the Cabinet, I prepared the original draft of the proclamation, and, after much anxious thought, called a Cabinet meeting upon the subject.  This was the last of July, or the first part of the month of August, 1862. (The exact date he did not remember.)  This Cabinet meeting took place, I think, upon a Saturday.  All were present excepting Mr. Blair [Francis P. Blair], the Post Master General, who was absent at the opening of the discussion but came in subsequently.  I said to the Cabinet that I had resolved upon this step, and had not called them together to ask their advice but to lay the subject matter of a proclamation before them, suggestions to which would be in order after they heard it read.  “Mr. Lovejoy [Owen Lovejoy],” said he, “was in error when he informed you that it excited no comment, excepting on the part of Secretary Seward.  Various suggestions were offered.  Secretary Chase [Salmon P. Chase] wishing the language stronger in reference to the arming of the blacks.  Mr. Blair, after he came in, deprecated the policy, on the ground that it would cost the Administration the fall elections.”  Nothing, however, was offered that I had not already fully anticipated and settled in my own mind until Secretary Seward spoke [William H. Seward].  Said he: Mr. President, I approve of the proclamation, but I question the expediency of its issue at this juncture.  The depression of the public mind consequent upon our own repeated reverses is so great that I fear the effect of so important a step.  It may be viewed as the last measure of an exhausted Government—a cry for help; the Government stretching forth its hands to Ethiopia, instead of Ethiopia stretching forth its hands to the Government.”  “His idea,” said the President, “was that it would be considered our last shriek, on the retreat.”  (This was his precise expression.)  “Now,” continued Mr. Seward, “while I approve the measure, I suggest, sir, that you postpone its issue until you can give it to a country supported by military success, instead of issuing it, as would be the case now, upon the greatest disaster of the war!”  Said Mr. Lincoln:  “The wisdom of the view of the Secretary of State struck me with very great force.  It was an aspect of the case that, in all my thought upon the subject, I had entirely overlooked.  The result was that I put the draft of the proclamation aside, as you do your sketch for a picture, waiting for a victory.  From time to time I added or changed a line, touching it up here and there, waiting the progress of events.  Well, the next news we had was of Pope’s disaster at Bull Run.  Things looked darker than ever.  Finally, came the week of the battle of Antietam.  I determined to wait no longer.  The news came, I think on Wednesday, that the advantage was on our side, I was then staying at the ‘Soldiers’ Home,’ (three miles out of Washington.)  Here I finished the second draft of the preliminary proclamation; came up on Saturday; called the Cabinet together to hear it, and it was published the following Monday.

“It was a somewhat remarkable fact,” he continued, “that there were just one hundred days between the dates of the proclamations, issued upon the 22d of September and the 1st of January.  I had not made the calculation at the time.”

At the final meeting on Saturday, another interesting incident occurred in connection with Secretary Seward.  The President had written the important part of the proclamation in these words:

“That of the first day of January, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves in any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward and forever FREE; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such person, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.”

“When I finished reading this paragraph,” resumed Lincoln, “Mr. Seward stopped me, and said: ‘I think Mr. President, that you should insert after the word “recognize,” in that sentence, the words “and maintain.”‘  I replied that I had already fully considered the import of that expression in this connection, but I had not introduced it because it was not my way to promise what I  was entirely sure that I could perform, and I was not prepared to say that I thought we were exactly able to ‘maintain’ this.  “But,” said he, “Mr. Seward insisted, that we ought to take this ground, and the words finally went in.”                   *                      *                      *                      *                      *

In February last, a few days after the passage of the Constitutional Amendment, I was in Washington and was received by Mr. Lincoln with the kindness and familiarity which had characterized our previous intercourse.  I told him one day that I was very proud to have been the artist to have first conceived of the design of painting a picture commemorative of the Act of Emancipation—that subsequent occurrences had only confirmed  my own first judgement of that act as the most sublime moral event in our history.  “Yes,” said he, and never do I remember to have noticed in him more earnestness of expression of manner, “as affairs have turned, it is the central act of the Administration, and the great event of the nineteenth century.”

I remember to have asked him on one occasion, if there was not some opposition manifested on the part of several members of the Cabinet to the emancipation policy.  He said, in reply:—“Nothing more than I have stated to you.  Mr. Blair thought we should lose the fall election, and opposed it on that ground only.”  Said I, “I have understood that Secretary Smith [Caleb B. Smith] was not in favor of your action.  Mr. Blair told me that, when the meeting was closed, and he and the Secretary of the Interior went away together, and the latter told him, that, if the President carried  out that policy, he might count on losing Indiana sure!”  “He never said anything of the kind to me,” returned the President.  “And how,” said I, “does Mr. Blair feel about it now?”  “Oh,” was the prompt reply, “he proved right in regard to the fall elections, but he is satisfied that we have since gained more than we have lost.”  “I have been told,” said I, “that Judge Bates [Edward Bates] doubted the constitutionality of the proclamation.”  “He never expressed such an opinion in my hearing,” replied Lincoln.  “No member of the Cabinet ever dissented from the policy in any conversation with me.”                   *                      *                      *                      *                      *

Mr. Chase told me that at the meeting immediately after the battle of Antietam, and just prior to the issue of the September proclamation, the President entered upon the business before them by saying that “the time for the enunciation of the emancipation policy could no longer be delayed.  Public sentiment,” he thought, “would sustain it—many of his warmest friends and supporters demanded it; and he had promised his God that he would do it!”  The last part of this was uttered in a low tone, and appeared to be heard by no one but Secretary Chase, who was sitting near him.  He asked the President if he correctly understood him.  He asked the President if he correctly understood him. [sic“I made a solemn vow before God, that if General Lee was driven back from Pennsylvania, I would crown the result with a declaration of freedom to the slaves!”

1.  “First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln,” by Francis Bicknell Carpenter (1830-1900), Oil on canvas, 1864, in the Art & History collections (Catalog no. 33.0005.000) of the United States Senate.

 

1865 July 8: Report of the Committee to Fill Prescott’s Quota Under the Last Draft

July 9, 2015

This report was published in the July 8, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.

REPORT

Of the Committee to Fill the Quota of Prescott under the Last Draft.

The committee appointed to raise and apply the funds to fill the quota of Prescott under the last draft, report as follows.  If no objection is made the amount now on hand will be given to the most needy of the soldiers families in this city :

Geo. A. Dill, Treasurer, in account with Prescott Volunteer Aid Fund,

To rec’d of Peter Lahr, as pr rec’t, $  252.00
         ”         H. C. Marshall, 325.00
         ”         Theodore Thom, 55.00
         ”         Frank McGray, 88.00
         ”         Joseph Firner, 181.00
         ”         Chas. Cook, 114.58
         ”         D. B. Coulter 126.00
         ”         O. S. Hutchinson, 5.00
         ”         N. Silverthorn, 156.00
         ”         Stephen Collins, 102.00
CITY ORDERS SOLD.
Received of O. S. Hutchinson:—
           Mr. Exteen, 200.00
           Chas. Thayer & McCray, 200.00
           P. Lahr & Leeseman, 100.00
           H. C. Marshall, 100.00
           C. P. Barnard 100.00
           Travis & Mumford, 200.00
           James Boles, 100.00
           Dill, Puitt & Jewell, 250.00
           Young, Barkley, & Stone, 250.00
           Joesph Firner, 100.00
           Smith, McGray, Taylor, and H. Clements, 300.00
           McFray, Taylor P. Bott, Button, Felt, Clements, Hutchinson .                .and Miller, 750.00
           Bott, Barkley & Ticknor 260.00
Total Receipts, $4,309.58
CONTRA CREDIT.
By paid J. L. Dale for transporting
              Man to La Crosse, $  150.00
     ”       George Clements, 250.00
     ”       Chas. T. Exteen, 250.00
     ”       Joseph Firner, 30.00
     ”       John Doray, 47.00
     ”       Jerome Lesher, 15.00
     ”       O. S. Hutchinson for rec’g 30.00
     ”       Fred. Wehrmann, 265.00
     ”       S. D. Travis, 290.00
     ”       J. A. Mumford, 290.00
     ”       For man to go to Washington from La Crosse, 40.00
     ”       O. L. Barnes, for sub., 250.00
     ”       P. Lahr, for recruiting, 15.00
     ”       Peter Clements, 265.00
     ”       Wm. Hutchinson, rec’g, 15.00
     ”       O. Rawley, 265.00
     ”       John Roddy, 265.00
     ”       Wm. Hutchinson, 250.00
     ”       Chas. O’Brine, 265.00
     ”       Alonzo Robbins, 265.00
     ”       A. M. Lesher, voucher lost, 230.00
     ”       Thad West, 230.00
     ”       John Goldsbury, 230.00
     ”       Discount on uncurrent fu’d , 13.80
     ”       Revenue Stamps, 2.00
              Counterfeit bill on hand,       5.00
     Total Payments, $1,299.80
Amount Received,  4,309.58
Amount in hands of Treasurer, $      9.78
City Order on hand,     50.00
     Total Amount, $    59.78
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