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1864 April 23: Battle of Mansfield and First News of the Fort Pillow Massacre

April 23, 2014

Following is the “Latest News” column from the April 23, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press.  The third paragraph is about the Fort Pillow Massacre, which we will hear more about in coming weeks.  The fifth paragraph is about the Battle of Mansfield, also known as the Battle of Sabine Crossroads.  It took place on April 8, 1864, in De Soto Parish, Louisiana. Confederate forces commanded by General Richard Taylor attacked Union forces commanded by General Nathaniel P. Banks a few miles outside the town of Mansfield, near Sabine Crossroads. The Union forces held their positions for a short time before being overwhelmed by Confederate attacks. The battle was a decisive Confederate victory that stopped Banks’ Red River Campaign.

LATEST NEWS.

Owing to the telegraph wires having been down recently, below Hastings, there is not much news in our late St. Paul dailies.

The Army of the Potomac, it is said, is getting ready for a gigantic stride on Richmond.  At present it is mud bound, but will move as soon as the weather will permit.

Columbus, Kentucky, twenty miles from Cairo, was captured by the rebel Gen. Forest [Nathan B. Forrest], recently.  Fort Pillow was defended by four hundred white and two hundred colored soldiers, who were compelled to surrender.  As they had previously threatened no quarter was shown and after the surrender, the most inhuman butchery took place that has occurred since the commencement of the war.  Wounded soldiers were bayoneted and shot, dead bodies were mutilated, and wounded negroes were piled together with dead bodies in huts and burned.  All the exquisite barbarities, for which the rebels are so justly celebrated, were adopted.  Out of the six hundred in the Fort, four hundred were killed outright.  The rebels captured six guns and a large amount of plunder.  After this achievement, Forest [sic] retired in the direction of Brownsville.

Paducah was attacked recently by a raiding  party of two hundred.  After a short stay, they were shelled out of town by the fort and gunboats.

Gen. Banks has been badly defeated in Louisiana.  It has been known that the objective point of his expedition was Shreveport, La., on the Red River, in the Northwest part of the State, but it appears that he met the enemy and was defeated at Grand Encore, just above Natchitoches, and some fifty miles on a line below Shreveport.  Gen. Banks lost about 2,000 men, and several pieces of cannon, and was compelled to retreat in much disorder.  Gen. A. J. Smith, with his Vicksburg heroes afterwards came up and administered a severe check to the rebels, getting back, as the report says, many of our cannon, and capturing a large number of rebel prisoners.  It is evident however, that on the whole our forces were badly defeated.

Atlas plate 50-6 Red River Expedition

Red River Expedition, 1864, plate 50, map 6¹

Two of Lee’s [Robert E. Lee] scouts were captured a day or two since at Culpepper [sic], a third escape.  They were disguised as teamsters.  A halter awaits them.

It is reported that Gen. Grant [Ulysses S. Grant ] has decided to send to the front such men in the invalid corps as are able to bear arms and return to their homes those disabled from active service in the field.

Brigadier General Prince [Henry Prince] has been ordered to the command of the military district of Paducah, Columbus and Cairo.

Gen. Frank Blair will soon take command in the field.  [Francis P. Blair]

A party of guerillas [sic] made a raid upon a cotton plantation at Tensas, Louisiana, 40 miles below Vicksburg, captured a large number of males and negroes, and carried off Mr. W. R. Allison, of Mattoon, Ill.  After getting to a safe distance, they compelled him to dig his own grave, then shot him and made the negroes bury him.  This may be relied upon.  Guerillas [sic] along the river are determined that abandoned plantations shall not be worked by Northern men.

The steamer Eclipse, from Cincinnati reports seeing about 200 guerillas [sic] at Hurriden Island, 40 miles above Southland, where she was fired into.

The steamer Liberty was also fired into opposite Shawneetown.  No damage done.

1.  From the Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, published under the direction of Redfield Proctor, Stephen B. Elkins, and Daniel S. Lamont, Secretaries of War, by George B. Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, Board of Publication ; compiled by Calvin D. Cowles (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1891-1895). Available in Special Collections, UWRF University Archives & Area Research Center (E 464 .U6), or digitally at Ohio State University’s eHistory.

1864 April 16: P. V. Wise Joins Up Again, Ellsworth Burnett Leaves with Recruits, and Other News

April 22, 2014

Following are the smaller items from the April 16, 1864, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.

From The Polk County Press:

— The amount paid to veteran volunteers in counties is said to reach ninety millions of dollars.

— At the Fair in New York the married ladies will be distinguished by black aprons, the unmarried by white.  California and other widows by aprons hemmed with yellow.

— Home.—The 11th and 12th regiments of Wisconsin veterans arrived at Madison on the 21st, and are now enjoying a furlough for 30 days within the State.  Ode company is now at Prescott.  [Company A of the 12th]

From The Prescott Journal:

— RECOVERED.—Last week John L. Dale recovered three Government horses in the southern part of this county [Pierce], and delivered them to the U. S. Agent at St. Paul.

Finger002 Serg’t Burnett left for Madison with his recruits on Friday, on the Buck Eye State.  He has had excellent success having recruited 57 men.  [Ellsworth Burnett]

Finger002 Lt. P. V. Wise has re-enlisted as a private in the 37th regiment.  He has good pluck—is bound to see the war out or “perish in the attempt.”  Mr. Wise has been severely wounded himself and and [sic] lost two brothers and two cousins in the war.

NO TERMS BUT SEPARATION.—The Richmond Dispatch, of a recent date, in an editorial on the President’s offer of amnesty, says :

No one, however, knows better than Abraham Lincoln, that any terms he might offer the Southern people, which contemplate their restoration to his bloody and brutal government, would be rejected with scorn and execration.  If, instead of devoting to death our President and military and civil officers, he had proposed to make Jeff. Davis his successor, Lee Commander in Chief of his Yankee armies, and our domestic institutions not only recognized at home but re-adopted in the Free States, provided the South would once more enter the Yankee Union, there is not a man, woman or child in the Confederacy who would not spit upon the proposition.  We desire no companionship upon any terms with a nation of robbers and murderers.  The miscreants whose atrocities in this war have cause[d] the whole civilized world to shudder, must keep henceforth their distance.  They shall not be our masters and we would not have them for our slaves.

1864 April 16: Interesting Incidents in the Life of President Lincoln

April 21, 2014

From the April 16, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.

Interesting Incidents In the Life of President Lincoln.

In the House of Representatives, recently Mr. ARNOLD, of Illinois made a remarkable and beautiful speech upon “Reconstruction,” of which he made Freedom the cornerstone, and ABRAHAM LINCOLN the architect.  We re-produce the following most interesting incidents in the President’s life :

MR. LINCOLN’S TRAINING.

Abraham Lincoln, February 4, 1864, from the Library of Congress

Abraham Lincoln, February 9, 1864, from the Library of Congress¹

His previous training for his great work was not the training of the schools, it was better.  It was a struggle with difficulties among the people.  He had the foundation of perfect integrity, truth, candor, sobriety, self-control, reliance, modesty.  With clear judgement, sound common sense, shrewd knowledge of human nature, he is the most American of all Americans.  He had served a single term in Congress, but his education, his preparation was among the people, in humble and homely positions ;  a flat boatman, a rail-splitter, a surveyor, a member of the Legislature in a frontier State, a lawyer in the log courthouse of the West.  While he had no university schooling, few, if any have had a better training to develop and strengthen his intellectual powers than he.  This may seem strange, but let me explain, and its truth will, I think, be conceded.¹

He was trained at the bar in a school where giants were his competitors, and he bore off the crown.

WHO WHERE HIS COMPETITORS ?

Some twenty years ago, there gathered around the plain, pine tables of the frontier court-houses of central Illinois a very remarkable combination of men.  Among them and concededly their leader was Abraham Lincoln.  Stephen A. Douglas, his great political rival ;  Lyman Trumbull, chairman of the judiciary Committee of the Senate ;  E. D. Baker, the able, the eloquent Senator, soldier, and martyr to liberty ;  Gen. James Shields, who won a high reputation at Washington and on the battle-fields of Mexico ;  Gen. John J. Hardin, an able and eloquent lawyer, who fell on the bloody field of Buena Vista ;  Jas. A. McDougall, the present Senator from Illinois ;  and Gen. John A. McClernand, now in the field.  Besides these was the late Gov. Bissell, whose manly vindication of the bravery of the Illinois volunteers in Mexico, against the aspersions of Jefferson Davis, will be well remembered—a vindication which resulted in a challenge from the traitor Davis, which was accepted by Bissell, but from which Davis backed down, it is said, under the advice of General Taylor [Richard Taylor].  These men, of national reputation, and others equally able, but whose pursuits have been confined at home, where the competitors with Lincoln.  These were the men in contest with whom, Lincoln was trained for the terrible ordeal through which he is passing.

CONTEST BETWEEN LINCOLN AND DOUGLAS.

The contest between Lincoln and Douglas, in 1858, was the most remarkable in American history.  They were the acknowledged leaders, each of his party.  Both men of great and marked individuality of character.  The prize was the Senator-ship of the great State of Illinois, and the success of the Republican or Democratic party.  Douglas had the additional stimulant of the Presidency in view.  These two trained leaders met, at designated places, and, in the presence of immense crowds of people debated the great questions at issue.

Douglas went through his campaign like a conquering hero.  He had his special train of cars, his band of music, his body guard of devoted friends, a cannon carried on the train, the firing from which announced his approach to the place of meeting.  Such a canvass involve, necessarily very large expenditures, and it has been said that Douglas did not expend less than $50,000 in this canvass.  Some idea of the plain, simple, frugal habits of Mr. Lincoln may be gathered, when I tell you that at its class, having occupied several months, Mr. Lincoln said, with the idea, apparently, that he had been some what extravagant, “I do not believe I have spent a cent less than $500 in this canvass.”

Senator Douglas was at that time the leading debater in the United State Senate.  He had been accustomed to meet for years in Congress the trained leaders of the nation and never be either in a single combat, or taking the fire of a whole part, had he been discomfited.  He was bold, defiant, confident, aggressive, fertile in resources, terrible in denunciation, familiar with political history, practiced in all controversial discussion, or indomitable physical and moral courage, and unquestionably the most formidable man in the nation on the stump.  The friends of Mr. Lincoln were not without misgivings when the challenge was given and accepted for a campaign with Douglas on the stump.

Lincoln was cool, candid, truthful, logical, never betrayed into an unfair statement ;  and it was wonderful now, in these discussions, as in every other act of his public life, he has impressed the people with his honesty and fairness.  Every hearer of these debates went away with the conviction, whatever his political views, “Mr. Lincoln believes what he says, he is candid, and he would not misstate a fact, or take an unfair advantage to secure a triumph.”  He had one advantage over Douglas.  He was always good humored.  He had always his apt illustration and while Douglas was sometimes irritable, and would lose his temper, Lincoln never lost his.

Douglas carried away the most popular applause, but Lincoln made the deeper and more lasting impression.  Douglas did not disdain an immediate triumph, while Lincoln looked to permanent conviction.  Douglas addressed the feelings and prejudices with a power and adroitness never surpassed.  Lincoln stated his propositions and proved their truth with irresistible logic.  Douglas carried the majority of the Legislature of Illinois, but Lincoln had the majority of the popular vote.  Douglas accrued the Senator-ship but Lincoln gained the Presidency.  The wonderful endurance of these men, both of iron constitution was strikingly manifest during this contest.  But at the close, Douglas could not articulate clearly for some weeks while Lincoln’s voice was altogether stronger, and he himself was in better health at the end than he was at the beginning of the contest.

The friends of such of these great leaders claimed the victory.  All must admit that he so met in his antagonist a foeman worthy of his steel.

The nomination of Mr. Lincoln to the Presidency came to him unsought and unsolicited.  The great leaders of national parties struggled by their powerful friends and organizations for his nomination at Chicago.  Mr. Lincoln remained quietly at his home in Springfield, pursuing the usual course of his quiet, simple life, and the Presidency sought him, he did not go after or seek it.  Many have seen in the manner in which he was called to the Executive Mansion the finger of province.

LINCOLN LEAVING HOME FOR WASHINGTON.

I need not recall the dark and threatening aspect of affairs in the winter of 1860-61.  A long-planned, deep laid conspiracy, about to break upon the land, with all the horrors of civil war.  Patriots saw the tornado coming, saw the traitors plotting and planning the destruction of the Government, disarming, plundering it, binding it, preparing it to fall an easy victim into the hands of traitors and yet had no means to resist, because all its machinery was in the hands of traitors.  How impatiently and fearfully they waited for the 4th of March all will remember.  The President elect felt the oppressive weight of responsibility resting upon him.  There is not a more simple, touching, and beautiful speech in the English language than that which he uttered to his neighbors from the platform of the rail-car, on bidding good-bye to his home, to enter upon the duties of the Presidency :  “For more than twenty-five years I have lived among you, and during all that time I have received nothing but kindness at your hands.  Here the most cherished ties of earth were assumed.  Here my children were born, and here one of them lies buried.

“To you, my friends, I owe all that I have, all that I am.  All the strange checkered past seems to crowd now upon my mind.  To-day I leave you.  I go to assume a task more difficult than that which devolved upon Gen. Washington.  Unless the great God who assisted him shall be with and aid me, I cannot prevail ;  but if the same Omniscient mind and the same Almighty arm that directed and protected him shall guide and support me, I shall not fail.  I shall succeed.”  Let us pray that the God of our fathers may not forsake us now, To Him I commend you all.  Permit me to ask that, with equal sincerity and faith, you will all invoke His wisdom and guidance for me.”

The feeling of the people was impressively exhibited by the mottoes on the banners which they extended across the streets through which he passed on his way to the Capital.  “We will pray for you” was often the significant motto.

REMARKABLE PREDICTION OF DOUGLAS IN JANUARY, 1861.

Here I will pause a moment to state a most remarkable prediction made by Douglas, in January, 1861.  The statement is furnished to me by General C. B. Stewart of New York, a gentleman of the highest respectability.

Douglas was asked by Colonel Stewart (who was making a New Year’s call on Mr. Douglas,) “What will be the result of the effort of Jefferson Davis and his associates to divide the Union ?”  Douglas replied :  “The cotton States are making an effort to draw in the border States to their schemes of secession, and I am too fearful they will succeed.  If they do succeed, then will be the most terrible civil war the world has ever seen, lasting for years.  Virginia will become a charnel house ;  but the end will be the triumph of the Union cause.  One of the first efforts will be to take this capital, to give them prestige abroad ;  but they will never succeed in taking it.  The north will rise en masse to defend it ;  but it will become a city of hospitals ;  the churches will be used for the sick and wounded ;  and even this house and the Minnesota block (now the Douglas Hospital) may be devoted to that purpose before the end of the war.”  General Stewart inquired :  “What justification is there for all this?”  Douglas replied :  “There is no justification nor presence of any.  If they will remain in the Union, I will go as far as the Constitution will permit to maintain their just rights, and I do not doubt but a majority of Congress will do the same.  But,” said he, rising on his feet and extending his arms, “if the Southern States attempt to secede from this Union without further cause, I am in favor of their having just so many slaves and just so much slave territory, as they can hold at the point of the bayonet, and no more.”

1.  Portrait, by Anthony Berger, used for the engraved bust of Abraham Lincoln that appeared on the United States five dollar bill for many years (1914 to 2007), from the Prints and Photographs Division’s collections in the Library of Congress. The photograph was taken on February 9, 1864, but printed later.

1864 April 16: Wisconsin’s Regimental Statistics and Recruitment Needs

April 19, 2014

The following is from The Prescott Journal of April 16, 1864.  You will notice that the 12th Wisconsin Infantry, that includes Company A from Prescott, is one of the few infantry regiments with an excess of men.  As is the 30th Wisconsin Infantry, just formed under the command of Colonel Daniel J. Dill.

Mr. H. M. Page, the Madison correspondent of the Milwaukee Sentinel, has complied from various official sources the following table, showing, according to the latest information, the location of Wisconsin troops, the number necessary by reports of November last to bring up to the maximum number Wisconsin regiments and batteries in the field, the number of recruits procured and the number yet required on the 20th inst. to fill their ranks.  A few organizations have recruited an excess of men, the number of which is indicated in the last column.

I N F A N T R Y.
For Max. Rec’d. Req’d. Ex.
1st, Chattanooga 621 387 234
2d, Culpeper 600 86 514
3d, Fayetteville, Tenn. 524 142 382
5th, Brandy, Va. 380 77 303
6th, Culpeper, Va. 563 166 397
7th,          ” 550 311 239
8th, Up Red River 536 416 120
9th, Arkansas 250 79 171
10th, Chattanooga
11th, Home 440 131 309
12th, Home 203 267 64
13th, Nashville 274 180 94
14th, Vicksburg 614 408 206
15th, Chattanooga 589 62 527
16th, Home 589 431 158
17th, Home 488 120 368
18th, Huntsville, Ala. 636 94 542
20th, Newbern, N. C. 430 119 311
20th, Brownsville, Texas 371 80 291
21st, Lookout Mountain 502 114 388
22d, Nashville 301 139 162
23d, Louisville 455 116 339
24th, London, Tenn. 403 39 364
25th, Cairo, 320 257 63
26th, Whiteside, Tenn. 351 79 272
27th, Arkansas 361 93 268
28th, Pine Bluff, Ark. 314 79 235
29th, Louisiana 400 89 311
30th, Milwaukee Full
31st, Murfreesboro, 487 464 23
32d, Army Cumberland 379 368 21
33d, Vicksburg, (?) 308 127 181
C A V A L R Y
1st, Maysville, Tenn. 531 629 98
2d, Home and Rolla 556 490 66
3d, Van Buren, Ark. 440 534 94
4th, Baton Rouge, La. 560 603 43
BATTERIES LIGHT ARTILLERY
1st, New Orleans 21 45 24
2d, Point Lookout, Md. 32 36 4
3d, Chattanooga 27 34 7
4th, Portsmouth, Va. 28 34 6
5th, Chattanooga 21 61 40
6th, Huntsville, Ala. 1 57 56
7th, Home 20 19 1
8th, Home 62 79 17
9th, Fort Lyon, Colorado 17 27 10
10th, Calhoun, Tenn. 48 20 28
11th, New Creek, Va. 29 29
12th, Huntsville, Ala. 17 45 28

1864 April 16: Counties to Receive Credit for Volunteers Who Enlisted in Another State

April 18, 2014

From the April 16, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.  This is an important change for all of “our” counties.

Credit for Volunteers.

The Adjutant General of the State has issued an order, intended to secure credit to towns in this State for volunteers who have enlisted out of the State. This is of special interest to several towns in this county, and we sent, as soon as possible, copies of the order to these towns.

To secure credit in such cases, affidavits must be sent to the Ad. General’s office, and each affidavit must state the full name of the volunteer for whom credit is claimed ;  the town or ward in which he resided at the time of his enlistment, with the length of time he has been such resident ;  the company and regiment to which he was assigned, and the State by which such company or regiment was organized, together with the name of the officer by whom he was enlisted.

Each affidavit, so prepared, must be made out singly, upon letter paper or legal cap, which should be properly folded, and endorsed with the name of the volunteer, his company and regiment ;  and the name of the town or ward making the claim of such volunteer. Such other facts as would substantiate the residence of the volunteer might also properly form a portion of the affidavit.—For instance, the fact of his having paid poll, or other tax in the town, the residence of his family, and whether town or county bounty had been paid them.

These affidavits must be filed in the offices of the Ad. General, on or before the 1st day of May.  There is no time for delay.

1864 April 16: Forrest’s “Rampage” in Kentucky

April 17, 2014

A detailed report on the Battle of Paducah from the April 16, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.

Forrest’s Rampage in Kentucky—
His Repulse at Paducah.

The telegraph has given but very imperfect accounts of FORREST’S [Nathan B. Forrest] recent movements in Western Kentucky and Tennessee, where he was plundering, burning, killing and doing whatever other damage he could to the Union cause. We make up the following account from the correspondence of the Chicago papers.

The first movement was made on Union City, just south of the Tennessee line, where Col. Hawkins¹ of the 7th Tennessee cavalry was stationed with some 400 men. he sent word to Gen. Brayman,² the commander of the District of Cairo, that Forest [sic] was advancing on him with some 7,000.  Gen. Brayman advised him to hold his position if attacked and he would bring him aid as soon as possible.  He immediately embarked the 25th Wisconsin and three other regiments on steamers at Cairo for Columbus.  There he took the cars and went within six miles of Union City, where he learned that Col. Hawkins had surrendered his entire forces, who had already been marched off as prisoners of war.  Gen. B. deeming it useless to proceed any further returned.  It subsequently appeared that it was only a detachment of Forrest’s force, numbering 1000 or 1200, under Faulkner [William Wallace Faulkner], that made the attack on Union City, and if Col. Hawkins had been made of stronger stuff he might have held out till reinforced, and then repulsed the enemy.  Except the prisoners, the rebels gained little here.

After capturing Union City, the rebels numbering in all about 6, 500 under the command of Gens. Forrest, Faulkner and Thompson [Colonel Albert P. Thompson], proceeded to Paducah reaching the place at one P. M. of the 25th. Their advance was made known to the garrison in the town by the retreat of the pickets, and by scouts.  As the rebels advanced, entering the town near the depot the Union troops retreated towards the fort.  A rebel captain and nine men rode up to the sergeant for the guard and commanded him to surrender, the sergeant relied by shooting the captain through his neck, and afterwards succeeded in making his escape to the fort.  The garrison of the place consisted of three companies of the 122d Illinois regiment, a few Kentucky cavalry, just organizing, and about 300 Negroes, in all numbering about 600 men, under command of Col. Hicks [Stephen G. Hicks].  The rebels formed a line of battle about two miles and a half in length, after which Forrest sent a flag of truce to Col. Hicks, stating that he had men enough to storm and capture the fort, but as he desired to avoid unnecessary bloodshed demanded a surrender, promising to treat his captives as prisoners of war, and threatening, in case of refusal, to give no quarter.—The gallant Colonel relied to the summons to immediate surrender, that he could not see it ;  that he had been placed there to defend the fort, and could not, as an honest soldier comply with the demand.

While the parley was going on, Forrest advanced his sharpshooters and placed them in houses where they could pick off men in the fort and on the gunboats.  The battle soon began and for several hours raged with great fury.  The gunboats poured their broadsides into the city, demolishing buildings and killing and wounding many of the enemy.  The guns from the fort thundered forth into the rebel ranks, and as the Confederates rushed up to the breastworks, mowed them down like grass.  Forrest put his best regiments in front, and, notwithstanding they exhibited great courage, some of the men marching up to the very mouths of the guns, they were repulsed four or five times.  Their Commanding General said they had never faltered before . There were about eight hundred men within the fortification, but only about on-third actively participated in the fights.  Col. Hicks calmly directed all the operations, and showed such bravery and skill as entitled him to the highest praise.  Owing to the exigencies of the case, but little time was given for the removal of the women and children, and in the fight several were killed or wounded.  A large part of them were towed across the river on the wharf-boat.  The ferry-boat returned for another load, but was fired upon by the rebels, and not allowed to land.

Finding they could not carry the fort, the rebels retreated to the town, and contented themselves with plundering and destroying the property.  The Quartermaster buildings and the commissary stores were destroyed, but fortunately the quantity of stores was not large.  They made the attempt to break into the banks, but failed to break open the vaults.  It is reported that some of the citizens went about with the rebels, and pointed out the property of the Union citizens to be destroyed.  One woman by the name of Grimes, who was afterwards killed, came through the streets, exclaiming, “let us kill the Yankee rascals.”  A large number of buildings were destroyed and one steamboat on the docks.  The houses nearest the fort were destroyed by the Union soldiers to prevent their sheltering the rebel sharpshooters.  Our guns continued their fire until about midnight, when the rebels left, though they remained about the city until 8 P. M. on Saturday, when they moved off in the direction of Columbus.

Our troops fought with the greatest bravery, the negro troops remarkably well, working the guns equal to the best men in the service.  As soon as the state of affairs was known at Cairo, a re-inforcement of 2,000 men, including the 25th Wisconsin, and a battery was sent to the relief of Col. Hicks ;  also, a supply of ammunition, of which his stock was nearly exhausted, but the rebels left before they arrived.

The rebels took about 30 prisoners, convalescents taken from the hospitals.  Among them were Cpl. Thos. S. Wakefield, Co. K., and Isaac Austin, Co. G., of the 25th Wisconsin.³  These, with the 400 taken a day or two before at Union City, Forrest offered to exchange for Confederate prisoners, man for man ;  but Col. Hicks replied that he was not authorized to make any such arrangement.  The number of White Federals killed is 14, wounded 46.  Eleven Negroes were killed and wounded, all shot in the head.

The rebels had 800 killed and about 1,300 wounded.  The later they took to Mayfield by railroad ;  the former they left unburied.  Among the Confederate officers slain was Brig. Gen. A. P. Thompson, a former resident of Paducah, whose body was recognized in the streets.

It was a piece of rare retributive justice that a considerable number of those who perished in the assault on the place were former residents of Paducah, and that much of the property destroyed belonged to them and other rabid secessionists.

1.  Isaac Roberts Hawkins (1818-1880) was a lawyer who had served in the Mexican War. He was a delegate from Tennessee to the 1861 Peace Conference in Washington, D. C. He was elected to the Federal relations board as judge of the circuit court in 1862. In support of the Union, he entered the Union Army as lieutenant colonel of the 7th Tennessee Cavalry, in late 1862. Hawkins was captured with his regiment at Union City, Tennessee in June 1864 and imprisoned. He was exchanged in August 1864 and resumed active service as colonel in command of the Cavalry force in western Kentucky until the close of the Civil War. For his service duty he was brevetted Brigadier of U.S. Volunteers on March 13, 1865. After the War, Hawkins was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives from Tennessee (1865-1870).
2.  Mason Brayman (1813-1895) was a newspaperman and lawyer before the Civil War. As an Illinois special prosecutor in the 1840s, he crafted the agreement that allowed the Mormons to leave Illinois. When the War broke out, he served as a major with the 29th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was promoted to colonel of the 29th in April 1862. Brayman participated in the battle so Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and Vicksburg. By the end of the war he had achieved the rank of Brigadier general and was serving as head of a claims commission in New Orleans. After the War, in 1876, Brayman became the 7th governor of Idaho Territory (1876-1880), nominated by President Ulysses S. Grant.
3.  Corporal Thomas S. Wakefield, from White Creek, was taken prisoner on March 26, 1864. He died in Andersonville Prison on August 4, 1864. Private Isaac Austin, from Durand, was taken prisoner on March 25, 1864. He also died in Andersonville Prison, on August 1, 1864.

1864 April 16: News of General Forrest and a Bunch of Union Generals from Minnesota

April 16, 2014

Following is the “Latest News from the telegraphic reports” of a week ago (April 9).  The column appeared in The Polk County Press of April 16, 1864.

LATEST NEWS.

From the telegraphic reports, April 9th.

Gen. Sibley (Henry Hastings Sibley) has been confirmed a Brigadier General from March 20th, 1863, and Col. C. C. Andrews¹ from January 5, 1864.  Minnesota has had her full share of Generals.  She has had two Major Generals and six Brigadiers, viz :  Major General N. J. T. Dana ;  Major General Horatio P. Van Cleve ;  Brig. Gen. Willis A. Gorman ;  Brig. Gen. Alfred Sully, (appointed from First Minnesota) ;  Brig. Gen. John B. Sanborn ;  Brig. Gen. Henry H. Sibley ;  Brig. Gen. Stephen Miller (now Governor) ;  and Brig. Gen. C. C. Andrews.¹

Reports from Washington state that a plan will soon be presented to Congress for the construction of a telegraph across the continent to connect with a line through Asia and Africa.  Gen. Lee’s army has been largely augmented by conscripts, and he expects to start the spring campaign with 90,000 troops. [Robert E. Lee]  Our Government is about to weed out thirty or forty unemployed Generals.

A firm in Cincinnati has been engaged in a mammoth swindle and escaped to Canada.

Gen. Forrest [Nathan B. Forrest] says his loss in his recent operations at Union City and Paducah, was only ten killed and forty wounded, and that the federals had twenty-seven killed, and seventy or eighty wounded. It is said our loss was actually fourteen killed and two wounded.

Gen. Steele [Frederick Steele] is driving the rebels in Arkansas, but they are making serious raids in his rear.

A Louisville dispatch says several of Forrest’s officers have crossed the Ohio into Indiana and Illinois for the purpose of inciting the people to revolt.  One account says Forrest is trying to get out of Kentucky, and another that he intends to remain.

Gold fluctuated yesterday between 60 and 70.  The fact that one of $515,000 paid into the New York Customs House yesterday, 470,000 here in gold certificates, shows that Secretary Chase [Salmon P. Chase] is “Bulling” pretty heavily in the market.  At this rate the “pile” at his disposal will soon become terribly reduced.

1.  Christopher Columbus Andrews (1829-1922) enlisted as a private, but was commissioned a captain in the 3rd Minnesota Infantry. Captured by Confederates in Tennessee in July 1862, he was held as a prisoner of war until October, when he was exchanged. He returned to his regiment as lieutenant colonel and participated in the Vicksburg Campaign. In July 1863, Andrews was promoted to colonel and commanded a brigade in the operations to capture Little Rock, Arkansas, later in the year. Throughout the balance of the year and into early 1864, Andrews helped organize and foster the Unionists in Arkansas, and was influential in the reorganization of Arkansas as a free state. He was promoted to brigadier general in acknowledgement of his efforts while commanding troops near Augusta, Arkansas. Andrews was assigned to the command of the Second Division of the XIII Corps, and participated in the siege and storming of Fort Blakely in Alabama. On March 9, 1865, he was brevetted Major General and assigned command of the district of Mobile.

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