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1865 February 25: “Henceforth no American need blush for the shame of slavery”

February 27, 2015

The following editorial on the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution comes from the February 25, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.

The Amendment. 

The passage by Congress of the amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting slavery in the United States, except for the crime, is a triumph of all that is noble in our Government over all that is disloyal and base.  It marks a new era in the life of the Nation, or more correctly speaking, a return to the principles upon which the Government was based.  This act is not so much an amendment to the Constitution, as it is an authoritative  exposition of its true meaning and intent.

Every man who has ever read the debates of the Convention which adopted the Constitution of the United States, knows that it was the universal belief and the almost universal desire that Slavery—a noxious plant grafted upon colonial soil by European greed—would soon die out under the benign influence of its freedom-breathing spirit.  For this reason, some little concessions were made to it, but all mention of the word was carefully excluded, and the Constitution wisely and purposely so framed and worded that slavery might pass away and there would be nothing in our organic law to tell that it ever existed—it should leave no trace or stain to mar the beauty or impugn the juice of our National law.

But slavery proved peculiarly profitable in some of the states.  Contrary to public expectation, it grew in strength and its advocates became arrogant as it grew strong.

It is not necessary to trace its progress—how it gradually assumed the control and dictated the policy of the Government, until it became a monster of collosal [sic] proportions—a blot upon our fame—a disgrace to our civilization—a reproach to our christianity [sic]—a libel upon our professions—a distorter of our peace—a traitor to our Government.

But it was strong.  Twelve years ago you could count on your fingers the men in public life who dared openly and boldly resist its encroachments.  Good men prayed for its overthrow, and the mass of the North saw its evil, but it was so hedged about with enactments, an entrenched behind statutes, that no way for its extinction seemed open.  Honorable, law-abiding men could see no hope, except as the long train of years might bring noblet principles into practice, and slowly obliterate the evil.

To-day what a change from four years ago !  The National Capitol no longer holds a slave.  Maryland and Missouri have joined the fair sisterhood of Free States.  Kentucky longs to be delivered from the curse which has enslaved her.  The great apostle of Free Soil sits Chief Justice in our highest court, and an American Congress has solemnly resolved that slavery shall die.

It is a proud thing to live in such a day, when the principles of our Government are potent realities instead of “glittering generalities.”

Henceforth no American need blush for the shame of slavery.  It may linger for a while ;  the amendatory act may not be ratified at once, and pass into organic law, but slavery is outlawed, dethroned, doomed.  The Government has purged itself of its opprobium [sic] and shame, and reiterated anew the sublime truths enunciated by the founders of the Republic.—It is fitting that joy should fill the heart of every American citizen for this most righteous legislation, and he should give thanks as for a great victory won.

25 February 1865: Confederate Treasury Fraud, Great Activity in Mobile, Indian Troubles in Wyoming

February 27, 2015

The following summary of national news related to the war comes from The Prescott Journal of February 25, 1865.

News Items.

Enormous frauds have been found in the rebel Treasury Department.  The Treasurer and stated the whole indebtedness of the Confederacy at $114,000,000 ;  but accusations of cash liabilities to the amount of $400,000,000, have been found to exist.

The Commercial’s Washington special says, officers from the fleet off Mobile report great activity in the removal of torpedoes and other obstructions in the harbor.   It was confidently expected that the rebels would evacuate the city.  The fleet is working its way up the harbor.

Private advises from Richmond represent matters there as in a very bad way for the rebels and the difficulty of supplying the people and the army with half rations is daily becoming almost insurmountable, and the evacuation of Richmond is becoming more imminent and probable.

Richmond papers state that a large Yankee force had landed at Smithfield, on the North Carolina coast and have brought locomotives with them, evidently intending to use the railroads to facilitate their military operations after they shall have captured Wilmington.

The World’s Washington correspondent reiterates a former statement that the rebels would soon evacuate Richmond and the Atlantic coast and fall back to the mountains interior.  He now says Lee [Robert E. Lee] and Beauregard [P. G. T. Beauregard] will command two grand armies, and that preparations are making for an overwhelming attack on Sherman [William T. Sherman].

The Commercial’s Newbern, North Carolina, correspondent says that an expedition to fitting out there which in all probability will make an advance upon Goldsboro.  If captured it will give us all of southeastern North Carolina.  Lt. Ware, of Gen. Palmer’s staff, was accidentally shot by Capt. Horn, of the 12th N. Y.  [John M. Palmer]

The telegraph is again working to Denver.  The Indians, in small bands, are at different points all along the road from Fort Kearney westward.  The main body has gone up the North Platte.  Col. Collins,¹ with his command had a series of engagements with the Indians between Julesburg and Laramie, which lasted for six days.  The Indians are estimated to number 2,000, while our soldiers number about 200, not sufficient to follow and chastize the savages.

The Herald’s dispatch from Sheridan’s headquarters show that though everything remains comparatively quiet in the Shenandoah valley, the strictest vigilance is still exercised by the National forces there, and the country is frequently patroled by scouting and reconnoitering parties.  The regular rebel troops are stationed at different points in the upper put of the Valley, but the guerrillas are prowling around in some of the counties between the Blue Ridge and Alleghany mountains.  [Philip H. Sheridan]

It appears that the rebels have lingering in their prisons many Southern Union men, civilians charged with Union proclivities.—These men have no friends who, under the existing state of affairs in the South, dare intercede for them, and the consequence is they are made to suffer as badly as our soldier prisoners.  It is said our Government has a number of civilian prisoners.  Efforts are making to get up an exchange which will release these sufferers.  It will require, however, much effort in their behalf, and it is hoped all good citizens will aid the undertaking.

The Herald’s Washington special says “officers from the forces operating against Mobile, who have arrived here, confirm the reported evacuation of that place.  Hundreds of deserters have come off to the army and to the fleet and unanimously agree in the statement, that nearly all the rebel troops have left that place, and that the city will be surrendered whenever a demand for it shall be made, even if the force by which it is backed up shall not be a very large one.  The cotton has all been removed from the city into the interior.  Our fleet are busily engaged in removing obstructions, and expect to be able to reach the city by the 1st of March.”

In a prize case before the United States District Court, it was charged in a libel that a certain vessel was forfeited by reason of having entered the port of Norfolk in violation of the regulations prescribed by the secretary of the Treasury and the several intercourse proclamations of the President.  The cargo was landed December 1863, and the seizure of the vessel was not made until the following June. During the interval the vessel made three or four innocent voyages.  The turning point in the case was the question whether the vessel, made guilty by the language of the admiralty law, by the violation above mentioned, was purged by the innocence of the subsequent voyages, coupled with the delay of the Government in making the seizure.  The court held the forfeiture as complete at the moment the cause of it arose, and this cause is the act violating the law.  Sentence of condemnation was accordingly pronounced.

The Richmond Examiner of the 10th inst., in an article on Southern railroad connections, endeavors to show how Lee’s army may be supplied from North Carolina and Georgia without the assistance of the Weldon road.

The Herald’s Paris correspondence states that two formidable naval rams, Sphynx and Cheops, built at Bordeaux some time ago, have been fitted out in the most complete manner for our Southern rebels, with the heaviest class of guns and full crews, and under the new names of Stonewall and Rapidan, were to sail in the beginning of the month from a little island off the coast of France for this port.  It was believed they were of so staunch a character that they would experience no difficulty in passing all the batteries in our harbor and coming right up to the city, which it is reported to be designed by their commanders to lav under heavy contribution or to destroy.  This scheme is said to have been concocted and assisted in its prosecution under a secret treaty between the Emperor Napoleon and the Jeff. Davis’ government.  [Jefferson Davis]

Richmond papers of the 9th contain severe denunciations upon the course of Jeff. Davis in advising his Cabinet that they should not resign in deference to the expressed desire of the rebel Congress, as they (the Cabinet) are responsible only to him, and not to Congress or the people.  The papers demand a reform on the part of the Executive, claiming that although their armies were numerous and valiant enough to defy subjugation, and the material resources of the country ample for the supply of the army and the people, yet the first have been scattered and the latter surrendered, until the armies in the field are insufficient to breast the invasion, and supplies are growing more limited daily.—The capture of Savannah is claimed as a disgrace to the Confederacy, and there is a painful total want of confidence in the administration of affairs in Richmond.  In the rebel Congress, on the 6th, Wigfall and Hayne [sic]² made a furious onslaught on Davis.  [Louis T. Wigfall]

1.  Lieutenant Colonel William Oliver Collins (1809-1880), for whom Fort Collins, Colorado, was named, was the the able and popular commander of the 11th Ohio Cavalry, headquartered at Fort Laramie. He was the son of Oliver and Mary Chapin Collins, born in Somers, Connecticut, August 23, 1809. He attended Wilbraham Academy and graduated from Amherst College in the class of 1833. He studied law in Cincinnati, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar in 1835, practicing law in Hillsboro, Ohio, before the Civil War, and was a member of the Ohio Senate (1860-1862). After the War he was a prosecuting attorney in Highland County, Ohio, and later president of the Cincinnati and Hillsboro Railroad. He died in Hillsboro, Ohio on October 26, 1880.
2.  Landon Carter Haynes (1816-1875)represented Tennessee in the Confederate States Senate (1862-1865). As a senator, he sought higher pay for troops, and introduced legislation that would allow pay for Confederate prisoners of war to be sent to their families. He supported conscription, but sought exemptions for members of state militias and overseers of plantations with twenty or more slaves. He supported the continued suspension of habeas corpus, but called for an end to martial law. Haynes favored fiscal conservatism, and called for the sale of cotton and tobacco to buy back Confederate-issued bank notes.
Prior to the Civil War, he served several terms in the Tennessee House of Representatives, including one term as Speaker (1849-1851). In the early 1840s, Haynes worked as editor of the Jonesborough-based newspaper, Tennessee Sentinel, garnering regional fame for his frequent clashes with rival editor, William G. “Parson” Brownlow. After the Civil War, Haynes moved to Memphis, was granted amnesty by Andrew Johnson, and practiced law.

1865 February 25: Charleston Evacuated: “The egg of cockatrice has been crushed in its nest”

February 26, 2015

The following editorial from the St. Paul Daily Press was reprinted by The Prescott Journal in its February 25, 1865, issue.

THE WAR.

CHARLESTON EVACUATED.

(From the St. Paul Daily Press.)

Charleston, S.C., the Mills House, with Adjacent Ruins

Charleston, S.C., the Mills House, with Adjacent Ruins, 1865³

Charleston is evacuated.  The egg of cockatrice¹ has been crushed in its nest.  Not quite four years ago, on the 12th day of April, 1861, the same city of  Charleston fired the signal gun of the slaveholder’s rebellion—set the match to the train of revolutionary elements she had been preparing for thirty years.

Charleston was drunk with joyous exultation then ;  champagne  flowed in torrents ;  the bells rang ;  ladies waved handkerchiefs ;  people cheered ;  it was glorious.  She had put forth her mailed² hand, and at a single blow, struck down the National authority in eleven Southern States.  And it was so easily done !

Not quite four years have passed ;  the champagne has not flowed so cheerily ;  the bells have not rung so merrily since then.  It was not done so easily after all !  Hundreds of thousands of Southern men and boys have perished in atonement for that act of mad ambition.  Every Southern household has been draped in mourning.  Nearly all her towns are in ruins. Her fields are desolated.  Her wealth is ashes.  Her people are fugitives and vagabonds on the face of earth.  Woe and horror have settled in a thick cloud over every Southern home.  And slowly, day by day and hour by hour, the nursed vengeance of the nation has been creeping through the blackened heavens and the war-blasted earth towards the cradle of the rebellion, as if reserving it a terrific catastrophe of retribution, commensurate in its awful proportions with the gigantic crime of which the doomed city had been guilty, and the fearful horror she had caused.

She boasted that she was going to make a Saragossa defense, and we inwardly thanked God for the obstinacy that justified the razing her in fire from the face of the earth.  We were going to honor her overmuch.  The result has proved that she was not equal to the occasion.  She has no ambition for the martyr’s crown, except in figures of speech.

The thunderbolt fell indeed, but she dodged it.  Fire and brimstone were ready to burst upon her—and she evacuated.  The sublime expiation, of a hero  death were something too good for this traitor city.  Her name is to go down to posterity with no such glorious epic famous Troy or Saragossa, but linked with derision and shame to the latest generation, as the Bob Acres4 of the Rebellion.

Chainmail glove

Chainmail glove

1.  A cockatrice is a medieval mythical beast that looks like a two-legged dragon with a rooster’s head.
2.  Chainmail armour.
3.  [Charleston, S.C. The Mills House, with adjacent ruins], George N. Barnard, photographer, April 1865. From the Photographs and Prints Division, Library of Congress.
4.  Bob Acres is a character in Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s play The Rivals. Acres was a coward, whose “courage always oozed out at his finger ends.”

1865 February 25: The “Cradle of Treason” (Charleston) Has Fallen

February 25, 2015

As Union General William T. Sherman marched through South Carolina, the situation for Charleston became ever more precarious.  On February 15, 1865, Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard ordered the evacuation of remaining Confederate forces.  Then on February 18, the mayor surrendered the city to General Alexander Schimmelfennig¹ and Union troops finally moved in.

The Polk County Press will not have an article about Charleston until next week; meanwhile they did published in their February 25, 1865, issue a large headline, with flag, about the fall of “Babylon” (Charleston).  The following article is from The Prescott Journal of February 25, 1865.

From The Polk County Press:

Feb. 25, 1865 copy
Charleston is our !  The “Old Falg” floats over its own again !  God be praised !  Shout patriots, shout !  Weep traitors—for in its fall you can see what is to be your miserable ends !

The brave Gillmore [Quincy A. Gillmore] and the gallant Dahlgreen [sic: John A. Dahlgren] occupy the city of snakes.

The rebels set fire to the cotton and in its destruction consumed two-thirds of the city.  The explosion of ammunition in the fire killed many of its citizens, and destroyed millions of property.  One hundred guns fell into our hands.  We are unable to give the particulars in this issue—will give a full account next week.

From The Prescott Journal:

ALL THE FORTS IN OUR POSSESSION !

General Anderson’s Flag Again Raised over Fort Sumter !

Rebels Left Fortifications Uninjured and 200 Guns !

The City on Fire and Two-Thirds Destroyed !

NEW YORK, Feb. 21.—The steamship Fulton, from Port Royal 17th, Charleston 18th, arrived this morning.  Charleston was evacuated by the enemy on the night of the 17th, leaving the several fortifications uninjured besides 200 guns, which they spiked.  The evacuation was first discovered at Fort Moultrie in the morning at 10 o’clock.  Part of the troops stationed at James Island crossed over in boats, and took possession of the city without opposition.  Upper part of the city on fire.

Previous to the enemy evacuating they fired the upper part of the city by which 6,000 bales of cotton were burned, and it is supposed that before the fire could be subdued two-thirds of the city will be destroyed.

A fearful explosion occurred in the Wilmington depot, cause unknown, by which several hundred citizens lost their lives.

The building was used for commissary purposes, and situated in the upper part of the city.

Admiral Dahlgren was the first to run up the city, where he arrived at about 3 o’clock.  Gen. Gilmore [sic] followed soon after and had an interview with General Schemelfenning [sic], he being the first general officer in the city, and for this at present is in command.

The remains of two iron-clads were found, which the enemy destroyed by blowing them up.

Previous to the evacuation the blockade runner Cyrena had just arrived at Nassau, and fell into our hands, and two others were expected to run in on the night of the 18th.  The first flag over Sumter was raised by Capt. Henry M. Bragg, A. D. C. on General Gilmore’s [sic] staff.

The houses in the lower part were completely riddled by our shot and shell.  The wealthy part of the population have deserted the city, and now all that remain are of the poorer class, who are suffering from want of food.

A movement had been made by a force under Gen. Hatch [John P. Hatch], which resulted in the capture of six pieces of artillery.

The Tribune’s correspondent, who arrived by the Fulton, gives the following account :

CHARLESTON HARBOR, Feb. 18.—Early last evening Brig. Gen. Schemelfenning [sic], commanding the northern district of the department of South Carolina, discovered some indications which led him to believe the rebels were about to evacuate Charleston and its defences.

He accordingly ordered his pickets and picket boats to keep a bright look-out and report immediately any movement on the part of the enemy.  About half past 3 A. M. this morning a terrific explosion took place in Charleston, which shook every ship in the harbor and off the bar.

Almost simultaneous with the explosion flames broke out and could be distinctly seen in different parts of the city.

It appears the first explosion occurred at the Wilmington depot, the fire from which rapidly communicated with adjacent buildings, causing a general conflagration of all the dwelling houses in the vicinity.

It was while the unfortunate inhabitants were trying to extinguish the fire that the second explosion took place, which resulted so disastrously, causing terrible loss of life amongst the women and children, who are represented as having been horribly mutilated.

This morning Gen. Schemelfenning [sic] landed his forces and occupied the city and its defences.  The formidable earthworks on James Island are found abandoned, and the guns spiked.

At ten o’clock this morning a detachment was sent to take possession of Fort Sumter, and raise the flag which General Anderson [Robert Anderson] hauled down nearly four years ago.

At 4 o’clock the flag was raised amidst cheers.  As fast as forces could be thrown into the city they were set to work to put out the fire, which, up to the time of leaving, was raging fiercely in different parts of the city.

Old man, women and children are rushing frantically to and fro in agonized despair at the loss of their homes and the killing and mutilating of their friends.  It is impossible to estimate the amount of cotton destroyed by the rebels.

Several thousand bales were collected in different parts of the city, and set on fire almost simultaneously with the principal depot.

It was the opinion of Gen. Gilmore’s [sic] staff that in all probability two thirds of the city would be destroyed before the fire could be extinguished with the imperfect means for subduing it at hand.

The last rearguard of the rebels left Charleston at 4 A. M. this morning.

1.  Alexander Shimmelfenning (1824-1865) was a Prussian soldier and political revolutionary who emigrated to the U.S. in 1854. He worked in the U.S. War Department, where he associated with the Forty-Eighters (German military officers in the failed revolution of 1848 who fled to the United States), many of whom, like him, ended up serving in the Union Army. When the Civil War started, he raised a regiment of Germans from Philadelphia and Pittsburgh called the 1st German Regiment (of Pennsylvania), later designated the 74th Pennsylvania Infantry. Shimmelfenning fought at the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. He commanded the District of Charleston during Sherman’s March to the Sea, and he had the honor of accepting Charleston’s surrender on February 18, 1865. During his time of service in the swamps about Charleston, Schimmelfennig contracted a virulent form of tuberculosis, which ultimately led to his death on September 5, 1865, in Wernersville, Pennsylvania, where he visited a mineral springs sanatorium in an effort to find a cure.

1865 February 18: The Battle of Rivers’ Bridge and Other Small Items of News

February 24, 2015

Following are the smaller items from the February 18, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.  The February 18th issue of The Polk County Press is missing from the microfilm.

The first item refers to the Battle of Rivers’ Bridge¹ on February 3, 1865.

Sherman’s Movement.

The rebels admit that Gen. Sherman’s [William T. Sherman] forces have crossed the Edisto River, which was the line held by Gen. Hardee [William J. Hardee], the enemy disappearing rapidly before the advance of his invincible columns.—He has flanked Branchville on all side, and a report states that Branchville is now in the possession of the Union forces.   All railroad communications with Charleston are cut off save that from Wilmington, and this will soon be.—Sherman appears to be leisurely moving through the state, without serious opposition, and effecting by strategy the most important result.

Appointed.

J. S. ELWELL [Joseph S. Elwell], formerly of the Hudson Star, well known to our readers, has been appointed A. Q. M. with the rank of Captain. Joe has done the Union cause good service, and the appointment was well deserved.

Finger002  There has been a strong effort made to remove the Headquarters of the Provost Marshall of the District From La Crosse to Sparta.  An order to that effect was received, but has been countermanded.  Its present location is satisfactory to the people here.

The Festival.

The Festival given by the ladies of the Soldier’s Aid Society here, last Tuesday evening, was a perfect success.  The attendance was large and receipts were $140 over all the expenditures.

Dr. J. C. Pride.

Dr. J. C. PRIDE,² formerly a resident of this city, but for several years in the service, died a short time since, in the army.  His funeral sermon will be preached at Hastings tomorrow.

Finger002  The soul of old John Brown, which has been “marching on” for some time, is said to have commenced moving at the double quick, on the passage of the Constitutional amendment. —Chicago Journal.  

Resolution.

RESOLVED, By the Common Council of the city of Prescott, that the Mayor and clerk be and are hereby authorized to leave orders to the amount of twenty-four hundred dollars ($2,400,) to pay bounty to volunteers under call of the President for 300,000 Volunteers, dated Dec. 19, 1864.

.                               .G. A. DILL, Mayor
W. R. GATES, City Clerk.

Notice is hereby given, that the foregoing resolution was passed by the Common Council of the city of Prescott Feb. 9, 1865.

W. R GATES, City Clerk.

AN INDICATION.—A bill is pending in the rebel Congress to impress slaves and free negroes to be employed as laborers, teamsters, &c., in the army.  It is generally understood that JEFF. DAVIS intends to arm them after they are secured. An amendment in the form of a proviso was moved to the bill, that in no case should such slaves or free negroes have arms placed in their hands, or be used as soldiers. It was tabled by the decided vote of ayes 50, noes 28.  [Jefferson Davis]

Dr. Orrin T. Maxson had been captain of Company A of the 12th Wisconsin Infantry—Prescott’s Lyon Light Guards.  You may remember that Edwin Levings, also of Company A, wrote his parents on June 18, 1863, asking them to send 3 boxes of Brandreth pills.  Maxson is now home in Prescott and selling those same Brandreth’s Pills:

A UNIVERSAL MEDICINE.—By what we eat, by the air we breathe, or by the water we drink, we can be made sick ;  or by fatigue, or from debilily [sic] induced by heat, because these defects end by producing impurity of blood.  To regain health we must parify [sic] the blood, by the organs of the stomach and bowels ;  these organs must be continued in the regular performance of that duty which nature has assigned them, and should there be any impediment, to what does experience point ?  To BRANDRETH’S PILLS, which cannot injure, and which will surely restore the bowels to the regular performance of their antics.

The dyspeptic, the billious will find them a treasure of health, and the same may be said to all who are sick in any way,—take Brandreth’s Pills and be cured.  Sold by O. T. MAXSON, Prescott, and by all respectable dealers in medicine.

1.  Also known as Salkehatchie River, Hickory Hill, Owen’s Crossroads, Lawtonville, and Duck Creek.
2.  John C. Pride, Jr. (ca. 1825-1865) had been a dentist. He served first in Company F of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry, from September 27, 1861, to May 25, 1862, when he was discharged for a disability. He then joined the Chicago Mercantile Battery. He died February 4, 1865, at the Saint Elizabeth’s Hospital in Washington, D.C. (Anacostia), and is buried in the hospital’s West Cemetery. He left a wife (Minerva), a son (Walter), and a daughter (Minnie).

1865 February 18: Pierce County Volunteer Aid Fund

February 23, 2015

The following list of aid given to the wives and families of Pierce County volunteers comes from the February 18, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.

County Volunteer Aid Fund !

ELLSWORTH, Wisconsin, January 16, 1865.

EDITOR JOURNAL :—As there has been constant enquiry in regard to amount due and amount drawn by wives and families of volunteers, I herewith send you an abstract of each volunteer that has drawn County Aid, with the date of his enlistment, and as far as known, the date of their discharge, and the date of which they were paid.  I would take this opportunity to request that the friends of those that have been discharged, or have died, not included in list of discharged, would forward me their names, and the date of such discharge, or death.  Please give this one or two insertions and greatly oblige

.                   .JOHN W. WINN,
Clerk of Board of Co. Supervisors.



DATE OF
ENLISTMENT.
NAME. DATES OF DIS’N. AMOU’T
REC’D.
PAID UP TO.
Aug. 07, ’62 Atwood C W $185.00 Nov. 07, ’64
Dec. 07, ’61 Anderson L 175.00
Jan. 23, ’62 Adams G B March 15, ’64  128.00 Mar. 15, ’64
Aug. 07, ’63 Andrews R S  140.00 Dec. 07,
Dec. 21, ’63 Aldrich L  60.00  ” 21,
Aug. 13, ’62 Ashley A  135.00  Nov.  13,
Feb. 18, ’64 Adams J  45.00  do 28,
Aug. 18, Arneson A  15.00  do  18,  ”
15, ’62 Brown J D  135.00  do  15,  ”
July 22, Baker H S  75.00  Oct.  22, ’63
Sept 08, ’61 Bennett H J April 8, ’62 35.00 Apr. 08, ’62
Aug. 13, ’62 Bancroft A 140.00 Dec. 18, ’64
Sept 08, ’62 Button S W May 8, ’63 100.00 May 08, ’63
July 18, ’62 Bennett G W Nov. 8, ’62 18.00 Nov. 08, ’62
Sept 08, ’62 Bennett H Sept. 19, ’63 122.00 Sept 19, ’63
Oct. 26, ’61 Brayley G March 26, ’62 25.00 Mar. 26, ’62
Jan. 24, ’62 Brackett G W July 18, ’62 80.00 July 18, ’62
Sept 21, ’62 Boughton H July 21,  do 50.00 do 21, do
Aug. 15, ’62 Bennett H G 140.00 Dec. 15, ’64
do do Brown C W 180.00 Oct. 15, do
do do Beardsley C L 187.00 Dec. do do
Aug. 12, ’62 Beardsley G W 140.00 do 12, do
do do Baker D H 140.00 do do do
do 15, do Boussuott L 60.00 Aug. 15, ’63
do 18, do Boustead E H 140.00 Dec. 13, ’64
do 13, do Bickford L 140.00 Nov. 18, ’64
Dec. 19, ’63 Bowers C L 50.00 Oct. 19, do
do 24, do Bennett A 60.00 Dec. 24, do
Jan. 27, do Barrett G C 60.00 Nov. 23, do
Dec. 12, ’63 Bartlett J 60.00 Dec. 12, ’64
Feb. 06, ’64 Beardaley A 60.00 do 06, do
Nov. 25, ’63 Brown C P 65.00 do 25, do
Aug. 07, ’64 Bolton S A 25.00 Jan. 07, ’65
do 25, do Bretenger J 10.00 Oct. 25, ’64
do 27, do Baker A R 21.00 Dec. 27, do
do 16, do Bennett H J 15.00 Nov. 16, do
Sept 22, ’61 Cleveland E O 152.00 Mar. 15, do
Aug. 13, ’62 Clapp W F 40.00 Jan. 18, ’63
Sept 06, ’61 Coe M W 185.00 Oct. 06, do
Jan. 23, ’62 Childs T R April ’63 75.00 Apr. do
Mar. 13, do Conk W T 165.00 Dec. 13, ’64
do 06, do Cotter L 165.00 do 06, do
July 18, do Cooper A M 130.00 do 18. do
Aug. 15, do Carr H G 140.00 do 15, do
do 01, do Campbell A 145.00 Jan. 01, ’65
do 12, do Cudd A 140.00 Dec. 12, ’64
Jan. 24, ’63 Carlton L 55.00 do 24, do
do 19, do Christian H 15.00 Apr. 19, do
Mar. 29, do Carr T 30.00 Sept 29, do
Aug. 06, do Chamberlain C B 20.00 Dec. 06, do
Oct. 27, ’61 Dickinson S W June 27, ’62 40.00 June 27, ’62
Aug. 15, ’62 Dailey A 135.00 Nov. 15, ’64
do 14, do Davis G 40.00 Jan. 14, ’63
Feb. 25, ’64 Denham M 40.00 Oct. 25, ’64
do 20, do Dean T 40.00 do 20, do
Dec. 14, do Davis L March 13, ’64 15.00 Mar. 18, do
Feb. 27, do Drake H 45.00 Nov. 27, do
Mar. 10, ’62 Everts G W October 17, ’62 85.00 Oct. 17, ’62
Aug. 09, do Eaton B R 185.00 Nov. 09, ’64
do 18, ’64 Endreas F 20.00 Dec. 28, do
do 07, ’62 Falls A 140.00 do 07, do
Sept 04, do Fessenden E A 20.00 Jan. 04, ’63
Jan. 25, do Falkinburg E S May 17, ’62 18.00 May 17, ’62
Aug. 20, do Fuller J H 140.00 Dec. 20, ’64
do 06, do Flint P Dec. 22, ’62 22.00 do 22, ’62
Dec. 28, ’63 Farnsworth E 55.00 Nov. 23, ’64
Jan. 04, ’63 Fisher C 60.00 Dec. 04, do
Aug. 13, ’62 Gunner D 15.00 Nov. 13, ’62
Sept 23, ’61 Gibson A April 29, ’62 35.00 Nov. 23, do
Jan. 23, ’62 Goss M S Oct. 23, do 45.00 Oct. 28, do
Sept 17, ’61 Gibson R 145.00
June 10, do Gunderson O 165.00 Apr. 10, ’64
Aug. 11, ’62 Grant C H 120.00 Aug. 11, do
do 07, do Gould F 71.00 Oct. 15, ’63
June 11, ’62 Gossett A 40.00 Feb. 11, do
Dec. 19, ’63 Green H Oct. 15, ’63 55.00 Nov. 19, ’64
Jan. do do Gielsted H C A 55.00 Dec. do do
Aug. 21, ’63 Howard A H 125.00 Sept 12, do
do 13, do Hall D T 140.00 Dec. 13, do
do 12, do Hathaway A C 140.00 do 12, do
Oct. 23, ’61 Hudson J R 15.00 Jan. 23, ’62
Aug. 21, ’62 Hill M 130.00 Oct. 21, ’64
Oct. 02, ’61 Hyatt D B 45.00 May 29, ’62
July 31, ’62 Hotchkiss A J May 20, ’62 102.00 Mar. 15, ’64
Sept 14, ’61 Herbert J June 3, ’62 45.00 June 08, ’62
Oct. 01, do Holman H N 150.00 Feb. 28, ’64
do 19, do Higbee C G 40.00 June 19, ’63
Aug. 28, do Hunter J A 150.00 Feb. 28, ’64
do 31, do Houston J A 132.00 Mar. 15, do
do 06, ’62 Hamilton S L 140.00 Dec. 06, do
do 18, do Harmon E 135.00 Nov. 08, do
do 15, do Houghtaling G W 145.00 Jan. 06, ’65
do 04, do Healey M 140.00 Dec. 04, ’64
do 06, do Healy E 97.00 Mar. 15, do
do 07, do Hall W 125.00 Sept 01, do
Apr. 16, ’63 Hare F 45.00 Jan. 16, ’64
Dec. 15, do Hurt W 60.00 Dec. 15, do
Nov. 06, do Hamiliton J 60.00 Nov. 06, do
Dec. 24, do Hicks O C 60.00 Dec. 24, do
Jan. 05, ’63 Hunter J 55.00 do 05, do
do 18, do Hull W H 55.00 do 18, do
do 19, do Halverson T 50.00 Nov. 19, do
Sept 06, ’64 Hayerdahl C G E N 15.00 do 16, do
Aug. 16, ’62 Irwin S 135.00 do 22, do
do 22, do Iverson J 185.00 do 22, do
June 10, ’61 Jameson S July 16, ’64 185.00 July 10, do
Oct. 04, do Jay W S 158.00 May 14, do
Mar. do ’64 Jonson J 55.00 Feb. 28, ’63
Aug. 01, ’62 Kinney W 145.00 Jan. 01, do
Sept 28, ’61 Kelsey W 70.00 Nov. 28, ’62
Aug. 11, ’62 Kelster S F 140.00 Dec. 11, ’64
do 18, do Karuger F 140.00 do 18, do
Dec. 24, ’63 Knowles C 60.00 do 24, do
Aug. 22, ’64 Kinney E 20.00 do 22, do
Jan. 11, ’62 Larson L 32.00 July 22, ’63
Aug. 14, do Lord F H 95.00 Mar. 14, ’64
Dec. 18, ’61 Lomo P E 165.00 Sept 18, do
Aug. 21, ’62 London D B 140.00 Dec. 21, do
do 18, do Lyon W 140.00 do 13, do
July 21, do Lawton W D Nov. 14, ’62 20.00 Nov. 14, ’62
Aug. 22, do Larson O 90.00 Feb. 22, ’64
Feb. 08, ’64 Leavitt N W 40.00 Oct. 08, do
Nov. 28, do La Brash F 30.00 May 23, do
Feb. 08, do Leavitt W H H 50.00 Dec. 08, do
Aug. 16, do Leach B L 20.00 do 16, do
do 21, do Lane C A 10.00 Oct. 21, do
Mar. 10, ’62 Matherel W 170.00 Jan. 15, ’65
Aug. 15, do McLaughlin E 130.00 Oct. do ’64
do 13, do Miller J M Nov. 25, ’62 17.00 Nov. 25, ’62
do 07, do Moody L J 135.00 do 07, ’64
June 10, ’61 McLaughlin J H 165.00 Mar. 10, do
Aug. 12, ’62 Mason W H 140.00 Dec. 12, do
Sept 21, ’61 McMillen J 187.00 Oct. 21, do
Jan. 23, ’62 Muzzy J G 130.00 Mar. 25, do
Oct. do ’61 Meley J 102.00 May do ’63
Aug. 01, ’62 Maynard B D 145.00 Jan. 01, ’65
do 15, do McDonald M 95.00 Mar. 15, ’64
Feb. 15, ’64 McLaughlin D 45.00 Nov. 15, ’64
do 08, do Maison H 50.00 Dec. 08, do
Dec. 21, ’63 Merriman J M 60.00 do 21, do
do 21, do Millar C 60.00 do do do
Nov. 23, ’62 McKee A 180.00 Nov. 28, do
Jan. 25, ’62 Nichols G 30.00 July 25, ’62
Aug. 22, do  Neilson J 90.00 Feb. 22, ’63
Oct. 07, ’61 Olen A N 190.00 Dec. 07, ’64
Aug. 23, ’62 Olson T 80.00 do 23, ’63
June 10, ’61 Olsen A March 15, ’64 165.00 Mar. 12, ’64
Aug. 02, ’64 Owens J 10.00 Oct. 28, do
do 23, ’62 Pederson N 140.00 Dec. 23, do
do 01, do Pierce G March 15, ’64 102.00 Mar. 15, do
do 18, do Packard M W 135.00 Nov. 13, do
do 15, do Preble E Jan. 31, ’63 27.00 Jan. 31, ’63
do do do Parker L 140.00 Dec. 15, ’64
do 10, ’61 Pumplin W July 5, ’63 115.00 July 05, ’63
do 27, ’62 Peoples R 105.00 May 18, ’64
do 15, do Paine M J August 6, ’63 40.00 Aug. 06, ’63
do 22, do Peterson H 180.00 Oct. 22, ’64
Dec. 18, ’63 Pulk H 60.00 Dec. 18, do
Feb. 28, ’64 Pilson D MC 45.00 Nov. 28, do
Sept 02, do Peterson P 15.00 Dec. 02, do
Aug. 14, ’62 Richart J 135.00 Nov. 14, do
Oct. 07, ’61 Rockstad O C 145.00 Feb. 07, do
Aug. 16, ’62 Rader A 145.00 Jan. 16, ’65
Oct. 26, ’61 Randall C O 25.00 Mar. 20, ’62
July 07, ’62 Randall T 48.00 do do ’63
Aug. 30, do Riley W 20.00 Dec. 30, ’62
Jan. 04, ’64 Rogers J 45.00 Oct. 04, ’64
Dec. 23, ’63 Ridgeman W 55.00 Nov. 03, do
Jan. 11, ’64 Sadman A 50.00 do 11, do
Aug. 18, ’62 Sutton P S 20.00 Dec. 13, ’62
do 16, do Sleeper J 115.00 July 15, ’64
June 10, ’61 Schultz J H July 16, ’64 186.00 do 16, do
Aug. 12, ’62 Spdoner [sic] F 90.00 Feb. 12, do
June 10, ’61 Steiner C L April 2, ’62 50.00 Apr. 02, ’62
Aug. 01, ’62 Smith E P 125.00 Sept 01, ’64
Jan. 30, do Smith A Oct. 30, ’63 45.00 Oct. 30, ’62
Aug. 18, do Shaver [sic] W 145.00 Jan. 12, ’65
do 22, do Sherman P 135.00 Nov. 22, ’64
Dec. 27, ’63 Severance J 55.00 do 27, do
Feb. 23, ’64 Smith A J 45.00 do 23, do
Aug. 25, do Slatten M 20.00 Dec. 25, do
do 14, ’62 Thomas P 135.00 Nov. 14, do
Jan. 04, do Tomesen J 175.00 Dec. 04, do
July 21, do Teal L Dec. 8, ’62 23.00 do 08, ’62
Sept 31, ’61 Tubbs E C   do  7, ’61 12.00 do 07, ’61
Dec. 24, ’63 Tozer J M 55.00 Nov. 24, ’64
Sept 12, ’64 Tomlinson W 15.00 Dec. 12, do
do 08, ’61 Wilkinson W 130.00 Feb. 18, do
Aug. 06, ’62 West W A 145.00 Jan. 06, ’65
June 08, ’61 Winchester W H 185.00 July 06, ’61
Jan. 28, ’62 Wright P 170.00 Nov. 23, do
Oct. 27, ’61 Wilson R Aug. 29, ’63 110.00 Aug. 29, ’63
do 26, do Waltz A J 125.00 Nov. 26, ’64
June 08, do Wilson A B Aug. 14, ’62 70.00 Aug. 14, ’62
do 10, do Winn J W Dec. 22, do 92.00 Dec. 22, do
do 21, ’62 Western E   do  21, do 80.00 do 21, do
Aug. 10, do Walters A 140.00 Dec. 19, ’64
do 04, do West T J 95.00 Mar. 06, do
Dec. 24, ’64 Wadsworth J 55.00 Nov. 24, do
Oct. 09, ’63 Wilcox E 75.00 Jan. 09, ’65
Dec. 24, do Western E 10.00 Feb. 21, ’64
Jan. 02, ’64 Weed R 55.00 Dec. 02, do
do 19, do Wylie P 35.00 Aug. 05, do
Feb. 18, do Wheeler P P 50.00 Dec. 13, do
May 04, do Wise P V Oct. 16, ’64 25.00 Oct. 16, do
Dec. 12, ’63 Wright C W 60.00 Dec. 12, do
Feb. 08, ’64 Walker W H 50.00 do 08, do
Jan. 23, do Whitlock R A 25.00 June 26, do
Aug. 08, do Washington L 20.00 Dec. 08, do
Dec. 18, ’63 Young J 60.00 Oct. 18, do
Sept 28, ’64 Anderson Andrew 15.00 Dec. 23, do
Nov. 18, do Radman Andrew 50.00 Nov. 11, do
Sept 15, do Halverson B 15.00 Dec. 23, do
do do do Halverson H 15.00 do do do
do do do Harris Gilbert 15.00 do 28, do
do 01, do Terpening Joseph 20.00 Jan. 01, ’65
Oct. 20, do Cornelison A 10.00 Dec. 20, ’64

1865 February 18: How to Avoid the Draft, Plus New Pierce County Enrollment List

February 19, 2015

The following report on the revision of the draft enrollment in Pierce County comes from the February 18, 1865, issue of The Prescott Journal.  It is written by the editor of the paper, Lute Taylor, who tries to lighten the news.

T H E   D R A F T !

Revision of the Enrollment.

Dr. CAMERON and Commissioner FISHER had two busy days here last week in revising and correcting the enrollment of this county.  The town was thronged with those seeking exemption and those who came from more curiosity.  It looked strange to see humanity rejoicing over its imperfections.  Defects were exhibited as trophies, and infirmities valued as jewels.  For once the lame, halt and blind were in luck.

Our observation convinced us that hernia is a sure thing on exemption—as fatal to the draft as the “Dead-Shot Exterminator” is to bedbugs.  A man may be bad about the “stomick” and it’s no use, but he may be the bully of the neighborhood, and “hernia” is a sure guaranty that he may remain in the bosom of his family till this “cruel war is over.”  The Surgeon has nothing to do with justice or injustice of this ;  it is so writ down in the “regulations.”  To those seeking to avoid the draft, we feelingly say :  Get Hernia.  Quit mutilating your hands or agitating your heart, but get well-developed hernia, and for $25 in Greenbacks or Pierce Co. Orders or five cords of hard wood, we will guarantee an exemption, on penalty, in case of failure, of refunding half the plunder.

Some of the medical men resident in the county were present during the examination, and expressed themselves satisfied with the fairness and skill of the Surgeon.  About 270 applied to the Dr. for exemption, and 101 were stricken off the roll.

Com. FISHER exempted 80 for alienage and over age.  In his room, an old Bible with the applicant’s name entered about 40 years ago, was as sure a thing on exemption as hernia was with the Surgeon.  The following is the list of those exempted by Dr. CAMERON.

PRESCOTT.
A. W. Pools D N Taylor
Geo Newton John Harwell
G N Ross Lewis Wagner
D Marsh James Campbell
Herman Drewes Geo H Hawes
T B Rogers N S Dunbar
W W Trimmer S J Gibson
Thos Cliff E H Bruce
John Conley Geo H Nichols
L Nessel W F Miles
N Robinson J S White
John Murray C F Covell
W R Gates
RIVER FALLS.
J P Streeter Thos E Tubbs
C H Crossman Bernard Carolan
Geo Elliott John Hamilton
Geo Pratt Solomon Haycox
Chas Hutchinson R R Collins
Frank J Bell Samuel Hickerson
S W Dickinson Wm S Hudson
OAK GROVE.
P M Simon Chas Boughton
Henry Selvert John Low
E Miner John Murphy
J A Stirrait Ed Ryan
Fred Mercord I F Maynard
J B Davison Fred Baurkemper
L T Leighton
CLIFTON.
L M Cadwell Joesph Lovett
G W Scribner J N McDonald
Casper Losher Silas McLeroy
Q P Atkinson J M Judkins
Frank J Fellows O H P Case
TRIMBELLE.
Frank Hathaway Andrew Kellein
VanBuren Kazer D W Baker
Manuel Beardsley H Felt
MARTEL.
John Torkelson Mads Cristopherson
Andrew Tonnason Christen Olesen
Ole Sether Andels Baardsen
Ole Torgeson
EL PASO.
David Mountain M D McIntyre
Chris Wilkinson Thad Partch
Gottsfried Newman John Young
Fred Wilkinson
ISABEL.
L D Phillips Wm Funk
Chas R Tyler
PERRY.
John Wirth Phillip Huber
Lepper Bedell J B Maynard
DIAMOND BLUFF.
B D Eugley A B McCartney
Geo Harpster J M Stout.
PLEASANT VALLEY.
B A Green H M White
H C Rote
HARTLAND.
A E Hodgeman Benjamin Tabor
Hugh Gilmore
TRENTON.
B F Way
SALEM.
John W Strong

The revision of the enrollment in the District is completed to-day, but we shall not learn the quota of the sub districts for several days.  It is not probable the draft will come off in the District for several weeks, and it is hoped that a reduction of our quota will be yet made.

P.S—The writer here did not apply for reputation, but merely informed Dr. CAMERON that in view of his ambitious duties as editor of the “Family Paper,” it would be better for the Government that he could in his present spheres of usefulness, rather that be called to the battle field. The Dr. “saw it,” and promised to save us a handsomely engraved certificate of exemption, as soon as the the war is over.

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