The following summary of the week’s war news comes from the March 5, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press. 1864 was a leap year, so our week now starts on Wednesday instead of Thursday—still Saturday in 1864. We have so many articles from the February 27th issues, plus the Edwin Leavings letter of March 5, that this “week” will start on Thursday as usual. But next week look for the new newspapers articles on March 12.
The second item below refers to the Battle of Meridian, which was fought February 14-20, 1864. Union General William T. Sherman captured Meridian, Mississippi, inflicting heavy damage to it and to most of central Mississippi as he marched across the state and back again.
GRANT [Ulysses S. Grant] has advanced from Chattanooga towards Dalton, capturing Tunnell [sic] Hill after a severe fight. Our loss is said to be light. Our forces were within three miles of Dalton on the 26th ult., and severe fighting had taken place in which our forces were uniformly victorious.
SHERMAN has captured Selma, Ala., and at latest accounts was advancing on Montgomery, spreading consternation and terror throughout that State. He defeated Polk [Leonidas Polk] at Meridian, cuting [sic] the rebel army in two and driving it before him. He quarters his soldiers on the country he passes thro’. He has probably captured Montgomery ere this.
The Army of the Potomac is said to be on the move, and will make a serious attempt to dislodge Lee [Robert E. Lee] from his position.
The rebel steamer Tuscaloosa has been seized by the British authorities, on the ground that she formerly belonged to the United States ; had not condemned, and had been brought into an English port in violation of the neutrality laws.
The Congressional committee to whom was referred a bill to prevent military interference in elections, reported that the evil complained of was mostly imaginary, and legislation on the subject was not needed.
The long-heralded Freedom National Convention has met at Louisville, and adjourned after passing a series of radical resolutions. The Kentucky delegation have called a convention of that State to appoint delegates to the Baltimore convention.
The supreme court have decided that they will not interfere in the Vallandigham [Clement L. Vallandigham] case. Pugh¹ had better turn his attention to increasing the dime contrabutions [sic] for poor old Clement.
Very near one hundred and ten thousand new recruits have been formally mustered into the service since the 1st of November last, and many more thousands are known to be enlisted, although not mustered in. For the past few weeks the enlistments have averaged 2,000 a day. Of the number formally mustered in to the service, New York has furnished about 16,000 Ohio 16,000, Indiana and Illinois 12,000 each, Missouri about 7,000 and Pennsylvania only the same number.
Governor Stone [William M. Stone], of Iowa, has issued a proclamation hrohibiting [sic: prohibiting] persons liable to draft from leaving the State for Idaho.
A dispatch from Arkansas says, that while Col. Wood’s² 1st Arkansas were on the march to Mechanicsville a colored soldier straggled and was captured by the rebels and inhumanly butchered. Col. Wood captured a rebel Lieutenant and two men, one of whom confessed to complicity in the murder of Col. Wood took them to the very spot where the colored soldier had been killed, and had them blindfolded and shot.
The President has received a dispatch from Conneticut [sic] announcing that the Union Convention had elected delegates to the National Convention, and instructed them to vote for Lincoln.
Returns received at the general land office show that 3,475 acres of public land were taken up in Minnesota in the month of January.
The Democrats in Connecticut have re-nominated Seymour,³ for Gov. The Union men have re-nominated Gov. Buckingham,4 who beat him so bad last year.
1. George Ellis Pugh (1822-1876) was a Democratic politician in Ohio, serving in the Ohio House of Representatives (1848-1850), as the 3rd Ohio attorney general (1852-1854), and as a U.S. senator from Ohio (1855-1861). Pugh lost his bid for re-election in 1860 to Salmon P. Chase, who became Abraham Lincoln’s Secretary of the Treasury. He is best known as a member of the counsel for the defense of Clement L. Vallandigham in 1863. During the Civil War, he fell into disfavor with the citizens of Ohio because he was a Democrat and for defending Vallandigham. Pugh ran in 1863 for lieutenant governor and in 1864 for the U.S. House of Representatives, losing both races.
2. William F. Wood was colonel of the 1st Arkansas Volunteer Infantry (African descent), an organization of African-American troops that was also known as the 46th Regiment U.S. Colored Troops.
3. Thomas Hart Seymour (1807-1868) was a lawyer and a Democratic politician who served as the 36th governor of Connecticut from 1850 to 1853, and as Minister to Russian from 1853 to 1858. Seymour made two unsuccessful attempts to return to the governorship, in 1860 and 1863. Then in 1864 he was unsuccessful in gaining the Democratic nomination for President, losing to General George B. McClellan.
4. William Alfred Buckingham (1804-1875), a Republican politician, was the 41st governor of Connecticut from 1858 to 1866, and after the Civil War served as one of Connecticut’s U.S. senators from 1869 until his death in 1875. During the Civil War he was a strong supporter of Lincoln and the war effort.
1864 March 5: “I shall fill out the notes I made of the daily occurrences of our march for preservation”
Unfortunately, the half of the sheet with pages 3 and 4—where Edwin Levings finally gets to the business of talking about the Meridian Expedition—is missing. We know this is a letter from Ed, though, because of his handwriting, and because Homer mentioned it two days ago. The original letter is in the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO), in the University Archives and Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls.
Camp at Clear Creek, Miss.
March 5th, 1864
My Dear Parents,
The great raid is over; and I am safely back in camp. I have laid down my gun and am now endeavoring to pen you a pretty good account of what transpired and I shall not enter into details much now. I find but one letter here from you, that of Jan. 28th in which you mention Mr. Wilcox’s loss of his store. We have two letters also, from Dwight and Cousin Emma and Louisa. I shall fill out the notes I made of the daily occurrences of our march for preservation so you can have them for perusal when I get home.
We returned yesterday finding the new recruits & some butter from you brought by George Miles.¹ We think you much & him too, & he shall share with us but am sorry to tell you the rust had worked through injuring the butter somewhat. Was too long coming to keep well & you would not have sent it had you thought George would not get to us sooned [sic]² than he did, but it is as welcome as if in prime condition & answers well enough. But that little pail, — I remember it well. I used to carry my dinner in it to school in old Madrid. I also recollect a little incident of its history & I feel somewhat ashamed of it. So you recollect how that big dent was made in it? How you sent Homer back after the pail because he kicked it & neither of us would carry it? I was to blame. Who would have thought that pail, after 9 long years, would appear to rebuke me for my unkindly act to my brother? God forgive me & may my other sins not rise up likewise to condemn me. We both had a hearty laugh over the pail, but I could not but remember the incident.
But to the news. We have made a long hard march & given the rebels a terrible blow. We have marched nearly 400 miles, traveling every day for 30 days, driven the rebels at every point, cut their communications, destroyed an immense amount of C. S. property, taken many prisoners, lost but few men. Have been to Jackson, Brandon, Morton, Hillsboro, Decatur, Meridian, Enterprise, & [here is where it ends, the next page having been ripped off along the fold].
1. George F. Miles was from Prescott and enlisted December 26, 1863.
2. No doubt Ed meant “sooner.”
Following are the small articles from the February 27, 1864, issues of The Polk County Press and The Prescott Journal.
From The Polk County Press:
— In the South letters are fifteen days in going 200 miles, and the rebel soldiers are down on the mail arrangements.
— Samuel P. Ivins,¹ editor of the (Tenn.,) “Post,” having been taken prisoner, Gen. Howard [Oliver O. Howard] proposes to exchange him for Mr. A. D. Richardson, of the New York “Tribune,” now confined in “Libby” [Prison].
— William Yorkum, for returning a contraband to slavery from Cairo, Illinois, has been found guilty by court martial, and sentenced to five years imprisonment in the Albany Penitentiary.
— Three hundred rebel prisoners are said to have taken the oath of allegiance and joined the navy in Boston. We hope they will be distributed in half dozens among our ships. They should not be put all on board the same vessel.
— The Provost Marshal General has issued an order prohibiting excessive telegraphing by Deputy Marshals, and requiring dispatches sent without sufficient necessity to be charged to the Marshals sending them.
— The telegraph operators in the principal cities South formed a secret league, and recently struck for higher wages. The strike caused serious inconvenience to the Government, and the result was that all the operators were picked up and put into the army. It is expected the lines will be running again before a great while.
— A young lady from Pennsylvania enlisted at Oswego, New York, a few days since. Her sex was discovered by a fellow soldier, who gave information to the authorities, and she was arrested and placed in confinement. The “Times” says that she is “only sixteen years of age, pretty, intelligent and modest, and determined to go to the wars.”
— We noticed C. D. SCOTT,² of the 30th Regiment, in town the other day. Can’t you give us a call, CHARLIE?
— RECRUITS WANTED.—G. W. Davis,³ who enlisted sometime ago in the gallant 7th Regiment, we see is home on recruiting service. To men who are desirous of going into a fighting Regiment, and a fighting Brigade, we recommend the 7th of the Iron Brigade. For particulars see Mr. Davis at the Osceola House.
From The Prescott Journal:
Capt. MAXSON [Orrin T. Maxson] has enlisted over sixty men since he returned here, and still keeps gathering them in.
1. Samuel P. Ivins was the editor and publisher of the Athens (Tenn.) Post. Ivins followed his state when Tennessee left the Union. The Post was suspended from September 1863 to December 1867 due to occupation by the Union Army. In 1864, Ivins was taken prisoner by General Sherman’s troops and sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, and not released until 1865. For more, see About The Athens Post on Chronicling America.
2. Charles D. Scott, from Farmington, was in Company A of the 30th Wisconsin Infantry.
3. Sergeant George W. Davis, from Farmington, was in Company C of the 7th Wisconsin Infantry.
4. Frank Young, from Blue Earth, Minnesota, was in Company C of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry.
5. A pun on Victor Hugo’s Les Misérables.
The following letter from Selden Bartholomew, originally from Prescott, appeared in the February 27, 1864, issue of The Prescott Journal. Company F of the 30th Wisconsin Infantry was known as the Salomon Tigers, named for Wisconsin Governor Edward Salomon.
From Co. F, 30th Regiment.
HEADQUARTERS 30TH, CROW CREEK }
AGENCY, Dacotah, Jan. 22, 1864. }
ED. JOURNAL :—Having little or nothing to do for a few moments, I thought I might as well pen you a few lines in regard to matters and things in general respecting the Saloman [sic] Tigers, etc.
You are probably aware before this that we left Fort Sully, the last of October, as we supposed to rejoin our regiment, marching the first day eight miles, and just as we were pitching tents for the night, two messengers appeared, bearing dispatches from Gen. Sulley [sic: Alfred Sully], to the effect that we would remain up here, for the winter,—one company at Fort Sulley [sic], the other at this agency. Imagine our disappointment upon receiving this bit of intelligence, as we left the Fort buoyant with the hope that we would soon be with our regiment—once more in America—and out of this, one of God’s rural districts not a fit place even for Indians. Lieut. Colonel Bartlett,¹ I believe, gave Capt. Meacham [Edgar A. Meacham] his choice to return to the Fort or proceed to the Agency. He chose the latter, and the next morning, before day, we bid adieu to Co. D, (Capt. Fulton [David C. Fulton]) and started on our journey for winter quarters, arriving here after a march of three days from the Fort. We went to work immediately to prepare suitable quarters, and are, at present, as pleasantly and comfortably located as the country permits.
The health of the company is excellent—never better since we have been in the service, only one man on the sick list. This, I think, is far better than most companies can say after a summer’s campaign.
Stationed here with us is part of a company belonging to the Sixth Iowa Cavalry, who are acting as mail carriers and messengers from this place to Sulley [sic].
Capt. Meacham has the honor of being Post Commander ; consequently our duties are light ; while Lieut. Strong is Quarter-master [Ezra B. Strong], and with their wise judgment and discretion, we have thus far fared much better than could be expected from the limited means at our disposal, for we would have you understand that our supplies have been limited since our advent here, but we are expecting a fresh supply in a few days from Sioux City ; then the loud cry “hard tack in abundance,” will be raised by us.
Crow Creek Agency is about one hundred miles above Fort Randall, and sixty below Fort Sully, on the right bank of the Missouri, located on the reservation belonging to the Sioux and Winnebagoes that were removed from Minnesota last summer, under the supervision of Clark W. Thompson,² of St. Paul. Since then quite a little village has sprung up, numbering, in all, fifteen frame houses ; built of cottonwood lumber, and neatly whitewashed, the whole surrounded by a substantial stockade four hundred feet square, fifteen feet high, with bastions at opposite corners, all of this is well loopholed for musketry. With this protection we think we could successfully wipe out all the Indians of Dacotah. The Sioux and Winnebagoes here number about fifteen hundred. They are encamped in a narrow strip of woods between us and the river. Owing to the non-arrival of sufficient quantity of supplies for them, I am sorry to say they are in a suffering condition, and many have died from utter starvation and want, by the neglect of “somebody.” If the Indian and his interests are indeed to be guarded, if the government really desires to throw its protecting arm around and shield him from the malign influence of those who seek his utter ruin as the only sure way of promising his little income, Congress should at once pass such a law as to utterly exclude all swindling agents and traders. When this is done, we may expect to see the efforts which the government is making to raise the Indian from his low condition to a higher and more useful sphere successful. An Indian will listen to good precepts and pronounce them good, but he does not stop here. He will watch and see if the acts of the individual compare with his precepts. If they do, he will pronounce them very good ; if not, he loses confidence in his teacher.
We have had but little snow this winter—not enough to make good sleighing—and but a few days of very cold weather. For the last week it has been quite pleasant, reminding us of the fast approach of spring.
Rumor says that we may prepare for an extensive campaign against the hostile Sioux early this spring. Such may be the case, for surely very little was accomplished the past season.
Fearing that I have already written more than will prove interesting, I will close by asking the friends of the Salomon Tigers to accept my kind regards.
. . . . . . . .S. BARTHOLOMEW.
1. Edward M. Bartlett, from Durand, was Colonel Daniel J. Dill’s lieutenant colonel.
2. Clark W. Thompson (1825-1885) was originally from Canada and moved to Hokah, Minnesota, in 1853. He was a miller before becoming a representative to the Minnesota Territorial Legislature, and participated in the Territorial Republican Constitutional Convention in 1857. He also served as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in the Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson administrations, from 1861–1865. He supervised the Ojibwe, Dakota, and Winnebago agencies in Minnesota, and Ojibwe agency at La Pointe in Wisconsin. The Dakota Conflict and the subsequent removal of Minnesota’s Dakota and Winnebago Indians to Daktoa Territory occurred during his term of office.
From The Polk County Press of February 27, 1864, reprinted from the Boston Saturday Evening Gazette.
The Soldier’s Grave.
The correspondent of the Boston Saturday Evening Gazette says:
I send you a theme for one of your poets. The scene is Newport News, Va., and the subject : The Soldier’s Grave. The author will have the melody of the moaning sea for inspiration, and his imagination can take in the tragedy of the Cumberland and the Congress. I have striven in vain to ascertain the name of the sleeper ; and a corresponding curiosity compelled me in vain, also—to seek the name of the unconscious genius, who possesses such power of condensation, poetic feeling and pathos, as constitute this simple epitaph on this lonely grave of an unknown hero. Here it is, in word and figure :
I think you might travel over all the grave-yards and fields of the dead in all Virgina, and yet find nothing more touching in the lapidaric offering.
Homer Levings describes destroying railroads and communications in Mississippi on Union General William T. Sherman’s Meridian Expedition. The original letter is in the Edwin D. Levings Papers (River Falls Mss BO), in the University Archives and Area Research Center at the University of Wisconsin-River Falls.
Camp at Clear Creek, Miss.
March 3rd 1864.
It is with pleasure that I seat myself again to answer your most welcome letters, for it has been just a month to day since I have had the pleasure of perusing your letters, or answering them. You of course are aware of the raid that has been made into Miss. by General Sherman, and of course you want to know all about it. So I will try and give you an account of it so that you may get some Idea of its magnitude and probably it would be interesting to you to have an account of our marches also, so I will give you the whole thing as near as I can.
On the third day of February the 17th Army Corps, left Vicksburg, and vicinity followed by the 16th A. C. under Gen. Hurlbut [Stephen A. Hurlbut], for Maridian [sic: Meridian] Miss. We started from here with twenty days rations on our regimental train and 40 more on the Corps train. We crossed Black River the first day (where we rec’d. a letter from you dated Jan. 17 ) and marched to Edward Station, a distance of 10 miles with out meeting with any resistance from the enemy. The next day we went on to Champion Hill, where the skirmishing commenced. The 2nd briggade [sic] of the 4th division marched in advance and the 3rd briggade [sic] followed our reg’t. in advance of the briggade [sic]. The rebs made a stand near Champion Hill but it did not amount to much for they soon skedaddled. The first rebel I see lay in a field with a ball in his back, so he of course did not scare me much. I see the Doctors take it out of him, I thought they used him pretty rough. I do not think he ever got well, but enough of this. We marched on to Bakers Creek where they made annother [sic] stand, and the 2nd briggade [sic] being tired out, the 3rd was sent forward. Here the rebs used their artilery [sic] for the first time. Our reg’t. releived [sic] the 10th Ill., who were skirmishing with them. The right wing was deployed out on the right of the road and the left wing on the left, there were three men killed here out of Co by a cannon shot. We drove them from here about three miles, where they crossed the a creek and tried to tear up a bridge but our reg’t. drove them away so they did not do much dammage [sic], and they repaired it midst the enemyies [sic] fire. We held the bridge all nigt [sic]. They tried to shell us from a hill where there [sic] battery was planted but they could not reach us and their shells did not burst. Our company took a Lieut. and three men prisoner. [paragraph break added]
The next day the 3rd Division crossed the bridge, the under the fire of the enemies [sic] guns. The 68th and 32nd Ohio suffered the most. T[he] figt [sic] only lasted about a half an hour. Loss 17 killed and wounded, rebel loss 36.
That day we marched 12 or 14 miles and camped 5 or 6 miles beyond Clinton. The 3rd divission [sic] had quite a skirmish at Clinton. At Jackson we captured a cannon. At the same time 16th A. C. were on annother [sic] road skirmishing with the rebels. The next day we went into Jackson, where we laid all day. Gen. Hurlbutt [sic] made a speech to us in from [of] McPherson’s Head Quarters [James B. McPherson]. He was drunk as usual. We crossed Pearl River that nigt [sic] and camped. The town was pretty well burned. The rebels had the railroad in running to Jackson and had got out timbers to build a bridge across Pearl river. We marched the next day to Brandon, distance 12 miles. There we commenced tearing up the railroad.
On the 8th we left Brandon and marched 17 miles, the cavalry had a skirmish, two rebels killed and a woman who was watching the fight. The rebels formed their line of battle right in front of her house, and she was standing in the door watching them, when a bullit [sic] struck her in the neck and she was instantly killed. The 9th we marched 5 miles and camped at _nortory to let the 16th A. C. pass us. Here I had a chance to see some eastern troops who were the first that I ever see. They were the 77th NY, and the 35th NJ zouaves and the 178 NY. The 25th and 32nd Wis. were also along. The zouaaves [sic] were a hard looking set of men, a good many of the 17th NY formerly belonged to Billy Wilson’s¹ regt. [paragraph break added]
10th We marched through a small town called Hillsborough [sic: Hillsboro], it was most all burnt. Our regt. was train guard. [paragraph break added]
12th We camped at Decatur. The rebs fired at our train here and killed several mules. We burnt the town to pay them for it. The rebs fired into some of our boys that were foraging. One man from Co I. was shot in the face, one of Co I. was shot twice and he played of dead on them and got away. They thought they had killed him and left him. [paragraph break added]
The 14th we left camp on a small stream called Little Chunk, for Maridian [sic] on 3/5 rations, for 5 days in our haversacks, taking only 2 teams to a regt. The rebs fell trees in the road which impeded our progress somewat [sic]. We camped about 5 miles out of town, and started in the next morning, when it began to rain and rained most all day. We got into some store houses and stayed over night. At Maridian [sic] was Gen. Pope’s [Leonidas Pope] Head Quarters and by evening we destroy all their rail road communications in Miss. [paragraph break added]
The 4th Division left the Corps here and went to Enterprise to destroy the rail road. The business part of the town was all burnt. The 3rd Briggade [sic] was sent the next day to Chithman (distance 14 miles) to burn a RR bridge. It was guarded by a rebel regt. which we easily drove away. The bridge was a nice covered bridge over a hundred feet long. We also burnt 300 feet of trussle [sic] work and marched back part way to Enterprise and camped. We burnt another bridge the next morning and another peace [sic] of trussle [sic] work and went in to town, and stayed over night and started back for Maridian [sic] to join our Corps and return home. We left Maridian [sic] on our rigt [sic] and saved 5 or 6 miles. [paragraph break added]
On the 20th we started about 8 o[’]clock, marched 13 miles and camped a mile from where we left the train but they had gone to Decatur. We over took our train near Hillsborough [sic]. I was taken sick with the ague, was sick about a week. The Troops crossed Pearl River the 26th. [paragraph break added]
The 27th most all of the train in the Corps was started back for camp and annother [sic] train was sent out with rations. The Doctor examined the convalescents and sent the worst ones into camp with the train. I was sent along with them. We left them 10 miles east of Canton, we went to Canton the first night. The 17th Ay. C. captured 3 new engines that the rebs had run out of the town but could not get them away. They also got 22 more locomotives that were being repaired.
March 4th — I have written nearly every thing that is of interest and I will not write much more. The regt. I understand will be here this after noon. They are at Edward Station so I will not mail this til Ed gets in. [paragraph break added]
[Homer continues in pencil] Ed has finished his letter² and I have not time to write any more for the mail will soon go out so I will close. This from your Affectionate son, — Homer Levings
1. William “Billy” Wilson was the colonel of the 6th New York Infantry, also known as Wilson’s Zouaves. A history of the 6th New York states that “The vigor with which the regiment resisted the attack undoubtedly saved Fort Pickens from surprise and capture, both of which the enemy expected to accomplish.” (New York Infantry Regiment, 6th, Historical Sketch from The 3rd Annual Report of the Bureau of Military Statistics on the New York State Military Museum website.)
2. Edwin Levings’ letter is dated March 5, 1864, so Homer’s postscript must have been written on that day.
In August of 1864, at their national convention in Chicago, the Democratic Party would nominate General George B. McClellan as their candidate for president. In this editorial, reprinted in the February 27, 1864, issue of The Polk County Press, some Democrats are already finding fault with him as a potential nominee.
The Course of General McClellan.
From the Green Bay Advocate, War Democrat.
What matters it here, in this time of peril, whether McClellan’s or somebody else’s plans and theories, in 1862, were better? It is precisely of as much consequence as the question of Grouch’s fidelity at Waterloo. It is a matter with which history has to deal–not we here in the trenches, restating an assault upon the life of the nation.
Suppose McClellan to have been badly treated. Shall the earth and the sun stand still until he is attended to ? Give him a court-martial, or a committee of inquiry, if he wants it ; shoot him or Stanton—whichever is found to be in the fault—do anything in reason that he wants done ; but let us go on meanwhile with more pressing and important matters.
Joe Hooker [Joseph Hooker] had as good a right to growl and grumble, and hump himself up. Did he do it ? Go and ask him, down there in Tennessee, good naturedly smoking his cigar under the shadow of Lookout Mountain. John Pope, as brave a fighting man as ever lived, never had the hundredth part of the time, the favor, the patient waiting, which was given McClellan to do something with the Army of the Potomac—did he fall back, glum and cross, and demand that nothing should be done until he was avenged ? He came from the command of a great army to a mere Indian border war, as gaily as though it were a holiday excursion. Burnside [Ambrose E. Burnside] did not cope with Longstreet [James Longstreet] at Fredericksburg, and was summarily sent away ; but he sought another trial and gave him hard knocks at Knoxville. McDowell [Irvin McDowell], the earliest victim of ill-luck, has been vainly urging, over since, not the indorsement [sic] of his plans at Bull Run, but a command to lead once more at the Rebel army. Rosecrans [Williams S. Rosecrans], the beloved of all, who was blown out after Chickamauga, as you would blow out a penny candle, referred to the druggist, instead of the Government, about the opium question. Even Scott [Winfield Scott], the greatest general living, who was set aside gently but firmly, takes his morning walks in the Fifth Avenue, and if he doesn’t encourage, he doesn’t discourage the attempts we are making to save the country.
Up to the advent of Meade [George G. Meade], every General who has had command of the Army of the Potomac, has been relieved from it under the circumstances which they probably did not regard as flattering. But of them all, there has been only one who has undertaken to inflict his wrongs—if they were wrongs—upon the country. That one is Geo. B. McClellan. He asks the country to take notice that not only his military plans but his ideas as to the politics of war, are different from those which have pursued. He publishes old letters to the President [Abraham Lincoln]. He charges Stanton [Edwin M. Stanton], the existing Secretary of War, with having connived at his defeat and the destruction of the army. He advocates the election of a man to the Governorship of Pennsylvania who decides that the draft is unconstitutional. And he permits himself to be named as the Presidential candidate of the Fernando Woods, the Vallandighams [Clement L. Vallandigham], and all the other dead weights hanging on this war. It is one of the fatalities which seem to attend that class of politicians, that they are making a candidate of that kind. So long as they keep control of the Democratic party, so long will it be beaten.
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