1864 April 9: List of Wisconsin Prisoners Exchanged, “hardy set of half-breed Chippewas” join 7th Wisconsin, and Much More
Following are the smaller items from the April 9, 1864, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.
From The Polk County Press:
THE VETERANS RESERVE.—An order has recently been issued changing the name of the Invalid Corps to “The Veteran Reserve Corps.”
HOME.—The 11th and 12th regiments of Wisconsin veterans arrived at Madison on the 21st, and are now enjoying a furlough for 30 days within the State. One company is now at Prescott. [Company A, the Lyon Light Guards]
GLAD OF IT.—We see by the “Prescott Journal,” that our old friend and companion ROLLIN P. CONVERSE, Captain Co. B, 6th Wis. Vol., has recently been promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. Bully for the Governor [James T. Lewis] or the man who did it. He is deserving of the “twinkling star” or any other position of honor and trust. ROLLIN has got the true grit in him, having fought his way up from the ranks, and for once fortune smiles her reward on a heart brave and true.
FROM THE 4TH REGIMENT.—We have received a letter from Henry French, stating that the recruits which left here for the 4th Regiment had arrived at their regimental headquarters at Baton Rouge in safety and all well. He says that Company G [Hudson City Guards] contains ninety-five men. Nearly all of the old members have re-enlisted for the war. The regiment has had frequent skirmishes with the guerillas [sic], generally coming out best.
DEPARTURE.—The volunteers enlisted by recruiting officer G. W. DAVIS, for company G, 7th Wis. Regt., took their departure for Madison on Tuesday last. They are a hardy set of half-breed Chippewas, use to taking it “rough and ready” and will make spendid [sic] soldiers. They all talk English, are of good size, and brave as lions. The following is the list of names complete :
|Alexes La Prairie,||Charles Razor,|
|John Singog,||J. B. La Prairie,|
|John Winslow,||Joseph Razor,|
|Joseph King,||George Metawos,|
|Joseph Cadotte,||James Rice,|
|Alex Cadotte,||John R. Day,|
|Thomas Hart,||John Buck,|
|George Samuel||John Moses,|
|Charles Hart,||Joseph Morrow.|
FROM MADISON.—The following bills of interest to citizens in the District have been introduced in the legislature by our member since our last summary :
A bill to authorize . . . the government to audit the accounts of the Douglas County Home Guards; to legalize the vote of a special town meeting, held in the town of Osceola, Polk county, on the 10th day of December, 1863, to raise money by tax to pay bounties to volunteers.
— The latest returns of the vote of New York on the soldiers’ suffrage show a majority of 161,000 in favor of the constitutional amendment.
— A resolution in favor of the recall of Gen. McClellan to the command of the Army of the Potomac was offered in the New York Assembly on Monday last, and laid on the table. [George B. McClellan]
NOT SO.—The copperhead journals have recently been circulating stories that the sixty-four lady school teachers at Beaufort, South Carolina, were about to add precisely the same number of infant mulattoes to that population. A story so preposterous, however positively stated, scarcely needed contradiction. The New York “Word,” however, has the manliness, both editorially and by its Beaufort correspondence, to denounce the whole thing for what it is, a vile slander, without the shadow of a foundation on which to rest.
From The Prescott Journal:
WISCONSIN VOLUNTEERS EXCHANGED.—The following is a list of the Wisconsin soldiers who arrived at New York by steamer on the 10th inst. They were among the 664 prisoners released from confinement at Richmond, on exchange:
|O. Morton, 6th ;||J. H. Ayers, F, 7th ;||J. W. Matthews, I, 7th ;|
|R. B. Huflit, 7th ;||F. Cushman, B, 2d ;||H. Acker, H, 2d ;|
|B. Wilson, I, 7th ;||J. J. Phillips, I, 2d ;||J. H. Laton, B, 2d cavalry ;|
|D. Gilmore, 2d ;||J. Brown, E, 26th ;||S. G. Parson, F, 7th ;|
|Thos. Brown, 2d ;||Nunan, F, 26th ;||W. Clow, D, 2d ;|
|N. M. Orrick, 1st ;||W. J. Gasner, F, 7th ;||Peter Velger, D, 27th ;|
|A. W. Waterman, C, 7th.|
Bounty to Veterans.
Last Tuesday the City [of Prescott] voted to pay a bounty of $100 each to the veterans whose reenlistment filled our quota under the last call.
GONE TO THE WAR.—B. C. EDES, one of the proprietors and editors of the Oshkosh Northwestern, and formerly Captain of the Enterprise, in the St. Croix trade, has received a Captain’s commission in the 37th regiment. Ben is a gentleman, a scholar, and a right noble man. Ourself, and his many friends here, warmly wish him success.
Now that another man has been elected, and the blockade of the Pennsylvania Senate broken up, to the discomfiture of the Copperhead conspirators, the rebels have released Senator-Major White. The news being read in the Pennsylvania Senate; the Copperheads affected much satisfaction, but the hypocrisy of their manifestation was so apparent as to disgust all honest men. —Ed.
Just so long as the rebels could play into the hands of the Copperheads by retaining Col. WHITE, they refused to exchange him.
COPPERHEADS IN NEW HAMPSHIRE.—The character of the New Hampshire copperhead leaders, who have just been so summarily defeated in their treasonable plans, may be inferred from the address of one J. D. MURPHY, at Newington, urgently. MURPHY stumped the State for HARRINGTON, the Democratic candidate for Governor. He said :
“Rather than submit four years longer to Abe Lincoln, and be overrun by the hordes of his hireling soldiery, let us ring out the cry of old, “To your tents, O, Israel !” Democrats should arm and organize into drill clubs, companies, battalions, regiments and brigades, for these blood thirsty Abolitionists and shoddyite thieves and traitors are wind-broken, spavined, dyspeptic race, and one regiment of Democrats could whip three of of them. Our armies have accomplished nothing; the Army of the Potomac is a grand picnic excursion, eating up the substance of the nation, and coming home to vote down the liberties of the people, and render our elections a farce and mockery to the world.”
The people of New Hampshire have responded to these treasonable appeals, and have administered such a rebuke to copperheadism as may well warn the leaders in other States.
DEMOCRATIC CONSPIRACY.—The statement has been made that, out of ninety-six colonels appointed by Gov. Seymour, all but one are Democrats! [Horatio Seymour]
NOT WHOLLY UNGRATEFUL.—The rebels are not destitute of gratitude. They recognize the services of their Northern allies. A recent number of the Mississippian says :
Have our neighbors read the Chicago Times, New York Express, Metropolitan, Record, Cincinnati Enquirer, and various other papers of the North which are exponents of the opposition to Lincoln [Abraham Lincoln]? Have they read the speeches of Bright [Jesse D. Bright], Voorhees [Daniel W. Voorhees], Merrick and various others? Have they ever found in any of these papers of speeches a syllable that did not breathe the most orthodox States’ rights doctrines, and these are the men whose success will bring peace.
The Richmond Whig, of the 23d of February, says :
On moral grounds the justice of our (the rebel) cause has been vindicated by the ablest intellects in Europe, and by the best men at the North. England, the mother of abolitionism, has sustained us; France, as thoroughly anti-slavery as England, though not like her, a propagandist, has sustained us. Fernando Wood, Franklin Pierce,¹ Seymour of Connecticut [Thomas H. Seymour], SUSTAIN US, in the moral issue at least. THUS SUSTAINED, we shall indeed lack manhood if we fail to meet this last hour of trial BRAVELY AND HOPEFULLY.
1. Former U. S. President Franklin Pierce (1804-1869) was a Northerner with Southern sympathies. His reputation as an able politician and a likable man was destroyed during the Civil War when he declared support for the Confederacy. In the aftermath of Vicksburg, personal correspondence between Pierce and the Confederate President Jefferson Davis was found and leaked to the press. The letters revealed Pierce’s deep friendship with Davis and ambivalence about the goals of the war.
Following is a detailed account of the death of Colonel Ulrich Dahlgren, reprinted from several Southern newspapers. It appeared in the April 9, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal. The italics in the reprinted articles was added by the Journal.
K I L P A T R I C K ‘ S E X P E D I T I O N.
Fury of the Richmond Press.
COL. DAHLGREN’S OPERATIONS & DEATH.
FEROCIOUS RETALIATION URGED.
Nothing has aroused the ire of the rebels like the recent raid on Richmond, if we are to judge of their sentiments by the expressions of the Richmond papers. It is however quite probable that the occasion is siezed [sic] on to “fire the Southern heart” anew, by startling misrepresentations of the acts and purposes of the Union troops, and that the fury and indignation exhibited by the organs of the JEFF. DAVIS [Jefferson Davis] is partially assumed. We subjoin some extracts to show their spirit :
The first article below, as it appeared in other newspapers of the time, consisted of more paragraphs before the ones printed in the Journal. Those additional paragraphs put what follows into context, so are printed here:
[From the Richmond Examiner,¹ March 7th.]
“The column of Yankees under Dahlgren took on their route two prisoners, Captain Dement² and Mountcastle, who accompanied the force from Goochland to the debut at Walkerton. From these gentlemen and other sources of information we gather some interesting accounts of Dahlgren’s excursion. Dahlgren came down the Westham plank road, with eight hundred or a thousand men. The Armory Battalion was on the enemy’s flank and appears to have been completely surprised. But when the enemy came in contact with Henley’s Battalion the cavalry broke at the first fire. The first volley of musketry seems to have done all the disaster that occurred. There were eleven Yankees killed and some thirty or forty wounded. After the affair Dahlgren seemed to be anxious for his retreat and divided his forces, so as to increase the chances of escape. The force under his immediate command moved down the south bank of the Pamunkey and crossed the river at Dabney’s ferry.
“Their exact number was not at first easily ascertained ; and, as usual, the most exaggerated accounts were soon circulated throughout the county, increasing as they spread, until the miserable fugitives from the Richmond defenses were magnified into a full brigade. From the ferry they proceeded by the most direct route to Aylett’s, on the Mattapony, watched closely at every step by scouts detached from Lieutenant James Bellard’s company of Lee’s Rangers, now on picket duty and recruiting service in King William, the residence of most of its members. The ferry boat having been previously removed, and Pieutenant Pollard’s arrangements for disputing their passage when they reached the King and Queen side of the river being suspected, they dashed across the river as precipitately as possible, under the fire of a small squad of rangers left on the south bank for that purpose. While passing through King William they captured one prisoner, William Edwards, and several horses, and mortally wounded a man attached to the signal corps, whose name we could not learn. Subsequently Colonel Dahlgren, in command of the party, ordered the release of Edwards and the restoration of his horse and of some valuables which were forcibly taken from his person when captured.
“The Yankees had no sooner reached King and Queen county than they were harassed, both front and rear, by the Rangers, showing fight as they advanced, until Lieutenant Pollard was reinforced by Magruder’s and Blake’s companies of the Forty-second Virginia Battalion, now on picket duty in King and Queen, and Fox’s company of Fifth Virginia Cavalry, on furlough in the same county. Here the fight became general, resulting in the death of Colonel Dahlgren, and the capture of the greater number of the party, the rest having fled in disorder and panic to the nearest woods. It is believed that few, if any, will reach Gloucester Point alive, as the Home Guard of King and Queen, whose bravery was conspicuous during the whole affair, are scouring the country and cutting off escape.
“A large body of this raiding party was pushing toward the peninsula at last accounts, preferring that route to the rather hazardous attempt to reach Gloucester Point through King William and King and Queen. We regret this very much, as in both counties, adequate preparations were made to prevent the soil of either county from being converted into a highway, as in the earlier period of the war, for Yankee robbers, whose track is marked, wherever they are permitted to obtain a foothold, with desolation and blood.”
In The Prescott Journal, the reprint from the Richmond Examiner began here:
COLONEL DAHLGREN—HIS DEATH.
(From the Richmond Examiner¹ 7th.)
The publication of Dahlgren’s programme for the sack of Richmond was the occasion of constant excitement Saturday, and curiosity to know what course the authorities would pursue towards the three or four hundred land pirates put in durance at Libby. To Dahlgren’s budget of villainy and cowardice are to be added some incidents which show, in the most striking colors, the character of this commander.
When the Yankee’s appeared at Frederick’s Hall they captured there Captain Dement,² and this prisoner was taken in company with Dahlgren over the whole of his route. Captain Dement reports that he witnessed the execution of the negro guide, and that Dahlgren furnished the reign from his own horse with which the unhappy victim was hung.
Captain Dement effected his escape in the fight near Walkerton. When Dalgren found the small body of Confederate cavalry in his front, he insisted upon Captain Dement riding by his side, as he advanced to demand their surrender. The reply of our officers to the demand of surrender, was “Give them hell, boys.” Dahlgren fell at the first fire and the horse of Captain Dement was shot under him, the rider fortunately escaping without injury. Dahlgren received two bullets in the head, two in the body and one in the hand. He died instantly.
Captain Demens escaped to a skirt of woods and hearing some of the Yankee fugitives expressing a desire to find him and surrender to him, came forward and received the surrender of almost the entire party. Dahlgren’s body has been stripped naked and was lying on the road, and it was by Captain Dement’s orders that it was interred.
Both Captain Dement and Mr. Montcastle describe Dahlgren as a most agreeable and charming villain. He was very civil to the prisoners, shared his food with Captain Dement, and on several occasions invited him to take a nip of whiskey with him. He was a fair haired, very young looking man, with manners as soft as a cat’s.
The Richmond Whig adds to this :
Capt. DEMENT states that DAHLGREN’S men were completely fagged out, having lost six nights sleep, and were in no condition to fight. Although Capt. Dement was with Daldgren four days and nights, he said and heard nothing of the infernal designs against Richmond until the papers, which have been published, were found on his dead body.
COLONEL DALGREN’S BODY.
[From the Richmond Examiner, March 8.]
Dahlgren’s body was boxed up at Walkerton with the object, we understand, of its positive identification, and the establishment of the fact of the finding of the infamous documents upon it, all of which have been attested by witnesses. Henceforth the name of Dahlgren is linked with eternal infamy, and in the years to come defenceless women and innocent childhood will peruse, with a sense of shrinking horror, the story of Richmond’s rescue from the midnight sack and ravage led by Dahlgren. It would seem something of the curse he came to bestow upon others lighted upon his own carcass, when it fell riddled by avenging southern bullets. Stripped, robbed of every valuable, the fingers cut off for the sake of the diamond rings that encircled them, when the body was found by those sent to take charge of it, it was lying in a field, stark naked, with the exceptions of the stockings. Some humane person had lifted the corpse from the pike and thrown it over into the field, to save it from the hogs. The artificial leg worn by Dahlgren was removed, and is now at General Elzey’s headquarters. It is of most beautiful design and finish.
Yesterday afternoon the body was removed from the car that brought it to the York River Railroad depot and given to the spot of earth selected to receive it. Where that spot is no one but those concerned in its burial know or care to tell. It was a dog’s burial, without a coffin, winding sheet or service. Friends and relatives at the North need inquire no further ; this is all they will know—he is buried a burial that befitted the mission upon which he came.
COL. DALGREN’S BODY.
[From the Richmond Whig, March 8.]
The body of Col. Ulric Dahlgren, killed in the swamps of King and Queen, by the Ninth Virginia Cavalry, was brought to the city Sunday night, and laid at the York River depot during the greater part of the day yesterday, where large numbers of persons went to see it. It was in a pine box, clothed in confederate shirt and pants, and shrouded in a confederate blanket. The wooden leg had been removed by one of the soldiers. It was also noticeable that the little finger of the left hand had been cut off. Dahlgren was a small man, thin, pale, and with red hair and a goatee of the same color. His face wore and expression of agony. About two o’clock P. M., the corpse was removed from the depot and buried—no one knows, or is to know, where.
[Col. Dahlgren used no wooden leg. The stump had not yet become sufficiently hardened to admit it ; when he rode, his leg was strapped to the saddle. Col. D. had light, flaxen hair—not red. Otherwise the description is correct.—ED. N. Y. TIMES]
THE CAPTURED BANDITS.
[From the Richmond Whig, March 7th.]
Are these men warriors ! Are they soldiers, taken in the performance of duties taken as legitimate by the loosest construction of the code of civilized warfare ? or are they assassins, barbarians, thugs, who have forfeited (and expect to lose) their lives ? Are they not barbarians redolent of more hellish purposes than were ever the Goth, the Hun or the Saracen ! The consentaneous voice of all Christendom will shudderingly proclaim them monsters, whom no sentimental idea of humanity, no timorous views of expediency, no trembling terror of consequences, should have shielded from the quickest and the stearnest death.
What more have we to dread from Yankee malice of brutality than we now know awaits us, success attend them ? What have we to hope from their clemency ? Will justice meted out to those poor creatures stimulate either the brutality of the Yankees on the one hand, or increase their capacity and means for diabolism on the other ? Both are no in the fullest exercise.
If these men go unpunished, according to the exceeding magnitude of their crimes, do we not invite the Yankees to a similar, and, if possible, still more shocking effort s? If we would now what we ought to do with them, let us ask what would ere now have been their fate, if, during a war, such a body of men, with such purposes and such acts, had made an attempt on and were taken in London or Paris? The English blow fierce and brutal Sepoys, who disregard and exceed the just limits of war, from the mouths of cannon ; the French fusilade them. If we are less powerful, have we less pride and self-respect than either of these nations ? These men have put the caput lupinum,4 on themselves. They are not victims ; they are volunteers for remorseless death. They have rushed upon fate, and struggled in voluntary audacity with the grim monster. Let them die, not by court-martial, not as prisoners but as hostes humans generis [sic],5 by general order from the President, Commander-in-Chief [Jefferson Davis].
Will the Cabinet and President have the nerve do what lies palpable before them ? This is the question in all mouths. What concerns this people most now is not whether its public officers will come out of this war with brilliant European reputations—not whether, after leading the people out of Egypt, they shall have the reputation that Moses preserved of being very meek—but they wish protection to themselves, their wives and children and their honor.
HOW THE PRISONERS ARE TREATED.
[From the Richmond Whig, March 8th.]
Four Yankee negro soldiers, captured in James City county, were brought to this city yesterday, and delivered at the Libby, where they were distributed, as far as they would go, into the solitary cells of the Yankee officers captured during the recent raid. This is a taste of negro equality, we fancy, the said Yankee officers will not fancy overmuch.
INSINUATIONS AGAINST JEFF. DAVIS.
[From the Richmond Sentinel, March 5th.]
If the Confederate capital has been in the closest danger of massacre and conflagration, if the President and Cabinet have run a serious risk of being hanged at their own doors, do we not owe it chiefly to the milk and water spirit in which this war has hitherto been conducted !
It is time to ask, in what light are the people of the Confederate States regarded by their own government ? As belligerents resisting by war an invasion from a foreign people—or as a gang of malefactors evading and postponing the penalty of their crimes ?
But “we are to consider,” it seems, “not what wicked enemies may deserve, but what it becomes us, as Christians and gentlemen, to inflict.” Oh, hypocrisy; and thou forty person power which alone can sound its praise through they forty noses ! What cant is this ? We wonder whether Mr. Davis is aware of what many very honest people begin to mutter and murmur. They say, can this man be saving up for himself, in case of the worst, a sort of plea in mitigation of punishment ? If the cause for which a hundred and fifty thousand of us have died, be borne down at last, is this Christian meekness of his intended to save his own life ? They say what comfort are these fine sentiments to the houseless families who have been driven from their homes in Tennessee or Virginia, when they find that our armies, even on the enemy’s soil, are withheld from giving the invaders a taste of real war in their own quenched hearths and blazing barns ? For what have we set over us a government at all if it be not to protect us against our enemies ; to avenge us of our enemies when need is ; to uphold our cause in all its fulness and grandeur, and to keep our banner flying high ? But this is lowering the cause and dragging the banner through the dust ; this is encouraging, inviting our invaders to ravage and pillage us at pleasure, sure that they will not be visited with the like in their turn.
1. The Richmond Examiner During the War; or, The Writings of John M. Daniel: with a Memoir of his Life, by his Brother Frederick S. Daniel (New York: Printed for the Author, 1868) is available on the Internet Archive.
2. Probably William Fendley Dement (1826-1907), 1st Maryland Artillery Battery (Confederate). A farmer before the War, he was the first lieutenant of the Battery on its organization in Richmond, Virginia, in July 1861. He was appointed captain in June 1862 when R. Andrews Snowden was promoted. During his service, he participated in the engagements at Seven Pines, the Seven Days Battles, the fights on the Gorkoron peninsula, Second Battle of Bull Run (Manassas), the battles of Cedar Run and Manchester, the capture of Harper’s Ferry, and the battles of Sharpsburg, Gettysburg, and Cold Harbor. He surrendered at Appomattox on April 9, 1865. After the War, he returned to farming and also worked for the Treasury Department.
3. The March 26, 1864, issue of Harper’s Weekly featured Ulric Dahlgren’s story, along with these two illustrations. The University of Wisconsin-River Falls’ Chalmer Davee Library has microfilm copies of Harper’s Weekly for 1858-1865 (UWRF online catalog).
4. Latin, used in the English legal system to refer to a person considered to be an outlaw.
5. Another Latin term, correctly spelled Hostis humani generis, literally meaning “enemy of mankind.” It is a legal term originating from admiralty law, before the adoption of public international law. Maritime pirates and slavers were held to be beyond legal protection, and could be dealt with as seen fit by any nation, even if that nation had not been directly attacked.
The following appeared in the April 9, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal. Company A of the 12th Wisconsin Infantry consisted of men primarily from Prescott and surrounding areas.
CO. A, 12th REG’T.
A Sketch of its History.
Co. A. 12th, returned here on furlough last Sunday. This company, it will be remembered, was recruited by Capt McLEOD [Norman McLeod] and Lieut. MAXSON [Orrin T. Maxson], under the name of “Lyon Guards,” and in the character of its personnel was not surpassed by any company which has been recruited in the St. Criox Valley.
Shortly after going into service, Captain McLeod resigned, and the company has since been under command of Capt. O. T. Maxson, whose efficiency and care for his men has made him one of the most popular officers who have come from this State.
This company and the regiment to which it is attached, has done an immense amount of service, as the following record will show :
The company was organized Sept. 1861, mustered into the U. S. service in October, left the State in January 1862, quartered in Weston, Mo. and Leavenworth, Ks., until March 1st when they started for Texas a part of the Jim Lane expedition. Marched to the Cherokee country, when ordered back to Lawrence, Ks, and ordered to New Mexico.—Marched to Fort Riley when ordered back to the Mo. River, and embarked for Columbus, Ky. Was engaged in repairing the Mobile and Ohio R. R. Was mounted by order of Gen. Grant [Ulysses S. Grant] in August and employed in scouting the country from the Tennessee River on the east, to near the Mississippi on [the] west. Captured during this time, over three hundred horses, about twenty rebel soldiers, including Col. Burrows a Presbyterian clergy man, commanding a rebel regiment. Upon one occasion, a favorite guide of the Co., Mr Silence (since Maj. Silence) was captured with fourteen of his men thirty miles from Co. A Camp. The report reached Camp at evening. At ten P. M. forty of the company started in a heavy rain ; rode 30 miles by 4 next morning. Crossed Sharron Ferry, driving in the enemies’ pickets that were posted for the protection of the ferry ; made them a camp of 100 men of Col. Faulkner’s command [William Wallace Faulkner], brought away two rebels. Taylor’s, as hostage for Silence, leaving word they sho’d hang it Silence was not returned ; re-crossed the ferry at sunrise within 100 rods of Faulkner[']s camp, and reached Humbolt at 2 P. M., making 70 miles in sixteen hours. Silence was exchanged for Taylors. At Lamar, Miss. was attacked by Capt. Clay while being set a videtts. The company was charged upon Clay’s men who fled into an ambushcade of Kansas Jayhawkers closely pursued by Co. A. We captured 137 of Clay’s men, wounded 40, and killed 15 ; Capt. Clay badly wounded. Made the march to Yackay, in Miss ; was at Holly Springs at the burning of the same ; during the winter following was employed in guarding Memphis and Charleston R. R.
In April into Memphis. April 18th marched 30 miles from Memphis, under Col. Bryant [George E. Bryant] to Hernando to attack Gen. Chalmers [James R. Chalmers]. Skirmished about twenty miles. On reaching the town, found Chalmers in line of battle ; a warm engagement, lasting about an hour ; drove the rebels leaving 78 prisoners in our hands besides their killed and wounded. Next morning followed the rebels ten miles to the Coldwater ; the stream not passable, and works on opposite bank too strong to pass in absence of pontoons. Artillery and small arms was used freely from ten A. M. until 4 P. M. we evidently losing more than Chalmers. We lost several valuable officers during the day. May 10th, embarked at Memphis for Vicksburgh [sic] ; was engaged until the surrender, July 4th, in that campaign.—Was marched to Jackson, and engaged in routing Johnson [sic: Joseph E. Johnston] from the locality, returning to Vicksburgh [sic], was sent to Natchez ; from there went on the expedition that captured Fort Beauregard, on the Trinity River, La. ; was twice engaged with Wirt Adams’ Cavalry, near Natchez. Enlisted as veterans in December and January ; came up to Vicksburgh [sic] ; started on the Sherman raid ; was under fire at Baker’s Creek and received the first rebel officer’s sword surrendered on that expedition. Was again under fire at Canton ; marched 31 days on ten days’ rations. Are now on furlough, which expires April 29th.—Of the original number that left with the Co. 29 are dead, 22 discharged, 47 re-enlisted.
The following are the re-enlistments in the company :
|S. E. SEELEY,||F. I. VANWARNER,|
|HARRY LAW,||B. I. HUMPHREY,|
|E. TUBMAN,||A. N. OLIN,|
|A. SANFORD,||E. O. CLEVELAND,|
|G. C. HEMPELL [sic: Hempel],||S. C. ROBERTS,|
|W. A. BURNETT,||A. J. WALTZ,|
|J. H. HOLMAN,||W. E. MINER,|
|A. McKEE,||J. T. HEY,|
|E. D. LEVINGS,||ROB’T TRIGGS,|
|H. W. LEVINGS,||J. O. OLSON [sic: Oleson]|
|L. LAFOR [sic: Lafoe],||P. B. JEWELL,|
|JOHN N. LEASE,||WM. HODGES,|
|N. W. BROOKS,||THOS. CARR,|
|B. [sic: R.] GIBSON,||N. W. [sic: N. K.] HAMMER [sic: Hammar],|
|J. T. CRIPPEN,||A. T. [sic: A. F.] OTTMAN,|
|M. L. HAWLEY,||W. KELSEY, since promoted to|
|J. N. HAGER,||2nd Lt.|
|FRED GARLT [sic: Garit],||J. M. CULLUM,|
|J. E. ALLEN,||J. D. JONES,|
|R. CASTELLO [sic: Costello],||H. BOWERS,|
|D. L. DRESSER,||F. M. BARRETT,|
|E. BLAISDELL,||C. HENNINEGON [sic: Hanningson],|
|E. C. PIECRCE,||ALBERT BARRETT.|
1864 April 9: The Boys of Company F “achieved a bloodless but decisive victory over an unruly crowd which greatly outnumbered them”
The following letter from the 30th Wisconsin Infantry in Dakota Territory appeared in the April 9, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal. The Winnebago Indians—also called Ho-Chunk—were removed to Dakota Territory along with the Dakota (Sioux) Indians. Through the period of forced relocations, many tribe members returned to previous homes, especially in Wisconsin, despite the U. S. Army’s efforts to prevent that and their repeated roundups and removals.
T H E I N D I A N W A R.
Letter from Co. F, 30th.
CROW CREEK AGENCY, D. T.
March 6, 1864.
ED. JOURNAL :—Believing that both yourself, and readers, are interested in Co. F, I give you an account of an occurrence which took place at this post this morning, in which our Co. and Capt. MEACHAM [Edgar A. Meacham] were conspicuous actors.
The U. S. Indian Agent left here for Washington about three weeks since, leaving the Agency in charge of one of his employees. The Winnebago Indians have become dissatisfied with the country and their treatment here, and for some time past have been slipping away from the Post, in small bands, by night.
They were well aware that if they permitted a knowledge of their plans to reach the authorities at the Post, efforts should be made to detain them, as it is the intention of Government to keep them here, after expending so large an amount of money in fitting up the Agency ; consequently they have until recently, chose to leave quietly in the darkness of night. But those who had already undertaken the experiment had been so successful in the accomplishment of their designs without being molested, that a large number concluded to try it, and do it too by daylight. About half past eight o’clock this morning the acting U. S. Indian Agent and the U. S. Winnebago Interpreter waited upon the the commander of the Post, and informed him that the Indians had about 50 canoes launched and packed, and were about starting down the river. And he, the acting agent, demanded the assistance of the military power to prevent their departure. A squad of soldiers from Co. F. 30th, and Co. K, 6th, were immediately called out to render the required service. But allow me to state here the reason that matters had progressed thus far, unknown to either the Indian Agent or military command, was because the Fort in which we are quartered is not situated exactly on the bank of the river, but at a distance of perhaps one-fourth of a mile ; the Indians being camped in the timber, between the Fort and the river. Consequently they had been enabled to get their preparations well under way before acknowledgement of them reached the authorities.
But a very few moments elapsed after the assistance was demanded, before a squad of fourteen men, under charge of Sargent [sic] McCarthy,¹ and headed by Capt. M. marched from the Fort to the point where the Indians were about to embark. The Captain told them they would not be permitted to leave, and ordered them to remove their traps back to their lodges. This they flatly refused to do. He then told them that if they persisted, he should order the men to fire, and stop as many as they could with bullets. This seemed to have no effect on them, and they professed themselves determined to go at all hazards. Capt. M. then told them he had done talking, but his threats would be put in execution. The Indians said he was very foolish for coming down there to stop them, they out numbered his men a great deal, were better armed, and could kill every one of the whites on the ground. They professed not to fear death, and again stated that they could not be stopped by all the troops at the Agency.
The Missouri at this point is quite wide. In the center of the river is an extensive sand bar, upon the further side of which the channel is situated, while upon this side of the bar is a kind of bayou about nighty feet in width. To be able to get down the river with their canoes the Indians would be obliged to paddle around the head of this bar, cross the river, and go down on the further side.
Serg’t McCARTY was ordered to land his squad on the bar, across the bayou, and if the Indians refused to halt, to shoot as many as they could. A messenger was sent to the Fort for a reinforcement, which reported promptly at the [spot?].² Meantime, the Indians who were not expecting to leave, expressed their determination to assist their friends and went to their lodges and procured their guns, bows, and arrows.
About this time the prospect looked fair for some fun, and serious fun it might have proved too, if the Indians had not yielded. They outnumbered us ten to one, were well armed, and no doubt could have done good execution. But things were otherwise ordered, as you will see.
Meantime the canoes had pushed out, crossed the river, and commenced moving down stream. But as they neared our squad, the command was given—HALT! They at first only ceased paddling, but soon commenced backing water to hold the canoes against the current and then headed them ashore. They were then ordered to take the canoes to the point of embarkation, and seeing the bayonet lowered to a charge, they concluded that direction was the better part of valor, and slowly obeyed the order.—On their arrival at the shore the men were ordered to disburse and leave the squaws to take care of the trumpery.—This order they also obeyed, after our boys had been brought to a charge bayonet and some of them had felt a little cold steel in the vicinity of the breached at.
As soon as the squaws had packed the effects back to the camp, and the work of reconstructing the lodges fairly commenced, the boys were ordered back to the Fort, having the satisfaction of feeling that they had achieved a bloodless but decisive victory over an unruly crowd which greatly outnumbered them.
* * * *
Before I close, allow me to mention a little affair which took place one side as the more important movements were in progress.
Two of the Winnebago ladies, (sometimes scandalously called squaws) taking offense at each other for some real or imaginary wrong, commenced an altercation which soon brought on blows. One of the afore mentioned ladies had an infant, (commonly called pappoose [sic],) in her arms at the commencement of the dispute, but as it became more exciting, her antagonist rushed upon her, wrenched the child out of her arms, and threw it over the bank, a distance of ten or twelve feet. The mother’s maternal anxiety was surpassed by her desires to resend the insult, and without looking for her child, which was picked up by some other lady, sadly bruised, (it has since died,) she fell to with a will, and soon whipped her enemy beautifully.
Yours truly, MORE ANON
1. Augustus E. McCarty, from Prescott, enlisted August 13, 1862. He was first promoted to corporal and then to sergeant. He mustered out with the company on September 20, 1865.
2. The printing on this issue of the newspaper was not very good and this is out best guess as to what the word should be. The “ot” at the end is plain, it is just the first two letters that are hard to make much of.
From the April 9, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal. The last item mentioned took place on March 2, 1864; it was not a named battle.
It is understood that Gen. Seymour [Truman Seymour] assumes the full responsibility of the Florida disaster.
Donnelly, a notorious guerrilla of London Co. Va., has been arrested and sent to the Old Capitol Prison.
Out of 1,771 applications, 784 have been selected for commissions in negro regiments by the examining board.
The commission to investigate the conduct of Gen. Rosecrans [William S. Rosecrans] at Chickamauga, fully exonerated him from blame.
The military committee of the House have decided to report in favor of increasing the pay of soldiers to $18 per month and of sergeants to $30.
The Tribune’s despatch says, Gen. W. [sic] S. Ferry¹ has succeeded Gen. Sickles [Daniel E. Sickles] in command of the Lehigh department, with headquarters at Reading [Pennsylvania].
Lieut. Col. Sanderson² has been sent to Fort Warren. It will be remembered he is accused of betraying plots of Union prisoners to escape from Richmond to the rebel authorities.
The gunboat Conestoga collided with the Gen. Price on the 10th [of March] in the Mississippi, a short distance below Natchez. The Conestoga, with a cargo of ammunition was sunk. The boat and cargo are a total loss.
The Ways and Means Committeee [sic] have adopted an amendment to the National Banking bill allowing National Banks to issue $12 and $13 notes until special payments are resumed, when they will be called in.
The Herald’s correspondent from the fleet off Mobile has a rumor that Farragut [David G. Farragut] is to withdraw his fleet, being satisfied the city cannot be taken by water. Thirty-five or forty of the rebels who mutinied in Fort Morgan have been shot.
Lieut. Col. Sanderson² is under arrest, on a charge preferred by Col. Streight [Abel D. Streight] of disclosing to the rebel authorities plot of the Union prisoners to escape from Libby Prison. None of his friends have any doubt of his innocence.
The committee on the conduct of the war are investigating the Florida expedition. The evidence already given, establishes the fact that neither the President nor any one else in Washington is responsible for its disastrous termination.
Reports have reached here that the rebels are preparing for another piratical expedition from some of the small inlets of Chesapeake Bay. The utmost vigilance is required of the gunboats, and it is believed the next party trying such an experiment cannot fail of falling into our hands.
Vicksburg advices of the 7th state that all boats at that place have been pressed into Government service. It is reported that movements will be made via the Red, Black, and Washita [sic: Ouachita] rivers to Monroe, thence by land to Shreveport, Louisiana. Gen. Steele will co-operate from Little Rock. [Frederick Steele]
Information deemed reliable says Longstreet’s headquarters are at Greenfield, Tenn. [James Longstreet], Buckner’s at Bull Gap [Simon Bolivar Buckner], and the main forces between those two points, and their pickets 8 miles above Morristown. Gen. Vaughan [sic: John C. Vaughn] is at Rogersville and Gen. Jones³ at Long’s Mills, eight miles below Jonesville, Va.
Full details of Gen. Sherman’s expedition are published in the Herald and Tribune. Some 150 miles of rebel railroad communication were destroyed. This was its main object. The future reoccupation of Mississippi by the rebels in the force is an impossibility. The subsistence of our force has drawn off more than the surplus above the immediate wants of the home population. Our entire loss was not over 150. [William T. Sherman]
The Herald’s Norfolk letter says the late expedition resulted in the destruction of King and Queen’s county court house, where the gallant Dahlgren [Ulrich Dahlgren] was ambushed and murdered. The defeat of the 5th and 9th Va. cavalry by the expedition has already been stated. The notorious guerrilla, Bob Colton, was among the killed. We had none killed, and but half a dozen wounded.
Gen. Fisk,4 commanding the department of St. Louis, has just returned from a tour of inspection in south-west Missouri. He reports numerous bands of guerrillas have been committing depredations in that section and south-east Kansas, and that some bands are preparing for more extensive operations in the spring. Energetic measures will be taken to drive out or destroy all such bands and establish law and order throughout this department.
Peace has been ratified with the North Carolina Cherokees, and those recently captured say that they were induced to take up arms under the belief that they were fighting for the U. S. Government. Two were permitted to go in search of the band and represent the real facts. Their chief, Lacca-Kaneechee, came in a few days since, with 80 of the tribe, and accepted the amnesty. Since the return of the Indians to loyalty, the rebels have committed numerous outrages on them. Some 20 have been thrown into prison. The rest are concealed in the mountains.
A special to the Tribune says : The Court of Inquiry appointed to investigate the conduct of Generals McCook [Alexander McDowell McCook], Crittenden [Thomas L. Crittenden] and Negley [James S. Negley] at the battle of Chichamauga, has reported the results of its investigation to the War Department. They find that Gen. McCook did his entire duty in the battle proper, but made a mistake arising from an error of judgement in going into Chattanooga. Gen. Crittenden is held entirely blameless, and the Court speaks in commendatory to [sic] terms of his conduct. His forces had been sent piecemeal to Gen. Thomas [George H. Thomas] and he found himself without a command before leaving for Chattanooga. Gen. Negley is also exonerated.
We have some particulars of the late expedition up the Ouachita river. The gunboats Ouachita, Osage, Conestoga, Lexington, Fort Hineman [sic: Hindman] and Cricket composed the expedition. Trinity was found strongly fortified. The Ironclad Osage, in advance, was allowed to pass without interruption. The flag-ship Hineman [sic] followed, when a heavy fire was opened upon her which after a time obliged her to return in a damaged condition with a loss of 2 men killed and 8 wounded. The flag was then transferred to the Ouachita whose powerful guns silenced the enemy’s battery, which consisted of three 82-pounders. But little difficulty was experienced in driving the enemy from his position at Harrisonburg. Our forces burned the town.
1. Orris Sanford Ferry (1823-1875) was a Connecticut lawyer who was commissioned a lieutenant colonel in the 12th Regiment of Connecticut Militia during the Mexican War but he did not fight in any battles. He was a Connecticut state senator (1855-1857), the state’s attorney for Fairfield County (1856-1859), a U.S. Representative from Connecticut (1859-1861), and after the War a U.S. Senator from Connecticut (1867-1875). When the Civil War broke out, Ferry was one of the men who formed the Cassius Clay Guard to protect the rebels from burning the U.S. capital. Then in July of 1861 he became colonel of the 5th Connecticut Infantry. In early March 1862, Ferry led his troops across the Potomac River, and attacked the Confederates at Winchester, Virginia, which lead to what became the First Battle of Winchester. He also participated in the Peninsula Campaign, the Valley Campaign, and the Battle of Cedar Mountain. Ferry was well praised for his ability as a leader and as a military strategist and was promoted to brigadier general in March, 1862. He was also the head of the District of Lehigh, from August 20, 1863 until May 1864, and served as the head of the District of Philadelphia from December 16, 1864 until July 15, 1865. Ferry was brevetted a major general of volunteers in recognition of his services during the Peninsula Campaign. He resigned from the military on July 15, 1865.
The image of “Orris S. Ferry” is from the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division (LOT 4192).
2. James Monroe Sanderson enlisted in Company S of the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry. He was commissioned a 1st lieutenant on September 4, 1861, and was the regimental quartermaster. three days later, on September 7, he was promoted to captain and became an officer in the U.S. Volunteers Commissary of Subsistence Department. On July 15, 1862, he was promoted to major and became an officer in the U.S. Volunteers Aide-de-Camp. On January 1, 1863, Sanderson was promoted to lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Volunteers Commissary of Subsistence Department. He was dismissed on June 6, 1864, and reinstated to the Commissary of Subsistence Department on May 27, 1865. He was honorably mustered out time on August 15, 1865.
Colonel Sanderson was confined in Libby Prison, along with Colonel Streight, and escaped in the famous tunnel. But while there, he was in charge of the food for the men in two of the rooms. Knowing something about cooking, and being in the Commissary Department, he helped prepare the food and make it as tasty as possible. But some of the officers accused him of hoarding food or not giving them the best food he could. When that accusation did not lead anywhere, he was accused of issuing a statement sustaining the contention of the Confederate authorities regarding the rations issued the prisoners. He was denounced by a mass-meeting of officers held in the prison who declared that their food was insufficient to sustain life. At some point he and Streight, who by all accounts had opposite personalities, had some sort of altercation. After the escape, and before Sanderson had even made it home, Streight accused him of disclosing the plot of the Union prisoners to escape to the rebel prison’s authorities. You will notice in his record that he was dismissed from service for nearly a year, and during that time a Military Commission was convened. In 1865, Sanderson had printed all of the evidence he collected, called My Record in Rebeldom, as written by Friend and Foe, Comprising the Official Charges and Evidence before the Military Commission in Washington, Brig. Gen’l J. C. Caldwell, Pres’t, Together with the Repost and Finding of the Court, printed for private circulation and future reference by James M. Sanderson (New York: W.E. Sibell, 1865).
Sanderson’s image is also from the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division (LC-B813- 1515 C [P&P]).
3. William Edmondson “Grumble” Jones (1824-1864) graduated from West Point and was a career military officer until he resigned in 1857 to become a planter. At the start of the Civil War, Jones joined the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment as a captain, commanding a company he had raised. On May 9 he was promoted to major in Virginia’s Provisional Army, and later that month both Jones and the regiment were transferred into the Confederate Army. Jones served under Col. J.E.B. Stuart in the First Battle of Bull Run in July 1861. The following month he was promoted to the rank of colonel was given command of the 1st Virginia Cavalry. In March 1862 Jones was given command of all cavalry in the Valley District. Jones’s cavalry was distinguished in the Second Bull Run Campaign, and he was wounded in a skirmish at Orange Court House (August 2, 1862). He was promoted to brigadier general on September 19, 1862, and on November 8, was assigned to command the 4th Brigade of Stuart’s Cavalry Division in the Army of Northern Virginia. On June 9, 1863, he fought in the largest cavalry engagement of the war, the Battle of Brandy Station. In October of that year, J.E.B. Stuart’s ongoing dissatisfaction with Jones resulted in Stuart having Jones court-martialed for insulting him. Although Grumble was found guilty, Robert E. Lee intervened, and Jones was transferred to the Trans-Allegheny Department in West Virginia. Jones recruited a brigade of cavalry there and campaigned in eastern Tennessee with General James Longstreet during the winter and spring of 1864. In May, Jones assumed command of the Confederate forces in the Valley Campaigns of 1864. In the Battle of Piedmont (June 5, 1864), Jones was shot and killed while leading a charge.
4. Clinton Bowen Fisk (1828-1890) was a merchant, miller, and banker in Coldwater, Michigan, until the financial Panic of 1857; he then moved to St. Louis, Missouri, and started working in the insurance business. An abolitionist, Fisk was appointed colonel of the 33rd Missouri Infantry of the Union Army In September, 1862 and was commissioned brigadier general in November after organizing a brigade. He served most of the American Civil War in Missouri and Arkansas, commanding first the District of Southeast Missouri and later the Department of North Missouri. The primary duty of these commands was opposing raids into Missouri by Confederate cavalry and guerrillas. After the War, Fisk was appointed assistant commissioner of the Freedmen’s Bureau for Kentucky and Tennessee. After authorizing legislation expired for the Freedmen’s Bureau, Fisk returned to his native New York and became successful in banking. In 1874 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed him to the Board of Indian Commissioners. Fisk was a leader in the temperance movement and was the Prohibition Party’s candidate for president in 1888. Fisk University is named for him.
1864 April 9: General Grant “is just now the great sensation in the city” and Other News from Washington
From the April 9, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal.
Gen. Grant in Washington—The Missouri Faction—New Hampshire Election—
Gov. Randall—Gov. Doty—Disaster in Florida—Recklessness of Gen. Seymour—
Congressional matters [sic]—Wisconsin Men at the Capitol.
Correspondence of the State Journal.
WASHINGTON, March 10, 1864.
The arrival of Gen. Grant [Ulysses S. Grant] is just now the great sensation in the city, and whether he will remain here, or continue in the field is a question on every tongue. He was hardly known to be in the city when he appeared at the President’s levee last night. His entrance, as soon as it became known, caused a tremendous excitement in the crowded rooms of the White House, and such was the rush to him that a modest man could not get within forty feet of him, while the occupants of crinoline,¹ who happened to be in the crowd, were squeezed quite to their hearts content and to the ruin of their gay habiliments.
The General came in about 10 o’clock unheralded, and soon the Secretaries not present were sent for, and came to welcome the distinguished hero of thirty-seven battles. He bears his honors well and looks hale and hearty, as though he could shoulder his new responsibilities without damage and meet the requirements of his place where so many failed. What will be done with Halleck [Henry W. Halleck], or what his position is to be is matter of earnest speculation. It is confidently hoped that many evils arising from his personal hostility to certain earnest men and strong measures will be cured by the appointment of General Grant to the first position under the Commander-in-Chief.
The controversy which is now kept up between the rival factions in Missouri, has entered upon the floor of Congress and provoked some feeling. So far as it partakes of personalities between the members it had better been excluded. But I confess, radical as I am, and with all my sympathies with the opposition to Schofield & Co. [John M. Schofield], the more I see of the case the stronger the conviction that rivalry and personal, rather than public considerations are inciting nausea. I cannot forget that the now so-called conservative champion, General Blair [Francis P. Blair], was the first to raise the banner of Emancipation in Missouri, and to stem manfully and boldly the pro-slavery torrent, while many of these now radical abolitionists were arrayed under the black flag of slavery, and doing their worst to destroy the germ which the former so successfully planted. I cannot sympathize with those who are seeking to embitter this controversy and extend it abroad for the purpose of using it against Mr. Lincoln, and in favor of some of his rival aspirants. Better far to conciliate and harmonize these local and personal conflicts between parties in the same great common cause of freedom.
The glorious result in New Hampshire was not expected here, and demonstrates how much can be done by proper effort. The representatives from there spoke discouragingly, but called for aid, and the response has been effective and satisfactory. Gov. Randall,² who attained such distinction as an effective laborer and speaker in the New York, Pennsylvania and Connecticut canvases, was pressed into the service in New Hampshire, and all who have heard him on the stump can fully credit the report that he was among the most powerful of the speakers in that canvass.
By the way, at the time of leaving the city on his way north, the Governor was the subject of a pretty severe practical joke. While procuring his ticket at the railroad depot he was very quietly relieved of all his loose money to the amount of $140! He undoubtedly neglected to read the notice so prominently posted there : “Beware of pick-pockets ;” so I suppose he alone is responsible for the loss. He nevertheless went on his mission though robbed and moneyless.
Gov. Doty,³ now of Utah, has been here for some weeks, leaving the administration of affairs of his office in the hands of Amos Reed, Secretary of the Territory. He went out as Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Utah, in which capacity he rendered most important service in reconciling the Indians and securing their loyalty. Several valuable and important treaties negotiated by him with different tribes in Utah have been ratified by the Senate. No man is better fitted for his present position, and he will acquit himself creditably and to the honor of the nation. He looks ten years younger than when he went out—the influence of the climate, &c., having removed all his old rheumatism and renewed his age.
The disaster in Florida is a serious and unexpected one, and wholly unnecessary, and apparently attributable to rashness and over anxiety on the part of West Point General commanding to achieve a name as a fighter. He was most reckless, and the lesson he has learned has cost the nation heavily. The loss in killed, wounded and prisoners will be near 2,500 from all private accounts. It seems to have been so unnecessary that one gets exasperated at the thought of it. The force suddenly thrust down there from Charleston and Savannah could not long have been spared to remain there, and if Seymour had invited an attack at his station at Barber, he could have successfully repelled it against heavy odds. Had the enemy refused to advance upon him, he could have remained until the rebel force was defeated by necessary demands elsewhere and then made a successful advance. There appears also to have been a great want of skill in the management of his forces, though in personal courage he is not wanting. [Truman Seymour]
A strange fatatity [sic] seems to attend all the operations on the Atlantic coast. The commanders of the army and the navy in the Southern department have seemed to be generally unequal to their responsibility, and an inscrutable providence has struck down the only two men sent there, who were able to cope with the many difficulties to be encountered—viz: Gen. Mitchell and Admiral Foote [Andrew H. Foote]. Thus far it has been the most expensive and the least effective department of the service. The blockade, however, in now rendered perfect at Charleston and along the entire coast save at Wilmington, North Carolina.
If a respectable force is kept at Jacksonville it will open the St. John’s River country and secure supplies of lumber and turpentine, &c., and will divide the forces and attention of the enemy and be of great ultimate advantage. But there is no use of talking of or relying upon the “Union element of the South ;” save among the negroes, it is not there. Slavery has tainted the moral and political atmosphere to such a degree that the whiskey drinking “cracker” and the swaggering slaveholder are alike embittered against the “Yankees,” and will fight until exhausted. Every tallow-faced female throughout the South is a preacher of vengeance and thoroughly possessed by the demon of slavery. Even while living upon the liberality of the government and protected from the suffering resulting from the rebellion, they breathe out curses upon the heads that feed them, and foam in vindictive rage at the flag which shields them. While there is a vestige of hope, they will fight and will only yield to advancing civilization, when the strong arm of federal power demonstrates the advantages of freedom and the blessings, moral and physical, of the Republican Institutions.
The whiskey question having been temporarily disposed of by Congress, the gold question has taken its place, and both attract the personal attention of speculators. The proposition of Mr. Boutwell4 to put the excess of government gold into circulation by anticipating the payment of interest, seems to obviate the objections existing against authorizing the sale and U have little doubt but this will finally be adopted.
The bill before the Senate granting lands to Minnesota for a railroad from St. Paul to Lake Superior is contested by our Senators who are faithfully guarding the interests of Wisconsin and are seeking to obtain the grant for her to open the road from Tomah to Superior.
Gen. Simeon Mills5 arrived here on Tuesday, and J. R. Brigham6 of Milwaukee has been here some days, it is understood on business connected with the Milwaukee Post Office, to which C. L. Sholes7 was appointed some time since, but whose appointment was suspended. D. H. Richards is here representing the Canal Company8 and a number of Wisconsin lawyers in attendance upon the Supreme Court.
The impeachment of Andrew J. Miller seems not to be very probable this session; not certainly for the want of adequate evidence so much as from the persistent efforts of interested lawyers and parties representing non-residents, and who derive a good business from connection with that court. I fear the blighting curse has rested so long upon the people of that State that it can only be removed by God himself.
. . . . . . . .R.
1. By 1850, the word “crinoline” had come to mean a stiffened petticoat or rigid skirt-shaped structure of steel designed to support the huge skirts of a woman’s dress into the required fashionable shape worn in the 1850s and 1860s. The “occupants of crinoline” would have been the society ladies in their party dresses with the large hoops.
2. Former Wisconsin Governor Alexander W. Randall, who at this time was in Washington, D.C., because he was the assistant postmaster general.
3. Wisconsin’s second governor, and Utah Territory’s 5th governor, James Duane Doty (1799-1865).
4. George Sewall Boutwell (1818-1905) was the 20th governor of Massachusets (1851-1853), the first Commissioner of Internal Revenue (1862-1863), a U. S. Representative from Massachusetts (1863-1860), the 28th U. S. Secretary of the Treasury under Grant (1869-1873), and a U. S. senator from Massachusets (1873-1877). Secretary Boutwell controversially reduced the national debt by selling Treasury gold and using greenbacks to buy up Treasury bonds, and Representative Boutwell was instrumental in writing and passing the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U. S. Constitution.
5. Simeon Mills (1810-1895) was a Wisconsin state senator best known for introducing the bill that became the charter for the University of Wisconsin. an efficient businessman, he served as clerk to various government agencies and as Wisconsin paymaster during the Civil War.
6. Jerome Ripley Brigham (1825-1897) was a Wisconsin lawyer, city attorney of Milwaukee (1880-1882), state assemblyman (1877), member of the Milwaukee board of city fire and police commissioners (1885-1888), and a regent of the University of Wisconsin (1870- 1875).
7. Christopher Latham Sholes (1819-1890) was a Wisconsin newspaperman, politician, and inventor. Sholes helped to organize the Free Soil and Republican parties in Wisconsin, supporting both Lincoln and then Johnson. He was state senator (1848-1849, 1856-1857) and state assemblyman (1852-1853). During the Civil War, Sholes also served for a time as Milwaukee postmaster, and was later port collector and commissioner of public works.
8. Daniel H. Richards (1808-1877) was one of the founders of the Milwaukee Advertiser. The Milwaukee and Rock River Canal Company, “which had for its purpose the construction of a canal connecting Lake Michigan by way of the Waukesha lakes with the Rock River, and thus establishing a waterway to the Mississippi River. Congress made a land grant for the purpose, surveys and estimates were made and during the twelve years preceding the admission of the state to the Union repeated efforts had been made to carry out the enterprise. … During the twelve years from 1836 to 1848, when the prospect was abandoned, the only actual work done besides making surveys was the construction of a dam across the Milwaukee river at Milwaukee. … The advent of railroad building was the chief influence in bringing about an abandonment of the canal project.” Bonds had been sold to pay for the building of the canal and there were claims against the State of Wisconsin—who had issues the bonds—filed with the U.S. Congress, with D. H. Richards listed as a claimant. (For more information, see the Dictionary of Wisconsin History entry for the Canal Company.)
1864 April 9: If General Grant “achieves brilliant and decisive victories” during the Summer Campaigns, Lincoln Will Win Re-Election, Plus Other News
From the April 9, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press.
(We condense the weekly telegraphic despatches, as they appear in the St. Paul Pioneer and Press, giving a summary of each day’s report, commencing each weekly summary where we left off the week before, and thus giving our readers a continuous chain of the most important news.)
From the Pioneer, March 31st.
— Richmond papers of the 25th say a large federal force under Burnside [Ambrose E. Burnside] has landed at Washington, North Carolina. Burnside was in Chicago on the 18th, and could not have been in North Carolina on the 25th, but it is quite likely that a portion of his Corps (the Ninth,) which was ordered to rendezvous at Annapolis, may have arrived, and is destined for important work in connection with Grant’s operation [Ulysses S. Grant].
— The statement is again made of exertions in Washington to postpone the meeting of the Republican National Convention from June to September, and from Baltimore to Philadelphia. This movement is instigated by members of Congress opposed to Mr. Lincoln [Abraham Lincoln]. They argue, and with some plausibility, that if the result of the summer campaign is unfavorable, that Mr. Lincoln’s chances of election will be very slim, and that if Gen. Grant achieves brilliant and decisive victories, he will be borne into the Presidential chair by irrepressible popular enthusiasm, despite all the previous arrangements of political wire-pullers.
— Forrest, on the 20th, was reported eight miles back of Columbus.— His captures at Union City numbered only 250 men. [Nathan B. Forrest]
— An express train which left Louisville on Monday, guarded by seventeen soldiers, was captured by ten guerrillas, and two passenger cars burned. The cowardly seventeen surrendered to ten without firing a gun. Kentucky is now under command of General Burbridge [Stephen G. Burbridge], and if half of what we have heard of this officer is true, we may expect that the whole state will be overrun before long.
— Gen. Grant has reviewed a portion of the Army of the Potomac, and was enthusiastically received.
— There is a story (for the marines) about an encampment of Unionists in central Florida, and engagements they have had with the rebels, &c.— Gen. Seymour had a taste of Florida. Unionism a few weeks ago, and we are inclined to the opinion that this encampment is composed of the same material. [Truman Seymour]
— Gen. Banks has degraded from his rank, and confined at Dry Tortugas, an officer of the regular army, attached to the Corps d’ Afrique, for an attempted violation of powerless women. Gen. Banks well observes that the country does not wish in its service men who disgrace the uniform they wear. [Nathaniel P. Banks]
Friday, April 1st.
— There has been a serious affray at Charleston, Cole County, Illinois between the “Copperheads” and Union citizens and soldiers. Several persons have been killed and wounded. The commencement of the affair seems to have been accidental, but later reports say the “Copperheads” are entrenching at various places.— This, however, is a favorable indication, that their ability to do mischief is not very great. The section where the affair occurred is largely settled by Kentuckians, Virginians, North Carolinians, and their descendents, and there are many among them who are rebels at heart. Thousands of troops have been sent to the scene of action, and the rebels will soon be attended to as they deserve.
— A bill has been introduced into the U. S. Senate to pap the costs of the Minnesota Indian War.
— General Florida-blundre-Seymour has returned to Hilton Head, having been relieved of his command by Gen. Hatch. [John P. Hatch]
—The great Copperhead riot is not quite as serious as first reported.
— Gen. GRANT and “BALDY” SMITH have gone down to Fortress Monroe. [William F. Smith]
— Gens. Buell, Negely, McCook, Crittenden, Newton,¹ Sykes, and ten Brigadiers, have been ordered to report to Gen. Sherman. General Buell relieves Gen. Schofield in East Tennessee.
— There is a rumor that Gilmore is about heading in person another movement in Florida. [sic: Quincy A. Gillmore]
—The World predicts offensive movements on the part of the rebels this spring. An invasion is to be made in two columns, one against Cincinnati, and another into Pennsylvania.
— Natchitoches, La., has been captured, and a sufficient amount of cotton to cause a decline in the price of that article in New Orleans.
1. John Newton (1822-1895) was a graduate of West Point and a career military officer with the Corps of Engineers. He taught engineering at the Military Academy (1843-1846) and constructed fortifications along the Atlantic coast and Great Lakes (1846-1852). Newton helped construct Washington defenses and participated in the Peninsula Campaign, and the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and the Chancesllorsville Campaign, where he was wounded. At the Battle of Gettysburg, he replaced the slain General John F. Reynolds in command of the I Corps and led it through the defense of Pickett’s Charge. He retained command of I Corps until the Army of the Potomac was reorganized in 1864, when he was sent to the Army of the Cumberland. In the Atlanta Campaign he served under Sherman, who regarded him highly. At the Battle of Peachtree Creek (July 20, 1864), he prevented a dangerous Confederate movement against Sherman and his rapidly constructed works allowed him to turn back the Confederate thrust. After the capture of Atlanta, Newton left active field duty and commanded the District of Key West and the Tortugas of the Department of the Gulf from 1864 to 1866. His last campaign resulted in a defeat at the Battle of Natural Bridge (March 6, 1865) in Florida. After the War he returned to the Corps of Engineers and in 1884 was appointed Chief Engineer.